Paleo-Balkan mythology is the group of religious beliefs held by Paleo-Balkan-speaking peoples in ancient times, including Illyrian, Thracian and Dacian mythologies.[1]


The horseman was a common Palaeo-Balkan hero. The original Palaeo-Balkan word for 'horseman' has been reconstructed as *Me(n)zana-, with the root *me(n)za- 'horse'. It is based on evidence provided by:[2]

The reliefs of the Thracian horseman, especially his depiction as a hunter (either chasing or holding the hunted animal in his hand), were widespread within the Balkano-Danubian area during the Roman period.[4][5]

Subsets of Paleo-Balkan mythology

See also



  1. ^ Leeming 2005, pp. xvii, 44–45.
  2. ^ Oreshko 2020, p. 118.
  3. ^ Malaj, Edmond (2013). "Familje fisnike të Drishtit mesjetar (Noble Families of Medieval Drivasto". Studime Historike. 3–4. p. 45.
  4. ^ Hampartumian 1979, p. 13.
  5. ^ Wilkes 1992, p. 247.