This is a list of exceptional red dwarfs.
This is a list of red dwarfs that currently hold records.
|First discovered||Lacaille 8760||1753||Originally listed in a 1763 catalog that was published posthumously by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille.|||
|First discovered with planet(s)||Gliese 876||1998||Gliese 876 b||
The Jovian planet was the first discovered around a red dwarf.
|First discovered with giant planet(s)||Gliese 876||1998||Gliese 876 b||The giant planet was the first planet discovered around a red dwarf.|||
|First discovered with terrestrial planet(s)||Kepler-42
|3 terrestrial planets were discovered around KOI-961 in 2012, the first terrestrial planets found to orbit a red dwarf.|||
|Least voluminous||EBLM J0555-57Ab||2017||r= 59,000 km (37,000 mi)|||
|Most voluminous||V358 Boo||2020||3.73 R☉|||
|Least massive||2MASS J0523-1403||2015||67.54±12.79 MJ|||
|Most massive||Lacaille 8760||3.91 M☉|||
|Least distant||Proxima Centauri||1917||4.2 ly (1.3 pc)||
This is also known as Alpha Centauri C and is a member of the α Cen trinary system. It is the nearest neighbouring star to the Sun.
|Most distant||UDF 3561||2010||202,000 ly
|Least luminous||2MASS J0523-1403|||
|Brightest||Lacaille 8760||V= 6.69||
Also called AX Microscopii. This is the 24th closest star to the Sun, and also intrinsically luminous for red dwarfs, having spectral class M0.
|Youngest||See T Tauri star|
This is a list of red dwarfs with names that are not systematically designated.
|Proxima Centauri||Named for being the closest neighbouring star to Earth's Sun||Lies within the Alpha Centauri star system|||
|Barnard's Star||Named after its discoverer, E. E. Barnard||Second closest neighbouring star system to Earth, after α Cen. Also the star with the highest proper motion.|||
|van Biesbroeck's star||Named for its discoverer, George van Biesbroeck||Was once the least luminous, and, lowest mass, known star.|||
|Kapteyn's star||Named for the astronomer who discovered it had gone missing, Jacobus Kapteyn||Was once the star with the highest proper motion, thus making it move away from its recorded position in the sky and go "missing".|||
|Teegarden's Star||Named after the lead investigator astrophysicist who discovered it, Bonnard J. Teegarden, through a datacrunching search of archived data.|
See also: List of nearest stars
|1||Proxima Centauri||4.2 ly (1.3 pc)||Part of the α Cen trinary system, the closest neighbouring star system. It is also the nearest neighbouring star.|||
|2||Barnard's Star||5.95 ly (1.82 pc)||Second closest neighbouring star system|||
|3||Wolf 359||7.86 ly (2.41 pc)||Also called CN Leonis|
|4||Lalande 21185||8.3 ly (2.5 pc)|
|5||Luyten 726-8||8.7 ly (2.7 pc)||This is a binary star system with two red dwarfs|
|6||Ross 154||9.68 ly (2.97 pc)|||
See also: List of least voluminous stars
(Sun = 1)
(Jupiter = 1)
|1||EBLM J0555-57Ab||0.084||0.84||59,000 km (37,000 mi)||This star is slightly larger than the planet Saturn.|||
|2||2MASS J0523-1403||0.086||0.86||60,000 km (37,000 mi)|||
This is a list of titleholders of being the red dwarf with the smallest volume, and its succession over time.
(Sun = 1)
(Jupiter = 1)
|EBLM J0555-57Ab||2017—||0.084||0.84||59,000 km (37,000 mi)||This star is slightly larger than the planet Saturn.|||
|2MASS J0523-1403||2013-2017||0.086||0.86||60,000 km (37,000 mi)|||
|OGLE-TR-122B||2005-2013||0.120||1.16||81,100 km (50,400 mi)|||
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