Helium-weak stars are chemically peculiar stars which have a weak helium lines for their spectral type.[1][2] Their helium lines place them in a later (i.e. cooler) spectral type then their hydrogen lines.[3]

List of helium-weak stars

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (June 2019)

This is a non-extensive list of helium-weak stars.[4][5]

Caption text
Star Name Constellation Apparent Magnitude (mv) Class Notes
20 Eridani (EG Eridani) Eridanus 5.23 B8/9 III α2 CVn variable
30 Capricorni Capricornus 5.38 B5 II/III
θ Hydri Hydrus 5.50 B8 III/IV Suspected Binary;
22 Eridani (FY Eridani) Eridanus 5.53 B9 IIIpSi (4200) α2 CVn variable
HD 74196 Vela 5.61 B7 Vn Part of IC 2391
HD 28843 (DZ Eridani) Eridanus 5.81 B9 III SX Arietis variable
12 Canis Majoris (HK Canis Majoris) Canis Major 6.08 B7 II/III SX Arietis variable
HD 34797 (TX Leporis) Lepus 6.54 B7 Vp α2 CVn variable; binary
HD 35456 Orion 6.95 B9 II/III Binary

Helium-strong star

A related class of stars have anomalously strong helium lines in their spectra, and are known as helium-strong stars.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b Landstreet, J. D.; Bohlender, David A. (1988). "Abundance and Magnetic Field Geometries of Helium-Strong and Helium-Weak Stars". Symposium - International Astronomical Union. 132: 309–312. Bibcode:1987BAAS...19..704B. doi:10.1017/S0074180900035191. ISSN 0074-1809.
  2. ^ Preston, George W. (1974). "The Chemically Peculiar Stars of the Upper Main Sequence". Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics. 12 (1): 257–277. Bibcode:1974ARA&A..12..257P. doi:10.1146/annurev.aa.12.090174.001353.
  3. ^ "A Digital Spectral Classification Atlas - R. O. Gray". ned.ipac.caltech.edu. Retrieved 2019-05-31.
  4. ^ Jaschek, Mercedes; Jaschek, Carlos; Arnal, Marcelo (October 1969). "Helium-Weak Stars". Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 81 (482): 651. Bibcode:1969PASP...81..650J. doi:10.1086/128832.
  5. ^ Alonso, M. S.; López-García, Z.; Malaroda, S.; Leone, F. (April 2003). "Elemental abundance studies of CP stars. The helium-weak stars HD 19400, HD 34797 and HD 35456*". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 402: 331. Bibcode:2003A&A...402..331A. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20030222.