Arvada, Colorado
Aerial image of Arvada
Aerial image of Arvada
Flag of Arvada, Colorado
Location of the City of Arvada in Jefferson and Adams counties, Colorado
Location of the City of Arvada in Jefferson and Adams counties, Colorado
Arvada is located in Colorado
Arvada
Arvada
Location of Arvada in the United States
Arvada is located in the United States
Arvada
Arvada
Arvada (the United States)
Coordinates: 39°49′55″N 105°09′04″W / 39.83194°N 105.15111°W / 39.83194; -105.15111[2]
CountryUnited States
StateColorado
CountiesJefferson County[1]
Adams County
Settled1859[3]
PlattedDecember 1, 1870[3]
IncorporatedAugust 24, 1904[3][4]
Named forHiram Arvada Haskin
Government
 • TypeHome rule municipality[1]
 • MayorLauren Simpson[5] (2023-)
 • City ManagerLorie Gillis[6] (2022-)
Area
 • Total39.570 sq mi (102.485 km2)
 • Land38.910 sq mi (100.776 km2)
 • Water0.660 sq mi (1.709 km2)
Elevation5,525 ft (1,684 m)
Population
 • Total124,402
 • Rank7th in Colorado
229th in the United States
 • Density3,197/sq mi (1,234/km2)
 • Metro
2,963,821 (19th)
 • CSA
3,623,560 (17th)
 • Front Range
5,055,344
DemonymArvadan
Time zoneUTC−07:00 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−06:00 (MDT)
ZIP codes
80001-80007 and 80403[9]
Area codes303/720/983
FIPS code08-03455
GNIS feature ID2409737[8]
Websitearvada.org

Arvada (/ɑːrˈvædə/) is a home rule municipality on the border between Jefferson and Adams counties, Colorado, United States.[1] The city population was 124,402 at the 2020 United States Census, with 121,510 residing in Jefferson County and 2,892 in Adams County.[7] Arvada is the seventh most populous city in Colorado. The city is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Front Range Urban Corridor. The Olde Town Arvada historic district is 7 miles (11 km) northwest of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver.

History

The first documented discovery of gold in the Rocky Mountain region occurred on June 22, 1850, when Lewis Ralston, a Georgia prospector traveling with a party headed for the California gold fields, dipped his sluice pan into a small stream near its confluence with Clear Creek.[3] He found about ¼ troy ounce (8 g) of gold, then worth about five dollars (about $550 USD today.)[10][11] While Ralston was elated, the rest of the party was unimpressed and continued on to California the next morning. Ralston continued panning for gold, but after a few days gave up and caught up with his party. The site of Lewis Ralston's gold discovery now lies along Ralston Creek in the City of Arvada's Gold Strike Park.

In 1858, Ralston brought another group of prospectors back to the site of his first discovery. Ralston and most of the miners gave up after a few days, but several miners found gold upstream along the South Platte River. The placer gold in the area soon played out, but hard rock deposits of gold were found in the mountains to the west. Some of the miners abandoned their search for gold and returned to farm the rich bottom land along Ralston Creek and Clear Creek. They found an eager market for their crops among other gold seekers. The Territory of Colorado was formed on February 28, 1861, and the farms in the valley expanded to feed the growing population of the region.

In 1870, the Colorado Central Railroad laid tracks through the area on its route from Golden to link up with the Kansas Pacific Railroad and the Denver Pacific Railroad at Jersey Junction, 3 miles (5 km) north of Denver. On December 1, 1870, Benjamin F. Wadsworth and Louis A. Reno platted the Ralston Point townsite along the railroad. To avoid confusion with other communities along Ralston Creek, Ralston Point was soon renamed Arvada in honor of Hiram Arvada Haskin, brother-in-law of settler Mary Wadsworth.[12] Her husband, Benjamin Wadsworth, became the first postmaster of Arvada. Colorado was granted statehood on August 1, 1876, and the Town of Arvada was formally incorporated on August 14, 1904. A vibrant agricultural community, Arvada was once known as the "Celery Capital of the World."[13]

Arvada grew rapidly during the latter half of the 20th century as a suburb of nearby Denver, the state capital. Arvada became a Statutory City on October 31, 1951, and a Home Rule Municipality on July 23, 1963. By the end of the millennium, the population of Arvada exceeded 100,000.

Missionary shooting

Main article: 2007 Colorado YWAM and New Life shootings

On December 9, 2007, Matthew J. Murray walked into the Youth With a Mission Center in Arvada and, after he was refused his request to stay overnight in the dormitories, opened fire and killed two people, injuring two more.

A memorial was held the following Wednesday, December 12, in which Youth With a Mission leaders forgave Murray's family for what happened.[14]

Geography

At the 2020 United States Census, the city had a total area of 25,325 acres (102.485 km2), including 422 acres (1.709 km2) of water.[7]

Climate

Arvada has a humid continental Köppen climate classification, abbreviated as Dfb.[15]

Climate data for Arvada, Colorado
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 45
(7)
48
(9)
54
(12)
63
(17)
72
(22)
83
(28)
88
(31)
87
(31)
79
(26)
67
(19)
55
(13)
46
(8)
66
(19)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 16
(−9)
19
(−7)
25
(−4)
33
(1)
41
(5)
50
(10)
56
(13)
55
(13)
45
(7)
35
(2)
25
(−4)
18
(−8)
35
(2)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.5
(13)
0.7
(18)
1.2
(30)
2
(51)
2.4
(61)
1.4
(36)
1.6
(41)
1.7
(43)
1.2
(30)
1.2
(30)
0.8
(20)
0.6
(15)
15.6
(400)
Source: Weatherbase[16]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1910840
19209158.9%
19301,27639.5%
19401,48216.1%
19502,35959.2%
196019,242715.7%
197049,844159.0%
198084,57669.7%
199089,2355.5%
2000102,15314.5%
2010106,4334.2%
2020124,40216.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
Map of racial distribution in Arvada, 2020 U.S. census. Each dot is one person:  White  Black  Asian  Hispanic  Multiracial  Native American/Other

2020 census

Arvada, Colorado – Racial and ethnic composition
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / Ethnicity (NH = Non-Hispanic) Pop 2000[17] Pop 2010[18] Pop 2020[19] % 2000 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 87,302 86,556 94,989 85.46% 81.32% 76.36%
Black or African American alone (NH) 628 841 1,183 0.61% 0.79% 0.95%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 419 437 550 0.41% 0.41% 0.44%
Asian alone (NH) 2,175 2,225 3,096 2.13% 2.09% 2.49%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 47 58 72 0.05% 0.05% 0.06%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 87 110 486 0.09% 0.10% 0.39%
Mixed Race or Multi-Racial (NH) 1,464 1,670 5,390 1.43% 1.57% 4.33%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 10,031 14,536 18,636 9.82% 13.66% 14.98%
Total 102,153 106,433 124,402 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%

As of the census[20] of 2010, there were 106,433 people, 42,701 households, and 28,927 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,028.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,169.2/km2). There were 44,427 housing units at an average density of 1,216.7 per square mile (469.8/km2) with a median value of $240,000. The racial makeup of the city was 89.08% White, 0.9% African American, 0.8% Native American, 2.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.5% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.7% of the population.

There were 44,427 households, out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population's ages were spread out, with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 20 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.5 years. There were 51,984 males and 54,539 Females.

The median income for a household in the city was $66,125 and the median income for a family was $78,591. Males had a median income of $42,126 versus $30,802 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,679. About 4.6% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line.

Government

The City of Arvada is a Home Rule Municipality with a council–manager form of government. The Arvada City Council has seven members: an elected mayor, two councilmembers elected at large, and four councilmembers elected from council districts.

Arvada City Council
Office Incumbent Term
Mayor Lauren Simpson[5] 2023- (District 2 Councilmember, 2019–2023)
Mayor Pro Tem and Councilmember, District One Randy Moorman[21] 2021-
Councilmember, District Two Shawna Ambrose[22] 2023-
Councilmember, District Three John Marriott[23] 2013-
Councilmember, District Four Bob Fifer[24] 2023- (At-large, 2011–2023)
Councilmember At-Large Lisa Feret[25] 2021-
Councilmember At-Large Sharon Davis[26] 2023-

The city council selects the city manager. The Arvada City Manager is Lorie Gillis.[6]

Economy

"Monsella" tulip, blooming in Arvada 2006

Arvada is predominately a commuter town to Denver and Boulder. The primary retail corridors are along Wadsworth Boulevard, 52nd Avenue, 64th Avenue, Ralston Road, and Kipling Street.

Education

Arvada is served by the Jefferson County School District R-1.

Industry

The Rocky Flats plant operated from 1952 to 1992, as a manufacturing complex that produced nuclear weapons.

Tourism and recreation

Attractions include:[27]

Transportation

Arvada is served by Denver International Airport and nearby Rocky Mountain Metropolitan Airport.

Arvada is the western terminus of Interstate 76, which begins at the intersection of Interstate 70 and State Highway 121. Other state highways in Arvada include SH 72, SH 93, and SH 95. Major highways near Arvada include Interstate 25, Interstate 270, U.S. Highway 36 and U.S. Highway 287.

The Amtrak California Zephyr passes through Arvada westbound each morning and eastbound each evening and stops at the nearby Denver Union Station. This route through the scenic heart of the Rocky Mountains is one of the most popular rail routes in the United States.

Arvada is served by the Regional Transportation District commuter rail G line and bus routes 28, 32, 51, 52, 72, 76, and 100.

In 2014 the League of American Bicyclists designated Arvada as a Silver Level Bicycle Friendly Community.[28]

Notable people

Main article: List of people from Arvada, Colorado

Notable individuals who were born or have lived in Arvada include novelist Clive Cussler,[29] baseball pitcher Roy Halladay,[30] Joe King[31] and Isaac Slade[32] of the rock band The Fray, and professional golfer and U.S. Olympic track and field gold medalist Babe Didrikson Zaharias.[33]

Sister cities

See also: List of sister cities in Colorado

Arvada's sister cities are:[34]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Active Colorado Municipalities". Colorado Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved October 15, 2021.
  2. ^ "2014 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Places". United States Census Bureau. July 1, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d "Arvada History". City of Arvada, Colorado. Archived from the original (HTTP) on June 28, 2007. Retrieved August 20, 2007.
  4. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. December 1, 2004. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  5. ^ a b "Lauren Simpson, Mayor". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved December 9, 2023.
  6. ^ a b "City Manager's Office". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved December 9, 2023.
  7. ^ a b c d "Decennial Census P.L. 94-171 Redistricting Data". United States Census Bureau, United States Department of Commerce. August 12, 2021. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  8. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Arvada, Colorado
  9. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup". United States Postal Service. August 18, 2007. Archived from the original (JavaScript/HTML) on August 18, 2007. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  10. ^ Kennedy, Lois Cunniff Lindstrom (2011), Ralston's Gold, Coloradream Publishing
  11. ^ "The curious case of Lewis Ralston". Arvada Press. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 27, 2024.
  12. ^ "Profile for Arvada, Colorado". ePodunk. Retrieved June 15, 2010.
  13. ^ "Fun Facts About Arvada - City of Arvada". Archived from the original on April 27, 2016. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
  14. ^ Holusha, John (December 9, 2007). "Gunman Kills 2 at Missionary Center Near Denver". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 3, 2015. Retrieved December 9, 2007.
  15. ^ Climate Summary for Arvada,Colorado
  16. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on August 23, 2013.
  17. ^ "P004 Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2000: DEC Summary File 1 – Arvada city, Colorado". United States Census Bureau.
  18. ^ "P2 Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Arvada city, Colorado". United States Census Bureau.
  19. ^ "P2 Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Arvada city, Colorado". United States Census Bureau.
  20. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  21. ^ "Randy Moorman, Mayor Pro Tem, District 1 Councilmember". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved December 9, 2023.
  22. ^ "Shawna Ambrose, District 2 Councilmember". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved December 9, 2023.
  23. ^ "John Marriott, District 3 Councilmember". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved December 9, 2023.
  24. ^ "Bob Fifer, District 4 Councilmember". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved December 9, 2023.
  25. ^ "Lisa Feret, Councilmember at-Large". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved December 9, 2023.
  26. ^ "Sharon Davis, Councilmember At-Large". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved December 9, 2023.
  27. ^ "The Top 10 Things to Do in Arvada 2017 - Must See Attractions in Arvada, CO | TripAdvisor". www.tripadvisor.ca. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
  28. ^ "Arvado, CO" (PDF). bikeleague.org. Spring 2014. Retrieved September 7, 2023.
  29. ^ "Clive Cussler - Biography". IMDb. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
  30. ^ Renck, Troy (December 9, 2013). "Former Arvada West star Roy Halladay might have right stuff for Cooperstown". The Denver Post. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  31. ^ Cohen, Jenn (April 13, 2013). "April 13 Feature - Joe King". Colorado Music Buzz. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
  32. ^ Baca, Ricardo (February 3, 2012). "The Fray's Isaac Slade is proud of his scars". The Denver Post. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
  33. ^ "Fun Facts About Arvada". City of Arvada. Archived from the original on April 27, 2016. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
  34. ^ "Welcome". arvadasistercities.org. Arvada Sister Cities International. Retrieved January 18, 2021.