A Cambodian non-biometric passport

Visa requirements for Cambodian citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of Cambodia by the authorities of other states. As of 28 September 2019, Cambodian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 53 countries and territories, ranking the Cambodian passport 88th in terms of travel freedom (tied with the passports of Equatorial Guinea and Turkmenistan) according to the Henley & Partners Passport Index.[1] Cambodia is also a part of ASEAN and has visa-free access to these countries and vice versa.

Visa requirements map

Visa requirements for Cambodian citizens.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Cambodia  Visa-free  Visa on arrival  eVisa  Visa available both on arrival or online  Visa required
Visa requirements for Cambodian citizens
  Cambodia
  Visa-free
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Visa requirements

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
 Albania Visa required[3]
 Algeria Visa required[4]
 Andorra Visa required[5]
 Angola Visa required[6]
 Antigua and Barbuda Electronic Entry Visa[7]
 Argentina Visa required[8]
  • Electronic Travel Authorizaton (ETA) for a maximum stay of 90 days available for valid visa from one of the Schengen Countries or USA B2 visa.[9]
 Armenia eVisa / Visa on arrival[10] 120 days
 Australia Visa required[11]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[12]
 Austria Visa required[13]
 Azerbaijan Visa required[14]
 Bahamas Visa required[15]
 Bahrain Visa required[16]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[17] 30 days
 Barbados Visa required[18]
 Belarus Visa required[19]
 Belgium Visa required[20]
 Belize Visa required[21]
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[22][23] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[24]
 Bolivia Visa required[25]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa required[26]
 Botswana Visa required[27]
 Brazil Visa required[28]
 Brunei Visa not required[29] 14 days
 Bulgaria Visa required[30]
  • Visa free entry for Cambodian citizens that have either valid C visa issued by Croatia, Cyprus, Romania or a Schengen Member State.
 Burkina Faso Visa required[31]
 Burundi Visa required[32]
 Cameroon Visa required[33]
 Canada Visa required[34]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[35]
 Central African Republic Visa required[36]
 Chad Visa required[37]
 Chile Visa required[38]
 China Visa required[39]
 Colombia Visa required[40]
  • May apply online.[41]
  • Visa free entry for Cambodian citizens that have either a residence permit or valid visa for the Schengen area or the United States.[42]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[43] 45 days
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[44]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[45]
 Costa Rica Visa required[46]
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[47] 3 months
 Croatia Visa required[48]
 Cuba Tourist Card required[49]
 Cyprus Visa required[50]
  • Visa free entry for Cambodian citizens that have either valid C visa issued by Croatia, Bulgaria, Romania or a Schengen Member State [51]
 Czech Republic Visa required[52]
 Denmark Visa required[53]
 Djibouti eVisa[54] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[55] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa required[56]
 Ecuador Visa not required[57] 90 days
 Egypt Visa required[58]
  • Visa on arrival may be obtained for Sinai Resot at Sharm el-Sheikh, Saint Catherine or Taba airports and is valid for 15 days
 El Salvador Visa required[59]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[60]
 Eritrea Visa required[61]
 Estonia Visa required[62]
 Eswatini Visa required[63]
 Ethiopia eVisa[64] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa required[65]
 Finland Visa required[66]
 France Visa required[67]
 Gabon eVisa[68]
 Gambia Visa not required[69] 90 days
 Georgia eVisa[70]
 Germany Visa required[71]
 Ghana Visa required[72]
 Greece Visa required[73]
 Grenada Visa required[74]
 Guatemala Visa required[75]
 Guinea eVisa[76]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[77] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[78]
 Haiti Visa not required[79] 3 months
 Honduras Visa required[80]
 Hungary Visa required[81]
 Iceland Visa required[82]
 India e-Visa[83] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][84]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[85] 30 days
 Iran eVisa/Visa on arrival[86] 15 days[87]
 Iraq Visa required[88]
 Ireland Visa required[89]
 Israel Visa required[90]
 Italy Visa required[91]
 Jamaica Visa required[92]
 Japan Visa required[93]
 Jordan Visa required[94]
 Kazakhstan Visa required[95]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[96] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[97]
 North Korea Visa required[98]
 South Korea Visa required[99]
 Kuwait eVisa[100] 3 months
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa[101]
 Laos Visa not required[102] 30 days
 Latvia Visa required[103]
 Lebanon Visa required[104]
 Lesotho eVisa[105][106]
 Liberia Visa required[107]
 Libya Visa required[108]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[109]
 Lithuania Visa required[110]
 Luxembourg Visa required[111]
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[112] 30 days
 Malawi eVisa / Visa on arrival[113] 30 days
  • Extendable for 60 days
 Malaysia Visa not required[114] 30 days
 Maldives Visa on arrival[115] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[116]
 Malta Visa required[117]
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[118] 90 days
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[119]
 Mauritius Visa on arrival[120] 60 days
 Mexico Visa required[121]
  • Visa free for a maximum stay of 180 days for valid visa holders of the United States.
 Micronesia Visa not required[122] 30 days
 Moldova Visa required[123]
 Monaco Visa required[124]
 Mongolia Visa required[125]
 Montenegro Visa required[126]
 Morocco Visa required[127]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[128]
 Myanmar Visa not required[129] 14 days[130]
 Namibia Visa on arrival[131] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[132]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[133] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa required[134]
 New Zealand Visa required[135]
  • Holders of an Australian Permanent Resident Visa or Resident Return Visa may be granted a New Zealand Resident Visa on arrival permitting indefinite stay (pursuant to the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement), subject to meeting character requirements and obtaining an Electronic Travel Authority prior to departure.[136]
 Nicaragua Visa on arrival[137]
 Niger Visa required[138]
 Nigeria Visa required[139]
 North Macedonia Visa required[140]
 Norway Visa required[141]
 Oman Visa required[142]
 Pakistan Online Visa[143]
  • Online Visa eligible.[144]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[145]
 Palau Visa on arrival[146] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[147] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Visa required[148]
 Paraguay Visa required[149]
 Philippines Visa not required[150] 30 days
 Peru Visa required[151]
 Poland Visa required[152]
 Portugal Visa required[153]
 Qatar eVisa[154][155]
 Romania Visa required[156]
 Russia Visa required[157]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[158] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis eVisa[159]
  • Visa obtainable online.[160]
 Saint Lucia Visa on arrival[161] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[162] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[163] 60 days
 San Marino Visa required[164]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[165]
  • Visa is obtained online.[166]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[167]
 Senegal Visa required[168]
 Serbia Visa required[169]
 Seychelles Visa not required[170] 14 days[171][172]
 Sierra Leone Visa on arrival[173]
 Singapore Visa not required[174] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa required[175]
 Slovenia Visa required[176]
 Solomon Islands Visa required[177]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[178] 30 days
 South Africa Visa required[179]
 South Sudan Electronic Visa[180]
  • Obtainable online[181]
  • Printed visa authorization must be presented at the time of travel[182]
 Spain Visa required[183]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[184] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[185]
 Suriname eVisa[186]
 Sweden Visa required[187]
  Switzerland Visa required[188]
 Syria Visa required[189]
 Tajikistan Visa required[190]
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[191][192] 3 months
 Thailand Visa not required[193] 14 days
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[194] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[195] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[196]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa required[197]
 Tunisia Visa required[198]
 Turkey Visa required[199]
  • e-Visa for a maximum stay of 30 days available for valid visa or valid residence permit holders from one of the Schengen Countries, USA, UK or Ireland.[200]
 Turkmenistan Visa required[201]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[202] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[203]
 Ukraine eVisa[205] 30 days
 United Arab Emirates Visa required[206]
 United Kingdom Visa required[207]
 United States Visa required[208]
 Uruguay Visa required[209]
 Uzbekistan eVisa[210] 30 days
 Vanuatu Visa required[211]
  Vatican City Visa required[212]
 Venezuela Visa required[213]
 Vietnam Visa not required[214] 30 days
 Yemen Visa required[215]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[216] 90 days
 Zimbabwe eVisa[217]

Territories and disputed areas

Visa requirements for Cambodian citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries and restricted zones:

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[218]
Mount Athos
Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[219][220]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Visa required Visa issued by Russia is required.[221]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[222][223]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[224] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa required[225]
 Gibraltar Visa required[226]
 Guernsey Visa required[227]
 Isle of Man Visa required[228]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[229] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[230]
 Jersey Visa required[231]
 Kosovo Visa required[232]
  • Do not need a visa a holder of a valid biometric residence permit issued by one of the Schengen member states or a valid multi-entry Schengen Visa, a holder of a valid Laissez-Passer issued by United Nations Organizations, NATO, OSCE, Council of Europe or European Union a holder of a valid travel documents issued by EU Member and Schengen States, United States of America, Canada, Australia and Japan based on the 1951 Convention on Refugee Status or the 1954 Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons, as well as holders of valid travel documents for foreigners (max. 15 days stay)[233]
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Visa required[234][235] Travellers with Nagorno-Karabakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Nagorno-Karabakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[236]
 Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[237]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[238][239]
 Transnistria Visa not required Registration required after 24h.[240][241]
Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[242]
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[243]
 Mayotte Visa required[244]
 Réunion Visa required[244]
 Ascension Island eVisa[245][246]
  • 3 months within any year period
 Saint Helena eVisa[247][248]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[249]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[250][251]
 Sudan Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[252]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Hong Kong Visa required[253]
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[254][255][256][257][258][259]
China Hainan Province Visa required[260]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[261]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[262]
 Macao Visa on arrival[263]
Maldives Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[264]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
 Palestine Visa not required[265] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[266]
 Taiwan Visa required[267]
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[268][269][270]
China Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[271][272][273]
 Turkmenistan Special permit required A special permit, issued prior to arrival by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Atamurat, Cheleken, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat.[274]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
 Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[275]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)f
 Anguilla Visa required[276]
 Aruba Visa required[277][278]
 Bermuda Visa required[279] Visa free for a maximum stay of 3 months if transiting through the United Kingdom.
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa required[280][281]
 British Virgin Islands Visa required[282]
Colombia San Andrés and Leticia Tourist Card on arrival Visitors arriving at Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport and Alfredo Vásquez Cobo International Airport must buy tourist cards on arrival.[283]
 Cayman Islands Visa required [284]
 Curacao Visa required[285]
France French West Indies Visa not required[286] French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.
 Greenland Visa required[225]
Venezuela Margarita Island Visa required All visitors are fingerprinted.[287]
 Montserrat Visa required[288][289]
 Puerto Rico Visa required[290]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa required[244]
 Sint Maarten Visa required[291][292]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa required[293]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[294]
South America
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
France French Guiana Visa required[295]
Galápagos
Pre-registration required Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[296]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 American Samoa Entry permit required[297]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[298]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[299]
 Cook Islands Visa not required 31 days[300]
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[301]
 French Polynesia Visa required[302]
 Guam Visa required[303]
 New Caledonia Visa required[244]
 Niue Visa not required 30 days[304]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required[305]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee US$35 or tax of US$5 if not going ashore.[306][307][308]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[309][310][311][312][313][314][315]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa required[244]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa required British Overseas Territory visa is required.[316]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[317][318]
Antarctica Special permits required for  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[319][320][321][322][323][324][325][326][327][328][329][330]

Non-visa restrictions

This section is transcluded from Non-visa travel restrictions. (edit | history)

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Blank passport pages

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[331] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination

An International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis is required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever
An International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis is required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Main articles: Vaccination requirements for international travel and International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[332]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[333]

An increasing number of countries have been imposing additional COVID-19 related health restrictions such as quarantine measures and testing requirements. Many countries will increasingly consider the vaccination status of travellers when deciding to allow them entry or not or require them to quarantine since recently published research shows that the Pfizer vaccine effect lasts for six months or so.[334]

Passport validity length

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[335] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[336] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Peru.[337] Philippines,[338] Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[339]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, the Maldives[340] and South Africa.

Other countries, such as Japan,[341] Ireland and the United Kingdom,[342] require a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

A very few countries, such as Paraguay, just require a passport valid on arrival.

Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[343][344] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[345]

Criminal record

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[346] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record while others impose restrictions depending on the type of conviction and the length of the sentence.

Persona non grata

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.[347]

Israeli stamps

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)
Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[348] Lebanon,[349] Libya,[350] Sudan,[351] Syria,[352] and Yemen[353] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when passing into and out of Gaza.[citation needed]

The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage claims that having an Israeli stamp does not disqualify someone from visiting Saudi Arabia.[354]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity

Main articles: Anti-Armenian sentiment in Azerbaijan, Armenia–Azerbaijan relations, and Nagorno-Karabakh conflict

Entry Permit to Nagorno-Karabakh issued in Yerevan as a stand-alone document rather than a visa affixed in a passport
Entry Permit to Nagorno-Karabakh issued in Yerevan as a stand-alone document rather than a visa affixed in a passport

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan,[355][356][357] Armenian citizens and other foreign nationals of Armenian descent are likely to encounter difficulties when attempting to enter the Republic of Azerbaijan.[358][359][360]

Azerbaijan bans visits by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[360] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[361] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[362] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Biometrics

See also: Countries applying biometrics

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.
A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[363]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[364][365] Argentina,[366] Brunei, Cambodia,[367] China,[368] Ethiopia,[369] Ghana, Guinea,[370] India, Japan,[371][372] Kenya (both fingerprints and a photo are taken),[373] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[374] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[375] Singapore, South Korea,[376] Taiwan, Thailand,[377] Uganda[378] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[379] [380] [381] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[382]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[383] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[384][385]

See also

References and Notes

References
  1. ^ "Global Ranking - Passport Index 2019" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  2. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  3. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  4. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  5. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  6. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  7. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  8. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  11. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  12. ^ "Visitor e600 Visa Online Applications". Department of Immigration and Border Protection.
  13. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  14. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  15. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  16. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
  17. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  18. ^ [2], Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 1 July 2020.
  19. ^ Visa-free travel, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus.
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  380. ^ Lipton, Eric (21 May 2013). "U.S. Quietly Monitors Foreigners' Departures at the Canadian Border". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 April 2019. Long demanded by lawmakers in Congress, it is considered a critical step to developing a coherent program to curb illegal immigration, as historically about 30 percent to 40 percent of illegal immigrants in the United States arrived on tourist visas or other legal means and then never left, according to estimates by Homeland Security officials.
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