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Jack FM
WNPT-FM Jack logo.png
Programming
FormatAdult Hits
Ownership
OwnerSparknet Communications
Oxis Media in the EU
JACK Media (OXIS Media Ltd) in the UK
Links
Websitejack.fm

Jack FM is a radio network brand, licensed by Sparknet Communications, with the exception of the European Union where it is licensed by Oxis Media.[1] It plays an adult hits format, in most cases not using DJs.

Format characteristics

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Stations using the "Jack" name are strictly licensed by SparkNet Communications. There are several terms that each station must agree to, including the use of no disc jockeys for at least the first few months of the format. SparkNet has been protective of its format, unsuccessfully filing trademark infringement suits against Bonneville International for its use of the Jack FM trademarked slogan "Playing What We Want" and other similar phrases. For this reason, many stations airing a Jack-like format use slightly different slogans to avoid infringing on SparkNet's service marks: WBEN-FM in Philadelphia uses the tagline "Playing anything we feel like." On WLKO "102.9 The Lake" in Charlotte, North Carolina, the tagline is "We Play Anything". During its run as "Doug FM", WDRQ in Detroit used the line "93.1 DOUG FM - We Play...EVERYTHING!"

As the voice of "Jack," most stations in the United States use Howard Cogan and Andrew Anthony, while stations in Canada use Greg Beharrell.[2] Meanwhile all Jack FM stations in the United Kingdom used former Blake's 7 actor Paul Darrow as the voice of Jack.[citation needed] In place of DJs, the Jack character makes sarcastic or ironic remarks and quips, often using self-deprecating humor.

Each September of every year, all Jack FM stations ask their viewers to visit a certain link to evaluate which songs should be played on the radio and which ones should be swapped. Changes take effect usually a few weeks to two months after the results are finalized.

History

2000–2003: Origins

One of the early originators of the Jack FM format was radio programmer Bob Perry, on a United States-based Internet radio stream in 2000. Perry named the station after a fictitious persona, "Cadillac Jack" Garrett, "a hard-living radio cowboy". The back story created by Perry for the original webstream was that Garrett, a disc jockey who had worked many "big sticks", finally got his own radio station and after years of being told what he was to play on-air was creating a station where the motto was "playing what we want". However, according to Rogers Communications, the only thing taken, without permission, for the first Jack FM radio station, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, was the name and the tagline. Pat Cardinal, one of the first Jack program directors, says that he was unaware of the type of music on the American website and that "Jack" was one of several names that were considered for the format. Rogers Communications came to an agreement with Perry for the use of the Jack FM name in Canada soon after the launch. The original webstream is still live to this day.

Jack was also inspired by the success of CHUM Limited's "Bob FM" brand on CFWM radio in Winnipeg. Program director Howard Kroeger was inspired to create Bob FM after hearing a mix tape at a friend's 40th birthday party. Other Canadian broadcasters copied the concept as well, adopting such brands as Corus Entertainment's "Dave FM" and "Joe FM". In 2003, an Ottawa station launched "Frank FM" as a one-day Halloween prank. (The prank's name was possibly also inspired by the Canadian satirical magazine Frank, and probably the New England stations known as Frank FM.)

Secondary Jack FM logo, often used on Audacy stations.
Secondary Jack FM logo, often used on Audacy stations.

Beginning in late 2002, several Canadian radio stations owned by Rogers Communications starting using the format. The first Jack station was Vancouver's CKLG-FM, which quickly shot to the top of the city's BBM radio ratings. The format was consequently adopted on other Rogers stations in 2002 and 2003. The format proved popular in many markets where it was introduced, although its success was not always as dramatic as it had been in Vancouver.

2004–2005: Introduction to United States and controversies

In 2004, SparkNet Communications, the owner of the Jack FM and "Playing What We Want" trademarks outside of Canada, started to license the Jack FM trademark in the United States. NRC Broadcasting's KJAC in Denver was the first U.S. station to adopt the "Jack FM" format on April 14, 2004. (It has since switched to a public radio adult album alternative format.)

The success of Jack caused a cloning effect, with some stations using the names of famous local figures, landmarks, or symbols to promote their version of the format. These variations have included WABZ "Abe FM" in Springfield, Illinois, named for Abraham Lincoln; WBEN-FM "Ben FM" in Philadelphia, named for Benjamin Franklin; "100.5 FM Louie" in Louisville, Kentucky; "96.7 Steve FM" WLTY in Columbia, South Carolina, named after University of South Carolina football coach Steve Spurrier; WCFF "The Chief 92.5 FM" in Champaign, Illinois, named for the controversial symbol of the University of Illinois, Chief Illiniwek; WARH in St. Louis, known as "106.5 The Arch," named for the Gateway Arch, and even a body of water like "106-5 The Lake" WHLK in Cleveland, named for Lake Erie.

On July 29, 2005, Rawlco's CKCK-FM in Regina, Saskatchewan became the first non-Rogers station in Canada to directly license the Jack FM brand rather than adopting an alternate name.

On May 4, 2005 at 11 a.m., WQSR, an oldies station in Baltimore, changed its format to Jack FM. Listeners and staffers alike were surprised by the sudden change because many of the station's long-time air personalities were considered Baltimore institutions. WQSR received a large amount of negative publicity regarding the format change. Popular former WQSR personality Steve Rouse later became the morning show host at sister station 101.9 WLIF.

Logo used on Cumulus and iHeartMedia owned stations.
Logo used on Cumulus and iHeartMedia owned stations.

By far the introduction of Jack FM in New York City generated the most negative publicity of any market that switched a station to the format. On June 3, 2005, at 5:00 p.m., WCBS-FM, an oldies station in New York City, flipped to Jack FM without any prior warning. The switch to the format, with no DJs and few songs before 1980 was termed The Day the Music Died by some New Yorkers and has drawn criticism even from non-listeners of the station.[3] The sudden firing of DJs of historic renown such as Cousin Brucie, Ron Lundy and Harry Harrison was noted in the press. In a partial nod to this controversy, on June 14, 2005, the station announced that it would tweak the format to include a handful of 1950s and early 1960s songs as well as performers such as Frank Sinatra — elements not typical of the Jack format. However, a later update retracted this and songs from before the late 1960s were no longer played.

One prominent reaction to the format change came in the form of a derogatory comment from the city's mayor. According to the New York Post, mayor Michael Bloomberg responded to the change by declaring he would "never listen to that fucking CBS radio ever again" (the quote was censored in the newspaper). The new Jack station quickly picked up on this, using its trademark sarcasm: "Hey, Mayor Bloomberg. I heard you took a shot at us in the Post. What's with all the swearin' like a sailor? Fleet Week is over. It's just music." Initially, Arbitron ratings showed a sharp decline and while ratings did improve, they never surpassed the levels that WCBS-FM had before the format switch.

As a result, on July 6, 2007, WCBS-FM announced it would drop Jack FM and restore the station's old format on July 12 with an updated classic hits approach, a move attributed mostly to the newly appointed CBS Radio CEO Dan Mason.[4] Three of the fired DJs and staff (Dan Taylor, Bob Shannon, and Mr. G) returned to the station, along with newsman Al Meredith (who had stayed at the station during Jack FM doing his Sunday morning public affairs show), as well as DJ Pat St. John who had previously left CBS-FM for Q104.3 about a year before the flip to Jack. Steve O'Brien, a weekend and fill-in DJ at the time of the format change, also returned in a similar capacity in 2008. For a time, the Jack FM format WAS renamed ToNY. It was available through WCBS-FM's HD2 subchannel, and via an internet stream at www.1011hd2.com.

On the same day that WCBS-FM flipped to Jack FM, another station owned by CBS, WJMK, an oldies station in Chicago, changed formats to Jack FM as well. The change at WJMK didn't attract as much attention as the WCBS-FM flip, but it still drew the ire of its listeners. Just as with WCBS-FM in New York, WJMK Chicago ended the Jack FM format and reverted to classic hits in 2011.

On July 5, 2005, it was announced that Bohn & Associates Media and Wall Media formed SparkNet Communications L.P. as the exclusive international licensor and owner of the Jack FM format. SparkNet has, in turn, licensed the format to Dial Global for satellite-based syndication to stations in U.S. markets outside the 40 largest. This satellite-fed Jack became active in October 2005, and now serves many of the smaller Jack stations, such as those in Evansville, Indiana and Knoxville, Tennessee.

In late September 2005, CJAQ-FM in Toronto, announced that it would become the first DJ-free station in Canada. Pat Cardinal, general manager and program director of the station, said "The move came as a result of listener feedback. The audience has been telling us that they want no DJs on Jack. They want more music." When it first launched, 92.5 Jack FM operated without disc jockeys in an effort to establish the "Playing What We Want" concept which was new to Toronto. DJs were introduced within weeks. In November 2005, Cardinal defended his decision in an interview with Michael Hainsworth of Report on Business Television and stated why he doesn't see commercial-free iPods and satellite radio as a threat to a non-DJ format.[5]

In October 2005, Entravision Radio launched a Spanish-language version of the Jack format dubbed "José" with the "We Play What We Want" tagline translated into Spanish as "Toca lo que Quiere". "José" went live on six FM and AM stations in Sacramento, Stockton, and Modesto, California; Albuquerque, New Mexico; and Denver, Colorado.[6] The "José" stations have no affiliation with Jack, SparkNet Communications, or Bob Perry.

On October 25, 2005, Infinity Broadcasting, part of CBS, announced that it would be replacing Howard Stern with Jack FM on some of its stations. Stern left terrestrial radio for Sirius Satellite Radio in late 2005.

2006–present: North American format changes, international expansion

Following the format's explosive mid-2000s growth throughout North America, Jack FM continued to expand into smaller markets across the continent. However, in many cities the novelty wore off, and in the late 2000s a number of Jack stations modified their playlists drastically or flipped to other formats outright.

In May 2006, the playlist of CJAQ-FM in Toronto evolved into a mainstream rock format. The 1980s top-40 acts such as Madonna, Duran Duran, Kim Wilde, Cyndi Lauper, and Falco were dropped in favor of an all-rock playlist, and the station's slogan changed to "Toronto's Best Rock Variety". However, In June 2009, the station flipped back to Contemporary Hits. It returned to its former "Kiss" branding as well as adopted its current call letters.[7] Similarly, Rawlco-owned CKCK-FM (the only non-Rogers operated Jack FM station) in Regina, Saskatchewan, adopted a classic rock direction in September, changing its slogan from the traditional "Playing What We Want" to "The Greatest Rock Of All Time" and adding announcers to its afternoon drive time show. In 2010, the tagline was changed again to "Regina's Greatest Hits".

In October 2006, the UK's first Jack FM format station won a broadcast licence for the Oxford area.[8] 106 Jack FM Oxford started broadcasting at 1:06 PM BST on October 18, 2007.[citation needed] On December 2, 2009, Bristol radio station Original FM changed to Jack FM after requesting a format change with OFCOM.[9] Two further Jack FM stations were planned on DAB digital radio from 2008 for Northamptonshire and Northeast Wales and West Cheshire[citation needed] but by August 2009 were a year late with no indication of an ETA. In addition the Oxfordshire Jack was to have been relayed to a wider area. RadioToday reported The Coast was to flip to become JACK FM on July 4, 2011.[10]

In January 2007, KAJR in California's Coachella Valley launched as a "Jack FM" affiliate in a region unable to receive the KCBS-FM signal from Los Angeles, 100 miles (160 km) to the west.[citation needed] Jack did not last long. By February 1, 2010, that station became soft adult contemporary-formatted KJJZ.

On October 22, 2007 WJMK in Chicago announced that radio personality Steve Dahl would be morning drive personality as of November 5, the first personality on the station since it went to the Jack format. In March 2011, WJMK dropped the Jack format in favor of classic hits as "K-Hits", featuring 1960s–1980s music. Eddie & Jobo (Ed Volkman and Joe Bohannon, former morning hosts at co-owned WBBM-FM) took over the morning show.

On June 29, 2012, it was announced that KJQN in Salt Lake City would drop the "Jack FM" format on July 16, 2012, and begin to simulcast the talk radio format of KLO.[11]

On August 2, 2013, KFMB-FM, the Jack FM station in San Diego, began restricting access to its online stream to listeners within the city of San Diego proper.[12] This move by program director Mike O'Reilly drew the ire of fans who live outside the city limits, including the large U.S. military community stationed locally and overseas. O'Reilly explained his rationale, citing a new Arbitron policy on how online listening is measured:

Our radio industry is continually adapting to changing metrics, which are sometimes out of our control within our competitive landscape. I understand your frustration and I can assure you this decision to restrict our streaming efforts to San Diego was based on multiple factors including the licensing issues outlined on our website. In addition, radio stations that do not 100% simulcast their signals online are essentially competing with themselves. Technically they are considered two separate radio stations in the way they are rated. By restricting our signal to San Diego only, our online stream and our air signal at 100.7FM will be considered one unified station.

— Mike O'Reilly, KFMB-FM program director

KFMB-FM achieved this effect by restricting the signal based on the IP address of the device on which a listener streamed the station. However, fans within the city of San Diego were prevented from hearing the station as well. In addition, the station charged for access to its local morning radio show on podcast in September 2013.[12] On November 17, 2015, KFMB-FM dropped its regular Jack FM programming and began stunting with all-Christmas music as "Jack Frost"; the station launched a mainstream rock format on January 4, 2016.[13]

On February 28, 2014, CFLT-FM in Halifax, Nova Scotia flipped formats to Jack FM becoming the latest Rogers radio station to adopt the Jack branding. Meanwhile, in February 2015, another Rogers station, CHTT-FM in Victoria, British Columbia, dropped the Jack FM format and flipped to contemporary hit radio (CHR) as "Kiss 103.1". That station, however, returned to Jack FM programming on August 15, 2019.

On December 26, 2017 at midnight, KSAJ-FM in Topeka, Kansas flipped formats from oldies to Jack FM.

The Jack FM format is distributed via satellite in the United States and internationally. Within the US, distributed originally by ABC Radio and later acquired by Dial Global (now Westwood One). In September 2019, Skyview Networks took over the US distribution rights from Westwood One.[14] US military radio station Armed Forces Network, Afghanistan broadcasts Jack FM, having adopted the format on August 1, 2011 as a way to expand the playlist and reduce operational personnel.

Jack FM stations

Radio stations are listed here if they specifically use the Jack FM brand.[15] Stations branded as Bob FM are listed on that article; stations using alternate brands are listed at adult hits.

Canada

Location Call sign Frequency Owner Notes
Regina, Saskatchewan CKCK-FM 94.5 FM Rawlco Communications only Jack FM station in Canada not owned by Rogers Sports & Media
London, Ontario CHST-FM 102.3 FM Rogers Sports & Media
Vancouver, British Columbia CJAX-FM 96.9 FM Rogers Sports & Media
Calgary, Alberta CJAQ-FM 96.9 FM Rogers Sports & Media
Dartmouth, Nova Scotia CFLT-FM 92.9 FM Rogers Sports & Media serves Halifax market
Victoria, British Columbia CHTT-FM 103.1 FM Rogers Sports & Media Was re-branded as Top 40/CHR (KiSS 103.1) from February 24, 2015 to August 15, 2019.
Medicine Hat, Alberta CJCY-FM 102.1 FM Rogers Sports & Media

Former stations

Location Call sign Frequency Owner Notes
Toronto, Ontario CJAQ-FM 92.5 FM Rogers Media Became Top 40/CHR CKIS-FM (KiSS 92.5) in June 2009, although it was a mainstream rock station from 2006 to 2009.
Orillia, Ontario CICX-FM 105.9 FM Larche Communications Became country (KICX 106) in 2008.
Smiths Falls, Ontario CJET-FM 92.3 FM Rogers Media serves Ottawa market, became Country 92.3 in 2020.

United States

Location Call sign Frequency Owner Notes
Parker, Arizona KPKR 95.7 FM Arizona's Hometown Radio Group
Paragould, Arkansas KDRS-FM 107.1 FM Mor Media
Los Angeles, California KCBS-FM 93.1 FM Audacy
Susanville, California KAJK 96.3 FM Huth Broadcasting
Vero Beach, Florida WJKD 99.7 FM Vero Beach Broadcasters
Decatur, Illinois WEJT 105.1 FM Cromwell Radio Group
Ottawa, Illinois WRKX 95.3 FM NRG Media As of August 31, 2015[16]
Tell City, Indiana WTCJ 1230 AM Cromwell Radio Group Simulcast on W227CO (93.3 FM), W254CC (98.7 FM), and W294CG (106.7 FM)
Burlingame, Kansas KSAJ-FM 98.5 FM Alpha Media Debuted December 26, 2017
Baltimore, Maryland WQSR 102.7 FM iHeartMedia
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota KZJK 104.1 FM Audacy
Redwood Falls, Minnesota KLGR-FM 97.7 FM Alpha Media
Hazlehurst, Mississippi WDXO 92.9 FM Telesouth Communications
Columbia/Boonville, Missouri KWJK 93.1 FM/103.5 FM Billings Broadcasting
Kansas City, Missouri K273BZ 102.5 FM Cumulus Media
Missoula, Montana KYJK 105.9 FM Simmons Media Ventures
Elko, Nevada KLKO 93.7 FM Elko Broadcasting Formerly Bob FM
Fargo, North Dakota KRWK 101.9 FM Midwest Radio Formerly Mix 101.9
Williston, North Dakota KDSR 101.1 FM Marks Radio Group Formerly Bob FM
Dayton, Ohio WGTZ 92.9 FM Alpha Media Debuted September 1, 2017 at 5 p.m. Formerly "Soft Rock 92.9".
Johnstown, Pennsylvania WKGE 850 AM Edward A. Schober Simulcast on W267CM (101.3 FM)
Loretto, Pennsylvania WYUP 1400 AM Matt Lightner Simulcast on W296ED (107.1 FM)
Philipsburg, Pennsylvania WPHB 1260 AM Matt Lightner Simulcast on W282CV (104.3 FM)
Sisseton, South Dakota KJKQ 99.5 FM Armada Media
Dyersburg, Tennessee WASL 100.1 FM Burks Broadcasting
Knoxville, Tennessee WNFZ 94.3 FM John W. Pirkle
Nashville, Tennessee WCJK 96.3 FM Midwest Communications
Austin, Texas KFIT 1490 AM Township Media, LLC Simulcast on W242DE (96.3 FM)
Dallas, Texas KJKK 100.3 FM Audacy
Holliday, Texas KWFB 100.9 FM Falls Radio, LLC Formerly Bob FM
Llano, Texas KJFK-FM 96.3 FM Township Media, LLC
Longview/Jacksonville, Texas KOOI 106.5 FM Alpha Media
San Antonio, Texas KJXK 102.7 FM Alpha Media
Victoria, Texas KTXN-FM 98.7 FM Broadcast Equities Texas Operated by Townsquare Media
Aberdeen, Washington KSWW/K263BE 102.1 FM HD2/100.5 FM Jodesha Broadcasting
Seattle, Washington KJAQ 96.5 FM iHeartMedia
Wenatchee, Washington KKRV/K232ED 104.7 FM HD3/94.3 FM Alpha Media
Neenah/Menasha, Wisconsin WYDR 94.3 FM Midwest Communications
Rhinelander, Wisconsin WRHN 100.1 FM NRG Media Debuted September 1, 2015
Lexington, Kentucky WLXX 101.5 FM Cumulus Media Debuted September 4, 2020
Rock Springs, Wyoming KSIT 99.7 FM WyoRadio Debuted January 1, 2017
Hudson, Wyoming KTUG 105.1 FM MORCOM Bdcstg Debuted November 1, 2016
Vista West/Casper, Wyoming KRVK 107.9 FM Townsquare Media
Westover, West Virginia WZST 100.9 FM Spectrum Radio Debuted December 26, 2016
Boise, Idaho KJOT 105.1 FM Lotus Communications Debuted March 15, 2021
Jackson, Mississippi WJXN-FM 100.9 FM Flinn Broadcasting Corporation Re-Debuted February 19, 2021
Mosinee-Wausau, Wisconsin WOZZ 94.7 FM WRIG, Inc. Debuted September 8, 2021

Former stations

Location Call sign Frequency Owner Notes
Mobile, Alabama WYOK 104.1 FM Cumulus Media Switched format to CHR as WABD in February 2012, now Urban AC as WDLT-FM.
Kodiak, Alaska KRXX 101.1 FM Kodiak Island Broadcasting Now as a hot AC format.
Bakersfield, California KRJK 97.3 FM Buck Owens Broadcasting Switched format to country music on October 14, 2016
Chico, California KHEX 100.3 FM Huth Broadcasting Switched format to classic country on March 2, 2017
Fresno, California KFJK 105.9 FM Cumulus Media Switched to a simulcast of KMJ in March 2009
Palm Springs, California KAJR 95.9 FM RM Broadcasting Switched format to soft AC in 2010
Sacramento, California KQJK 93.7 FM iHeartMedia Switched format to classic rock on April 3, 2017
San Diego, California KFMB-FM 100.7 FM Tegna, Inc. Dropped most pre-2000 titles in early 2014, assuming a modern rock format but retaining the branding. Switched to mainstream rock on January 4, 2016 as "KFM-BFM". Returned to adult hits in December 2018 and changed call letters to KFBG in April 2020.
Denver, Colorado KJAC 105.5 FM NRC Broadcasting Switched format to sports talk in 2012 as an affiliate of ESPN Radio, and currently features a AAA format. Was the first station in the United States to license the "Jack FM" brand.
KDHT-FM 107.1 FM Max Media Switched format to modern rock in 2014, then to classic hip hop.
Steamboat Springs, Colorado KIDN-FM 95.9 FM AlwaysMountainTime Switched format to hot AC in 2010
Seaford, Delaware WSUX 1280 AM Seaford Media Switched to Spanish-language programming in August 2017
Jacksonville, Florida WWJK 107.3 FM iHeartMedia Rebranded as "107.3 Jacksonville" on April 18, 2017, then rebranded again as "107.3 The River" on May 26, 2017
Chicago, Illinois WJMK 104.3 FM CBS Radio Switched format to classic hits on March 14, 2011
Effingham, Illinois WHQQ 98.9 FM Cromwell Radio Group Switched format to sports talk in 2014
Peoria, Illinois WHPI 101.1 FM Advanced Media Partners, LLC Switched format to sports talk on June 6, 2018 as an affiliate of ESPN Radio, assuming the WZPN callsign from 96.5 on June 26, 2018. Was a simulcast of that frequency until September 2020, when WHPI became a simulcast of CHR station WPIA.
Evansville, Indiana WEJK 107.1 FM The Original Company Switched format to classic hits in 2014
Indianapolis, Indiana WJJK 104.5 FM Cumulus Media Switched format to classic hits in September 2006, then dropped the Jack FM brand that December
Vincennes, Indiana WFML 96.7 FM The Vincennes University Foundation Switched format to adult contemporary on April 2, 2017
Davenport, Iowa KQCJ 93.9 FM Virden Broadcasting Switched format to alternative rock on April 22, 2020
Larned, Kansas KSOB 96.7 FM Rocking M Media Dropped the branding in favor of Bob FM in 2007. Switched to classic country in 2013.
Lexington, Kentucky WLXX 101.5 FM Cumulus Media Switched to country September 4, 2020
Louisville, Kentucky WXMA 102.3 FM Alpha Media Switched to Soft AC August 30, 2022
Lake Charles, Louisiana KBIU 103.3 FM Cumulus Media Switched format to adult contemporary on March 23, 2012
Kalamazoo, Michigan WZOX 96.5 FM Midwest Communications Switched format to CHR in 2021
West Plains, Missouri KSPQ 93.9 FM Missouri Ozark Radio Network Switched format to classic rock on April 1, 2016
Holdrege, Nebraska KMTY 97.7 FM Legacy Communications, LLC Switched format to country on June 17, 2013
Las Vegas, Nevada KKJJ 100.5 FM CBS Radio Switched to a simulcast of KXNT in August 2010
Buffalo, New York WBUF 92.9 FM Townsquare Media Reverted to mainstream rock/active rock in November 2020.
New York, New York WCBS-FM 101.1 FM CBS Radio Reverted to classic hits on July 12, 2007. The Jack FM format was moved to 101.1-HD2, dropped the branding in 2008 for "Tony FM", and eventually was dropped altogether in 2012.
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma KOJK 97.3 FM Tyler Media Flipped to country on March 8, 2010, then to Catholic programming on February 28, 2013
Worthington, Ohio WJKR 98.9 FM Salem Media Group Format switched to talk radio following an ownership change on November 1, 2012. The Jack FM format and call letters resurfaced in July 2013 at the former WMNI-FM.
WJKR 103.9 FM North American Broadcasting Format switched to country radio.
Apollo, Pennsylvania WXJX 910 AM LHTC Media, Inc. Format switched to oldies on February 9, 2021.
Latrobe, Pennsylvania WCNS 1480 AM LHTC Media, Inc. Format switched to oldies on February 9, 2021.
Pierre, South Dakota KLXS-FM 95.3 FM Riverfront Broadcasting LLC Switched format to country in 2012.
Greenville, South Carolina W258CB 99.5 FM SummitMedia Switched format to classic hits in 2021.
Knoxville, Tennessee
(Maryville/Norris)
WQJK 95.7 FM Midwest Communications Dropped the format in August 2012 in favor of CHR, then active rock, and currently is classic country.
WRJK 106.7 FM Blue Ridge Broadcasting Company Ended a WQJK simulcast in February 2012 when the station was leased, then sold, to the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association and assumed a CCM format.
Amarillo, Texas KPRF 98.7 FM Townsquare Media Switched format to classic rock on June 29, 2017. Currently operates with classic hits.
Bryan, Texas KJXJ 103.9 FM Brazos Valley Communications, LTD. Switched format to mainstream rock on September 20, 2010.
Houston, Texas KHJK 103.7 FM Educational Media Foundation Switched format to AAA in May 2009. Sold by Cumulus Media to Educational Media Foundation in 2012, which operates it today as an Air 1 affiliate.
Midland/Odessa, Texas KFZX 102.1 FM ICA Communications Switched format to classic rock in 2010
Salt Lake City, Utah KJQN 103.1 FM KLO Broadcasting Switched to a simulcast of KLO in 2012, then to adult contemporary, and currently is classic hits.
Richmond, Virginia WJSR 100.9 FM SummitMedia Switched format to classic hits in March 2021.
Fisher, West Virginia WQWV 103.7 FM Thunder Associates, LLC Switched format to classic hits in 2019
Wheeling, West Virginia WYJK 96.5 FM FM Radio Licenses Switched format to sports talk and active rock in 2014
Louisville, Kentucky WXMA 102.3 FM Alpha Media Licensee, LLC Switched format to soft adult contemporary in August 2022

United Kingdom

In the UK, the Jack FM stations were initially licensed to OXIS Media in 2007 by Sparknet Communications in Canada.[17] OXIS Media, who manage the brand, was set up by Clive Dickens, Ian Walker, Donnach O’Driscoll and Adrian Robinson, who had been involved with establishing Virgin Radio[18] (now Absolute). A number of local stations were set up, with the stations being individually run by Passion Radio in Oxfordshire or Madejski Communications Limited elsewhere. By 2021, the Oxfordshire stations were run by JACK Media Oxfordshire Ltd,[19] a division of the JACK Radio Group/JACK Media,[20][21] with the others by JACK Media National Ltd, with the JACK Radio Group being ultimately run by OXIS Media Ltd.[22][23]

Current Stations:

Discontinued:

Austria

Russia

See also

References

  1. ^ "Oxis acquires JACKfm brand rights in Europe". RadioToday. March 26, 2015. Retrieved June 21, 2020.
  2. ^ "About Howard Cogan". howardcogan.com.
  3. ^ Goldman, Kevin (June 19, 2005). "The Day the Music Died". The New York Times.
  4. ^ "MediaPost Publications - Mag Rack: The 2005 Edition - 01/03/2005". Archived from the original on February 27, 2007. Retrieved July 6, 2007., Retrieved on 2008/06/12
  5. ^ History Of Jack FM Archived 2009-04-08 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Leila Cobo, "José Is The Latin Jack," Billboard, 11/12/2005, Vol. 117 Issue 46, p. 32.
  7. ^ 92.5 JackFM Archived April 10, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Ofcom awards new FM commercial radio licence for Oxford and South Oxfordshire | Ofcom". Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved October 13, 2006.
  9. ^ "Radio Today with RCS: Original replaced by JACK fm". Archived from the original on December 4, 2009. Retrieved December 9, 2009.
  10. ^ "Feature: Is JACK fm the future of radio?". June 8, 2011.
  11. ^ [1][dead link]
  12. ^ a b Venta, Lance (August 8, 2013). "Local Radio Behind A Paywall". RadioInsight. RadioBB Networks. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
  13. ^ Venta, Lance (January 4, 2016). "Wheel of Formats Kills Off Jack-FM San Diego". RadioInsight. RadioBB Networks. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  14. ^ Venta, Lance (September 23, 2019). "After Losing Jack, Westwood One Launches Two New Variety Hits Networks". RadioInsight. RadioBB Networks.
  15. ^ JACK Map - Every JACK station in THE WORLD! Archived 2009-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "Westwood One Signs Off 'SAM-FM'", All Access Music Group. August 31, 2015. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  17. ^ "Oxis acquires JACKfm brand rights in Europe". March 26, 2015.
  18. ^ "Story".
  19. ^ "JACKfm".
  20. ^ Interview with Dick Stone, Chief Content Officer at Jack Media, by Datshiane Navanayagam on The Media Show, BBC Radio 4 broadcast on 3 November 2021, and repeated in vision on the BBC News channel
  21. ^ "BBC Radio 4 - the Media Show, Who's been listening?".
  22. ^ "JACK Radio Group".
  23. ^ "Union JACK Radio".
  24. ^ "Story".
  25. ^ "Mike Ford 'row' with Bristol DJ launches new radio station". Bristol Evening Post. December 2, 2009. Archived from the original on January 5, 2010. Retrieved December 9, 2009.
  26. ^ a b c "Celador's JACK stations to become Sam FM". March 27, 2015.