Jackson County
Jackson County Courthouse in Jackson
Map of Minnesota highlighting Jackson County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°41′N 95°10′W / 43.68°N 95.16°W / 43.68; -95.16
Country United States
State Minnesota
FoundedMay 23, 1857
Named forHenry Jackson
SeatJackson
Largest cityJackson
Area
 • Total719 sq mi (1,860 km2)
 • Land703 sq mi (1,820 km2)
 • Water16 sq mi (40 km2)  2.3%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total9,989
 • Estimate 
(2022)
9,893 Decrease
 • Density14.2/sq mi (5.5/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.co.jackson.mn.us

Jackson County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2020 census, the population was 9,989.[1] Its county seat is Jackson.[2]

History

The county was created on May 23, 1857.[3] It was named for Henry Jackson, the first merchant in St. Paul.[4][5]

Geography

Jackson County lies on the south side of Minnesota. Its south border abuts the north border of the state of Iowa. The Des Moines River flows south-southeasterly through the central part of the county, thence into Iowa. The county terrain is hilly and carved with drainages and gullies. The area is devoted to agriculture.[6] The terrain generally slopes to the south and east; its highest point is on the lower west border, at 1,545 ft (471 m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 719 square miles (1,860 km2), of which 703 square miles (1,820 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (2.3%) is water.[8]

Soils of Jackson County[9]

Lakes

Protected areas

Major highways

Jackson County sign on I90

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1860181
18701,825908.3%
18804,806163.3%
18908,92485.7%
190014,79365.8%
191014,491−2.0%
192015,95510.1%
193015,863−0.6%
194016,8055.9%
195016,306−3.0%
196015,501−4.9%
197014,352−7.4%
198013,690−4.6%
199011,677−14.7%
200011,268−3.5%
201010,266−8.9%
20209,989−2.7%
2022 (est.)9,893[12]−1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1790–1960[14] 1900–1990[15]
1990–2000[16] 2010–2020[1]

2020 census

Jackson County, Minnesota - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[17] Pop 2020[18] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 9,701 9,026 94.50% 90.36%
Black or African American alone (NH) 47 120 0.46% 1.20%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 15 22 0.15% 0.22%
Asian alone (NH) 136 122 1.33% 1.22%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 5 23 0.05% 0.23%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 85 275 0.83% 2.75%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 277 401 2.70% 4.01%
Total 10,266 9,989 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 census

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 census data

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,268 people, 4,556 households, and 3,116 families in the county. The population density was 16.0 per square mile (6.2/km2). There were 5,092 housing units at an average density of 7.24 per square mile (2.80/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.07% White, 0.09% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 1.38% Asian, 0.97% from other races, and 0.38% from two or more races. 1.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 51.9% were of German, 14.1% Norwegian and 5.6% American ancestry.

There were 4,556 households, out of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 5.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.60% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.95.

The county population contained 24.50% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 20.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 100.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,746, and the median income for a family was $43,426. Males had a median income of $29,123 versus $20,860 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,499. About 5.20% of families and 8.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.00% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Politics

From 1932 to 1996, Jackson County favored the Democratic candidate in all but four elections, all of which were nationwide Republican landslides. Since 2000, the county has gone Republican in every election. George W. Bush won the county by somewhat modest margins in both 2000 and 2004, and John McCain only won by slightly over 4% in 2008 over Barack Obama. Mitt Romney significantly improved on McCain's performance, defeating Obama by over 14%. This was a sign of things to come in the county, as in 2016, Donald Trump nearly tripled Romney's 2012 margin of victory, winning Jackson County by over 38% against Hillary Clinton. Trump became the first Republican to win at least 60% of the vote in the county since Dwight D. Eisenhower in his 1952 landslide victory. Trump's margin of victory fell slightly in 2020 to just under 38%, but he increased his vote share to nearly 68%, the best vote share for any Republican in the county since Warren G. Harding a century earlier.

United States presidential election results for Jackson County, Minnesota[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,948 67.85% 1,745 29.99% 126 2.17%
2016 3,609 65.81% 1,492 27.21% 383 6.98%
2012 3,044 56.06% 2,268 41.77% 118 2.17%
2008 2,858 50.83% 2,618 46.56% 147 2.61%
2004 3,024 52.33% 2,652 45.89% 103 1.78%
2000 2,773 50.99% 2,364 43.47% 301 5.54%
1996 2,153 36.87% 2,727 46.70% 959 16.42%
1992 1,824 29.17% 2,481 39.68% 1,947 31.14%
1988 2,629 44.12% 3,275 54.96% 55 0.92%
1984 3,131 47.27% 3,437 51.89% 55 0.83%
1980 3,391 48.00% 3,062 43.35% 611 8.65%
1976 2,870 39.39% 4,311 59.16% 106 1.45%
1972 3,599 51.50% 3,304 47.27% 86 1.23%
1968 2,886 42.65% 3,515 51.95% 365 5.39%
1964 2,441 34.77% 4,576 65.18% 4 0.06%
1960 3,591 47.87% 3,898 51.96% 13 0.17%
1956 3,543 52.23% 3,232 47.64% 9 0.13%
1952 4,558 62.08% 2,771 37.74% 13 0.18%
1948 2,288 32.83% 4,541 65.16% 140 2.01%
1944 2,789 44.77% 3,417 54.85% 24 0.39%
1940 3,387 45.27% 4,065 54.33% 30 0.40%
1936 1,676 23.29% 5,187 72.09% 332 4.61%
1932 1,524 26.45% 4,129 71.67% 108 1.87%
1928 3,099 55.06% 2,503 44.47% 26 0.46%
1924 2,760 48.96% 407 7.22% 2,470 43.82%
1920 4,313 83.62% 715 13.86% 130 2.52%
1916 1,503 51.95% 1,272 43.97% 118 4.08%
1912 468 17.14% 913 33.43% 1,350 49.43%
1908 1,575 58.94% 1,013 37.91% 84 3.14%
1904 2,032 76.08% 554 20.74% 85 3.18%
1900 1,757 61.35% 993 34.67% 114 3.98%
1896 1,558 56.51% 1,150 41.71% 49 1.78%
1892 901 46.16% 721 36.94% 330 16.91%

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on June 20, 2012. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 167.
  5. ^ "Henry Jackson Member Record". Minnesota Legislative Reference Library. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c Jackson County MN Google Maps (accessed March 12, 2019)
  7. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Jackson County MN" Google Maps (accessed March 12, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  9. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 65-67. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  10. ^ "Metadata: DNR Hydrography - All Water Features". resources.gisdata.mn.gov. Retrieved June 20, 2023.
  11. ^ "Recreation Compass". Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved June 20, 2023.
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2022". Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  17. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Jackson County, Minnesota". United States Census Bureau.
  18. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Jackson County, Minnesota". United States Census Bureau.
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved September 19, 2018.

43°41′N 95°10′W / 43.68°N 95.16°W / 43.68; -95.16