Lincoln County
Lincoln County Courthouse
Lincoln County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Lincoln County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°25′N 96°16′W / 44.41°N 96.27°W / 44.41; -96.27
Country United States
State Minnesota
FoundedMarch 6, 1873[1]
Named forAbraham Lincoln[2]
SeatIvanhoe
Largest cityTyler
Area
 • Total548 sq mi (1,420 km2)
 • Land537 sq mi (1,390 km2)
 • Water12 sq mi (30 km2)  2.1%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total5,640
 • Estimate 
(2022)
5,580 Decrease
 • Density10.5/sq mi (4.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district7th
Websitewww.co.lincoln.mn.us

Lincoln County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2020 census, the population was 5,640.[3] Its county seat is Ivanhoe.[4]

History

During and after the American Civil War, the Minnesota legislature wanted to name a county after President Abraham Lincoln. Acts were proposed to effect this change in 1861, in 1866, and in 1870, but each time the effort failed by vote or was ignored by the county's citizens. The final effort was an act passed on March 6, 1873, dividing Lyon County into approximately equal halves, with the western half to be named Lincoln. The county voters approved this act in the November 1873 election, and Governor Horace Austin proclaimed the county's existence on December 5, 1873, with Lake Benton as county seat. In 1900 a new town closer to the county's center was platted, and in 1902 the county seat was moved to that settlement, Ivanhoe.[5]

Geography

Lincoln County lies on Minnesota's border with South Dakota. The Lac qui Parle River flows northeast through the upper eastern part of the county on its way to discharge into the Minnesota River. The county's terrain consists of rolling hills and is mostly devoted to agriculture.[6] The terrain slopes to the north and east, with its highest point on its lower west border, at 1,991 ft (607 m) ASL.[7] The county has an area of 548 square miles (1,420 km2), of which 537 square miles (1,390 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (2.1%) is water.[8]

Soils of Lincoln County[9]

Lakes

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18802,945
18905,69193.2%
19008,96657.5%
19109,87410.1%
192011,26814.1%
193011,3030.3%
194010,797−4.5%
195010,150−6.0%
19609,651−4.9%
19708,143−15.6%
19808,2070.8%
19906,890−16.0%
20006,429−6.7%
20105,896−8.3%
20205,640−4.3%
2022 (est.)5,580[10]−1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2020[3]

2020 Census

Lincoln County Racial Composition[15]
Race Num. Perc.
White (NH) 5,368 95.2%
Black or African American (NH) 10 0.2%
Native American (NH) 11 0.2%
Asian (NH) 22 0.4%
Pacific Islander (NH) 0 0%
Other/Mixed (NH) 122 2.2%
Hispanic or Latino 107 1.9%

2000 census

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 census data

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,429 people, 2,653 households, and 1,785 families in the county. The population density was 12.0 per square mile (4.6/km2). There were 3,043 housing units at an average density of 5.67 per square mile (2.19/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.82% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.42% from other races, and 0.23% from two or more races. 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 36.1% were of German, 25% English, 17.5% Norwegian, 10.9% Polish and 10.5% Danish ancestry.

There were 2,653 households, out of which 27.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.70% were married couples living together, 4.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.70% were non-families. 30.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.93.

The county population contained 23.70% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 23.00% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 24.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,607, and the median income for a family was $38,605. Males had a median income of $26,494 versus $20,083 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,009. About 7.00% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.60% of those under age 18 and 15.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Government and politics

Lincoln County has been a swing district in recent decades. Up to 2016 it has selected the Democratic candidate in 56% of presidential elections since 1980. Like most white, rural counties in America, however, the GOP has made significant advances in the county recently.

United States presidential election results for Lincoln County, Minnesota[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,121 68.09% 937 30.08% 57 1.83%
2016 1,931 63.96% 860 28.49% 228 7.55%
2012 1,595 51.12% 1,429 45.80% 96 3.08%
2008 1,491 47.70% 1,517 48.53% 118 3.77%
2004 1,736 51.94% 1,558 46.62% 48 1.44%
2000 1,513 46.07% 1,590 48.42% 181 5.51%
1996 1,199 35.49% 1,641 48.58% 538 15.93%
1992 1,084 29.81% 1,555 42.77% 997 27.42%
1988 1,479 43.18% 1,891 55.21% 55 1.61%
1984 1,905 50.09% 1,827 48.04% 71 1.87%
1980 2,122 51.49% 1,640 39.80% 359 8.71%
1976 1,599 37.47% 2,594 60.79% 74 1.73%
1972 1,881 45.93% 2,148 52.45% 66 1.61%
1968 1,732 42.98% 2,109 52.33% 189 4.69%
1964 1,393 31.46% 3,024 68.29% 11 0.25%
1960 2,147 46.10% 2,500 53.68% 10 0.21%
1956 2,060 46.92% 2,316 52.76% 14 0.32%
1952 2,746 58.96% 1,892 40.63% 19 0.41%
1948 1,312 32.08% 2,694 65.87% 84 2.05%
1944 1,600 40.85% 2,302 58.77% 15 0.38%
1940 2,220 46.36% 2,536 52.95% 33 0.69%
1936 1,199 27.66% 2,662 61.42% 473 10.91%
1932 974 23.97% 2,963 72.91% 127 3.13%
1928 1,952 48.20% 2,064 50.96% 34 0.84%
1924 1,657 48.03% 252 7.30% 1,541 44.67%
1920 2,548 75.30% 673 19.89% 163 4.82%
1916 777 38.18% 1,174 57.69% 84 4.13%
1912 264 16.40% 548 34.04% 798 49.57%
1908 891 53.51% 683 41.02% 91 5.47%
1904 1,323 79.70% 258 15.54% 79 4.76%
1900 866 59.64% 528 36.36% 58 3.99%
1896 674 46.90% 703 48.92% 60 4.18%
1892 318 28.65% 396 35.68% 396 35.68%
1888 594 56.25% 399 37.78% 63 5.97%
1884 599 73.32% 154 18.85% 64 7.83%
1880 468 80.69% 112 19.31% 0 0.00%
1876 88 83.02% 18 16.98% 0 0.00%
County Board of Commissioners[17]
Position Name District
Commissioner Corey Sik District 1
Commissioner Mic VanDeVere District 2
Commissioner Dean Nielsen District 3
Commissioner Joe Drietz District 4
Commissioner Steve Hauswedell District 5
State Legislature (2018-2020)
Position Name Affiliation District
Senate Bill Weber[18] Republican District 22
House of Representatives Joe Schomacker[19] Republican District 22A
U.S Congress (2018-2020)
Position Name Affiliation District
House of Representatives Collin Peterson[20] Democrat 7th
Senate Amy Klobuchar[21] Democrat N/A
Senate Tina Smith[22] Democrat N/A

See also

References

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on June 20, 2012. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
  2. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 187.
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 19, 2023.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. pp. 306–308.
  6. ^ a b c Lincoln County MN Google Maps (accessed March 15, 2019)
  7. ^ a b ""Find an Altitude/Lincoln County MN" Google Maps (accessed March 15, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  9. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 69 - 70. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2022". Retrieved April 20, 2023.
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library (link permanently closed. edit June 7, 2018). Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  15. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Lincoln County, Minnesota".
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  17. ^ "County Board of Commissioners". www.co.lincoln.mn.us. Retrieved April 25, 2023.
  18. ^ "MN State Senate". www.senate.mn. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  19. ^ "Rep. Joe Schomacker (22A) - Minnesota House of Representatives". www.house.leg.state.mn.us. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  20. ^ "Congressman Collin Peterson". Congressman Collin Peterson. Archived from the original on June 25, 2020. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  21. ^ "U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar". www.klobuchar.senate.gov. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  22. ^ "Home". Senator Tina Smith. Retrieved June 24, 2020.

44°25′N 96°16′W / 44.41°N 96.27°W / 44.41; -96.27