Whitesburg, Kentucky
Downtown Whitesburg
Location in Letcher County, Kentucky
Coordinates: 37°7′4″N 82°49′16″W / 37.11778°N 82.82111°W / 37.11778; -82.82111Coordinates: 37°7′4″N 82°49′16″W / 37.11778°N 82.82111°W / 37.11778; -82.82111
CountryUnited States
StateKentucky
CountyLetcher
IncorporatedMarch 6, 1876
Government
 • TypeMayor-Council
 • MayorJames W. Craft
Area
 • Total3.20 sq mi (8.30 km2)
 • Land3.13 sq mi (8.11 km2)
 • Water0.07 sq mi (0.18 km2)
Elevation
1,171 ft (357 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,139
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
1,843
 • Density588.44/sq mi (227.22/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
41858
Area code(s)606 Exchanges: 632,633
FIPS code21-82776
GNIS feature ID0506678
Websitewww.cityofwhitesburg.com

Whitesburg is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Letcher County, Kentucky, United States.[3] The population was 2,139 at the 2010 census[4] and an estimated 1,875 in 2018.[5] It was named for C. White, a state politician.[6]

Geography

Whitesburg is located in central Letcher County at 37°7′4″N 82°49′16″W / 37.11778°N 82.82111°W / 37.11778; -82.82111 (37.117867, -82.821068)[7] in the valley of the North Fork of the Kentucky River, five miles (8 km) west of the border of Kentucky and Virginia.

Kentucky Route 15 passes through the city, leading northwest 31 miles (50 km) to Hazard. It has its eastern terminus in the east part of Whitesburg at U.S. Route 119. US 119 leads northeast 11 miles (18 km) to U.S. Route 23 at Jenkins and southwest over Pine Mountain 20 miles (32 km) to Cumberland.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Whitesburg has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2), of which 3.1 square miles (8.1 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 2.23%, are water.[8]

Climate

Whitesburg is located within a climatic transition zone between the humid subtropical climate and the humid continental climate zones. Summers are hot, humid and wet. July is the warmest month, with an average high of 86 °F (30 °C) and an average low of 63 °F (17 °C). Winters are generally cool to cold, with occasional snowfall. January is the coldest month, with an average high of 44 °F (7 °C) and an average low of 21 °F (−6 °C). May receives the most precipitation with an average of 5.83 inches (148 mm). The highest recorded temperature was 97 °F (36 °C) in 1998, and the lowest recorded temperature was −15 °F (−26 °C) in 1996.[9]

Climate data for Whitesburg, Kentucky
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 72
(22)
76
(24)
84
(29)
88
(31)
91
(33)
95
(35)
96
(36)
96
(36)
97
(36)
91
(33)
83
(28)
75
(24)
97
(36)
Average high °F (°C) 44
(7)
49
(9)
58
(14)
67
(19)
75
(24)
82
(28)
85
(29)
85
(29)
80
(27)
69
(21)
59
(15)
47
(8)
67
(19)
Average low °F (°C) 24
(−4)
27
(−3)
33
(1)
41
(5)
51
(11)
60
(16)
64
(18)
63
(17)
55
(13)
43
(6)
34
(1)
27
(−3)
44
(7)
Record low °F (°C) −12
(−24)
−15
(−26)
−2
(−19)
19
(−7)
30
(−1)
42
(6)
51
(11)
48
(9)
36
(2)
24
(−4)
11
(−12)
1
(−17)
−15
(−26)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 4.61
(117)
4.34
(110)
4.95
(126)
4.65
(118)
5.83
(148)
3.86
(98)
4.31
(109)
3.89
(99)
3.95
(100)
3.45
(88)
4.00
(102)
4.52
(115)
52.36
(1,330)
Source: The Weather Channel.[9]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900194
191032165.5%
1920706119.9%
19301,804155.5%
19401,616−10.4%
19501,393−13.8%
19601,77427.4%
19701,137−35.9%
19801,52534.1%
19901,6367.3%
20001,600−2.2%
20102,13933.7%
2019 (est.)1,843[2]−13.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

According to the census[11] of 2000, there were 1,600 people, 642 households, and 412 families residing in the city. The population density was 516.9 people per square mile (199.3/km2). There were 733 housing units at an average density of 236.8 per square mile (91.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.19% White, 0.62% African American, 2.62% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.56% of the population.

There were 642 households, out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city the population was spread out, with 18.6% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 24.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.1 males.

As a result of a survey taken subsequent to the census it was established that the city's population was made up of 3,100 residents. 1,241 households were left out of the census because neither the residents of Whitesburg's Housing Project nor residents of the Letcher Manor Nursing Home were counted in the census. When these facilities are included in the population count the number of city residents climbs to 3,100.[12]

The median income for a household in the city was $28,750, and the median income for a family was $35,714. Males had a median income of $31,339 versus $25,478 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,202. About 22.0% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.2% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Whitesburg has a lending library, a branch of the Letcher County Library.[13]

Media

Whitesburg's major newspaper is The Mountain Eagle. Founded by Nehemiah Webb in 1907, the weekly paper has been owned by the Gish family of Letcher County since 1956. The Eagle has won numerous awards for its coverage of strip mining and its environmental effects, as well as education, and political corruption.[14]

Whitesburg's oldest continuously operating radio station, WTCW-AM/WXKQ-FM, is located 5 miles (8 km) outside the city near the community of Mayking. The license holder is T.C.W. Broadcasting, Inc. and is one of 18 radio stations owned and operated by Forcht Broadcasting, a Forcht Group of Kentucky company. The public radio station licensed for Whitesburg, WMMT, is located at Appalshop in downtown Whitesburg.

Arts and culture

Facade of the Graham Memorial Presbyterian Church in Whitesburg (built in 1934 by Italian immigrant stonemasons), featuring the outline of a map of Italy
Facade of the Graham Memorial Presbyterian Church in Whitesburg (built in 1934 by Italian immigrant stonemasons), featuring the outline of a map of Italy

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ "Total Population: 2010 Census DEC Summary File 1 (P1), Whitesburg city, Kentucky". data.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 20, 2019.
  6. ^ Collins, Lewis (1877). History of Kentucky. p. 463.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "U.S. Gazetteer Files: 2019: Places: Kentucky". U.S. Census Bureau Geography Division. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  9. ^ a b "MONTHLY AVERAGES for Whitesburg, KY". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2010-04-23.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ [1] (2 April 2008), Bill would move Whitesburg from fifth- to fourth-class city, Whitesburg, Kentucky, The Mountain Eagle. Retrieved on 2008-05-13.
  13. ^ "Kentucky Public Library Directory". Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. Archived from the original on 11 January 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  14. ^ E. Ky. newsman Tom Gish dead at 82 Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved on November 21, 2008.