D Line
D Line train at Union Station
Overview
Other name(s)Red Line (1993–2006)
Purple Line (2006–2020)
OwnerLos Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
Line number805
Termini
Stations8 (7 more under construction)
Websitemetro.net/riding/guide/d-line
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemLos Angeles Metro Rail
Depot(s)Division 20 (Los Angeles)
Rolling stockBreda A650 running in 4 or 6 car consists
Ridership25,899,711[a] (2023) Increase 0.5%
History
OpenedJanuary 30, 1993; 31 years ago (1993-01-30)
Technical
Line length5.1 miles (8.2 km)[1]
Number of tracks2
CharacterFully underground (except yard)
Track gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
ElectrificationThird rail750 V DC
Operating speed55 mph (89 km/h) (max.)
29.5 mph (47.5 km/h) (avg.)
Route map
Map
Westwood/VA Hospital
Westwood/UCLA
Up arrow Section 3 (2027)
Down arrow Section 2 (2026)
Century City/Constellation
Wilshire/Rodeo
Up arrow Section 2 (2026)
Down arrow Section 1 (2025)
Wilshire/La Cienega
Wilshire/Fairfax
Wilshire/La Brea
Wilshire/Western
Wilshire/Normandie
Wilshire/Vermont
B Line 
Westlake/​MacArthur Park
B Line 
7th Street/Metro Center
A Line B Line E Line J Line 
Pershing Square
Angels FlightB Line J Line 
Civic Center/Grand Park
B Line J Line 
Union Station
AmtrakMetrolink (California)FlyAway (bus)A Line B Line J Line 
Multiple services

Handicapped/disabled access All stations are accessible

The D Line (formerly the Red Line from 1993–2006 and the Purple Line from 2006–2020) is a fully underground 5.1-mile (8.2 km)[1] rapid transit line operating in Los Angeles, running between Koreatown and Downtown Los Angeles. It is one of six lines on the Metro Rail system, operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority.

The D Line is one of the city's two fully underground lines (along with the B Line). The two lines share tracks between Koreatown and Downtown Los Angeles. As of 2019, the combined B and D lines averaged 133,413 boardings per weekday.[2]

In 2020, Metro renamed all of its lines using letters and colors, with the Purple Line becoming the D Line (retaining the purple color in its service bullet) and the Red Line becoming the B Line.

Construction is underway for a major extension of the line to the Mid-Wilshire district, Beverly Hills, Century City, and Westwood, which will add 7 stations and 9 miles of track to the line. The extension is expected to open in phases from 2025 to 2027.[3][4][5]

Service description

Route description

Metro D Line train at Union Station. The Metro B and D lines both end at Union Station, the eastern terminus of both lines.

The D Line is a 5.1-mile (8.2 km)[1] line that begins at Wilshire/Western station in Koreatown. The line continues east for a mile to Wilshire/Vermont station, where the line merges with the B Line. The lines continue between Wilshire Boulevard and 7th Street (and briefly Ingraham Street), where the lines interchange with the A and E light rail lines at 7th Street/Metro Center station. The lines then pass northeast through Downtown Los Angeles, passing through the Financial District, Pershing Square (near the Historic Core), and the Civic Center, before terminating at Union Station.

Duplicate service on Wilshire

The D Line runs below Wilshire Boulevard, which is served on the surface by the Metro Local Route 20 and Metro Rapid Route 720 bus lines. Despite the same service, Metro considers the redundant bus service justified because both routes frequently run from Downtown Los Angeles. Unlike the D Line, these bus routes run along the entire Wilshire corridor, west to Beverly Hills, Westwood, and Santa Monica.

Hours and frequency

D Line trains run every day between approximately 5 a.m. and midnight. Trains operate every 12 minutes during peak hours. Early morning and night service is approximately every 20 minutes.[6]

Time 5A 6A 7A 8A-6P 7P 8P 9P-12A
Weekdays 14-21 12 20
Weekends/Holidays 20 16-20 12 20

Station listing

The following table lists the stations (including the future 7 stations) of the D Line, from west to east:

Station Date opened City/Neighborhood Major connections and notes[7][8]
Westwood/VA Hospital 2027 Westwood
Westwood/UCLA
Century City/Constellation 2026 Century City
Wilshire/Rodeo Beverly Hills
Wilshire/La Cienega 2025
Wilshire/Fairfax Beverly Grove
Wilshire/La Brea Miracle Mile
Wilshire/Western July 13, 1996 Mid-Wilshire / Koreatown
Wilshire/Normandie
Wilshire/Vermont B Line 
Westlake/​MacArthur Park January 30, 1993 Westlake B Line Park and ride: 6 spaces
7th Street/Metro Center Downtown Los Angeles A Line B Line E Line J Line 
Pershing Square B Line J Line 
Civic Center/Grand Park B Line J Line 
Union Station A Line B Line J Line Amtrak Amtrak, FlyAway (bus) LAX FlyAway and Metrolink (California) Metrolink

Paid parking: 3,000 spaces

Ridership

The D Line is utilized mainly as a downtown shuttle on its shared segment with the B Line. The stub between Vermont and Western has very low ridership. According to Metro, the stub is operating 11% complete during peak hours and even lower at other times.[9]

History

Main article: History of Los Angeles Metro Rail and Busway

The current D Line is the product of a long-term plan to connect Downtown Los Angeles to central and western portions of the city with a subway system. Original proposals in the 1980s had the subway line running down Wilshire Boulevard to Fairfax Avenue and then north to the San Fernando Valley. Residents in some parts of the city bitterly opposed the subway. A 1985 methane explosion at a Ross Dress for Less clothing store near Fairfax gave Rep. Henry Waxman, who represented the Fairfax District, a reason to derail the project that was opposed by his constituents by prohibiting tunneling in an alleged "methane zone" west of Western on Wilshire.[10]

Opening day of the Metro extension to Wilshire (July 1996) at the Wilshire/Normandie station

The groundbreaking for the first segment of the subway was held on September 29, 1986, on the site of the future Civic Center/Grand Park station.[11] Today's D Line was built in two minimum operating segments:

The Hollywood branch (MOS-2B) began service in 1999. Initially, both branches were designated as part of the Red Line, but in 2006 trains traveling between Union Station and Wilshire/Western were rebranded to the Purple Line (changed to D Line in 2020) for greater clarity.

Future expansion

Extension to Westwood

Main article: D Line Extension

Wilshire/La Brea station under construction in November 2023

Metro is constructing a major extension of the D line to Mid-Wilshire, Beverly Hills, Century City, and Westwood. The new project is called the D Line Extension (formerly the Westside Subway Extension), and the first phase broke ground on November 7, 2014.[14] Metro released the Final Environmental Impact Report (FEIR) on March 19, 2012, and the first phase of the project (to Wilshire/La Cienega) was approved by Metro's Board of Directors on April 26, 2012.[15] Notice to proceed was issued to Tutor Perini on April 26, 2017 for phase two from Wilshire/La Cienega Station to Century City/Constellation Station.

In Beverly Hills, there was public opposition to the D Line Extension, led by school board president Lisa Korbatov. The opposition existed because of the subway tunnel's route beneath Beverly Hills High School, and Korbatov and Beverly Hills residents were concerned about student safety issues posed by such a tunnel. Korbatov gathered over 5,300 signed petitions to send to President Donald Trump, urging him and Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao to withhold federal funding from the project. Metro ultimately won in court, but Korbatov and the school district sued in state and federal court over environmental concerns for the project.[16][17] Tunneling eventually completed in Beverly Hills in early 2022 with no issues underneath the high school.[18]

Construction is now underway for all three phases of the extension, which is expected to open in segments between 2025 and 2027.[3][4][5]

Proposed Arts District Extension

Main article: Arts District/6th Street station

Metro officials have proposed extending service on the eastern side of the D Line, allowing subway cars to continue past Union Station to service the Arts District neighborhood east of Downtown Los Angeles. D Line trains pass through Union Station, exit through a portal at Ducommun Street, and stop in the Arts District when they go to and from the Division 20 yard for maintenance and storage. Proposals have included either station at 6th Street or two stations, one at 6th Street and one at 1st Street. In 2018, the Metro board approved a $500,000 expense to undertake pre-design activities, prepare an Environmental Impact Report and conduct public engagement for a potential station at 6th Street.[19] However, it is unclear whether Metro can raise the millions of dollars of funding needed to build the proposed station.[20] One possible solution is a new tax district implemented by the City of Los Angeles that would tax a portion of property value increases in the downtown area and transfer those funds to Metro to help build the station.[21] A draft environmental impact report for the extension and station at 6th Street was undertaken beginning in March 2021.[22]

Operations

On Metro Rail's internal timetables, the D Line is called line 805.

Maintenance

Inside train fleet number #530 on the Metro D Line

The D Line operates from the Division 20 Yard (Santa Fe Yard) located in the Arts District at 320 South Santa Fe Avenue, Los Angeles. This yard stores train cars and equipment used on the B and D Lines. It is also where heavy maintenance is performed on the fleet. Subway trains access this yard by continuing eastward after ending their revenue service at Union Station, exiting tunnels through a portal at Ducommun Street, and then traveling south to the yard's entrance at 1st Street.

Rolling stock

The D Line uses A650 75-foot (23 m) electric multiple unit cars built by Breda in Italy; these trains are based on similar vehicles that were built by the Budd Company for the Baltimore and Miami rapid transit systems between 1983 and 1986. Trains usually run in four-car during peak hours and two-car outside of peak hours. The cars are maintained in a Metro yard on Santa Fe Drive near 4th Street alongside the Los Angeles River in Downtown Los Angeles.

In March 2017, Metro ordered 64 CRRC HR4000 railcars, some of which will operate on the D Line when the D Line Extension is completed.[23] In January 2024, Metro ordered 182 Hyundai Rotem HR5000 trains, allowing for future replacement of all Breda A650 trains, expanded train service including a four minute train frequency, and extensions of the D Line over three phases.[24]

References

  1. ^ Ridership data is combined for the B and D lines.
  1. ^ a b c "Facts At A Glance". Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 2023. Archived from the original on March 19, 2023. Retrieved June 22, 2023.
  2. ^ "Interactive Estimated Ridership Stats". Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transit Authority. January 1, 2020. Archived from the original on November 20, 2020. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  3. ^ a b @numble (November 27, 2023). "October 2023 status report for LA Metro's D Line Extension Section 1. 88.66% as of 10/27/23, +0.6% since 9/29/23. Contractor's forecast completion date is 6/17/25, 25 days later than last forecast" (Tweet). Retrieved November 28, 2023 – via Twitter.
  4. ^ a b @numble (November 27, 2023). "October 2023 status report for LA Metro's D Line Extension Section 2. 61.9% as of 10/27/23, +1.3% since 9/29/23. Contractor forecasts completion to be 6 days later than prior forecast (now late September 2026)" (Tweet). Retrieved November 28, 2023 – via Twitter.
  5. ^ a b @numble (November 27, 2023). "October 2023 status report for LA Metro's D Line Extension Section 3. 50.85% as of 10/27/23, +0.5% since 9/29/23" (Tweet). Retrieved November 28, 2023 – via Twitter.
  6. ^ "Metro D Line schedule". Metro. September 12, 2021. Retrieved November 13, 2021.
  7. ^ "Metro D Line (Purple)". www.metro.net. Archived from the original on July 24, 2020. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  8. ^ "Metro Parking Lots by Line". www.metro.net. Archived from the original on August 10, 2020. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  9. ^ Gabbard, Dana (November 23, 2010). "Metro's Conan Cheung Updates on Next 18 Months of Service Planning". Streetsblog LA. Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved February 1, 2016.
  10. ^ Reft, Ryan (January 28, 2015). "Building Subways in the Post World War II World: Los Angeles and Washington D.C." Tropics of Meta. Archived from the original on November 14, 2021. Retrieved November 14, 2021.
  11. ^ "25 Years Ago Today: Los Angeles' Red Line Subway Breaks Ground". Dorothy Peyton Gray Transportation Library and Archive. September 29, 2011. Archived from the original on November 14, 2021. Retrieved November 14, 2021.
  12. ^ Katches, Mark (January 31, 1993). "Red Line Rolls to Raves – It's Smooth Railing As L.A. Subway Opens". Los Angeles Daily News.
  13. ^ Bloom, David (May 22, 1996). "MTA Unveils New Downtown Line". Los Angeles Daily News.
  14. ^ "Purple Line Extension". www.metro.net. Archived from the original on September 29, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  15. ^ "Purple Line Extension – Final EIR/EIS". Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transit Authority. February 6, 2013. Archived from the original on October 11, 2015. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
  16. ^ "Force behind the campaign against Metro's Purple Line may have a Trump card". The Real Deal Los Angeles. July 9, 2018. Archived from the original on May 7, 2019. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
  17. ^ "The ultimate test of Trump's local cronyism is playing out in Beverly Hills". Reveal. January 9, 2019. Archived from the original on May 7, 2019. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
  18. ^ Hymon, Steve (January 31, 2022). "Purple Line tunneling completed between Century City and Wilshire/Rodeo!". The Source. Retrieved August 20, 2023.
  19. ^ "Project 2018-0360". Metro Board. Archived from the original on July 8, 2022. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  20. ^ Chiland, Elijah (January 16, 2018). "Downtowners not giving up on Arts District Metro station". Curbed LA. Archived from the original on September 23, 2020. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  21. ^ Frazier, Scott (February 24, 2018). "City Wants to Fund Flower Street, Arts District Rail Projects". Red Line Reader. Archived from the original on September 29, 2020. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  22. ^ Hymon, Steve (March 30, 2021). "Scoping meetings in April for upcoming Arts District Station environmental report". The Source. LACMTA. Archived from the original on March 30, 2021. Retrieved March 30, 2021.
  23. ^ "L.A. Metro inks pact with CRRC for up to 282 new rail cars". Progressive Railroading. March 24, 2017. Archived from the original on March 24, 2017. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
  24. ^ "Metro - File #: 2023-0496 Attachment D Presentation HR5000 New Heavy Rail Vehicle Procurement". metro.legistar.com. November 16, 2023. Retrieved February 9, 2024. Base Order 182 HRVs - Replace Existing Fleet (74 Cars), Support Purple Line Extensions – Section 2 & 3, Add Capacity for 4 Minutes Headway as committed to FTA
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