De Quay cabinet

48th Cabinet of the Netherlands
The installation of the De Quay cabinet on 19 May 1959
Date formed16 May 1959 (1959-05-16)
Date dissolved24 July 1963 (1963-07-24)
4 years, 69 days in office
(Demissionary from 15 May 1963 (1963-05-15))
People and organisations
MonarchQueen Juliana
Prime MinisterJan de Quay
Deputy Prime MinisterHenk Korthals
No. of ministers14
Total no. of members16
Member partyCatholic People's Party
(KVP)
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy

(VVD)
Anti-Revolutionary Party
(ARP)
Christian Historical Union
(CHU)
Status in legislatureCentre-right
Majority government
Opposition partyLabour Party
Opposition leaderJaap Burger (1959–1962)
Anne Vondeling (1962–1963)
History
Election(s)1959 election
Outgoing election1963 election
Legislature term(s)1959–1963
Incoming formation1959 formation
Outgoing formation1963 formation
PredecessorSecond Beel cabinet
SuccessorMarijnen cabinet

The De Quay cabinet was the executive branch of the Dutch Government from 19 May 1959 until 24 July 1963. The cabinet was formed by the christian-democratic Catholic People's Party (KVP), Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP) and Christian Historical Union (CHU) and the conservative-liberal People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) after the election of 1959. The cabinet was a centre-right coalition and had a substantial majority in the House of Representatives with prominent Catholic politician Jan de Quay the former Queen's Commissioner of North Brabant serving as Prime Minister. Prominent Liberal politician Henk Korthals served as Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Transport and Water Management and was given the portfolio of Suriname and Netherlands Antilles Affairs.

The cabinet served in the early years of the tumultuous 1960s, domestically it had to deal with the beginning of the counterculture and the discovery of the Groningen gas field and it was able to implement several major social reforms to the education system and the public sector and social security, internationally the West New Guinea dispute resulted in the disbandment of the Netherlands New Guinea territory following the Battle of Arafura Sea. The cabinet suffered several major internal conflicts including multiple cabinet resignations, but completed its entire term and was succeeded by a continuation of the coalition in the Marijnen cabinet following the election of 1963.[1]

Formation

Cabinet formation was again difficult due to the growing friction between Labour Party and the Catholic People's Party. Despite the fact that this was the first post-war cabinet with the right-wing VDD and without the socialist PvdA, it continued with the building up social security that was started after the war, made possible by the continually growing economy.

Term

The free Saturday was introduced (for civil servants, in 1961), as well as laws for education (mammoetwet), unemployment benefit (bijstandwet) and child benefit (kinderbijslagwet). Natural gas was discovered in Slochteren, which would later turn out to be one of the biggest gas reserves in the world and a major source of income for the Netherlands in the decades to come.

On 23 December 1960 the cabinet fell over extra public housing (woningwetwoningen), but Gaius de Gaay Fortman reconciled matters and the cabinet resumed on 2 January 1961.

In August/September 1962, New Guinea was handed over to Indonesia, under supervision of the UN.

Shortly after the installation of the new government, minister of defence Ven den Bergh resigned for personal reasons (family affairs with his United States wife and children). In 1962, the new minister of defence Visser also had to resign after protests against his dismissal of a critical civil servant. In 1961 minister Van Rooy of social affairs resigned after criticism of how he dealt with the new child benefit law. His post was taken over by former state secretary Veldkamp, whose now vacant former position in turn was taken over by Gijzels.

In 1963, a proposal to install commercial television was not accepted.

President of the European Parliament Robert Schuman and Prime Minister Jan de Quay at Ministry of General Affairs on 16 June 1959.
Minister Albert Beerman, Minister Joseph Luns and Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion at Ypenburg Airport on 22 June 1960.
President of Argentina Arturo Frondizi and Prime Minister Jan de Quay at the Dam Square in Amsterdam on 1 July 1960.
President of Argentina Arturo Frondizi and Prime Minister Jan de Quay at the Dam Square in Amsterdam on 1 July 1960.
Prime Minister Jan de Quay and County Governor of Akershus Trygve Lie at the Norwegian embassy in The Hague on 18 October 1960.
Prime Minister Jan de Quay and County Governor of Akershus Trygve Lie at the Norwegian embassy in The Hague on 18 October 1960.
King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej, Queen of Thailand Sirikit, Prime Minister Jan de Quay and Mayor of Amsterdam Gijs van Hall at the Dam Square in Amsterdam on 24 October 1960.
King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej, Queen of Thailand Sirikit, Prime Minister Jan de Quay and Mayor of Amsterdam Gijs van Hall at the Dam Square in Amsterdam on 24 October 1960.
British Field marshal Bernard Montgomery and Minister Joseph Luns at the University of Amsterdam on 9 November 1960.
Minister Joseph Luns, Prime Minister of Malaysia Tunku Abdul Rahman and Prime Minister Jan de Quay at Ministry of General Affairs on 25 November 1960.
United States Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy and Minister Joseph Luns at the Ministry of General Affairs on 26 February 1962.
Prime Minister of Japan Hayato Ikeda and Prime Minister Jan de Quay at Airport Schiphol on 21 November 1962.
Prime Minister of Japan Hayato Ikeda and Prime Minister Jan de Quay at Airport Schiphol on 21 November 1962.
Minister Joseph Luns and President of France Charles de Gaulle at Airport Schiphol on 16 March 1963.

Cabinet Members

Ministers Title/Ministry/Portfolio(s) Term of office Party
Dr.
Jan de Quay
(1901–1985)
Prime Minister General Affairs 19 May 1959 –
24 July 1963
Catholic
People's Party
Henk Korthals
(1911–1976)
Deputy
Prime Minister
Transport and
Water Management
19 May 1959 –
24 July 1963
People's Party
for Freedom and
Democracy
Minister
Minister Interior Overseas Affairs 19 May 1959 –
1 September 1959
Suriname and
Netherlands
Antilles Affairs
1 September 1959 –
24 July 1963
Edzo Toxopeus
(1918–2009)
Minister Interior 19 May 1959 –
14 April 1965
[Continued]
People's Party
for Freedom and
Democracy
Joseph Luns
(1911–2002)
Minister Foreign Affairs 13 October 1956 –
6 July 1971
[Retained] [Continued]
Catholic
People's Party
Dr.
Jelle Zijlstra
(1918–2001)
Minister Finance 22 December 1958 –
24 July 1963
[Retained]
Anti-Revolutionary
Party
Albert Beerman
(1901–1967)
Minister Justice 19 May 1959 –
24 July 1963
Christian
Historical Union
Jan de Pous
(1920–1996)
Minister Economic Affairs 19 May 1959 –
24 July 1963
Christian
Historical Union
Major general
Sidney J. van
den Bergh

(1898–1977)
Minister Defence 19 May 1959 –
1 August 1959
[Res]
People's Party
for Freedom and
Democracy
Dr.
Jan de Quay
(1901–1985)
1 August 1959 –
4 September 1959
[Acting]
Catholic
People's Party
Sim Visser
(1908–1983)
4 September 1959 –
24 July 1963
People's Party
for Freedom and
Democracy
Dr.
Charles van Rooy
(1912–1996)
Minister Social Affairs
and Health
19 May 1959 –
3 July 1961
[Res]
Catholic
People's Party
Victor Marijnen
(1917–1975)
3 July 1961 –
17 July 1961
[Ad Interim]
Catholic
People's Party
Dr.
Gerard Veldkamp
(1921–1990)
17 July 1961 –
5 April 1967
[Continued]
Catholic
People's Party
Jo Cals
(1914–1971)
Minister Education, Arts
and Sciences
2 September 1952 –
7 November 1961
[Retained] [Note]
Catholic
People's Party
Dr.
Marga Klompé
(1912–1986)
7 November 1961 –
4 February 1962
[Acting]
Catholic
People's Party
Jo Cals
(1914–1971)
4 February 1962 –
23 April 1963
[Note]
Catholic
People's Party
Dr.
Marga Klompé
(1912–1986)
23 April 1963 –
24 July 1963
[Acting]
Catholic
People's Party
Victor Marijnen
(1917–1975)
Minister Agriculture and
Fisheries
19 May 1959 –
24 July 1963
Catholic
People's Party
Jan van Aartsen
(1909–1992)
Minister Housing and
Construction
19 May 1959 –
24 July 1963
Anti-Revolutionary
Party
Dr.
Marga Klompé
(1912–1986)
Minister Social Work 13 October 1956 –
24 July 1963
[Retained]
Catholic
People's Party
State Secretaries Title/Ministry/Portfolio(s) Term of office Party
Norbert Schmelzer
(1921–2008)
State Secretary General Affairs Social Market
Economy

Public
Organisations
19 May 1959 –
24 July 1963
Catholic
People's Party
Theo Bot
(1911–1984)
State Secretary Interior Netherlands
New Guinea
23 November 1959 –
24 July 1963
Catholic
People's Party
Dr.
Hans van Houten
(1907–1996)
State Secretary Foreign Affairs European Union
NATO
Benelux
International
Organizations
24 August 1959 –
24 July 1963
People's Party
for Freedom and
Democracy
Dr.
Willem Hendrik
van den Berge
(1905–1987)
State Secretary Finance Fiscal Policy
Tax and Customs
Governmental
Budget
27 May 1959 –
14 April 1965
Independent
Social Democrat
Dr.
Gerard Veldkamp
(1921–1990)
State Secretary Economic Affairs Small and
Medium-sized
Businesses

• Consumer
Protection
Tourism
10 October 1952 –
17 July 1961
[Retained] [App]
Catholic
People's Party
Frans Gijzels
(1911–1977)
14 September 1961 –
24 July 1963
Catholic
People's Party
Lieutenant general
Michael Calmeyer
(1895–1990)
State Secretary Defence Army
Air Force
19 June 1959 –
24 July 1963
Christian
Historical Union
Captain
Piet de Jong
(1915–2016)
Navy 25 June 1959 –
24 July 1963
Catholic
People's Party
Bauke Roolvink
(1912–1979)
State Secretary Social Affairs
and Health
• Social Security
• Unemployment
Occupational
Safety

• Social Services
15 June 1959 –
24 July 1963
Anti-Revolutionary
Party
Gerard
Stubenrouch
(1918–1962)
State Secretary Education, Arts
and Sciences
Primary
Education

Secondary
Education
16 June 1959 –
22 April 1962
[Died]
Catholic
People's Party
Dr.
Harry Janssen
(1910–1982)
4 June 1962 –
24 July 1963
Catholic
People's Party
Ynso Scholten
(1918–1984)
Youth Care
• Nature
Media
Culture
Art
• Recreation
Sport
16 June 1959 –
24 July 1963
Christian
Historical Union
Eddie Stijkel
(1918–1982)
State Secretary Transport and
Water Management
Public
Transport

Aviation
Rail Transport
Water
Management
15 October 1959 –
24 July 1963
People's Party
for Freedom and
Democracy
Resigned
Retained from the previous cabinet
Continued in the next cabinet
Acting
Ad Interim
Died in Office
Medical leave of absence from 7 November 1961 until 4 February 1962 and from 23 April 1963
Appointed as Minister of Social Affairs and Health

Trivia

References

  1. ^ "Jan de Quay: politicus met een dubbel imago" (in Dutch). Historiek. 27 December 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
Official