Lyon County
Student Center at Southwest Minnesota State University.
Map of Minnesota highlighting Lyon County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°25′N 95°50′W / 44.41°N 95.84°W / 44.41; -95.84
Country United States
State Minnesota
FoundedMarch 6, 1868
March 2, 1869
Named forNathaniel Lyon
SeatMarshall
Largest cityMarshall
Area
 • Total722 sq mi (1,870 km2)
 • Land715 sq mi (1,850 km2)
 • Water7.1 sq mi (18 km2)  1.0%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total25,269
 • Estimate 
(2023)
25,427 Increase
 • Density35.3/sq mi (13.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district7th
Websitewww.lyonco.org

Lyon County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2020 census, the population was 25,269.[1] Its county seat is Marshall.[2]

Lyon County comprises the Marshall, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The county was established by two acts of the Minnesota state legislature, dated March 6, 1868, and March 2, 1869. The county seat was designated as Marshall. The county was named for Nathaniel Lyon, an Army officer who served in the Dakota and Minnesota territories before being killed in the Civil War in 1861. He had achieved the rank of general by his death.[3][4] The county was much larger until an act passed on March 6, 1873, made the western 43% the new Lincoln County.

Geography

The Yellow Medicine River flows northeast through the upper portion of the county, the Redwood River flows northeast through the central part, and the Cottonwood River flows northeast through the lower part. The county's terrain consists of low rolling hills, etched by drainages and gullies.[5] It slopes to the north and east, with its highest point near its southwest corner, at 1,729 ft (527 m) ASL.[6] The county has a total area of 722 square miles (1,870 km2), of which 715 square miles (1,850 km2) is land and 7.1 square miles (18 km2) (1.0%) is water.[7]

Soils of Lyon County[8]

Lakes

Major highways

Airports

Adjacent counties

Protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18806,257
18909,50151.8%
190014,59153.6%
191015,7227.8%
192018,83719.8%
193019,3282.6%
194021,56911.6%
195022,2533.2%
196022,6551.8%
197024,2737.1%
198025,2073.8%
199024,789−1.7%
200025,4252.6%
201025,8571.7%
202025,269−2.3%
2023 (est.)25,427[9]0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2020[1]

2020 Census

Lyon County Racial Composition[14]
Race Num. Perc.
White (NH) 20,535 81.26%
Black or African American (NH) 906 3.6%
Native American (NH) 84 0.3%
Asian (NH) 1,263 5%
Pacific Islander (NH) 3 0.01%
Other/Mixed (NH) 734 2.9%
Hispanic or Latino 1,744 7%

2000 census

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 census data

As of the 2000 census, there were 25,425 people, 9,715 households, and 6,334 families in the county. The population density was 35.6 per square mile (13.7/km2). There were 10,298 housing units at an average density of 14.4 per square mile (5.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.58% White, 1.49% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 1.67% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.89% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 3.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.9% were of German, 15.5% Norwegian and 10.5% Belgian ancestry.

There were 9,715 households, out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.80% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.09.

The county population contained 26.20% under the age of 18, 13.30% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 19.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,996, and the median income for a family was $48,512. Males had a median income of $32,102 versus $21,445 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,013. About 6.30% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.00% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Politics

Lyon County has been a traditional Republican stronghold. In only one national election since 1980 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2020).

United States presidential election results for Lyon County, Minnesota[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 7,979 61.89% 4,634 35.94% 280 2.17%
2016 7,256 59.40% 3,825 31.31% 1,134 9.28%
2012 6,594 53.23% 5,465 44.12% 329 2.66%
2008 6,315 49.69% 6,110 48.08% 283 2.23%
2004 7,203 56.84% 5,292 41.76% 178 1.40%
2000 6,087 52.98% 4,737 41.23% 665 5.79%
1996 4,932 42.97% 5,062 44.11% 1,483 12.92%
1992 4,591 37.25% 4,481 36.36% 3,252 26.39%
1988 5,969 50.86% 5,657 48.20% 110 0.94%
1984 7,170 56.64% 5,389 42.57% 100 0.79%
1980 5,852 45.33% 5,626 43.58% 1,433 11.10%
1976 5,036 40.42% 7,122 57.17% 300 2.41%
1972 5,820 50.04% 5,614 48.27% 196 1.69%
1968 4,331 43.46% 5,317 53.35% 318 3.19%
1964 3,165 32.22% 6,649 67.69% 8 0.08%
1960 4,740 46.00% 5,550 53.86% 15 0.15%
1956 5,188 55.27% 4,190 44.64% 8 0.09%
1952 6,015 59.74% 4,030 40.02% 24 0.24%
1948 3,054 32.89% 6,144 66.16% 88 0.95%
1944 3,617 43.60% 4,640 55.94% 38 0.46%
1940 4,305 44.96% 5,234 54.66% 36 0.38%
1936 2,551 30.28% 5,163 61.29% 710 8.43%
1932 2,264 30.67% 4,989 67.57% 130 1.76%
1928 4,058 54.93% 3,274 44.32% 56 0.76%
1924 3,519 53.70% 334 5.10% 2,700 41.20%
1920 4,557 73.16% 1,232 19.78% 440 7.06%
1916 1,389 38.97% 1,893 53.11% 282 7.91%
1912 460 15.65% 1,068 36.34% 1,411 48.01%
1908 1,618 56.69% 1,043 36.55% 193 6.76%
1904 2,394 81.82% 330 11.28% 202 6.90%
1900 1,844 64.61% 879 30.80% 131 4.59%
1896 1,623 52.83% 1,351 43.98% 98 3.19%
1892 1,068 50.88% 486 23.15% 545 25.96%

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 20, 2023.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Upham, Warren. Minnesota Geographical Names, p. 311 (1920). Accessed March 13, 2019
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 193.
  5. ^ a b c d Lyon County MN Google Maps (accessed March 13, 2019)
  6. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Lyon County MN" Google Maps (accessed March 13, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  8. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 69-70. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2023". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 18, 2024.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  14. ^ "P2: Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Lyon County, Minnesota". United States Census Bureau.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved October 9, 2018.

44°25′N 95°50′W / 44.41°N 95.84°W / 44.41; -95.84