|Incorporated||February 5, 1942|
|Named for||the daughter of a local postmaster|
|• Type||City Commission|
|• Mayor||Edward Daniels|
|• Total||1.72 sq mi (4.46 km2)|
|• Land||1.72 sq mi (4.46 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||636 ft (194 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||359.84/sq mi (138.97/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0494986|
Inez (// EYE-nəz) is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Martin County, Kentucky, United States. The population was 717 at the 2010 census.
Inez is located at(37.866431, -82.539058). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2), all land.
James Ward first settled the area about 1810; originally, it was named Arminta Ward's Bottom. J.M. Stepp renamed it Eden about the time it became the seat of government for Martin County in 1873. As there was already a post office named Eden, Kentucky, the local postmaster was obliged to rename the town on June 23, 1874. The name is usually held to have been derived from that of Inez Frank, the daughter of Louisa's postmaster in neighboring Lawrence County.
The Lincoln County Feud occurred in Lincoln County, West Virginia, during the 1880s. In October 1889, Milt Haley and Green McCoy, two West Virginia fugitives, were captured and subsequently held at the Martin County Jail. A West Virginia posse captured Haley and McCoy and lynched them at Green Shoal near Harts, West Virginia. In March 1995, songwriter and musician John Hartford and historian/author Brandon Kirk visited Inez as part of their research on the feud.
President Lyndon B. Johnson visited Inez in 1964, landing by helicopter with his party at an abandoned miniature golf course, to promote the War on Poverty. "At the time, the poverty rate in this coal-mining area was more than 60 percent."
Inez is home to several industrial employers primarily focused on the area's robust energy market. A multitude of coal, gas and oil exploration and affiliated services companies operate in the mineral-rich areas in and around Martin County. Outside the city is another major regional employer, the Big Sandy facility of the Federal Bureau of Prisons.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 466 people, 212 households, and 132 families residing in the city. The population density was 710.5 people per square mile (272.6/km2). There were 253 housing units at an average density of 385.7 per square mile (148.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.28% White, and 1.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.64% of the population.
There were 212 households, of which 30.7% had children under age 18 living with them, 44.8% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.2% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.83.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.0% under 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 or older. The median age was 36. For every 100 females, there were 75.2 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 67.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $21,875, and the median income for a family was $25,938. Males had a median income of $41,875 versus $17,292 for females. The national median household income was $46,326 in 2006 while the median personal income (including only those above the age of 25) was $32,140. The city's per capita income was $14,183. About 37.0% of families and 35.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.7% of those under 18 and 21.4% of those 65 or over.
The United States Postal Service operates the Inez Post Office.
The Federal Bureau of Prisons U.S. Penitentiary, Big Sandy is near Inez, in unincorporated Martin County.
The Martin County School System serves Inez. Sheldon Clark High School is the former area high school, replaced by Martin County High School. Eden Elementary, Warfield Elementary, and Inez Elementary serve grades K-6 and Martin County Middle School (MCMS) grades 7–8. MCMS is also in Warfield.
Inez has a lending library, a branch of the Martin County Public Library.