Deputy Prime Minister of the
Netherlands
Viceminister-president van Nederland
State coat of arms of the Netherlands.svg
State Coat of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Flag of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Member ofCouncil of Ministers
AppointerThe Monarch
on advice of the Prime Minister
Formation25 June 1945; 77 years ago (1945-06-25)
First holderWillem Drees
Salary€144,000 annually
(including €7,887.24 expenses)

The deputy prime minister of the Netherlands (Dutch: Viceminister-president van Nederland) is the official deputy of the head of government of the Netherlands. In the absence of the prime minister of the Netherlands the deputy prime minister takes over his functions, such as chairing the Cabinet of the Netherlands and the Council of Ministers of the Netherlands. Conventionally, all of the junior partners in the coalition get one deputy, and the deputies are ranked according to the size of their respective parties. The incumbent deputy prime ministers are Sigrid Kaag of the Democrats 66 serving as Minister of Finance, Wopke Hoekstra of the Christian Democratic Appeal serving as Minister of Foreign Affairs and Carola Schouten of the Christian Union serving as Minister for Welfare and Civic Engagement.

List of unofficial deputy prime ministers of the Netherlands

Deputy Prime Minister Position Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Jan Heemskerk
Dr.
Jan Heemskerk
(1818–1897)
Minister of the Interior 1 June 1866 –
4 June 1868
Independent
Conservative

(Liberal Conservative)
Jules van Zuylen
van Nijevelt

(Van Zuylen van Nijevelt)
[1]
Cornelis Fock
Cornelis Fock
(1828–1910)
Minister of the Interior 4 June 1868 –
4 January 1871
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Pieter Philip
van Bosse

(Van Bosse–Fock)
[2]
Pieter Philip van Bosse
Pieter Philip van Bosse
(1809–1879)
Minister of Colonial Affairs 4 January 1871 –
6 July 1872
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Johan Rudolph Thorbecke
(Thorbecke III)
[3]
Ad interim
Minister of the Interior
4 June 1872 –
6 July 1872
Isaäc Dignus Fransen van de Putte
Isaäc Dignus Fransen
van de Putte

(1822–1902)
Minister of Colonial Affairs 6 July 1872 –
27 August 1874
Independent
Liberal

(Social Liberal)
Gerrit de Vries
(De Vries–Fransen
van de Putte
)

[4]
Ad interim
Minister of the Navy
18 December 1873 –
16 May 1874
Theo van Lynden van Sandenburg
Count
Theo van Lynden
van Sandenburg

(1826–1885)
Minister of Justice 27 August 1873 –
3 November 1877
Independent
Christian Democrat

(Protestant)
Jan Heemskerk
(Heemskerk–Van Lynden
van Sandenburg
)

[5]
Not in use
Johannes Tak van Poortvliet
Johannes Tak
van Poortvliet

(1839–1904)
Minister of the Interior 21 August 1891 –
9 May 1894
Liberal Union Gijsbert van Tienhoven
(Van Tienhoven)
[6]
Samuel van Houten
Samuel van Houten
(1837–1930)
Minister of the Interior 9 May 1894 –
27 July 1897
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Joan Röell
(Röell)
[7]
Hendrik Goeman Borgesius
Dr.
Hendrik Goeman
Borgesius

(1847–1917)
Minister of the Interior 27 July 1897 –
1 August 1901
Liberal Union Nicolaas Pierson
(Pierson)
[8]
Not in use
Theo Heemskerk
Theo Heemskerk
(1852–1932)
Minister of Justice 9 September 1918 –
4 August 1925
Anti-Revolutionary Party Charles Ruijs de
Beerenbrouck

(Ruijs de Beerenbrouck III)
[9][10]
Dirk Jan de Geer
Jonkheer
Dirk Jan de Geer
(1870–1960)
Minister of Finance 4 August 1925 –
8 March 1926
Christian Historical Union Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn I)
[11]
Not in use
Dirk Jan de Geer
Jonkheer
Dirk Jan de Geer
(1870–1960)
Minister of Finance 10 August 1929 –
26 May 1933
Christian Historical Union Charles Ruijs de
Beerenbrouck

(Ruijs de Beerenbrouck III)
[12]
Josef van Schaik
Josef van Schaik
(1882–1962)
Minister of Justice 26 May 1933 –
24 June 1937
Roman Catholic
State Party
Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn IIIII)
[13][14]
Carel Goseling
Carel Goseling
(1891–1941)
Minister of Justice 24 June 1937 –
25 July 1939
Roman Catholic
State Party
Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn IV)
[15]
Not in use
Hendrik van Boeijen
Hendrik van Boeijen
(1889–1947)
Minister of the Interior 10 August 1939 –
3 September 1940
Christian Historical Union Dirk Jan de Geer
(De Geer II)
[16]
Minister of the Interior 3 September 1940 –
27 July 1941
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(Gerbrandy I)
[17]
Minister of General Affairs
Minister of Defence 12 June 1941 –
27 July 1941
Minister of General Affairs 27 July 1941 –
23 February 1945
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(Gerbrandy I)
[17]
Minister of the Interior 27 July 1941 –
31 May 1944
Ad interim
27 January 1945 –
23 February 1945
Minister of War 27 July 1941 –
15 September 1942
Source: (in Dutch) Kabinetten 1945-heden Parlement & Politiek

List of deputy prime ministers of the Netherlands

Deputy Prime Minister Position Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Willem Drees
Willem Drees
(1886–1988)
Minister of Social Affairs 25 June 1945 –
3 July 1946
Social Democratic
Workers' Party
Willem Schermerhorn
(Schermerhorn–Drees)
[18]
3 July 1946 –
7 August 1948
Labour Party Louis Beel
(Beel I)
[19]
Josef van Schaik
Josef van Schaik
(1882–1962)
Minister without Portfolio
for the Interior
7 August 1948 –
15 March 1951
Catholic
People's Party
Willem Drees
(Drees–Van Schaik)
[20]
Frans Teulings
Frans Teulings
(1891–1966)
Minister without Portfolio
for the Interior
15 March 1951 –
2 September 1952
Catholic
People's Party
Willem Drees
(Drees I)
[21]
Louis Beel
Dr.
Louis Beel
(1902–1977)
[Res]
Minister of the Interior 2 September 1952 –
7 July 1956
Catholic
People's Party
Willem Drees
(Drees II)
[22]
Teun Struycken
Teun Struycken
(1906–1977)
Minister of the Interior,
Property and Public
Sector Organisations
29 October 1956 –
22 December 1958
Catholic
People's Party
Willem Drees
(Drees III)
[23]
Minister of the Interior,
Property and Public
Sector Organisations
22 December 1958 –
19 May 1959
Louis Beel
(Beel II)
[24]
Minister of Justice
Henk Korthals
Henk Korthals
(1911–1976)
Minister of Transport
and Water Management
19 May 1959 –
24 July 1963
People's Party
for Freedom
and Democracy
Jan de Quay
(De Quay)
[25]
Minister for Suriname and
Netherlands Antilles Affairs
Barend Biesheuvel
Barend Biesheuvel
(1920–2001)
Minister of Agriculture
and Fisheries
24 July 1963 –
14 April 1965
Anti-Revolutionary
Party
Victor Marijnen
(Marijnen)
[26]
Minister for Suriname and
Netherlands Antilles Affairs
[1]
Anne Vondeling
Dr.
Anne Vondeling
(1916–1979)
Minister of Finance 14 April 1965 –
22 November 1966
Labour Party Jo Cals
(Cals)
[27]
[2]
Barend Biesheuvel
Barend Biesheuvel
(1920–2001)
Minister of Agriculture
and Fisheries
Anti-Revolutionary
Party
Minister for Suriname and
Netherlands Antilles Affairs
[1]
Jan de Quay
Dr.
Jan de Quay
(1901–1985)
Minister of Transport
and Water Management
22 November 1966 –
5 April 1967
Catholic
People's Party
Jelle Zijlstra
(Zijlstra)
[28]
[2]
Barend Biesheuvel
Barend Biesheuvel
(1920–2001)
Minister of Agriculture
and Fisheries
Anti-Revolutionary
Party
Minister for Suriname and
Netherlands Antilles Affairs
[1]
Johan Witteveen
Dr.
Johan Witteveen
(1921–2019)
Minister of Finance 5 April 1967 –
6 July 1971
People's Party
for Freedom
and Democracy
Piet de Jong
(De Jong)
[29]
[2]
Joop Bakker
Joop Bakker
(1921–2003)
Minister of Transport
and Water Management
Anti-Revolutionary
Party
Minister for Suriname and
Netherlands Antilles Affairs
[1]
Roelof Nelissen
Roelof Nelissen
(1931–2019)
Minister of Finance 6 July 1971 –
11 May 1973
Catholic
People's Party
Barend Biesheuvel
(Biesheuvel III)
[30]
Minister for Suriname and
Netherlands Antilles Affairs
6 July 1971 –
28 January 1972
[2]
Molly Geertsema
Molly Geertsema
(1918–1991)
Minister of the Interior 6 July 1971 –
11 May 1973
People's Party
for Freedom
and Democracy
Minister for Suriname and
Netherlands Antilles Affairs
1 January 1973 –
11 May 1973
Dries van Agt
Dries van Agt
(born 1931)
[Res]
Minister of Justice 11 May 1973 –
8 September 1977
Catholic
People's Party
Joop den Uyl
(Den Uyl)
[31]
Gaius de Gaay Fortman
Dr.
Gaius de
Gaay Fortman

(1911–1997)
8 September 1977 –
19 December 1977
Anti-Revolutionary
Party
Minister of the Interior
Minister for Suriname and
Netherlands Antilles Affairs
Hans Wiegel
Hans Wiegel
(born 1941)
Minister of the Interior 19 December 1977 –
11 September 1981
People's Party
for Freedom
and Democracy
Dries van Agt
(Van Agt I)
[32]
[1]
Joop den Uyl
Joop den Uyl
(1919–1987)
[Res]
Minister of Social Affairs
and Employment
11 September 1981 –
29 May 1982
Labour Party Dries van Agt
(Van Agt II)
[33]
Minister for Netherlands
Antilles Affairs
[2]
Jan Terlouw
Dr.
Jan Terlouw
(born 1931)
Minister of Economic Affairs Democrats 66
29 May 1982 –
4 November 1982
Dries van Agt
(Van Agt III)
[34]
Gijs van Aardenne
Gijs van
Aardenne

(1930–1995)
Minister of Economic Affairs 4 November 1982 –
14 July 1986
People's Party
for Freedom
and Democracy
Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers I)
[35]
Rudolf de Korte
Dr.
Rudolf de Korte
(1936–2020)
Minister of Economic Affairs 14 July 1986 –
7 November 1989
People's Party
for Freedom
and Democracy
Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers II)
[36]
Wim Kok
Wim Kok
(1938–2018)
Minister of Finance 7 November 1989 –
22 August 1994
Labour Party Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers III)
[37]
[1]
Hans Dijkstal
Hans Dijkstal
(1943–2010)
Minister of the Interior 22 August 1994 –
3 August 1998
People's Party
for Freedom
and Democracy
Wim Kok
(Kok I)
[38]
[2]
Hans van Mierlo
Hans van Mierlo
(1931–2010)
Minister of Foreign Affairs Democrats 66
[1]
Annemarie Jorritsma
Annemarie Jorritsma
(born 1950)
Minister of Economic Affairs 3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
People's Party
for Freedom
and Democracy
Wim Kok
(Kok II)
[39]
[2]
Els Borst
Dr.
Els Borst
(1932–2014)
Minister of Health,
Welfare and Sport
Democrats 66
[1]
Eduard Bomhoff
Dr.
Eduard Bomhoff
(born 1944)
[Res]
Minister of Health,
Welfare and Sport
22 July 2002 –
16 October 2002
Pim Fortuyn List Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende I)
[40]
[2]
Johan Remkes
Johan Remkes
(born 1951)
Minister of the Interior
and Kingdom Relations
22 July 2002 –
16 October 2002
People's Party
for Freedom
and Democracy
[1] 16 October 2002 –
27 May 2003
[2]
Roelf de Boer
Roelf de Boer
(born 1949)
Minister of Transport
and Water Management
18 October 2002 –
27 May 2003
Pim Fortuyn List
[1]
Gerrit Zalm
Gerrit Zalm
(born 1952)
Minister of Finance 27 May 2003 –
7 July 2006
People's Party
for Freedom
and Democracy
Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende II)
[41]
Minister of Economic Affairs
[Ad interim]
3 July 2006 –
7 July 2006
[2]
Thom de Graaf
Thom de Graaf
(born 1957)
[Res]
Minister for Government Reform
and Kingdom Relations
27 May 2003 –
23 March 2005
Democrats 66
[2]
Laurens Jan Brinkhorst
Laurens Jan
Brinkhorst

(born 1937)
[Res]
Minister of Economic Affairs 31 March 2005 –
3 July 2006
Democrats 66
Gerrit Zalm
Gerrit Zalm
(born 1952)
Minister of Finance 7 July 2006 –
22 February 2007
People's Party
for Freedom
and Democracy
Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende III)
[42]
[1]
Wouter Bos
Wouter Bos
(born 1963)
[Res]
Minister of Finance 22 February 2007 –
23 February 2010
Labour Party Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende IV)
[43]
[2]
André Rouvoet
André Rouvoet
(born 1962)
Minister of Youth
and Family Policy
Christian Union
Minister of Education,
Culture and Science
23 February 2010 –
14 October 2010
Minister of Youth
and Family Policy
Maxime Verhagen
Maxime Verhagen
(born 1956)
Minister of Economic Affairs,
Agriculture and Innovation
14 October 2010 –
5 November 2012
Christian Democratic Appeal Mark Rutte
(Rutte I)
[44]
Lodewijk Asscher
Dr.
Lodewijk Asscher
(born 1974)
Minister of Social Affairs
and Employment
5 November 2012 –
26 October 2017
Labour Party Mark Rutte
(Rutte II)
[45]
[1]
Hugo De Jonge
Hugo de Jonge
(born 1977)
Minister of Health,
Welfare and Sport
26 October 2017 –
10 January 2022
Christian Democratic Appeal Mark Rutte
(Rutte III)
[46]
[2]
Kajsa Ollongren
Jonkvrouw
Kajsa Ollongren
(born 1967)
[Leave]
Minister of the Interior
and Kingdom Relations
26 October 2017 –
1 November 2019
Democrats 66
14 May 2020 –
10 January 2022
[3]
Carola Schouten
Carola Schouten
(born 1977)
Minister of Agriculture,
Nature and Food Quality
26 October 2017 –
10 January 2022
Christian Union
[2]
Wouter Koolmees
Wouter Koolmees
(born 1977)
[Acting]
Minister of Social Affairs
and Employment
1 November 2019 –
14 May 2020
Democrats 66
[1]
Sigrid Kaag
Sigrid Kaag
(born 1961)
Minister of Finance 10 January 2022 –
Incumbent
Democrats 66 Mark Rutte
(Rutte IV)
[2]
Wopke Hoekstra
Wopke Hoekstra
(born 1975)
Minister of Foreign Affairs 10 January 2022 –
Incumbent
Christian
Democratic Appeal
[3]
Carola Schouten
Carola Schouten
(born 1977)
Minister for
Welfare and
Civic Engagement
10 January 2022 –
Incumbent
Christian Union
Source: (in Dutch) Kabinetten 1945-heden Parlement & Politiek
First Deputy Prime Minister
Second Deputy Prime Minister
Third Deputy Prime Minister
Resigned
Acting
Ad interim
Extended medical leave of absence from 1 November 2019 until 14 May 2020

Living deputy prime ministers of the Netherlands

Deputy Prime Minister Term Age
Dries van Agt 1973–1977 (1931-02-02) 2 February 1931 (age 91)
Hans Wiegel 1977–1981 (1941-07-16) 16 July 1941 (age 81)
Jan Terlouw 1981–1982 (1931-11-15) 15 November 1931 (age 91)
Annemarie Jorritsma 1998–2002 (1950-06-01) 1 June 1950 (age 72)
Eduard Bomhoff 2002 (1944-09-30) 30 September 1944 (age 78)
Johan Remkes 2002–2003 (1951-06-15) 15 June 1951 (age 71)
Roelf de Boer 2002–2003 (1949-10-09) 9 October 1949 (age 73)
Gerrit Zalm 2003–2007 (1952-05-06) 6 May 1952 (age 70)
Thom de Graaf 2003–2005 (1957-06-11) 11 June 1957 (age 65)
Laurens Jan Brinkhorst 2005–2006 (1937-03-18) 18 March 1937 (age 85)
Wouter Bos 2007–2010 (1963-07-14) 14 July 1963 (age 59)
André Rouvoet 2007–2010 (1962-01-04) 4 January 1962 (age 60)
Maxime Verhagen 2010–2012 (1956-09-14) 14 September 1956 (age 66)
Lodewijk Asscher 2012–2017 (1974-09-27) 27 September 1974 (age 48)
Wouter Koolmees 2019–2020 (1977-03-20) 20 March 1977 (age 45)
Hugo de Jonge 2017–2022 (1977-09-26) 26 September 1977 (age 45)
Kajsa Ollongren 2017–2019
2020–2022
(1967-05-28) 28 May 1967 (age 55)

Deputy prime ministers of the Netherlands by term length

Ranking Deputy Prime Minister Political party Term Duration
1 Lodewijk Asscher Labour Party 2012–2017 4 years, 355 days
2 Carola Schouten Christian Union 2017–present 5 years, 56 days
3 Wim Kok Labour Party 1989–1994 4 years, 288 days
4 Dries van Agt Catholic People's Party 1973–1977 4 years, 120 days
5 Johan Witteveen People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 1967–1971 4 years, 92 days
Joop Bakker Anti-Revolutionary Party
6 Hugo de Jonge Christian Democratic Appeal 2017–2022 4 years, 76 days
7 Henk Korthals People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 1959–1963 4 years, 66 days
8 Louis Beel Catholic People's Party 1952–1956 4 years, 41 days
9 Annemarie Jorritsma People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 1998–2002 3 years, 353 days
Els Borst Democrats 66
10 Hans Dijkstal People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 1994–1998 3 years, 346 days
Hans van Mierlo Democrats 66
11 Gerrit Zalm People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 2003–2007 3 years, 271 days
12 Hans Wiegel People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 1977–1981 3 years, 266 days
13 Barend Biesheuvel Anti-Revolutionary Party 1963–1967 3 years, 255 days
14 Gijs van Aardenne People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 1982–1986 3 years, 252 days
15 Kajsa Ollongren Democrats 66 2017–2019 3 years, 247 days
2020–2022
16 André Rouvoet Christian Union 2007–2010 3 years, 234 days
17 Rudolf de Korte People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 1986–1989 3 years, 116 days
18 Willem Drees Social Democratic Workers' Party (1945–1946)
Labour Party (1946–1948)
1945–1948 3 years, 44 days
19 Wouter Bos Labour Party 2007–2010 3 years, 1 day
20 Josef van Schaik Catholic People's Party 1948–1951 2 years, 220 days
21 Teun Struycken Catholic People's Party 1956–1959 2 years, 218 days
22 Maxime Verhagen Christian Democratic Appeal 2010–2012 2 years, 22 days
23 Roelof Nelissen Catholic People's Party 1971–1973 1 year, 309 days
Molly Geertsema People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
24 Thom de Graaf Democrats 66 2003–2005 1 year, 302 days
25 Anne Vondeling Labour Party 1965–1966 1 year, 222 days
26 Frans Teulings Catholic People's Party 1951–1952 1 year, 171 days
27 Laurens Jan Brinkhorst Democrats 66 2005–2006 1 year, 94 days
28 Jan Terlouw Democrats 66 1981–1982 1 year, 54 days
29 Johan Remkes People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 2002–2003 309 days
30 Joop den Uyl Labour Party 1981–1982 260 days
31 Sigrid Kaag Democrats 66 2022–present 345 days
Wopke Hoekstra Christian Democratic Appeal
32 Roelf de Boer Pim Fortuyn List 2002–2003 221 days
33 Wouter Koolmees Democrats 66 2019–2020 195 days
34 Jan de Quay Catholic People's Party 1966–1967 134 days
35 Gaius de Gaay Fortman Anti-Revolutionary Party 1977 102 days
36 Eduard Bomhoff Pim Fortuyn List 2002 86 days

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