Lancaster, Kentucky
Garrard County courthouse in Lancaster
Garrard County courthouse in Lancaster
Location of Lancaster in Garrard County, Kentucky.
Location of Lancaster in Garrard County, Kentucky.
Coordinates: 37°36′53″N 84°34′53″W / 37.61472°N 84.58139°W / 37.61472; -84.58139
CountryUnited States
Named forLancaster, Pennsylvania
 • Total2.30 sq mi (5.96 km2)
 • Land2.28 sq mi (5.91 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation1,007 ft (307 m)
 • Total3,901
 • Estimate 
 • Density1,710.09/sq mi (660.13/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
40444, 40446
Area code859
FIPS code21-43840
GNIS feature ID2404880[2]

Lancaster locally /ˈlæŋkəstər/[4] is a home rule-class city[5] in Garrard County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is the seat of its county.[6] As of the year 2020 U.S. census, the city population was 3,901.[7]

Located south of Lexington, Lancaster is the site of the Kennedy House, sometimes said to have been the setting for Uncle Tom's Cabin.[8] The Civil War training base Camp Dick Robinson was located nearby.


Lancaster is located west of the center of Garrard County. U.S. Route 27 passes through the city, leading north 35 miles (56 km) to Lexington and south 39 miles (63 km) to Somerset. Kentucky Route 52 crosses US 27 in the center of Lancaster, leading east and northeast 23 miles (37 km) to Richmond, and west 11 miles (18 km) to Danville. Lancaster is 3 miles (5 km) east of the Dix River, a north-flowing tributary of the Kentucky River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Lancaster has a total area of 1.9 square miles (5.0 km2), all land.[9]


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Lancaster has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[10]


In 1797, Captain William Buford donated land for the establishment of a town around the site of Major Andrew Wallace's settlement at Wallace Crossroads. The surveying and platting was completed over the next year by Joseph Bledsoe Jr., and the community was named "Lancaster" for the Pennsylvania town, either because one of its settlers came from there[11] or because the town was designed on a similar plan.[4] The post office was established in 1801 and operated under the name "Lancaster Court House" until 1811.[4] The city was formally incorporated by the state assembly in 1837.[12]

Lancaster was briefly occupied by the Confederate States of America before being expelled after the Battle of Perryville.


Historical population
2022 (est.)4,010[13]2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 3,734 people, 1,585 households, and 1,020 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,100.4 inhabitants per square mile (811.0/km2). There were 1,758 housing units at an average density of 988.9 per square mile (381.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.14% White, 9.61% African American, 0.08% Native American, 1.12% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.96% of the population.

There were 1,585 households, out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.0% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 21.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,175, and the median income for a family was $31,355. Males had a median income of $26,849 versus $21,108 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,793. About 16.9% of families and 21.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.0% of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over.


Public education in Lancaster is administered by Garrard County Schools, which operates Garrard County High School, Garrard Middle School, and Lancaster Elementary School within the city limits.

Lancaster has a lending library, the Garrard County Public Library.[16]

Notable people


  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 18, 2022.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lancaster, Kentucky
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Kentucky: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2022". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 26, 2023.
  4. ^ a b c Rennick, Robert. Kentucky Place Names, p. 165. University Press of Kentucky (Lexington), 1987. Accessed 6 August 2013.
  5. ^ "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  7. ^ "Incorporated Places: 2020 to 2022: Kentucky". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2023.
  8. ^ Kocher, Greg (November 30, 2008). "In Garrard, murky history as tourist lure". Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved January 6, 2016.
  9. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Lancaster city, Kentucky". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2016.[dead link]
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Lancaster, Kentucky
  11. ^ Hogan, Roseann Reinemuth (1992). Kentucky Ancestry: A Guide to Genealogical and Historical Research. Ancestry Publishing. p. 237. Retrieved July 26, 2013.
  12. ^ Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Lancaster, Kentucky". Accessed 1 August 2013.
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Kentucky: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2022". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 26, 2023.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  16. ^ "Kentucky Public Library Directory". Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. Archived from the original on January 11, 2019. Retrieved June 5, 2019.