Brahmoism
ScriptureBrahmo Dharma
TheologyMonotheism
Pradhanacharya-1Ram Mohan Roy
Pradhanacharya-2Dwarkanath Tagore
Pradhanacharya-3Debendranath Tagore
AssociationsBrahmo Samaj (Adi Brahmo Samaj and Sadharan Brahmo Samaj)
FounderRam Mohan Roy
Origin28 August 1828 (192 years ago) (1828-08-28)
Calcutta, British India
Official websitetrue.brahmosamaj.in

Brahmoism is a religious movement which originated from the mid-19th century Bengali Renaissance, the nascent Indian independence movement.[1][2] Adherents, known as Brahmos (singular Brahmo), are mainly of Indian or Bangladeshi origin or nationality.

The Brahmo Samaj, literally the "Society of Brahma", was founded as a movement by Ram Mohan Roy.[3]

Fundamental principles

The Brahmo articles of faith derive from the Fundamental (Adi) Principles of the Adi Brahmo Samaj religion.[4]

Articles of faith

The Articles of faith for Brahmos are:[5]

Adherence to these articles are required only of Adi Brahmos or such Sadharan Brahmos who accept Adi-ism i.e. Trust deed of Brahmo Sabha (1830).

History

While Ram Mohan Roy aimed at reforming Hinduism from within, his successor Maharshi Debendranath Tagore in 1850 rejected the authority of the Vedas and thus broke with orthodox Hinduism. Tagore tried to retain some Hindu customs, but a series of schisms eventually resulted in the formation of the breakaway Sadharan Brahmo Samaj in 1878 based on Christian practices and dogmas.

So, in 1901, a decision of the Privy Council of British India found that "the vast majority of Brahmo religionists are not Hindus and have their own religion".[6]

The Brahma Dharma was first codified by Debendranath Tagore with the formulation of the Brahmo Dharma Beej and publication of the Brahma Dharma, a book of 1848 or 1850 in two parts. The Brahma Dharma is the source of every Brahmo's spiritual faith and reflects Brahmo repudiation of the Hindu Vedas as authority and the shift away from Ram Mohan Roy's Vedantic Unitary God per the Adi Shankara Advaita school. The traditional seed principles and Debendranath's Brahmo Dharma (or religious and moral law) now stand evolved as the "Fundamental Principles of Brahmoism" and are supplemented by precise evolving rules for adherents, akin to "Articles of Faith" which regulate the Brahmo way of life. In addition the assembly of Brahmos (and also Brahmo Samajists) for meeting or worship is always consonant with the Trust Principles of 1830 or its derivatives.

Brief history and timeline

See also

References

  1. ^ The Brahmo Samaj and the Shaping of the Modern Indian Mind - David Kopf, https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt13x0tkz
  2. ^ " The Brahmo Samaj became the first organized vehicle for the expression of national awakening in India" https://www.nios.ac.in/media/documents/SecICHCour/English/CH.05.pdf
  3. ^ Chambers Dictionary Of World History. Editor BP Lenman. Chambers. 2000.
  4. ^ Brahmo Samaj Website
  5. ^ brahmosamaj.in - BRAHMO SAMAJ
  6. ^ Official website http://www.brahmosamaj.in/ "In 1901 (Bhagwan Koer & Ors v J.C.Bose & Ors, 31 Cal 11, 30 ELR IA 249) the Privy Council (Britain's highest judicial authority) upholds the finding of the High Court of the Punjab that the vast majority of Brahmo religionists are not Hindus and have their own religion"
  7. ^ 403 Forbidden
  8. ^ Heritage Institute of India - article by Dr. Gautam Chatterjee
  9. ^ "brahmosamaj.org - Banian "Trust" Deed Chitpore Road Brahmo Sabha". Archived from the original on 2009-11-19. Retrieved 2008-03-27.
  10. ^ Mohanta, Sambaru Chandra (2003). "Tattvabodhini Sabha". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (First ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 4 October 2006.
  11. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-05-30. Retrieved 2008-03-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ Shivanath Shastri's Brahmo History (1911) p.114
  14. ^ "Daughter of Boston: The Extraordinary Diary of Caroline Dall", by Helen Deese. p.xv"
  15. ^ a b " Charles Dall Archived March 14, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Primary Source: History of Brahmo Samaj by Sivanath Sastri 1911, Secondary Source: Official website brahmosamaj.org