Girilal Jain
Born1924
DiedJuly 19, 1993(1993-07-19) (aged 68–69)
OccupationJournalist

Girilal Jain (1924 – 19 July 1993) was an Indian journalist. He served as the editor of The Times of India from 1978 until 1988. He advocated establishing old glory and re establishing the great tenets of Hinduism aligned with nationalism and authored books on the subject, the best known of which, The Hindu Phenomenon, was published posthumously.[1] The government of India awarded him the civilian honour of the Padma Bhushan in 1989.[2] He is accused by Congressional records of being vituperative towards Sikhs in editorial named "De-Turbaning of Sikhs".[3]

Personal life

Girilal Jain was born in Piplikhera[4] in Sonipat district, which falls in Delhi National Capital Region. He received a bachelor's degree in history from Hindu College, Delhi from Delhi University. He married Sudarshan Jain in 1951. They had a son and three daughters, including the historian Meenakshi Jain and the columnist Sandhya Jain. Sunil Jain, his son, was a journalist, who was the managing-editor of the Financial Express.[5]

At the age of 69, Girilal Jain died on 19 July 1993.[6]

Journalism Career

Jain began his career in journalism in 1948 with the News Chronicle. In 1950, he shifted to The Times of India where he worked as a sub-editor. Later, he shifted to reporting and became Chief Reporter in 1958. Besides Delhi, he served for the newspaper from Karachi and London. Later, Jain served as the Editor-in-Chief of The Times of India from 1978-88.[7]

His views

Khushwant Singh wrote that, towards the end of his career, Girilal Jain's writings showed a "distinct anti-Muslim, anti-Sikh and anti-Christian bias."[8] Jain was reportedly fired as the editor of the Times of India as a result of his alleged Hindutva sympathies.[9][10]

After retirement, he wrote on the core issues of pre independence and post partition suffering of Hindus and penned the book The Hindu Phenomenon which was edited and published by his daughter Meenakshi Jain posthumously.[8]

Girilal Jain welcomed the movement for the Ram Temple at Ayodhya as part of the process of long lost justice for Hindus.[11]

He believed that the political-economic order that Jawaharlal Nehru had fashioned was as much in its last throes as its progenitor, the Marxist–Leninist-Stalinist order. He believed that the two major planks of this order, secularism and socialism, have "lost much of their old glitter" while the third, non-alignment, has become redundant.[12][verification needed][13]

According to him, the concept of nation is alien to Hindu temperament and genius; for it emphasized the exclusion of those who did not belong to the charmed circle (territorial, linguistic or ethnic) as much as it emphasized the inclusion of those who fell within the circle. By contrast, the essential spirit of Hinduism was inclusivist, and not exclusivist, by definition. Such a spirit must seek to abolish and not build boundaries. That is why, he held, that Hindus could not sustain an anti-Muslim feeling, except temporarily and, that too only under provocation.[14]

Jain was criticized in the Congressional Record volume 142, issue 137, (September 28, 1996) published by the U.S. Government Publishing Office[by whom?] for his 1982 Times Of India editorial titled "De-Turbaning of Sikhs" for its anti-Sikh bias.[15]

References

  1. ^ Singh, Khushwant (31 August 1994). "Book review: Girilal Jain's 'The Hindu Phenomenon'". India Today. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  2. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Congressional Record — Extensions of Remarks September 28, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 11 August 2012.
  4. ^ Jain, Sandhya. "About Girilal Jain (1922 – 1993)". Girilal Jain Archive. Retrieved 20 July 2023.
  5. ^ "Financial Express managing editor Sunil Jain passes away". 15 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Girilal Jain, 69, Editor; Backed Indira Gandhi". The New York Times. 26 July 1993.
  7. ^ Jain, Sandhya. "About Girilal Jain (1922 – 1993)". Girilal Jain Archives. Retrieved 20 July 2023.
  8. ^ a b Singh, Khushwant (31 August 1994). "Biased view – Book review of Girilal Jain's 'The Hindu Phenomenon'". India Today. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  9. ^ Singh, Kuldip (July 1993). "Obituary: Girilal Jain". Independent.
  10. ^ Singh, Khushwant (August 1994). "Book review: Girilal Jain's 'The Hindu Phenomenon'". India Today.
  11. ^ The Hindu Phenomenon, ISBN 81-86112-32-4.
  12. ^ The Hindu Phenomenon, ISBN 81-86112-32-4
  13. ^ Singh, J.D (December 1990). "Appendix 1. Girilal Jain on Hindu Rashtra". The Koenraad Elst Site.
  14. ^ page vi, The Hindu Phenomenon, ISBN 81-86112-32-4
  15. ^ "Congressional Record — Extensions of Remarks September 28, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 11 August 2012.