European Democratic Party
PresidentFrançois Bayrou
Secretary-GeneralSandro Gozi
Founded9 December 2004 (2004-12-09)
Split fromEuropean People's Party
HeadquartersRue de l'Industrie 4, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
Think tankInstitute of European Democrats
Youth wingYoung Democrats for Europe (YDE)
IdeologyCentrism[1][2][3][4]
Pro-Europeanism[5]
Political positionCentre[1][2][3][4]
European Parliament groupRenew Europe (12 MEPs)
S&D (PRO Romania, 1 MEP)
Colours  Blue
  Orange
European Parliament
13 / 705
European Council
0 / 27
European Commission
0 / 27
European Lower Houses
90 / 9,874
European Upper Houses
35 / 2,714
Website
www.democrats.eu

The European Democratic Party (EDP), also known as the European Democrats, is a centrist[1][2][3][4] European political party in favour of European integration. François Bayrou is the President of the party.

Almost all MEPs of the European Democratic Party currently sit in the Renew Europe group, except for two MEPs of the PRO Romania party, who sit in the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats.

The youth wing of the EDP is the Young Democrats for Europe.

As of 2020, EDP member parties participate in the government of two countries: France (Democratic Movement) and Slovenia (Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia). A European region is also led by an EDP politician, with the Basque Country being led by Iñigo Urkullu of the Basque Nationalist Party, and EDP member Free Voters participate as a coalition partner in the government of Bavaria.

History

European Democratic Party was initiated on 16 April 2004 and formally founded on 9 December 2004 in Brussels.

François Bayrou of the Union for French Democracy and later the Democratic Movement (MoDem) and Francesco Rutelli, former leader of the Democracy is Freedom and Alliance for Italy parties, served as the two co-presidents until 2019. Now, François Bayrou serves as the only president.

The EDP was founded in reaction to the rising influence of Eurosceptic parties within European institutions. It drew pro-European centrist parties from the European People's Party (EPP) group to form a new centrist multinational bloc. Its co-founder François Bayrou described it as a party for people being neither conservative nor socialist."

Since the beginning of the 6th European Parliament of 2004–2009, the EDP has formed a joint European parliamentary group with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party called the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) group. This parliamentary group was dissolved in 2019 and replaced by Renew Europe.

The European Democratic Party is ideologically centrist and federalist.[6]

Members

Members are national and regional political parties as well as members of the European Parliament, national and regional parliaments.

Country or Region Party European MPs National MPs
 Belgium Marie-Christine Marghem (MR and MCC; Individual member) -
1 / 150
0 / 60
 Croatia People's Party - Reformists (Narodna stranka – Reformisti) -
1 / 151
 Cyprus Citizens' Platform (Platforma Politon; Affiliated Member) - -
 Czech Republic Senator 21 (Senátor 21) -
0 / 200
3 / 81
 France Democratic Movement (Mouvement démocrate)
5 / 79
41 / 577
4 / 348
Catherine Chabaud (MoDem; Individual member), Sandro Gozi (IV; Individual member) and Irène Tolleret (TDP; Individual member)
3 / 79
-
 Germany Free Voters (Freie Wähler)
2 / 96
0 / 735
(Bundestag)
2 / 69
(Bundesrat)
 Greece Union of Centrists (Ένωση Κεντρώων) - -
 Hungary New Start (Új Kezdet) -
1 / 199
 Italy Italia Viva
1 / 76
29 / 630
14 / 315
 Ireland Marian Harkin (Independent; Individual member) -
1 / 160
 Poland Alliance of Democrats (Stronnictwo Demokratyczne) - -
 Romania PRO Romania (PRO România)
1 / 33
0 / 330
0 / 136
 San Marino Future Republic (Repubblica Futura) Not an EU member
6 / 60
 Slovenia Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia (Demokratična stranka upokojencev Slovenije) -
5 / 90
 Spain
Basque Nationalist Party (Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea)
1 / 58
6 / 350
10 / 265
Canarian Coalition (Coalición Canaria) -
1 / 350
1 / 265
Commitment to Galicia (Compromiso por Galicia) - -
 Europe Young Democrats for Europe[7] (Jeunes Démocrates européens; Affiliated Member) - -

Former member parties

Elected representatives of Member Parties

European institutions

Organisation Institution Number of seats
 European Union European Commission
0 / 28
European Council
(Heads of Government)
0 / 28
Council of the EU
(Participation in Government)
3 / 28
European Parliament
12 / 705
 Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly
4 / 318

References

  1. ^ a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  2. ^ a b c John McCormick (2015). European Union Politics. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 247. ISBN 978-1-137-45340-2.
  3. ^ a b c Lars Pehrson (12 June 2009). How Unified Is the European Union?: European Integration Between Visions and Popular Legitimacy. Springer. p. 160. ISBN 978-3-540-95855-0.
  4. ^ a b c Oskar Niedermayer (1 May 2013). Handbuch Parteienforschung. Springer. p. 831. ISBN 978-3-531-18932-1.
  5. ^ Nathalie Brack; Olivier Costa (2014). How the EU Really Works. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-4724-1465-6.
  6. ^ Alberto Martinelli & Alessandro Cavalli (2020). European Society. Vol. 133. Brill. p. 237. ISBN 9789004351776. The European Democratic Party (EDP) is a centrist, social-liberal, and federalist party that stands for a more democratic, integrated EU closer to its citizens. Between 2004 and now (end of 2019) the EDP has formed a joint European parliamentary group with ALDE.
  7. ^ "Adoption of the EDP manifesto and new member organisation | European Democrats – European Democratic Party". www.democrats.eu. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  8. ^ Democrats, European (30 June 2017). "Individual membership request from MP Alena #Bašistová (SK) has just been accepted by the #EDPCouncil in #Coimbra. Welcome! #EDPCoimbrapic.twitter.com/RiOAZGrfQ7". @PDE_EDP. Retrieved 31 July 2017.