Aruba passport stamp (background: Independence Hall, Philadelphia, US)
Aruba passport stamp (background: Independence Hall, Philadelphia, US)
Curaçao entry stamp
Curaçao entry stamp
Sint Maarten entry stamp
Sint Maarten entry stamp

A common visa exists since the end of 2010 for the territories of Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten (landen (English: countries) within the Kingdom) and the Caribbean Netherlands (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, which are part of the country the Netherlands) which form together the territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean.[1] The visa is not valid for the European part of the Netherlands, which is part of the Schengen Area.

Visa

Common visa for the territories
Common visa for the territories

A standard visa is valid for all 6 islands and allows multiple entry for a maximum period of 90 days within 180 days. The maximum uninterrupted stay in one of the individual countries is 30 days. The visa is not valid for the European part of the Netherlands. Application takes place at the consular representations of the Kingdom and the main visiting country has to be indicated. The basis for evaluation of the evaluation of the application in the main visiting country is however the same for the whole area. Entry for longer periods is arranged by the different countries separately.[2]

History

The two Caribbean "countries" within the Kingdom of the Netherlands were Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles. They each had their own visa policy and thus a list of countries from which nationals could enter without a visa. Through consultation between all countries in the Kingdom the requirements showed strong similarities; they were based on the visa free lists for the Schengen Area, extended with countries in the Caribbean. Upon the Dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles on 10 October 2010, the common visa system was introduced for all territories of the Kingdom in the Caribbean: Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten as well as Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba.[3] The maximum period of stay is 3 months for all countries on the visa-free list for which full reciprocity is in place; for other countries the maximum period is 30 days.

Visa policy map

Countries whose nationals can enter Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten and the Caribbean Netherlands without a visa
Countries whose nationals can enter Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten and the Caribbean Netherlands without a visa

Visa-free entry

Nationals of the following countries and territories do not need a visa for a stay for up to 90 days in Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten and the Caribbean Netherlands.[4][5]

  1. ^ a b c Visa required for Sint Maarten.
  2. ^ Holders of a Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passport.
  3. ^ Visa-free only for Curaçao.
  4. ^ Holders of a Macau Special Administrative Region passport.
  5. ^ Holders of a Taiwan passport containing a national identification number.
  6. ^ Holders of a biometric passport.
  7. ^ Including all classes of British nationality.

Furthermore, the following groups are exempted from the visa requirement:[4]

Dutch nationals

Although all Dutch nationals have the right of abode in the European Netherlands, right of abode in the Dutch Caribbean is limited to those who have a connection to the region. Other Dutch can enter the region visa-free for a maximum of 6 months.[6][7] The identity card BES and the cedula of Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten are valid for entering Bonaire, Sint Eustatius or Saba, but the Dutch identity card is not.[8]

Substitute visas

Nationals of any country who are not otherwise visa exempted can enter Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten and the Caribbean Netherlands for a maximum of 90 days provided holding a valid visa or residence permit for any part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, a Schengen country, Ireland or the United Kingdom, or a residence permit for Canada, the United States, the French overseas departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion) or the French overseas collectivities of Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin.[4]

Holders of a visa for Saint Martin do not need a visa for Sint Maarten, but need a visa for the other territories (if not otherwise exempt).[4]

In addition, nationals of the following countries can enter provided holding a valid visa for Canada or the United States.[4]

  1. ^ a b For Sint Maarten only. Already exempt for the other territories.
  2. ^ For Aruba, Sint Maarten and the Caribbean Netherlands only. Already exempt for Curaçao.

Future changes

Nationals of Venezuela will need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom of the Nethelands from 14 January 2021.[4] The visa restrictions are temporary due to the ongoing situation in Venezuela, and visa-free entry is expected to be restored once the situation improves.[9]

There are plans to implement an electronic travel authorization system and the Advance Passenger Information System.[10][9]

Summary of visa exemptions

Country Netherlands
(Schengen)
Aruba and
Caribbean Netherlands
Curaçao Sint Maarten
 EU single market Yes Yes Yes Yes
Schengen 'Annex II'[a] Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Peru Yes Yes Yes No
 Ukraine Yes Yes Yes No
 East Timor Yes No No No
 Georgia Yes No No No
 Kiribati Yes No No No
 Marshall Islands Yes No No No
 Micronesia Yes No No No
 Palau Yes No No No
 Samoa Yes No No No
 Solomon Islands Yes No No No
 Tonga Yes No No No
 Tuvalu Yes No No No
 Vanuatu Yes No No No
 Venezuela Yes No No No
 Belize No Yes Yes Yes
 Ecuador No Yes Yes Yes
 Suriname No Yes Yes Yes
 Guyana No Yes Yes No
 Jamaica No No Yes No
  1. ^ Except East Timor, Georgia, Peru, Ukraine, Venezuela, and Oceanian countries added since 2015 (Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu).

See also

References

  1. ^ "Future developments in the issue of visas by the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba". Nederlandse Ambassade in Peking, China. Archived from the original on 2017-11-07. Retrieved 2010-10-16.
  2. ^ "32 415 (R 1915) Bepalingen omtrent de verlening van visa voor de toegang tot de landen van het Koninkrijk (Rijksvisumwet)" (in Dutch). Government of the Netherlands. 14 February 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  3. ^ "Visum voor Caribische koninkrijksdelen". Government of the Netherlands (in Dutch). Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  5. ^ "Country information (visa section)". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Olympic Air. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  6. ^ "Toeristen". Arubahuis.
  7. ^ "FAQ: Vakantie, Hoe lang mag ik op vakantie op de Nederlandse Antillen?". Antillenhuis. Archived from the original on 2010-08-09. Retrieved 2010-08-27.
  8. ^ "De gevolgen van de staatkundige veranderingen". Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations (in Dutch). Retrieved 2 November 2010.
  9. ^ a b Temporary Visa for Venezuelan passport holders for traveling to the ABC islands, Government of Aruba, 3 October 2019.
  10. ^ Establish visa requirement for Venezuelans for Caribbean parts of the kingdom, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, 2 October 2019 (in Dutch).