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Adaptations of Green Goblin in other media
The Green Goblin as he appears in the 1967 animated series.
Created bySteve Ditko
Stan Lee
Original sourceComics published by Marvel Comics
First appearanceThe Amazing Spider-Man #14 (July 1964)
Films and television
Film(s)Spider-Man (2002)
Spider-Man 2 (2004)
Spider-Man 3 (2007)
The Amazing Spider-Man 2 (2014)
Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse (2018)[1]
Spider-Man: No Way Home (2021)
Television
show(s)
Spider-Man (1967)
Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends (1981)
Spider-Man: The Animated Series (1994)
Spider-Man Unlimited (1999)
The Spectacular Spider-Man (2008)
Ultimate Spider-Man (2012)
Marvel Disk Wars: The Avengers (2014)
Marvel's Spider-Man (2017)

The Green Goblin, a Marvel Comics supervillain and one of the archenemies of Spider-Man, alongside Doctor Octopus and Venom, was created by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko and first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man #14 (July 1964). The character has since been substantially adapted from the comics into various forms of media, such as feature films, television series and video games.

In the comics, the Green Goblin is an alias adopted by multiple characters, most prominently Norman Osborn and his son Harry Osborn, who have also been used as the Goblin's alter-ego in most of the character's media appearances. Norman was portrayed by Willem Dafoe in Sam Raimi's Spider-Man film trilogy and the Marvel Cinematic Universe film Spider-Man: No Way Home (2021), and by Chris Cooper in The Amazing Spider-Man 2 (2014). Neil Ross, Alan Rachins, Steve Blum, Steven Weber and Josh Keaton have provided the character's voices in various Spider-Man animated series. Harry is portrayed by James Franco in the Spider-Man trilogy and by Dane DeHaan in The Amazing Spider-Man 2, and has been voiced by Gary Imhoff, Ian Ziering, James Arnold Taylor, Matt Lanter and Max Mittleman, among others.

Television

Spider-Man (1967–1970)

The Norman Osborn incarnation of the Green Goblin appears in Spider-Man (1967), voiced by Len Carlson. This version is a dimwitted, spoiled robber who is obsessed with magic and the supernatural.

Spider-Man (1981–1982)

The Norman Osborn incarnation of the Green Goblin appears in the Spider-Man (1981) episode "Revenge of the Green Goblin", voiced by Neil Ross. This version, three years prior, fought Spider-Man, during which they discovered each other's identities. Following his defeat, the Goblin lost his memories. After regaining it during a train accident, he reassumes his Goblin persona and equipment and threatens to reveal Spider-Man's identity to the world.

Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends (1981–1983)

The Norman Osborn incarnation of the Green Goblin appears in the Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends episode "Triumph of the Green Goblin", voiced by Dennis Marks. This version is an alternate personality of Norman's who occasionally takes over to commit crimes. Osborn also has a niece, Mona Osborn (voiced by Sally Julian), who was unaware of her uncle's double life. Following a plane crash, the Goblin resurfaces, kidnaps Mona, and forces her to help him find his formula so he can transform New York's population into goblins. However, Norman is eventually cured by lightning and sent back to a medical institute.

Spider-Man: The Animated Series (1994–1998)

The Norman and Harry Osborn incarnations of the Green Goblin appear in Spider-Man: The Animated Series, voiced again by Neil Ross and Gary Imhoff, respectively.

The series' version of Norman is the owner of OsCorp Industries, a weapons manufacturing company under the influence of the Kingpin, whom Norman later attempts to assassinate via the Hobgoblin, and displays a vendetta against Spider-Man. Norman eventually becomes the first Green Goblin following a gas accident at OsCorp that causes him to develop an alternate, more violent, and chaotic personality. Using an altered version of the Hobgoblin suit, the Goblin targets Norman's rivals, but is defeated by Spider-Man, though his identity remains a secret and Norman lacks memory of the Goblin's actions. The Goblin eventually resurfaces to eliminate Spider-Man, the Kingpin, and the Hobgoblin. In pursuit of this, he obtains a time dilation accelerator and, after learning Spider-Man's secret identity, kidnaps Mary Jane Watson, who falls into a dimensional portal opened by the accelerator. After the Goblin ends up falling into a similar portal, he becomes trapped in Limbo.

The series' version of Harry is Peter Parker's best friend, though he grows jealous of him after Parker begins dating Watson. Following Norman and Watson's disappearances, Harry becomes furious with Spider-Man, whom he blames for the incident, and is eventually driven insane and begins having hallucinations of the Goblin, who offers to tell him where his father is if he kills Spider-Man. Harry becomes the second Green Goblin to exact revenge on the web-slinger, but is defeated by Spider-Man and the Punisher and sent to Ravencroft, where he receives medical treatment for his insanity. After Watson returns, Harry escapes and crashes her and Parker's wedding, demanding that she marry him instead. However, Liz Allan reveals her hidden feelings for Harry and convinces him that his friends care about him as well. Harry surrenders and returns to Ravencroft to continue his treatment.

An alternate universe version of Norman Osborn / Green Goblin appears in the two-part series finale "Spider Wars". In an alternate reality where Spider-Carnage destroyed New York, the Goblin became one of his enforcers, only to be defeated by a number of Spider-Men from across the multiverse.

Spider-Man Unlimited (1999–2001)

A Counter-Earth incarnation of the Green Goblin appears in Spider-Man Unlimited (1999), voiced by Rino Romano. This version is Hector Jones, a heroic figure, ally of the Rejects, a group of Bestials who the High Evolutionary deemed useless and abandoned, and a member of a rebellion that fights to liberate Counter-Earth from the High Evolutionary's tyranny. Additionally, instead of the traditional Goblin glider, Jones uses a backpack that sprouts wings for traversal. During his first encounter with Spider-Man, who came to Counter-Earth to rescue John Jameson, the Goblin mistakes him for a villain and attacks him until he learns the web-slinger is also a hero on his home planet. The pair befriend each other and team up several times throughout the series.

Spider-Man: The New Animated Series (2003)

Harry Osborn appears in Spider-Man: The New Animated Series, voiced by Ian Ziering. This version is blonde and Peter Parker's best friend who despises Spider-Man, blaming him for his father's death prior to the series. However, Harry shows signs of beginning to put the grudge aside in later episodes.

Norman Osborn is alluded to several times, making cameo appearances via Harry's hallucinations and in a photograph. Sometime prior to the series, he operated as the Green Goblin before he was killed in battle against Spider-Man, with only the web-slinger being aware of his alter-ego.

The Spectacular Spider-Man (2008–2009)

The Norman Osborn incarnation of the Green Goblin and Harry Osborn appear in The Spectacular Spider-Man, voiced by Alan Rachins, Steve Blum, and James Arnold Taylor, respectively.

The series' version of Norman is Oscorp's cold and calculating head who is known to never apologize and has a strained relationship with his son. In the first season, he is hired by Tombstone to create supervillains to distract Spider-Man from Tombstone's criminal activities. Norman later assumes the Goblin alias and masquerades as a mysterious criminal equipped with stolen Oscorp technology who seeks to overthrow Tombstone as New York's reigning crime boss. Norman battles Spider-Man twice before fleeing to secretly frame Harry as the Goblin, using his son's theft of and addiction to Oscorp's "Gobulin Green" formula to further the lie. In the second season, Norman hires Dr. Miles Warren to work at Empire State University's labs and begins to mentor Peter Parker. After Tombstone, Silvermane, and Doctor Octopus are all arrested by Spider-Man, the Goblin resurfaces as the second "Big Man of Crime". Following two failed attempts to kill Spider-Man, Norman hires the Chameleon to pose as him while he faces the web-slinger one more time as the Goblin. In the ensuing fight, Norman is unmasked and reveals he framed Harry to protect himself and Harry before he is seemingly killed by a hidden cache of pumpkin bombs. However, Norman is later shown to have survived and leaves New York under a false identity.

The series' version of Harry is Peter Parker and Gwen Stacy's best friend who longs to impress his father. In the first season, the stress and constant disappointment in his life prompt him to steal "Gobulin Green", an experimental Oscorp formula that increases his self-esteem and aggressiveness. He is later framed as the Goblin, taken on a tour of Europe to overcome his addiction, and promises Spider-Man not to become the Goblin again in exchange for the web-slinger protecting his apparent secret. In the second season, Harry begins dating Stacy and later helps Spider-Man unmask Norman as the real Goblin. After Norman is seemingly killed in battle against Spider-Man, Harry vows revenge against the latter.

Ultimate Spider-Man (2012–2017)

Several depictions of the Green Goblin appear in Ultimate Spider-Man (2012):

Spider-Man (2017–2020)

Norman and Harry Osborn appear in Marvel's Spider-Man (2017), voiced by Josh Keaton[6][7][8] and Max Mittelman, respectively.[9][10]

The series' version of Harry is the creator of Goblin technology, which he eventually uses to fight crime as the superhero Hobgoblin. Additionally, he is Peter Parker's best friend, a student at Horizon High, later the Osborn Academy, and a friend to Miles Morales / Ultimate Spider-Man, Gwen Stacy / Ghost Spider, and Anya Corazon / Spider-Girl. In the first season, Harry views Spider-Man as a menace during their various encounters. While helping to create a cure for the Jackal's spider-virus, Harry discovers Parker is Spider-Man, which fractures their friendship. The former's views on the web-slinger are apparently confirmed after Spider-Man joins the Sinister Six, but Harry learns Spider-Man was brainwashed by Doctor Octopus and frees the former, mending their friendship in the process. Harry also learns Norman's true colors, subsequently choosing to support Spider-Man and disavowing his father. Afterwards, Harry becomes Oscorp's new CEO and continues to assist Spider-Man and the Spider Team combat various supervillains, such as the Goblin Nation in the second season and the Dark Goblin in the third season.

The series' version of Norman is Harry's strict father and Oscorp's original CEO with high expectations and a willingness to steal others' technology to pass off as his own. In the first season, he establishes the Osborn Academy for Geniuses after secretly causing Harry's suspension at Horizon High and to save him from embarrassment while plotting against Spider-Man, Max Modell, and the Jackal. After being exposed to the Jackal's spider-virus, he mutates into the Spider-King before he is cured by the Spider Team. Norman later entrusts Harry with killing Spider-Man so that his son will be New York's only protector. When Harry refuses, Norman impersonates the Hobgoblin in an attempt to kill Spider-Man himself, ultimately confronting the web-slinger and Harry in his lab until he is seemingly killed in a chemical explosion. Norman returns in the third season as the Dark Goblin, having formulated a conspiracy that results in a symbiote invasion of Earth and turning the board of education against the web-slinger. However, the Spider Team expose his conspiracy and revert him to his human form before he is taken into custody.

Spidey and His Amazing Friends (2021)

An unidentified Green Goblin appears in Spidey and His Amazing Friends, voiced by JP Karliak. This version seeks to play tricks on the general public and humiliate Spidey and his friends rather than commit crimes.[11][12]

Your Friendly Neighborhood Spider-Man (2024)

Norman and Harry Osborn will appear as supporting characters in the upcoming Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) / Disney+ animated series Your Friendly Neighborhood Spider-Man (2024). The former will serve as a mentor to Peter Parker while the latter will be one of his classmates.[13][14]

Other appearances

Film

Sam Raimi film series

Main articles: Norman Osborn (Sam Raimi film series) and Harry Osborn (Sam Raimi film series)

Willem Dafoe as Norman Osborn / Green Goblin in Spider-Man.

Both the Norman and Harry Osborn incarnations of the Green Goblin appear in Sam Raimi's Spider-Man trilogy, portrayed by Willem Dafoe and James Franco respectively.

The Amazing Spider-Man film series

Marvel Cinematic Universe

The Sam Raimi Spider-Man trilogy incarnation of Norman Osborn / Green Goblin appears in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) film Spider-Man: No Way Home (2021), portrayed again by Willem Dafoe.[18] Prior to his death, he is transported to another universe due to its version of Peter Parker (later dubbed "Peter-One") botching Doctor Strange's spell to make everyone forget his identity as Spider-Man, which instead results in people from across the multiverse who know Parker's identity as Spider-Man being brought to their universe. While battling the Goblin persona and attempting to regain his bearings, a lost and overwhelmed Norman seeks refuge at May Parker's shelter and meets Peter-One before being imprisoned in the New York Sanctum alongside other alternate universe-displaced supervillains. Peter-One attempts to cure them in the hopes of averting their original fates upon returning to their respective universes, but the Goblin persona takes over Norman's body and convinces the other villains to fight back instead, claiming that their powers are gifts, not curses that should be removed. In the ensuing battle, he kills May in an attempt to corrupt Peter-One before escaping. After the other villains are defeated and cured by Peter-One, his own Parker ("Peter-Two"), and another version ("Peter-Three"), the Goblin breaks the barrier between universes, fights Peter-One, and goads the latter into killing him, only to be foiled by Peter-Two. Afterwards, Peter-One and Three cure Osborn, ridding him of the Goblin persona, before Strange casts another spell to return all of the displaced individuals to their original universes.

Sony's Spider-Verse

The Norman Osborn incarnation of the Green Goblin appears in Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse, voiced by Jorma Taccone. This version takes heavy inspiration from the Ultimate Marvel iteration coupled with visual elements from various other previous incarnations. Additionally, he works as an enforcer for the Kingpin.[19][20] While fighting Spider-Man to protect the Kingpin's Super-Collider, the Goblin shoves the former into it, resulting in an explosion that severely injures Spider-Man and kills the Goblin.

The Spider-Man (1982) incarnation of Norman Osborn / Green Goblin makes a cameo appearance in Spider-Man: Across the Spider-Verse as a prisoner of Miguel O'Hara's Spider-Society after being displaced from his home reality.[21] Additionally, Nalin Oberoi appears in a flashback.[citation needed]

Video games

Spider-Man games

The Green Goblin as he appears in Spider-Man: Friend or Foe.

Marvel's Spider-Man series

Norman and Harry Osborn appear in Insomniac Games' Marvel's Spider-Man series, with Norman being voiced by Mark Rolston and Harry being voiced by Scott Porter in Spider-Man and Graham Phillips in Marvel's Spider-Man 2. Additionally, Norman's wife and Harry's mother, Emily Osborn, makes cameo appearances via photographs.

Other games

Miscellaneous

Merchandise

Various figures of Norman Osborn / Green Goblin from the Spider-Man: The Movie toyline.

References

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  2. ^ Ching, Albert (July 23, 2011). "SDCC 2011: MARVEL Television LIVE!". Newsarama.
  3. ^ a b "Great Power". Ultimate Spider-Man. Season 1. Episode 1. April 1, 2012. Disney XD.
  4. ^ "Rise of the Goblin". Ultimate Spider-Man. Season 1. Episode 25. October 28, 2012. Disney XD.
  5. ^ "The Spider-Verse Pt. 3". Ultimate Spider-Man. Season 3. Episode 11. March 19, 2015. Disney XD.
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  8. ^ "Generations". Spider-Man. Season 3. Episode 5. September 27, 2020. Disney XD.
  9. ^ Trumbore, Dave (August 18, 2017). "'Marvel's Spider-Man' Showrunner Kevin Shinick Focuses on "Science and Relationships"". Collider.com. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
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  11. ^ Holub, Christian (June 7, 2021). "Patrick Stump breaks down his theme song for new cartoon Spidey and His Amazing Friends". Entertainment Weekly.
  12. ^ "My Spidey-senses are tingling 🕸 ... because you can catch me as the Green Goblin in "Spidey and his Amazing Friends!" Shorts from the show are premiering on Disney Channel and Disney Jr. starting TODAY and continuing on through this week! I'll be all tangled up in Spidey's webs when the full series premieres later this summer, but for now, join me and your friendly neighborhood Spider-Man in the "Meet Spidey and his Amazing Friends" shorts. #Spiderman #Disney #disneyjr #spideyandhisamazingfriends #voiceover #animation #lgbtq #nerd #queernerd". jpkarliak. June 21, 2021. Archived from the original on 2021-12-23 – via Instagram.
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