Yuma County
The Yuma County Court-House in Wray.
The Yuma County Court-House in Wray.
Map of Colorado highlighting Yuma County
Location within the U.S. state of Colorado
Map of the United States highlighting Colorado
Colorado's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°00′N 102°25′W / 40°N 102.42°W / 40; -102.42
Country United States
State Colorado
FoundedMarch 15, 1889
SeatWray
Largest cityYuma
Area
 • Total2,369 sq mi (6,140 km2)
 • Land2,364 sq mi (6,120 km2)
 • Water4.3 sq mi (11 km2)  0.2%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2020)
9,988
 • Density4.2/sq mi (1.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district4th
Websitewww.yumacounty.net
Old Yuma County farmhouse near Clarkville, Colorado
Old Yuma County farmhouse near Clarkville, Colorado

Yuma County is one of the 64 counties of the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2020 census, the population was 9,988.[1] The county seat is Wray.[2]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,369 square miles (6,140 km2), of which 2,364 square miles (6,120 km2) is land and 4.3 square miles (11 km2) (0.2%) is water.[3]

The point where the Arikaree River flows out of Yuma County and into Cheyenne County, Kansas is the lowest point in the State of Colorado at 1,010 meters (3,315 feet) elevation. This crossing point is the highest low point of any U.S. state.[4]

Adjacent counties

Major Highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18902,596
19001,729−33.4%
19108,499391.6%
192013,89763.5%
193013,613−2.0%
194012,102−11.1%
195010,827−10.5%
19608,912−17.7%
19708,544−4.1%
19809,68213.3%
19908,954−7.5%
20009,8419.9%
201010,0432.1%
20209,988−0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2020[1]

At the 2000 census there were 9,841 people, 3,800 households, and 2,644 families living in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km2). There were 4,295 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.17% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.14% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. 12.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[9] Of the 3,800 households 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.60% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.40% were non-families. 27.40% of households were one person and 13.30% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.13.

The age distribution was 28.30% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% 65 or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median household income was $33,169 and the median family income was $39,814. Males had a median income of $26,124 versus $18,578 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,005. About 8.80% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.50% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Yuma County is a Republican Party stronghold in presidential elections. Only nine presidential elections from 1892 to the present day have seen the county fail to back the Republican candidate, the most recent being 1964 during Lyndon B. Johnson's statewide & national landslide.

United States presidential election results for Yuma County, Colorado[10]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,107 82.45% 785 15.76% 89 1.79%
2016 3,850 80.36% 726 15.15% 215 4.49%
2012 3,490 76.25% 987 21.56% 100 2.18%
2008 3,286 73.30% 1,117 24.92% 80 1.78%
2004 3,456 75.81% 1,064 23.34% 39 0.86%
2000 3,156 72.42% 1,082 24.83% 120 2.75%
1996 2,589 58.72% 1,439 32.64% 381 8.64%
1992 2,019 44.82% 1,269 28.17% 1,217 27.01%
1988 2,513 56.93% 1,835 41.57% 66 1.50%
1984 3,394 74.32% 1,121 24.55% 52 1.14%
1980 3,220 68.89% 1,043 22.31% 411 8.79%
1976 2,350 52.20% 2,025 44.98% 127 2.82%
1972 2,873 71.03% 1,066 26.35% 106 2.62%
1968 2,529 62.68% 1,175 29.12% 331 8.20%
1964 2,007 48.12% 2,145 51.43% 19 0.46%
1960 2,806 65.18% 1,489 34.59% 10 0.23%
1956 2,782 64.26% 1,544 35.67% 3 0.07%
1952 3,404 71.92% 1,292 27.30% 37 0.78%
1948 2,277 54.05% 1,907 45.26% 29 0.69%
1944 2,847 67.45% 1,374 32.55% 0 0.00%
1940 3,531 64.11% 1,917 34.80% 60 1.09%
1936 2,462 45.26% 2,878 52.90% 100 1.84%
1932 2,129 37.34% 3,220 56.48% 352 6.17%
1928 3,401 69.07% 1,383 28.09% 140 2.84%
1924 2,789 57.91% 865 17.96% 1,162 24.13%
1920 2,673 63.42% 1,254 29.75% 288 6.83%
1916 1,436 34.51% 2,466 59.26% 259 6.22%
1912 466 14.42% 1,170 36.20% 1,596 49.38%


Communities

Cities

Town

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated community

Ghost towns

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 5, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. "Elevations and Distances". Retrieved September 8, 2006.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  10. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017.

Coordinates: 40°00′N 102°25′W / 40.00°N 102.42°W / 40.00; -102.42