Columbia, Kentucky
Adair County Courthouse
Adair County Courthouse
Location of Columbia in Adair County, Kentucky.
Location of Columbia in Adair County, Kentucky.
Coordinates: 37°6′2″N 85°18′22″W / 37.10056°N 85.30611°W / 37.10056; -85.30611
CountryUnited States
 • TypeMayor-Council
 • MayorPamela Hoots
 • City AttorneyMarshall Loy
 • Governing bodyColumbia Council
 • Total4.91 sq mi (12.72 km2)
 • Land4.87 sq mi (12.62 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
748 ft (228 m)
 • Total4,845
 • Estimate 
 • Density994.46/sq mi (383.94/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
42715, 42728, 42735
Area code(s)270 & 364
FIPS code21-16750
GNIS feature ID0489885

Columbia is a home rule-class city[3] just above Russell Creek in Adair County, Kentucky, United States. The population was 4,452 at the 2010 census. Columbia is the seat of its county.[4]


See also: Columbia (name)

The area was settled c. 1802 by Daniel Trabue. The post office was opened on April 1, 1806, by John Field, who also ran the local store.

Camp Boyle, located north of the town square, was an important camp and muster site for the Union Army during the Civil War (1861–1865).[5][6] The 13th Kentucky Cavalry Regiment (Union) was organized in Columbia.[7]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.9 km2), all land.


Historical population
2022 (est.)4,846[8]0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[10] of 2010, there were 4,014 people, 1,554 households, and 893 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,167.9 per square mile (450.9/km2). There were 1,789 housing units at an average density of 520.5 per square mile (201.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.77% White, 7.68% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.93% of the population. Some other race alone 1.08%

There were 1,554 households, out of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.5% were non-families. 40.3% of all households were made up of individuals living alone, and 22.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 18.0% under the age of 18, 19.1% from 20 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 20.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,861, and the median income for a family was $31,344. Males had a median income of $23,906 versus $21,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,836. About 19.9% of families and 26.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.4% of those under age 18 and 17.9% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture


Events held in Columbia, Kentucky:


Public schools

Columbia Public Schools are part of the Adair County Schools School District.[12] Schools in the district include:

Colleges and universities

Lindsey Wilson College, a private four-year college.

Public library

Columbia has a lending library, the Adair County Public Library.[13]


Media in Columbia include:


The Louie B. Nunn Cumberland Parkway runs through Columbia as it extends from Bowling Green to Somerset. This parkway is a future corridor of Interstate 66. The addition of an interchange with a 2006 reconstruction of Highway 61 South, Columbia now has two exits on the Parkway.

Exit 49, the original exit on the parkway, merges onto Highway 55 South (also known as Jamestown Street) bringing drivers through the middle of Columbia.

Exit 47, the new exit, merges onto Highway 61 South (also known as Burkesville Street/Road) and drivers can choose to go north or go to Burkesville to the south.

The Highway 55 Bypass was officially opened on October 7, 2008, for more information see below.

Columbia Bypass

After years of promises by various governors and other Kentucky officials, construction began early in May 2007, which culminated in an official ground-breaking ceremony by the former Governor himself on May 15, 2007 [14] near the front of the newly constructed Adair County Elementary School, which faces the direction of the bypass.

The Columbia Bypass was opened to the public on October 7, 2008, featuring a traffic light at the intersection of the bypass and North 55 as well as a traffic light at the intersection of South 61. The bypass has relieved a majority of the downtown traffic.

Notable people

In popular culture

Columbia, Kentucky was depicted in the film Resurrection Mary starring Wilford Brimley in 2002. The film was directed by another Columbia native, Matthew Eric Arnold as part of the USC School of Cinematic Arts graduate thesis program and won awards at the Big Bear Lake International Film Festival. The filming was featured on local news stations and in USA Today.


  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 18, 2022.
  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Kentucky: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2022". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 26, 2023.
  3. ^ "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
  5. ^ Woodcock, Marcus, and Kenneth W. Noe. A Southern Boy in Blue: The Memoir of Marcus Woodcock, 9th Kentucky Infantry (U.S.A.). Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1996.
  6. ^ Kentucky, and Michael L. Cook. Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kentucky, 1861-1866. Utica, Kentucky: McDowell Publications, 1984.
  7. ^ Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (Des Moines, IA: Dyer Pub. Co.), 1908.
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Kentucky: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2022". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 26, 2023.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. ^ "Columbia Downtown Days". Kentucky Department of Travel. October 13, 2017. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
  12. ^ "Adair County Schools". Adair County Schools. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  13. ^ "Kentucky Public Library Directory". Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. Archived from the original on January 11, 2019. Retrieved June 5, 2019.
  14. ^ "That Perfect Day: Gov. Fletcher at Bypass groundbreaking".