An intertidal wetland is an area along a shoreline that is exposed to air at low tide and submerged at high tide. This type of wetland is defined by an intertidal zone and includes its own intertidal ecosystems.


The main types of intertidal wetlands are mudflats (e.g., mangrove swamps) and salt marshes. The mangrove swamps are encountered along tropical shores and are characterized by tree vegetation, while salt marshes are mostly found in temperate zones and are mostly grass ecosystems.[1]

Intertidal wetlands are commonly encountered in most estuaries. Intertidal wetland ecosystems are amongst the most productive plant communities and often constitute a large part of the estuary areas.[1][2][3] [4]

See also


  1. ^ a b Day, John W. Jr.; Hall, Charles A. S.; Kemp, W. Michael; Yáñez-Arancibia, Alejandro (May 9, 1989). "Chapter 5: Intertidal Wetlands: Salt Marshes and Mangrove Swamp". Estuarine Ecology. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-471-06263-9.
  2. ^ Dionne, Jean-Claude (2004). "Âge et taux moyen d'accrétion verticale des schorres du Saint-Laurent estuarien, en particulier ceux de Montmagny et de Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec" [Age and Mean Rate of Vertical Accretion of Intertidal Marshes of the St. Lawrence Estuary, Particularly those at Montmagny and Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré]. Géographie physique et Quaternaire (in French). 58 (1): 73–108. doi:10.7202/013111ar. ISSN 0705-7199.
  3. ^ Ross, Pauline; Adam, Paul (March 19, 2013). "Climate Change and Intertidal Wetlands". Biology. 2 (1): 445–480. doi:10.3390/biology2010445. ISSN 2079-7737. PMC 4009871. PMID 24832670.
  4. ^ Rayner, Duncan; Glamore, William; Grandquist, Lisa; Ruprecht, Jamie; Waddington, Katrina; Khojasteh, Danial (April 2021). "Intertidal wetland vegetation dynamics under rising sea levels". Science of the Total Environment. 766: 144237. Bibcode:2021ScTEn.766n4237R. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.144237. ISSN 0048-9697. PMID 33421788.