This is a list of hottest stars so far discovered (excluding degenerate stars), arranged by decreasing temperature. The stars with temperatures higher than 60,000 K are included.

List

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (May 2015)
Star name Effective
Temperature
(K)
Mass
(M)
Luminosity
(L)
Spectral type Distance
(light years)
Ref.
WR 102 200,000 16.1 380,000 WO2 8,610[1] [2][3]
WR 142 200,000 28.6 912,000 WO2 5,400 [3]
LMC195-1 200,000 257,000 WO2 160,000 [4]
BAT99-123 170,000 158,000 WO3 ~160,000 [5]
WR 93b 160,000 8.1 110,000 WO3 7,470[1] [3]
[HC2007] 31 160,000? WO3 12,886,000 [6]
BAT99-53 A 158,000 13 224,000 WC4 ~160,000 [7]
IC 1613 DR1 150,000 20 480,000 WO3 ~2,380,000 [8]
LH41-1042 150,000 8.4 182,000 WO4 ~160,000 [5]
BAT99-2 141,000 13 234,000 WN2 ~160,000 [9]
WR 2 141,000 16 282,000 WN2 7,830[1]
AB8 141,000 19 1,413,000 WO4 197,000 [5]
BA 1-458 140,000 28.1 776,000 WO4 2,500,000 [10]
WR 9 (WR) 139,700 9 501,000 WC4 14,900[1]
WR 30a (WR) 129,500 7.5-9.7 195,000 WO4 25,340 [11]
WR 38 126,000 10.4 162,000 WC4 [3]
WR 1 112,200 27 759,000 WN4-s 10,300[1] [12]
WR 18 112,200 38 1,288,000 WN4-s 12,500[1] [12]
WR 46 112,200 14 263,000 WN3pw 13,000
WR 7 112,000 13 214,000 WN4-s 14,000 [12]
WR 144 112,000 9.9 159,000 WC4 5,710[1] [3]
WR 52 112,000 8.5 117,000 WC4 5,710[1] [3]
AB7 105,000 23 1,259,000 WN4 197,000 [13]
WR 143 (WR) 100,000 8? 89,100 WC4 7,240 [citation needed]
EZ CMa 89,100 23 617,000 WN4-s 5,900[citation needed] [14]
WR 36 89,100 12 200,000 WN5-s 17,700[1] [12]
WR 111 89,100 13 245,000 WC5 5,320[1] [3]
WR 150 89,100 24.8 724,000 WC5 28,500[1] [3]
Theta Muscae 83,000 234,000 WC5 7,500
The stars of Lynx Arc 80,000 12,000,000,000
WR 19 A 79,400 400,000 WC5d 14,000[1] [15][16]
WR 44 79,400 18 417,000 WN4-w 19,800[1] [12]
WR 58 79,000 8.4 89,100 WN4/WCE 19,700[1] [3]
BAT99-37 79,000 19 447,000 WN3o 160,000 [9]
WR 45 79,000 14.1 282,000 WC6 13,900[1] [3]
WR 86 70,800 WC7 [citation needed]
WR 136 70,800 15 260,000 WN6(h)-s 6,290[1]
WR 75 63,100 18 389,000 WN6-s 10,800[1] [12]
WR 134 63,100 19 400,000 WN6-s 6,000
WR 60 63,100 23 631,000 WC8 11,500[1] [3]
WR 149 63,100 14 269,000 WN5-s 15,900[1] [12]
WR102f 60,000 200,000 WC8 26,000

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Wolf-Rayet Star Catalogue". pacrowther.staff.shef.ac.uk. Retrieved 2021-05-28.
  2. ^ Sander, A.; Hamann, W. -R.; Todt, H. (2012). "The Galactic WC stars". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 540: A144. arXiv:1201.6354. Bibcode:2012A&A...540A.144S. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201117830. S2CID 119182468.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Sander, A. A. C.; Hamann, W.-R.; Todt, H.; Hainich, R.; Shenar, T.; Ramachandran, V.; Oskinova, L. M. (2019-01-01). "The Galactic WC and WO stars. The impact of revised distances from Gaia DR2 and their role as massive black hole progenitors". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 621: A92. arXiv:1807.04293. Bibcode:2019A&A...621A..92S. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833712. ISSN 0004-6361.
  4. ^ Massey, Philip (2014). "A modern search for Wolf–Rayet stars in the Magellanic Clouds: First results". The Astrophysical Journal. 788 (1): 83. arXiv:1404.7441. Bibcode:2014ApJ...788...83M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/788/1/83. S2CID 119177379.
  5. ^ a b c Tramper, F.; Straal, S. M.; Sanyal, D.; Sana, H.; De Koter, A.; Gräfener, G.; Langer, N.; Vink, J. S.; De Mink, S. E.; Kaper, L. (2015). "Massive stars on the verge of exploding: The properties of oxygen sequence Wolf-Rayet stars". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 581: A110. arXiv:1507.00839. Bibcode:2015A&A...581A.110T. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201425390. S2CID 56093231.
  6. ^ Hadfield, L. J.; Crowther, P. A. (October 2007). "A survey of the Wolf-Rayet population of the barred, spiral galaxy NGC 1313". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 381 (1): 418–432. arXiv:0708.2039. Bibcode:2007MNRAS.381..418H. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2007.12284.x. ISSN 0035-8711. S2CID 3024190.
  7. ^ Ramachandran, V.; Hamann, W.-R.; Hainich, R.; Oskinova, L. M.; Shenar, T.; Sander, A. A. C.; Todt, H.; Gallagher, J. S. (2018-07-01). "Stellar population of the superbubble N 206 in the LMC. II. Parameters of the OB and WR stars, and the total massive star feedback". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 615: A40. arXiv:1802.07494. Bibcode:2018A&A...615A..40R. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201832816. ISSN 0004-6361.
  8. ^ Tramper, F.; Gräfener, G.; Hartoog, O. E.; Sana, H.; De Koter, A.; Vink, J. S.; Ellerbroek, L. E.; Langer, N.; Garcia, M.; Kaper, L.; De Mink, S. E. (2013). "On the nature of WO stars: A quantitative analysis of the WO3 star DR1 in IC 1613". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 559: A72. arXiv:1310.2849. Bibcode:2013A&A...559A..72T. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201322155. S2CID 216079684.
  9. ^ a b Hainich, R.; Rühling, U.; Todt, H.; Oskinova, L. M.; Liermann, A.; Gräfener, G.; Foellmi, C.; Schnurr, O.; Hamann, W.-R. (May 2014). "The Wolf-Rayet stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud. A comprehensive analysis of the WN class". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 565: A27. arXiv:1401.5474. Bibcode:2014A&A...565A..27H. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201322696. ISSN 0004-6361. S2CID 55123954.
  10. ^ Abbott, Jay Brian (2004). "Quantitative spectroscopic studies of Wolf-Rayet stars in local group galaxies". Ph.D. Thesis. Bibcode:2004PhDT.......161A.
  11. ^ Nugis, T.; Lamers, H. J. G. L. M. (2000). "Mass-loss rates of Wolf-Rayet stars as a function of stellar parameters". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 360: 227. Bibcode:2000A&A...360..227N.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Hamann, W.-R.; Gräfener, G.; Liermann, A.; Hainich, R.; Sander, A. A. C.; Shenar, T.; Ramachandran, V.; Todt, H.; Oskinova, L. M. (2019-05-01). "The Galactic WN stars revisited. Impact of Gaia distances on fundamental stellar parameters". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 625: A57. arXiv:1904.04687. Bibcode:2019A&A...625A..57H. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201834850. ISSN 0004-6361. S2CID 104292503.
  13. ^ Shenar, T.; Hainich, R.; Todt, H.; Sander, A.; Hamann, W.-R.; Moffat, A. F. J.; Eldridge, J. J.; Pablo, H.; Oskinova, L. M.; Richardson, N. D. (2016). "Wolf-Rayet stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud: II. Analysis of the binaries". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 1604: A22. arXiv:1604.01022. Bibcode:2016A&A...591A..22S. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201527916. S2CID 119255408.
  14. ^ Sota, A.; Maíz Apellániz, J.; Morrell, N. I.; Barbá, R. H.; Walborn, N. R.; Gamen, R. C.; Arias, J. I.; Alfaro, E. J.; Oskinova, L. M. (2019). "The Galactic WN stars revisited. Impact of Gaia distances on fundamental stellar parameters". Astronomy & Astrophysics. A57: 625. arXiv:1904.04687. Bibcode:2019A&A...625A..57H. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201834850. S2CID 104292503.
  15. ^ Paul Crowther. "Galactic Wolf Rayet Catalogue". Retrieved 2021-05-27.
  16. ^ Lau, Ryan M.; Eldridge, J. J.; Hankins, Matthew J.; Lamberts, Astrid; Sakon, Itsuki; Williams, Peredur M. (2020-07-01). "Revisiting the Impact of Dust Production from Carbon-rich Wolf-Rayet Binaries". The Astrophysical Journal. 898 (1): 74. arXiv:2006.08695. Bibcode:2020ApJ...898...74L. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab9cb5. ISSN 0004-637X. S2CID 219708543.