Visa requirements for Canadian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Canada.

As of 2024, Canadian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 188 countries and territories, ranking the Canadian passport 7th in the world according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map

Visa requirements for Canadian citizens holding ordinary passports
  Canada
  Visa not required or Electronic Travel Authorisation
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa required
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival or not established

Visa requirements

The following table indicates the entry requirements and duration of stay for a given country, along with any notes that may be relevant for that given country.

Country Entry requirement Stay duration Notes (excluding departure fees) Reciprocity
 Afghanistan Visa required[2][3]
  • The Canadian government advises its citizens not to visit Afghanistan due to the security situation, likely terrorist attacks, the ongoing armed conflict, the risk of kidnapping and the high crime rate.[4]
Yes
 Albania Visa not required[5] 90 days No
 Algeria Visa required[6][7] Yes
 Andorra Visa not required[8] 90 days [9] Yes
 Angola Visa not required[10] 30 days
  • 30 days per trip, but no more than 90 days within any 1 calendar year for tourism purposes only.[11]
  • Visitors must have a return/onward ticket and a hotel reservation confirmation.[12]
  • An International Certificate of Vaccination is required.
No
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[13] 6 months No
 Argentina Visa not required[14] 90 days No
 Armenia eVisa / Visa on arrival[15][16] 180 days per year No
 Australia and territories Electronic Travel Authorisation[17] 90 days
  • 90 days on each visit in 12-month period.
  • Canadian Passport Holders may enter using Smartgate system.
Yes
 Austria Visa not required[18] 90 days Yes
 Azerbaijan eVisa[19][20] 30 days[21] No
 Bahamas Visa not required[22] 8 months Yes
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[23] 14 days No
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[24] 30 days No
 Barbados Visa not required[25] 6 months Yes
 Belarus Visa not required[26] 30 days No
 Belgium Visa not required[30] 90 days Yes
 Belize Visa not required[31] No
 Benin eVisa[32][33] 30 days[34]
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
No
 Bhutan eVisa[35][36] Yes
 Bolivia Visa not required[37] 90 days No
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[38] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period.
No
 Botswana Visa not required[39] 90 days No
 Brazil Visa not required / eVisa[40][41] 90 days
  • Brazilian authorities have announced that Canadian citizens will require a visa beginning April 10, 2025.[42]
No
 Brunei Visa not required[43] 14 days Yes
 Bulgaria Visa not required[44] 90 days Yes
 Burkina Faso eVisa / Visa on arrival[45][46]
  • The Canadian government advises its citizens not to visit Burkina Faso due to the threat posed by terrorism, kidnapping and the instability of the political situation.[47]
No
 Burundi Visa on arrival[48] 1 month Yes
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[50][51] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.
No
 Cameroon eVisa[52][53][54] Yes
 Cape Verde Visa not required[55][56] 30 days
  • Must register online at least five days prior to arrival.[57]
No
 Central African Republic Visa required[58]
  • The Canadian government advises its citizens not to visit the Central African Republic due to unstable security conditions and violent crime.[59]
Yes
 Chad Visa required[60][61] Yes
 Chile Visa not required[62] 90 days Yes
 China Visa required[63]
  • 72-hour visit without a visa when in transit at Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Guilin, Harbin, Kunming, Qingdao, Wuhan, Xi'an and Xiamen.
  • 144-hour visit without a visa when in transit through Beijing Capital International Airport, Dalian, Hangzhou, Shijiazhuang Zhengding International Airport in Hebei, Nanjing, Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport and Shanghai Pudong International Airport, Shanghai Railway Station and the Port of Shanghai; Shenyang and Tianjin Binhai International Airport
  • Visas for Canadian citizens are valid for up to 9 years and 11 months.
Yes
 Colombia Visa not required[64] 90 days
  • Extendable up to 180-days stay within a one-year period.
  • 256,000 Colombian Pesos (equivalent to CAD$85) must be paid upon arrival. Passengers older than 79 years or younger than 14 years are exempt.[65]
No
 Comoros Visa on arrival[66] 45 days No
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[67][68] Yes
 Democratic Republic of the Congo eVisa[69][70] 7 days[71] Yes
 Costa Rica Visa not required[72] 90 days No
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[73][74] 3 months No
 Croatia Visa not required[75] 90 days Yes
 Cuba Tourist card required[76] 90 days
  • Tourist card is generally included in airfare, with most Canadians unaware that they need a tourist visa for Cuba due to the tourist card being handed out on flights, but it can also be purchased from the airline transporting the passenger into Cuba and must be obtained before taking a flight that will land in Cuba.
  • Tourist card is valid up to 90 days stay for Canadian citizens.
Yes
 Cyprus Visa not required[77] 90 days Yes
 Czech Republic Visa not required[78] 90 days Yes
 Denmark and territories Visa not required[79] 90 days Yes
 Djibouti eVisa[81][82] 90 days No
 Dominica Visa not required[83] 6 months No
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[84] 30 days No
 Ecuador Visa not required[85] 90 days No
 Egypt Visa required[86][87]
  • Visa on arrival if holding proof of valid or expired Egyptian nationality.
Yes
 El Salvador Visa not required[88] 3 months No
 Equatorial Guinea eVisa[89][90][91] Yes
 Eritrea Visa required[92] Yes
 Estonia Visa not required[93] 90 days Yes
 Eswatini Visa not required[94] 30 days No
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival[95] up to 90 days No
 Fiji Visa not required[98] 4 months No
 Finland Visa not required[99] 90 days Yes
 France and territories Visa not required[100] 90 days Yes
 Gabon eVisa[103][104] 90 days No
 Gambia Visa not required[105] 90 days Yes
 Georgia Visa not required[106] 1 year No
 Germany Visa not required[107] 90 days Yes
 Ghana Visa required[108][109] Yes
 Greece Visa not required[110] 90 days Yes
 Grenada Visa not required[111] 3 months
  • May enter on an ID card if not departing from the United States.
  • Beginning on 1 December 2020, all travellers to Grenada will be required to complete an online application in order to receive a Pure Safe Travel Authorization Certificate to enter Grenada.[112]
No
 Guatemala Visa not required[113] 90 days No
 Guinea eVisa[114][115] 90 days No
 Guinea-Bissau Visa on arrival[116] 90 days No
 Guyana Visa not required[117] 3 months No
 Haiti Visa not required[118] 3 months
  • The Canadian government advises its citizens not to visit Haiti due to the threat posed by kidnappings, gang violence and the potential for civil unrest.[119]
No
 Honduras Visa not required[120] 3 months No
 Hungary Visa not required[121] 90 days Yes
 Iceland Visa not required[123] 90 days Yes
 India eVisa[124][125] 30 days
  • Canadians who are or have been Pakistani nationals or have had ancestors who are or have been Pakistani nationals are required to follow a stringent and longer procedure.[126]
No
 Indonesia e-VOA / Visa on arrival[127] 30 days[128]
  • 30 day VOA (IDR 500,000) renewable a maximum of once for 30 days.
No
 Iran Visa required[129]
  • Canadian citizens who want to travel to Iran, need to do so with a fully organized tour. Applying for an Iranian visa without booking a complete tour from a local travel agency will result in getting rejected by the Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA). Tourists for Kish Island do not require a visa for a total of 14 days.[130][circular reference]
  • The Canadian government advises its citizens not to visit Iran due to the volatile security situation, the regional threat of terrorism and the possibility of arbitrary detention[131]
Yes
 Iraq Visa on arrival[132] 60 days
  • Canadian citizens can now obtain a visa on arrival at Iraq’s airports, land and sea crossings for 60 days, for a fee of USD 75.
  • The Canadian government advises its citizens not to visit Iraq due to the volatile security situation.[133]
No
 Ireland Visa not required[134] 90 days Yes
 Israel Visa not required[135] 3 months
  • Entry refused to anyone who "knowingly issues a public call for boycotting Israel."[136]
Yes
 Italy Visa not required[137] 90 days Yes
 Jamaica Visa not required[138] 90 days
  • 90 days (business), 6 months (tourist)
No
 Japan Visa not required[139] 90 days Yes
 Jordan eVisa / Visa on arrival[140][141]
  • Visa can be obtained upon arrival, it will cost a total of 40 JOD, obtainable at most international ports of entry and land border crossings. (except King Hussein/Allenby Bridge)
No
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[142][143] 30 days No
 Kenya Electronic Travel Authorisation[144][145] 3 months
  • Applications can be submitted up to 90 days prior to travel and must be submitted at least 3 days in advance.
  • eTA fee is USD 32.50.
  • Proof of reservation at the hotel where visitors plan to stay is required (if staying with friends, an invitation letter is also acceptable).
  • Yellow fever vaccination certificate is required if coming from endemic countries.
  • Can also be entered on an East Africa tourist visa issued by Rwanda or Uganda.[146]
No
 Kiribati Visa not required[147] 90 days
  • May not exceed 90 days within any given 12 months period.
No
 North Korea Visa required[148][149] Yes
 South Korea Electronical Travel Authorization[151][152] 6 months
  • The validity period of a K-ETA is 3 years from the date of approval.[153]
Yes
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[154][155] 3 months No
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[156] 60 days No
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[157] 30 days No
 Latvia Visa not required[161] 90 days Yes
 Lebanon Free visa on arrival[162] 1 month
  • Extendable for 2 additional months; granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non-refundable return or circle trip ticket.
No
 Lesotho Visa not required[163] No
 Liberia Visa required[164][165] Yes
 Libya eVisa[166][167][168]
  • The Canadian government advises its citizens not to visit Libya due to persistent insecurity, including sustained armed conflict, a high risk of terrorist attacks, an unpredictable political situation and a high crime rate.[169]
Yes
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[170] 90 days Yes
 Lithuania Visa not required[171] 90 days Yes
 Luxembourg Visa not required[172] 90 days Yes
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[173] 60 days No
 Malawi Visa not required[174] 30 days No
 Malaysia Visa not required[175] 3 months No
 Maldives Free visa on arrival[176] 30 days
  • Extendable stay.
No
 Mali Visa required[177][178]
  • The Canadian government advises its citizens not to visit Mali due to the threat of terrorism, kidnapping and banditry.[179]
Yes
 Malta Visa not required[180] 90 days Yes
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[181] 90 days No
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[182] No
 Mauritius Visa not required[183] 90 days No
 Mexico Visa not required[184] 180 days
  • Actual permitted duration of stay is decided on arrival by border agents, and is often shorter than 180 days
No
 Micronesia Visa not required[185] 30 days No
 Moldova Visa not required[186] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period.
No
 Monaco Visa not required[187] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period.
  • Monaco does not have a visa policy of its own and the Schengen visa policy applies.
Yes
 Mongolia Visa not required[188] 30 days No
 Montenegro Visa not required[189] 90 days No
 Morocco Visa not required[190] 3 months No
 Mozambique Visa not required[191][192] 30 days
  • Travelers must register on the e-Visa platform at least 48 hours prior to travel and pay a processing fee of 650 MT.
No
 Myanmar eVisa[193][194] 28 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via Yangon, Nay Pyi Taw or Mandalay airports or via land border crossings with ThailandTachileik, Myawaddy and Kawthaung or IndiaRih Khaw Dar and Tamu.
  • e-Visa available for both tourism (allowed stay is 28 days) or business (allowed stay is 70 days) purposes.
  • The Canadian government advises its citizens not to visit Myanmar due to the risk of politically motivated violence and civil unrest.[195]
No
 Namibia Visa not required[196] 3 months No
 Nauru Visa required[197]
  • Criminal record and medical fitness certificates are not required for Canadian citizens.[198]
Yes
   Nepal Online Visa / Visa on arrival[199] 90 days[200] No
 Netherlands and territories Visa not required[201] 90 days Yes
 New Zealand Electronic Travel Authority[202] 3 months
  • May enter using eGate.[203]
  • International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy must be paid upon requesting an Electronic Travel Authority.[204]
  • Holders of an Australian Permanent Resident Visa or Resident Return Visa may be granted a New Zealand Resident Visa on arrival permitting indefinite stay (pursuant to the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement), subject to meeting character requirements and obtaining an Electronic Travel Authority prior to departure.[205] Such travelers are not required to pay the International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy.[204]
Yes
 Nicaragua Visa not required[206] 90 days No
 Niger Visa required[207]
  • The Canadian government advises its citizens not to visit Niger due to political instability and the risk of terrorism and kidnapping.[208]
Yes
 Nigeria eVisa[209][210] 90 days[211] Yes
 North Macedonia Visa not required[212] 90 days No
 Norway Visa not required[213] 3 months
  • 3 months within any 6-month period, regardless of previous time spent in other Schengen countries, but including time spent in other Nordic countries.[214][215]
Yes
 Oman Visa not required / eVisa[216][217] 14 days / 30 days No
 Pakistan ETA / Online Visa[218][219] 30 days / 3 months
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for tourism purposes.[220]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[221]
  • Online Visa eligible.[222]
No
 Palau Free visa on arrival[223] 30 days
  • Extendable stay by twice only with a fee.
No
 Panama Visa not required[224] 180 days No
 Papua New Guinea eVisa[225][226] 60 days Yes
 Paraguay Visa not required[227] 90 days No
 Peru Visa not required[228] 90 days No
 Philippines Visa not required[229] 30 days No
 Poland Visa not required[230] 90 days Yes
 Portugal Visa not required[231] 90 days Yes
 Qatar Visa not required[232] 30 days No
 Romania Visa not required[233] 90 days Yes
 Russia Visa required[234][235]
  • Cruise ship passengers cruising in and out of a Russian port within 72 hours, who spend each night on board, and who only leave the ship on tours organized by the cruise company, do not require a tourist visa.[236]
  • The Canadian government advises its citizens not to visit Russia due to the Russo-Ukrainian War.[237]
Yes
 Rwanda Visa not required[238] 30 days
  • Can also be entered on an East Africa tourist visa issued by Kenya or Uganda.[146]
No
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[239] 6 months No
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[240] 6 weeks No
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[241] 3 months No
 Samoa Visa not required[242] 60 days Yes
 San Marino Visa not required[243] Yes
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[244] 15 days No
 Saudi Arabia eVisa / Visa on arrival[245][246] 90 days No
 Senegal Visa not required[247] 90 days No
 Serbia Visa not required[248] 90 days No
 Seychelles Electronic Border System[249][250] 3 months
  • Application can be submitted up to 30 days before travel.
  • Visitors must upload a reservation confirmation(s) for each visitor's location of stay in Seychelles.
  • Yellow fever vaccination certificate is required if coming from endemic countries.
  • Payment of the fee (EUR 10) by credit or debit card.
  • Valid for one journey only and it expires once exit the country.
No
 Sierra Leone eVisa / Visa on arrival[251][252] 30 days No
 Singapore Visa not required[253] 30 days Yes
 Slovakia Visa not required[254] 90 days Yes
 Slovenia Visa not required[255] 90 days Yes
 Solomon Islands Free Visitor's permit on arrival[256] 3 months
  • 3 months with any year period.
Yes
 Somalia Visa on arrival[257]
  • The Canadian government advises its citizens not to visit Somalia due to the extremely volatile security situation and high threat of domestic terrorism.[258]
No
 South Africa Visa not required[259] 90 days No
 South Sudan eVisa[260][261]
  • Obtainable online.
  • Printed visa authorization must be presented at the time of travel.
  • The Canadian government advises its citizens not to visit South Sudan due to armed conflicts, inter-ethnic violence and high levels of violent crime.[262]
No
 Spain Visa not required[263] 90 days Yes
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[264][265] 60 days / 30 days[266]
  • The standard visitor visa allows a stay of 60 days within any 6 month period.[267]
  • Visa fees (for Standard visitor visa):
  • e-Visa categories will be charged an additional USD 18.50 service fee.
  • If transiting from any of the Sri Lankan airports, An e-Visa is exempted (2 day transit period).
No
 Sudan Visa required[268][269]
  • The Canadian government advises its citizens not to visit Sudan due to the armed conflict, civil unrest and the volatile security situation.[270]
Yes
 Suriname Visa not required[271][272] 90 days
  • An entrance fee of USD 25 or EUR 25 must be paid online prior to arrival.[273]
  • Multiple entry e-Visa is also available.[274]
No
 Sweden Visa not required[275] 90 days Yes
  Switzerland Visa not required[276] 90 days Yes
 Syria Visa required[277][278]
  • The Canadian government advises its citizens not to visit Syria due to the ongoing armed conflict, terrorism, criminality, arbitrary detention, torture and forced disappearance.[279]
Yes
 Taiwan Visa not required[280] 90 days Yes
 Tajikistan Visa not required[281] 30 days
  • e-Visa also available.[282]
  • e-Visa holders can enter through all border points.
No
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[283][284] 90 days No
 Thailand Visa not required[285] 30 days
  • Maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air.
No
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[286] 30 days No
 Togo eVisa[287][288] 15 days No
 Tonga Free visa on arrival[289] 31 days No
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[290] No
 Tunisia Visa not required[291] 4 months No
 Turkey Visa not required[292][293] 90 days[294]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period.
No
 Turkmenistan Visa required[295] Yes
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[296] 1 month No
 Uganda eVisa[297][298] 3 months
  • Can also be entered on an East Africa Tourist Visa issued by Kenya or Rwanda.[146]
No
 Ukraine Visa not required[299] 90 days No
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[301][302][303][304] 30 days
  • Visa is obtained free of charge for stays longer than 30 days.[305]
Yes
 United Kingdom Visa not required[306] 6 months
  • Can use ePassport gates starting 1 June 2019 [307]
Yes
 United States Visa not required[308] 6 months
  • ESTA exempt. Canada passport holders do not have to get a ESTA.[309]
  • 6 month stay rather than typical 90 day VWP stay.
  • Most non immigrant statuses can be applied for on arrival at a port of entry.
  • Canada is not a Visa Waiver Program country, the permission to travel is from US immigration law.[310][311]
  • Canadian Passport required and must be valid for the period of intended stay.[308]
  • Canadian Passport exemptions only for nationals of Canada with a NEXUS card embarking in Canada or USA.[308]
    For frequent travellers there is NEXUS card program designed to let pre-approved, low-risk travellers cross the Canada–United States border quickly.[312]
Yes
 Uruguay Visa not required[313] 3 months No
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[314] 30 days No
 Vanuatu Visa not required[315] 30 days No
 Vatican City Visa not required[316] Yes
 Venezuela Visa required[317][318]
  • The Canadian government advises its citizens not to visit Venezuela due to the significant level of violent crime, the unstable political and economic situations and the decline in basic living conditions.[319]
Yes
 Vietnam eVisa[320][321]
  • e-Visa is valid for 90 days and multiple entry.
No
 Yemen Visa required[322][323]
  • The Canadian government advises its citizens not to visit Yemen due to the ongoing armed conflict, terrorist attacks and kidnapping.[324]
Yes
 Zambia Visa not required[325] 30 days
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zimbabwe.
No
 Zimbabwe Visa on arrival[326] 30 days
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zambia.
No

Dependent, disputed, or restricted territories

Visa requirements for Canadian citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries, and restricted zones:

Africa
Asia
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Europe
Oceania
South America
South Atlantic and Antarctica

Consular protection of Canadian citizens abroad

Countries that have a Canadian Embassy or High Commission are shown in blue. Canada is shown in green.

Canada has diplomatic and consular offices (including honorary consuls) in over 270 locations in approximately 180 foreign countries. In some countries Canadians may receive consular assistance from Australian missions under the Canada–Australia Consular Services Sharing Agreement. On the last page of a standard Canadian passport, under "Reach Us", it states "In case of an emergency you can reach us by: contacting the nearest Canadian government office (in countries where there is no Canadian office, you should contact the nearest British or Australian office...)".

See also: List of diplomatic missions of Canada

Non-visa restrictions

This section is transcluded from Non-visa travel restrictions. (edit | history)

Blank passport pages

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[406] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being valid or available.

Vaccination

Main articles: Vaccination requirements for international travel, International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, and Vaccine passports during the COVID-19 pandemic

Cover of the new International Certificate of Vaccination issued by the Bureau of Quarantine in the Philippines since 2021

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo, South Sudan, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers older than nine months to one year[407] to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[408]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently or has transited for 12 hours in those countries: Algeria, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Lesotho, Libya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.[409][410]

Passport validity length

Very few countries, such as Paraguay, just require a valid passport on arrival.

However many countries and groupings now require only an identity card – especially from their neighbours. Other countries may have special bilateral arrangements that depart from the generality of their passport validity length policies to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[411][412] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[413]

Some countries, such as Japan,[414] Ireland and the United Kingdom,[415] require a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[416] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[417] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Peru,[418] Philippines,[419] Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[420]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Honduras, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except Ireland) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, the Maldives[421] and South Africa.

Criminal record

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[422] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record while others impose restrictions depending on the type of conviction and the length of the sentence.

Persona non grata

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.[423]

Israeli stamps

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[424] Lebanon,[425] Libya,[426] Syria,[427] and Yemen[428] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when passing into and out of Gaza.[citation needed]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Biometrics

See also: Countries applying biometrics

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to change planes rather than go landside.[429]

Fingerprinting countries/regions include Afghanistan,[430][431] Argentina,[432] Brunei, Cambodia,[433] China,[434] Ethiopia,[435] Ghana, Guinea,[436] India, Japan,[437][438] Kenya (both fingerprints and a photo are taken),[439] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[440] Mongolia, Saudi Arabia,[441] Singapore, South Korea,[442] Taiwan, Thailand,[443] Uganda,[444] the United Arab Emirates and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by domestic legislation),[445][446][447] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[448]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[449] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[450][451] The United States Department of Homeland Security has announced plans to greatly increase the biometric data it collects at US borders.[452] In 2018, Singapore began trials of iris scanning at three land and maritime immigration checkpoints.[453][454]

Visa requirements amendment log

Visa requirements for Canadian citizens were lifted by Austria in 1956,[455] Finland in 1958,[455] Japan (20 September 1964),[456] Micronesia (18 December 1980),[457] Taiwan (1 January 1994),[458] Ukraine (1 August 2005),[459] Kyrgyzstan (27 July 2012),[460] Mongolia (1 January 2014), Kazakhstan (1 January 2017), Argentina (1 January 2018),[461] Armenia (10 July 2018),[462][463][464][465] and Brazil (17 June 2019).[466]

Canadian citizens were made eligible for eVisas by India (1 May 2015),[467] Brazil (25 January 2018, visa free since 17 June 2019)[468] and Angola (30 March 2018).[469]

Foreign travel statistics

This section is transcluded from Canadian passport. (edit | history)

According to the statistics these are the numbers of Canadian visitors to various countries per annum in 2015 (unless otherwise noted):

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Data for 2016
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be Data for 2017
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Data for 2014
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Counting only guests in tourist accommodation establishments.
  5. ^ a b c d Data for 2013
  6. ^ a b Data for 2011
  7. ^ a b c d Data for arrivals by air only.
  8. ^ Data for 2012
  9. ^ Excluding one-day visits
  10. ^ a b c d Data for 2010
  11. ^ Data for 2007
  12. ^ a b c Data for 2009
  13. ^ Total number includes tourists, business travelers, students, exchange visitors, temporary workers and families, diplomats and other representatives and all other classes of nonimmigrant admissions (I-94).

See also

Notes

  1. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Lantui - Baka (China)
    • Meuang mom - Wan Pong (Myanmar)
    • Tanalaeng Dry Port - Nongkai (Thailand)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Pakxan - Bungkan (Thailand)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Phoudou (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)
    • Lalai (Vietnam)
    • Pangmone - Phayao (Thailand)
    • Daktaock - Nam Giang (Vietnam)
    • Savannakhet Airport
  2. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Bokeo
  3. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammouane
    • Bokeo
  4. ^
    • Samliemkham (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Tanalaeng - Nongkai (Thailand)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)

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  249. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  250. ^ "Seychelles Electronic Border System".
  251. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  252. ^ "Sierra Leone eVisa".
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  254. ^ Consular information and travel visa, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Slovakia.
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  263. ^ Entry requirements, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain.
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  266. ^ "SL eVisa".
  267. ^ "Information".
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  271. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  272. ^ "Suriname eVisa".
  273. ^ "Entry-fee".
  274. ^ "Suriname eVisa | VFS Global | Official partner of the Government of Suriname".
  275. ^ List of foreign citizens who require visa for entry into Sweden, Government of Sweden.
  276. ^ Overview of ID and visa provisions according to nationality, State Secretariat for Migration of Switzerland.
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  280. ^ Visa, Bureau of Consular Affairs of Taiwan.
  281. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  282. ^ "Tajikistan eVisa".
  283. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  284. ^ "Tanzania eVisa".
  285. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  286. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  287. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  288. ^ "Togo eVisa".
  289. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  290. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  291. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  292. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  293. ^ "Türkiye eVisa".
  294. ^ "Visa exemption for 6 countries" (PDF).
  295. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  296. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  297. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  298. ^ "Uganda eVisa".
  299. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
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