Jungle
鬥獸棋 (Dou Shou Qi)
Dou shou qi game.png
A typical and inexpensive Jungle set with paper board, purchased at a Chinese stationery shop
GenresBoard game
Abstract strategy game
Players2
Setup time1–2 minutes
Playing time5–30 minutes
Random chanceNone[1]
Skills requiredStrategy, tactics, counting
SynonymsDou Shou Qi
The Jungle Game
Children's Chess
Oriental Chess
Animal Chess

Jungle or Dou Shou Qi (Chinese: 鬥獸棋; pinyin: dòu shòu qí; lit. 'fighting animal game') is a modern Chinese board game with an obscure history.[2][3]

The game is played on a 7×9 board and is popular with children in the Far East.[1] The game is also known as The Jungle Game, Animal Chess, Beast Chess, Children's Chess and Oriental Chess.[4] Jungle is a two-player strategy game and has been cited by The Playboy Winner's Guide to Board Games as resembling the Western game Stratego.[5] A British version known as "Jungle King" was sold in the 1960s by the John Waddington company.[6][7]

Overview

The Jungle gameboard represents a jungle terrain with dens, traps "set" around dens,[8] and rivers.[9] Each player controls eight game pieces representing different animals of various rank. Stronger-ranked animals can capture ("eat") animals of weaker or equal rank. The player who is first to maneuver any one of their pieces into the opponent's den wins the game.[9] An alternative way to win is to capture all the opponent's pieces.

Board

The Jungle gameboard, usually made of paper,[1] consists of seven columns and nine rows of squares (7×9 rectangle = 63 squares). Pieces move on the squares as in chess, not on the grid lines as in xiangqi. Pictures of eight animals and their names appear on each side of the board to indicate initial placement of the game pieces. After initial setup, these designated squares have no special meaning in the gameplay.

There are several special squares and areas of the Jungle board:


The den highlighted in green
The den highlighted in green
A typical Jungle board labelling the starting squares, the den, the traps, and the rivers
A typical Jungle board labelling the starting squares, the den, the traps, and the rivers
The traps highlighted in yellow
The traps highlighted in yellow
One of the rivers
One of the rivers

Pieces

Dou Shou Qi board with animal figures
ABCDEFG
9
DouShouQi.svg
A9 black lion
G9 black tiger
B8 black dog
F8 black cat
A7 black mouse
C7 black wolf
E7 black leopard
G7 black elephant
A3 white elephant
C3 white leopard
E3 white wolf
G3 white mouse
B2 white cat
F2 white dog
A1 white tiger
G1 white lion
9
88
77
66
55
44
33
22
11
ABCDEFG

Each player has eight game pieces representing different animals, each with a different rank, and in their own colour (blue versus red).[10][1][9] The animal ranking, from strongest to weakest, is:

Rank Piece
8 Elephant Chinese: ; pinyin: xiàng
7 Lion Chinese: ; pinyin: shī
6 Tiger Chinese: ; pinyin:
5 Leopard[10] Chinese: ; pinyin: bào
4 Wolf[10] Chinese: ; pinyin: láng
3 Dog[10] Chinese: ; pinyin: gǒu
2 Cat Chinese: ; pinyin: māo
1 Rat Chinese: ; pinyin: shǔ

Pieces start on squares with pictures corresponding to their animal, which are invariably shown on the Jungle board.

Rules

Movement

Players alternate moves with Blue moving first.[8] During their turn, a player must move. All pieces can move one square horizontally or vertically (not diagonally). A piece may not move into its own den. Animals of either side can move into and out of any trap square.[11]

There are special rules related to the water squares:

Capturing

Animals capture opponent pieces by "killing/eating" them (the attacking piece replaces the captured piece on its square; the captured piece is removed from the game). A piece can capture any enemy piece that has the same or lower rank, with the following exceptions:

Minor Variations

There are some commonly played ruleset variations, as follows:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Pritchard (1994), p. 163.
  2. ^ Parlett (1999), pp. 142–43, "R. C. Bell describes this contemporary Chinese game sent him in the 1960s by a correspondent in Hong Kong, but knows nothing of its ancestry. The board design suggests some influence of Chinese Chess, and the perfection of the game—it 'plays well'—suggests a solid period of experimentation and refinement; yet the concept as a whole appears too sophisticated to have much of a history behind it."
  3. ^ Pritchard (2007), p. 292, "Origins obscure; in the opinion of Bell, possibly a development of xiangqi."
  4. ^ Pritchard (2007), p. 292.
  5. ^ Freeman, Jon (1979). "The Playboy Winner's Guide to Board Games". New York: Playboy Press. ISBN 0-87216-562-0. Archived from the original on 2008-02-04. Retrieved 2008-01-29 – via edcollins.com.
  6. ^ Cazaux, Jean-Louis; Knowlton, Rick (2017). A world of chess : its development and variations through centuries and civilizations. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. p. 130. ISBN 9780786494279.
  7. ^ "Victoria and Albert Museum, Museum of Childhood". Retrieved 2022-02-19. Printed card board game, Jungle King, made in England by John Waddington in the 1950s. Chromolithograph on card showing a jungle scene with 'water' in the centre, [and] a den and three traps at each end.
  8. ^ a b c Bell (1983), p. 119.
  9. ^ a b c Parlett (1999), p. 143.
  10. ^ a b c d Bell (1979), p. 69.
  11. ^ Bell (1979), p. 70.
  12. ^ Animal Checkers. (2007). Retrieved May 20, 2007 from http://www.cse.unsw.edu.au/~cs3411/07s1/hw3/.

Bibliography

Further reading