Jackson County
Jackson County courthouse in Walden Colorado
Jackson County courthouse in Walden Colorado
Map of Colorado highlighting Jackson County
Location within the U.S. state of Colorado
Map of the United States highlighting Colorado
Colorado's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°40′N 106°20′W / 40.66°N 106.34°W / 40.66; -106.34
Country United States
State Colorado
FoundedMay 5, 1909
Named forAndrew Jackson
SeatWalden
Largest townWalden
Area
 • Total1,621 sq mi (4,200 km2)
 • Land1,614 sq mi (4,180 km2)
 • Water7.2 sq mi (19 km2)  0.4%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2020)
1,379
 • Density0.9/sq mi (0.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district3rd
Websitejacksoncountycogov.com

Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2020 census, the population was 1,379, and it was the fourth least populated in the state.[1] The county seat and only municipality in the county is Walden.[2]

History

Most of Jackson County is a high relatively broad intermontane basin known as North Park, which covers 1,613 square miles (4,180 km2). This basin opens north into Wyoming and is rimmed on the west by the Park Range and Sierra Madre Range, on the south by the Rabbit Ears Range and the Never Summer Mountains, and on the east by the Medicine Bow Mountains. Elevations range from 7,800 to 12,953 feet (3,948 m) above sea level and is home to the head waters of the North Platte River. The term park is derived from parc, the French word for game preserve. At one time North Park was filled with herds of deer, antelope and buffalo. There were so many buffalo in the area the Ute Tribe gave North Park the name "Bull Pen." Now deer, elk, and cattle vie for the same area.

In November 1861, Colorado set up 17 counties for the state, including Larimer County. This was where Jackson County would be carved out of in 1909. Before then, both Grand and Larimer Counties claimed the North Park area. In the beginning, no one paid much attention to North Park because it was hunting grounds of the Ute and Arapaho Indians. They fiercely defended these lands and the white settlers were often afraid to venture in. When valuable minerals were discovered in North Park, Grand County claimed it as part of their county because they wanted the revenue it would provide. The residents didn't care much because the county seat for Grand County was closer than the one in Larimer County, and all official business needed to be done at the county seat. But Larimer also claimed this county and it was contested all the way to the Colorado Supreme Court. In 1886 the court decided in favor of Larimer. This did not make the North Park residents very happy and they pushed for their own county until Jackson was formed.[citation needed]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,621 square miles (4,200 km2), of which 1,614 square miles (4,180 km2) is land and 7.2 square miles (19 km2) (0.9%) is water.[3]

Jackson County contains the 71,000-acre (290 km2) Colorado State Forest.

Adjacent counties

Major Highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19101,013
19201,34032.3%
19301,3863.4%
19401,79829.7%
19501,9769.9%
19601,758−11.0%
19701,8113.0%
19801,8632.9%
19901,605−13.8%
20001,577−1.7%
20101,394−11.6%
20201,379−1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2020[1]

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,577 people, 661 households, and 442 families living in the county. The population density was 1 person per square mile (0.25/km2). There were 1,145 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.20% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 1.46% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. 6.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 661 households, out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.90% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.00% were non-families. 28.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.60% under the age of 18, 5.40% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 29.10% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 101.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,821, and the median income for a family was $37,361. Males had a median income of $26,250 versus $18,417 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,826. About 10.30% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.50% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

United States presidential election results for Jackson County, Colorado[8]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 681 77.74% 175 19.98% 20 2.28%
2016 629 73.05% 171 19.86% 61 7.08%
2012 600 70.75% 216 25.47% 32 3.77%
2008 624 68.27% 277 30.31% 13 1.42%
2004 710 76.02% 210 22.48% 14 1.50%
2000 682 73.73% 173 18.70% 70 7.57%
1996 486 58.34% 222 26.65% 125 15.01%
1992 422 43.69% 216 22.36% 328 33.95%
1988 584 65.54% 294 33.00% 13 1.46%
1984 722 78.22% 191 20.69% 10 1.08%
1980 673 63.55% 283 26.72% 103 9.73%
1976 455 60.83% 279 37.30% 14 1.87%
1972 623 76.72% 178 21.92% 11 1.35%
1968 474 67.52% 177 25.21% 51 7.26%
1964 354 47.77% 384 51.82% 3 0.40%
1960 504 58.27% 360 41.62% 1 0.12%
1956 594 66.59% 297 33.30% 1 0.11%
1952 579 65.35% 305 34.42% 2 0.23%
1948 327 52.91% 291 47.09% 0 0.00%
1944 463 64.76% 252 35.24% 0 0.00%
1940 526 59.23% 357 40.20% 5 0.56%
1936 419 47.29% 433 48.87% 34 3.84%
1932 390 47.45% 415 50.49% 17 2.07%
1928 401 60.21% 249 37.39% 16 2.40%
1924 394 67.35% 111 18.97% 80 13.68%
1920 402 76.28% 113 21.44% 12 2.28%
1916 157 31.59% 331 66.60% 9 1.81%
1912 218 42.75% 242 47.45% 50 9.80%


Recreation

State forest and park

National wildlife refuge

National forest and wilderness

National trail

Bicycle routes

Scenic byway

Communities

Town

Unincorporated communities

Former Towns

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 5, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Archived from the original on May 27, 2002. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  8. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017.

Coordinates: 40°40′N 106°20′W / 40.66°N 106.34°W / 40.66; -106.34