Javier Milei
Milei in 2023
President of Argentina
Assumed office
10 December 2023
Vice PresidentVictoria Villarruel
Preceded byAlberto Fernández
National Deputy
In office
10 December 2021 – 10 December 2023
ConstituencyCity of Buenos Aires
Personal details
Born
Javier Gerardo Milei

(1970-10-22) 22 October 1970 (age 53)
Palermo, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Political partyLibertarian (since 2019)
Other political
affiliations
Domestic partnerFátima Flórez (since 2023)
RelativesKarina Milei (sister)
ResidenceQuinta presidencial de Olivos
Education
Occupation
  • Politician
  • economist
  • author
School or traditionAustrian School
Signature
Websitejaviermilei.com

Javier Gerardo Milei[note 1] (born 22 October 1970) is an Argentine politician and economist who has served as President of Argentina since December 2023. Milei has taught university courses in macroeconomics, economic growth, microeconomics, and mathematics for economists. He is an author on economics and politics, and also hosted radio programs on the subject. Milei's views distinguish him in the Argentine political landscape and have garnered significant public attention and polarizing reactions.

In November 2021, Milei was elected to the Argentine Chamber of Deputies, representing the City of Buenos Aires for La Libertad Avanza. As a national deputy, he limited his legislative activities to voting, focusing instead on critiquing what he sees as Argentina's political elite and its propensity for high government spending. Milei pledged not to raise taxes and donated his national deputy salary through a monthly raffle. He defeated economy minister Sergio Massa in the second round of the 2023 Argentine presidential election on a platform that held the ideological dominance of Peronism responsible for the still ongoing 2018 Argentine monetary crisis.

Milei is known for his flamboyant personality, distinctive personal style, and strong media presence. He has been described politically as a right-wing populist and right-wing libertarian, and supports laissez-faire economics, aligning specifically with minarchist and anarcho-capitalist principles. Milei has proposed a comprehensive overhaul of the country's fiscal and structural policies. He supports freedom of choice on drug policy, firearms, prostitution, same-sex marriage, sexual preference, and gender identity, while opposing abortion and euthanasia. In foreign policy, he advocates closer relations with the United States and Israel, supporting Ukraine in response to the Russian invasion of the country, and distancing Argentina from geopolitical ties with China.

Early life and education

Javier Gerardo Milei was born on 22 October 1970 in Palermo, Buenos Aires.[1][2] He grew up in the Villa Devoto neighborhood and later moved to Sáenz Peña, Buenos Aires.[3] Milei's mother, Alicia, was a housewife,[4] and his father, Norberto, was a bus driver.[5][6] His father is of Italian descent, while his mother, whose maiden name is Lucich, is of Croatian descent. They are related to Uruguayan TV presenter Rodrigo Lussich [es], who said their grandparents migrated from Croatia to Argentina.[7] His parents, according to Milei in 2018, beat and verbally abused him,[8] causing him to not speak to them for a decade;[4] he regarded them as dead.[9] He was supported by his maternal grandmother and his younger sister Karina,[1] with whom he had a close bond,[10] and whom he calls "the boss".[11]

Javier Milei attended Catholic schools,[1] including the secondary school Cardenal Copello.[3] At school, he was nicknamed el Loco ("The Crazy One") for his outbursts and aggressive rhetoric.[1] In his late teens and early adulthood, Milei sang in the cover band Everest, which mostly played Rolling Stones covers. He also played goalkeeper for the Chacarita Juniors football team until 1989,[5][12] when Argentina suffered a period of hyperinflation and he committed to a career in economics.[13]

The collapse of Argentina's exchange rate led to Milei becoming interested in economics during the early 1980s.[3][5] Milei studied introductory economics and the law of supply and demand, which he thought seemed to be at odds with the ongoing hyperinflation; he said he saw people throwing "themselves on top of the merchandise" in a supermarket and began to study economics in more detail to understand it.[14] Milei obtained an economics degree (licentiate) from the private University of Belgrano and two master's degrees from the Instituto de Desarrollo Económico y Social [es] and the private Torcuato di Tella University.[3]

Economics career

For over 20 years,[when?] Milei was a professor of macroeconomics, economics of growth, microeconomics, and mathematics for economists.[3] He specializes in economic growth and has taught several economic subjects in Argentine universities and abroad. He had written more than 50 academic papers by 2016.[15][16]

By 2016, Milei had been the chief economist at Máxima AFJP, a private pension company; a head economist at Estudio Broda, a financial advising company; head economist of Corporación América; and a government consultant at the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes.[15] He was also a senior economist at HSBC Argentina.[citation needed] He served as chief economist at several national and international government public bodies.[3] Since 2012, Milei has led the division of Economic Studies at Fundación Acordar, a national think tank.[15] He is also a member of the B20 and a member of the Economic Policy Group of International Chamber of Commerce, an advisor to the G20. For 15 years,[when?] he worked at the private company Corporación América as the chief economist and financial adviser to Eduardo Eurnekian.[17]

Milei is the author of several books,[18] including El camino del libertario.[19] He has a notable presence on television, with a 2018 ranking by Ejes showing him as the most interviewed economist on television, at 235 interviews and 193,347 seconds.[20] Milei also hosted his own radio show, Demoliendo mitos (Demolishing Myths),[21] featuring regular appearances by Alberdian and right-wing libertarian personalities, including the economist and businessman Gustavo Lazzari, the lawyer Pablo Torres Barthe, and the political scientist María Zaldívar.[22][23]

Early political career

Rise to prominence

Milei during an interview on Todo Noticias in 2019

During the 2010s, Milei achieved significant notoriety and public exposure in debates featured on Argentine television programs characterized by insults to his rivals,[24][25][26] foul language,[27][28] and aggressive rhetoric when expressing and debating his ideals and beliefs,[29][30] such as one with Buenos Aires chief of government Horacio Rodríguez Larreta.[31][32] This led many commentators to label him antipolitical or disruptive.[33] Ted Cruz, a United States senator, shared an interview between Viviana Canosa [es] and Milei on Twitter, jokingly proposing to invite him to the 2024 Republican Party presidential debates.[34]

In February 2017, Milei generated controversy by naming Domingo Cavallo Argentina's best economy minister, a choice that remains contentious due to Cavallo's unfavorable image in the country.[35] In November 2017, he caused a stir by declaring that "the main producer of Argentina's economists is a Marxist indoctrination center", in reference to the Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Buenos Aires, leading to what he called "the ubiquitous proliferation of Keynesian brutes".[36]

On 26 June 2018, Milei called journalist Teresita Frías a burro (literally "donkey", meaning "ignorant" or "uneducated" in Argentine slang) after she criticized his ideological views as totalitarian.[37][38] As he refused to apologize, Milei was accused of exerting gender violence, and a local court mandated a psychological examination. Family and Gender judge Carmelo Paz forbade him from participating in public gatherings as a panelist or lecturer within the boundaries of the city of Metan, under the threat of legal action.[39][40] In 2018, he made his acting debut in his play El consultorio de Milei, with Claudio Rico and Diego Sucalesca. In 2019, Noticias named him one of the most influential people in Argentina. In 2020, he spoke in favor of protests against Alberto Fernández's government.[3]

2021 legislative campaign

From 2020 to 2021, Milei was a member of Avanza Libertad (Freedom Advances), a political party founded by José Luis Espert.[41] During his campaign for the Argentine Chamber of Deputies, Milei focused on Buenos Aires neighborhoods, where he took strolls and had talks with ordinary people.[42] He pledged not to support any tax increases or new taxes.[43] He ran under the slogan "I didn't come here to lead lambs, but to awaken lions", denouncing what he saw as a political caste,[44][45][46] which he said was composed of "useless, parasitic politicians who have never worked".[47] He called politicians "rats", and said they form "a parasitic caste" that thinks only about getting rich.[48] He used phrases like "I'm here to kick these criminals out",[1][49] and was especially supported by youth;[50] he promoted his political views on television, radio, and YouTube.[3] Additionally, Milei reconciled with his parents.[51]

In July 2021, Milei established the coalition La Libertad Avanza (Freedom Advances),[52][53] which secured third place in primary elections with 13.66 percent of the vote and third in the 2021 Argentine legislative election with 17 percent,[54] and the far-right coalition entered the Argentine Congress.[55][56][57] They performed best in Cordoba and Santa Fe, the second- and third-most populous districts in the country, and performed well in Peronist strongholds in North Tucuman, Salta, La Rioja, San Juan, and in Santa Cruz in Patagonia, which is considered the cradle of Kirchnerism.[3]

National deputyship

Upon assuming office as deputy, Milei fulfilled one of his campaign promises by raffling his salary to a random person each month, aiming to "return money to the citizens". He described this monthly raffle, which is open to anyone,[58][59] as a way to get rid of what he considered dirty money, saying: "The state is a criminal organization that finances itself through taxes levied on people by force. We are returning the money that the political caste stole."[1] As a national deputy, Milei had been present in the chamber 52 percent of the time as of April 2023.[60] As of August 2023, he had not proposed any laws or joined any parliamentary commissions.[61][62] One of his absences was particularly criticized by the Juntos por el Cambio opposition because it allowed the national government to raise taxes on plane tickets by a single vote.[63][64][65] His monthly raffle for his salary has given away more than seven million pesos since his parliamentary election.[62]

In July 2023, Milei faced an investigation into alleged selling of candidacies within La Libertad Avanza.[66][67] Businessman Juan Carlos Blumberg said that the coalition "made politics a business", which prompted Milei to deny that there were paid candidates. Milei was also accused of having been funded and supported by Peronism. Journalist Juan Luis González said that Milei "allowed himself to be financed by provincial governments, received technical, logistical, and monetary aid from the Peronism that he claims to fight, threatened all those who wanted to open their mouths".[68] Statements by the prosecutor Ramiro González did not provide concrete data about the allegations. While the investigation was still progressing as of July 2023, Milei dismissed it as a political operation to discredit him,[69] and demanded that Ramiro González be investigated, accusing him of damaging his image.[70]

2023 Argentine general election

2023 presidential campaign

Main article: Javier Milei 2023 presidential campaign

Milei posing with Villarruel in October 2022

A member of the Libertarian Party, Milei ran for president of Argentina as part of La Libertad Avanza. His running mate was Victoria Villarruel.[71][72] His younger sister, Karina Milei, managed his campaign.[3] In May 2022, Milei was rising in the polls.[73] In June 2022, he officially launched his presidential campaign.[74] In March 2023, a poll showed that 17 percent of Argentines would vote for him and that his political coalition would become the third parliamentary force in the Argentine Congress. His rhetoric was attractive to under-30 voters born during the 1998–2002 Argentine great depression and facing the still ongoing economic stagnation. His supporters include those who once voted for Kirchnerism but would now vote for Milei as a protest even if they did not support his economic ideas.[48]

As inflation rose above 100 percent in May 2023,[75] Milei's position in the polls rose.[76] In June 2023, the markets welcomed Sergio Massa's presidential candidacy, as it polarized the election between the ruling party and Juntos por el Cambio, reducing what was called the "Milei factor".[77] Notable moments in Milei's campaign included a viral video of him tearing cards from a wallboard with the names of ministries that he wants to abolish and tossing them into the air as he said afuera ("out"),[78] wielding a chainsaw on stage,[79] smashing a piñata on air to symbolize his plans, calling Pope Francis "a filthy leftist", and praising American gangster Al Capone as "a hero".[80]

Primary and general elections

Further information: 2023 Argentine general election and 2023 Argentine primary elections

In the August 2023 primary elections, which is seen as an indication of how citizens are likely to vote in the October 2023 general election,[81] Milei emerged as the leading candidate,[82][83][84] with 30 percent of the vote, ahead of the traditional Peronism–Kirchnerism and Macrism that dominated the country in the 2010s.[3] Milei's victory was celebrated by far-right figures including Jair Bolsonaro,[84] José Antonio Kast,[84] Ted Cruz,[34] and the Spanish far-right political party Vox.[85] Polls had predicted that Massa would secure the most votes as a candidate in the primaries, with Juntos por el Cambio expected to be the most supported coalition overall;[86] Milei polled at about 20 percent,[3] and was seen as an outsider candidate.[87][88] Initially, for the first round of the general election, with the possibility of a runoff in November,[89] Peronists saw Milei as a possible ally who would divide the votes of the Juntos por el Cambio coalition.[90]

As a result of his strong performance in the primaries, Milei was considered the front-runner in the general election. His rise has been placed within the context of the last two presidencies, those of Mauricio Macri and Alberto Fernández. On 22 October, Milei advanced to the runoff, in which he faced Massa,[91] in what polls showed to be a tight race.[92] In the runoff on 19 November, Milei defeated Massa in a landslide,[93][94][95] and in what was called a historic election.[96] It was the highest percentage of the vote since Argentina's transition to democracy. Observers generally saw Milei's win as a sign more of discontent with the status quo than support for his politics,[80] and his victory was likened to Donald Trump's in the United States and Jair Bolsonaro's in Brazil.[97][98] Within the Argentine Congress, Milei's coalition achieved about 20% in the Chamber of Deputies and 10% in the Senate.[99] In his victory speech, Milei pledged a new political era,[100][101] vowing to begin "the reconstruction of Argentina" and end its economic decline.[101]

Presidency (2023–present)

Main article: Presidency of Javier Milei

Victoria Villarruel and Javier Milei standing inside the Argentine Senate
Milei and Villarruel during the inauguration on 10 December 2023

Inauguration

Main article: Inauguration of Javier Milei

Milei took office as president on 10 December 2023. In addition to a lack of support in Congress,[102] observers pointed to a 200% inflation rate,[103] rising poverty, and a polarized population as challenges for his presidency.[104] His foreign minister, Diana Mondino, announced that Argentina would not accept Argentina's accession to BRICS.[105] In his first speech as president, Milei warned of an economic shock, which has been described as shock therapy in economic terms, to be used as a means to fix Argentina's economic woes.[106][107][108] Following his inauguration, Milei saw his popularity rise. After the first governmental and economic reforms he and his ministers made, 53% of the Argentine people had a good or very good opinion of him, according to a poll by Aresco on 15 December.[109]

First acts

Milei's cabinet includes ministers from La Libertad Avanza and Juntos por el Cambio.[110][111][112] In his first acts as president, Milei signed 13 decrees, mostly related to his cabinet members. He also lowered the number of ministries from 18 to 9, and appointed three secretariats with portfolio rank, including his sister to the position of General Secretary of the Presidency, after modifying the law prohibiting the appointment of family members.[113]

Milei signed Decree 70/2023, deregulating the Argentine economy. It is subject to approval by Congress, which was called for an extraordinary session to be held in the first months of 2024.[114] As part of the measure, an estimated 5,000 public sector employees will be affected.[115] An Argentinian court halted the labor reforms that were part of the decree.[116]

In a major foreign policy reversal, the Milei administration shelved plans to join BRICS, which Argentina was slated to join on January 1.[117]

Political positions

Main article: Political positions of Javier Milei

Milei's stances have been described in many different ways.[118] He has been variously described as far right,[119][120][121] far-right populist,[122][123][124] right-wing libertarian,[125][126][127] ultraconservative,[128][129][130] and ultra-liberal.[131][132][133] A philosophical anarcho-capitalist who is for practical purposes a minarchist, Milei advocates minimal government, focusing on justice and security,[1] with a philosophy rooted in life, liberty, and property, and free-market principles. He criticizes socialism and communism,[134] advocating economic liberalization and restructuring government ministries.[135] He opposes Argentina's Central Bank and current taxation policies.[136][137]

Economically, Milei is influenced by the Austrian School and admires former president Carlos Menem's policies.[138] He supports capitalism, viewing socialism as embodying envy and coercion.[134] Milei proposes reducing government ministries and addressing economic challenges through spending cuts and fiscal reforms, criticizing previous administrations for excessive spending.[3][139] He has praised the economic policies of former British prime minister Margaret Thatcher and called her "a great leader".[140][141][142]

Milei opposes abortion and euthanasia,[143][144] is indifferent to same-sex marriage, and supports privatization in education and healthcare. He opposes mandatory vaccination, and supports drug legalization and the legalization of prostitution.[145][146] As a supporter of the right to keep and bear arms, Milei advocates deregulation of firearm ownership and proposes immigration restrictions for criminals.[1][147] In foreign policy, Milei criticizes the IMF,[148] opposes trade unions,[149] aligns with anti-socialist figures of the Americas like Donald Trump and Jair Bolsonaro,[150][151] and prioritizes alliances with the United States and Israel.[152][153] He is cautious about relations with China,[154] supports Ukraine against Russia,[155] and advocates dialogue about the Falklands War.[49]

Public image

Main article: Public image of Javier Milei

Milei has cultivated a complex and controversial public image marked by a blend of populist, right-wing libertarian, and conservative ideologies. Known for his ultra-liberal economic views and right-wing populist rhetoric, Milei's political stance has been subject to various interpretations by international media and political commentators.[48][49] His rise to prominence during the 2023 presidential campaign, fueled by his primary win, sparked widespread attention,[82][83][84] as did his central bank abolition and dollarization proposals.[156]

Milei is known for his flamboyant personality, distinctive personal style, and strong media presence, which at times causes controversy, and his embrace of conspiracy theories,[157] including the Cultural Marxism conspiracy theory.[158] He has also called climate change "a socialist lie" and said that concerns about it are nothing more than "deceptions promoted by the neo-Marxists",[159][160] as are those related to the attempts to overturn the 2020 United States presidential election.[161] Echoing Donald Trump, he also claimed electoral fraud ahead of the 2023 presidential runoff.[162][163] Like other right-wing populists, his rhetoric focuses on opposing what he calls "the political caste".[164] Milei's party was criticized for including among his candidates neo-Nazis and apologists for the last Argentine military dictatorship.[68] During his political career, Milei has also been involved in several investigations, and has been accused of having a violent attitude toward journalists and critics, as well as of misogynistic behavior, including toward women in journalism.[33]

Milei is a cosplayer, and has a superhero persona called "General AnCap".[165] He also champions free love.[166][167][168] In addition to being nicknamed el Peluca ("The Wig") for his eccentric hair,[169][170][171] which has been compared to that of Trump and fellow right-wing populists Boris Johnson and Geert Wilders,[172] Milei is known as el Loco ("The Crazy One").[173] News outlets have called him a "rock singer and tantric sex instructor",[174] a "former tantric sex coach",[84] and a "mixture of a messianic preacher and a rock star",[79] and have likened him to both Trump and Wolverine.[175] His admirers also call him "The Lion" because of a particular song he sings in his public acts, coupled with his looks (in particular, his long hair).[176][177]

The chainsaw has become an enduring and popular symbol associated with Milei[178] (he has been called the "chainsaw candidate"[179]), specifically symbolizing of his "cutting" of regulations, bureaucracy, and red tape in Argentina.[180] Some commentators have called Milei's economic policy of cutting regulations "chainsaw economics".[181] Milei's supporters often carry chainsaws at rallies, symbolizing "his promise to cut down the size of the state".[182]

Personal life

Milei (center) praying in the grave of Menachem Mendel Schneerson on 27 November 2023

Milei is not married and said that, if elected president, he would have his sister take the role of First Lady of Argentina.[164] In August 2023, Milei announced that he was dating actress Fátima Flórez.[183] Previously, he dated the singer Daniela Mori.[184]

While raised Catholic,[185][186][187] Milei has been critical of the Catholic Church under Pope Francis,[188][189] and his disparaging comments about Francis attracted criticism from Catholics.[190][191] Milei also reads the Torah daily and has visited the grave of Orthodox rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson.[192][193][194] Before November 2023, Milei said he had contemplated converting to Judaism but that observing the Jewish Sabbath could pose challenges if he became president.[156][195][196] Upon being elected president, it was reported that Milei intended to convert to Judaism.[187]

Milei owns five English Mastiffs, with the progenitor being Conan, who died in 2017 after suffering from spinal cancer.[68][173][197] He considers Conan his son and has named four of Conan's six clones, including one named after the original and another named Angelito,[198] Milton (in honor of Milton Friedman), Murray (in honor of Murray Rothbard), Robert, and Lucas (both named after Robert Lucas Jr.).[199][200] Milei said that he cloned Conan because he understands cloning as "a way of approaching eternity".[197] To do this, he went to a clinic in the United States; the process cost him about $50,000.[197] He has called his dogs his four-legged children and thanked them after his electoral win.[3][201]

Electoral history

Executive

Electoral history of Victoria Villarruel
Election Office List Votes Result Ref.
Total % P.
2023 1-R President of Argentina La Libertad Avanza 8,034,990 29.99% 2nd → Round 2 [202]
2023 2-R 14,476,462 55.69% 1st Elected

Legislative

Electoral history of Javier Milei
Election Office List No. District Votes Result Ref.
Total % P.[a]
2021 National Deputy La Libertad Avanza 1 City of Buenos Aires 313,808 17.04% 3rd Elected [203]
  1. ^ Presented on an electoral list. The data shown represents the share of the vote the entire alliance received in that constituency.

Radio

Year Program Radio Ref.
2017–present Demoliendo mitos (Demolishing Myths) Conexión Abierta [204]

Publications

Books

Journal articles

Notes

  1. ^ His surname is pronounced with the stress on the last syllable: /mˈl/ mee-LAY. The Spanish pronunciation of his full name is: [xaˈβjeɾ xeˈɾaɾ.ðo miˈlej].

References

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  2. ^ "The making of a president – Javier Milei's life before politics". Buenos Aires Times. 21 November 2023. Retrieved 21 November 2023.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Viriglio, Veronique (16 August 2023). "Il 'Trump argentino' che sfida Kirchner" [The "Argentine Trump" who challenges Kirchner] (in Italian). AGI. Archived from the original on 18 August 2023. Retrieved 18 August 2023.
  4. ^ a b Criales, José Pablo (14 August 2023). "Javier Milei: The ultra-right libertarian and 'anarcho-capitalist' who represents angry Argentina". El País English. Archived from the original on 15 August 2023. Retrieved 16 August 2023.
  5. ^ a b c Compte, Juan Manuel (27 November 2017). "Milei: 'La Argentina cree que Macri es liberal'". El Cronista (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 14 August 2023. Retrieved 15 August 2023.
  6. ^ Salomé, René (22 July 2023). "Un padre violento, una 'misión encomendada por Dios' y una traición a los suyos: el fenómeno Milei por dentro". Infobae (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 25 August 2023. Retrieved 25 August 2023.
  7. ^ "Rodrigo Lussich reveló qué lazo familiar lo une a Javier Milei y sorprendió a todos". La Nación (in Spanish). 22 November 2023. Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  8. ^ Pasquini, Gabriel (16 August 2023). "Argentina's angry polarization is a warning for the United States". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on 18 August 2023. Retrieved 18 August 2023.
  9. ^ "La insólita vida privada y familiar de Milei, el economista más polémico". Perfil (in Spanish). 7 July 2018. Archived from the original on 17 March 2020. Retrieved 15 August 2023.
  10. ^ "Karina Milei, la estratega detrás del candidato que rompió con los pronósticos en Argentina". Emol (in Spanish). 14 August 2023. Archived from the original on 20 August 2023. Retrieved 20 August 2023.
  11. ^ Alconada Mon, Hugo (16 November 2023). "Quién es Javier Milei | El candidato místico obsesionado con el dólar". La Nación (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 11 December 2023. Retrieved 11 December 2023.
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  13. ^ "La insólita vida privada y familiar de Milei, el economista más polémico". Perfil (in Spanish). 7 July 2018. Archived from the original on 1 May 2023. Retrieved 17 August 2023.
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  16. ^ "¿Quién es Javier Milei?". Agesor (in Spanish). 17 December 2018. Archived from the original on 2 September 2023. Retrieved 2 September 2023.
  17. ^ "Milei ante el círculo rojo: se reencontró con su exjefe y despertó risas, pero no confianza en su plan". La Nación (in Spanish). 30 June 2023. Archived from the original on 24 July 2023. Retrieved 24 July 2023.
  18. ^ "Perfil de Javier Milei". El Cronista (in Spanish). 2017. Archived from the original on 8 February 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2023.
  19. ^ Chavez, Facundo (4 March 2022). "Javier Milei presentó 'El camino del libertario' y aseguró: 'Es el libro de un candidato a presidente'". Infobae (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 16 August 2023. Retrieved 16 August 2023.
  20. ^ "Milei encabeza el ranking de los economistas con más segundos al aire". Expediente Político (in Spanish). 27 September 2018. Archived from the original on 20 November 2023. Retrieved 20 August 2023.
  21. ^ "Javier Milei explotó por los proyectos más 'inútiles' de los legisladores y el video se volvió viral". Infobae (in Spanish). 18 November 2018. Archived from the original on 25 April 2023. Retrieved 20 August 2023.
  22. ^ "Demoliendo mitos". Radio Conexión Abierta (in Spanish). 2017. Archived from the original on 9 April 2023. Retrieved 15 August 2023.
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  25. ^ "El increíble ranking de insultos de Javier Milei". Perfil (in Spanish). 17 January 2022. Archived from the original on 29 September 2023. Retrieved 30 August 2023.
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  27. ^ "Javier Milei maltrató a una periodista en una conferencia de prensa: Sos una burra". Primera Fuente (in Spanish). 27 June 2018. Archived from the original on 30 August 2023. Retrieved 30 August 2023.
  28. ^ "Milei insultó a Kulfas en medio de una entrevista: '¡Para vos, pedazo de mierda!'". iProfesional (in Spanish). 27 January 2021. Archived from the original on 25 April 2023. Retrieved 30 August 2023.
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  30. ^ González, Juan Luis (5 September 2021). "Javier Milei y el peligroso éxito de la antipolítica". Revista Noticias (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 15 August 2023. Retrieved 30 August 2023.
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Further reading

 Spanish Wikiquote has quotations related to: Javier Milei

Party political offices New political party Libertarian Party nominee for President of Argentina 2023 Most recent New political alliance La Libertad Avanza nominee for President of Argentina 2023 Political offices Preceded byAlberto Fernández President of Argentina 2023–present Incumbent