Ivory shatar displayed in Hulunbuir National Museum

Shatar (Mongolian: ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠰᠢᠲᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ Monggol sitar-a, "Mongolian shatranj"; a.k.a. shatar) and hiashatar are two chess variants played in Mongolia.

However, the variants do not appear to be popular outside Mongolia.[citation needed]

Game rules

The rules are similar to standard chess; the differences being that:[1]

Hiashatar

Hiashatar board
ABCEEFGHIJ
10
A10 black rook
B10 black knight
C10 black bishop
D10 black hia
E10 black king
F10 black queen
G10 black hia
H10 black bishop
I10 black knight
J10 black rook
A9 black pawn
B9 black pawn
C9 black pawn
D9 black pawn
E9 black pawn
F9 black pawn
G9 black pawn
H9 black pawn
I9 black pawn
J9 black pawn
A2 white pawn
B2 white pawn
C2 white pawn
D2 white pawn
E2 white pawn
F2 white pawn
G2 white pawn
H2 white pawn
I2 white pawn
J2 white pawn
A1 white rook
B1 white knight
C1 white bishop
D1 white hia
E1 white king
F1 white queen
G1 white hia
H1 white bishop
I1 white knight
J1 white rook
10
99
88
77
66
55
44
33
22
11
ABCEEFGHIJ

Hiashatar is a medieval chess variant played in Mongolia that is not as popular as shatar. The game is played on a 10×10 board. The pieces are the same as in shatar with the following exceptions:

Notes

  1. ^ "Shatar".
  2. ^ a b c d e f g 彭楚克林青 (December 2006). 蒙古象棋 (in Chinese). China: 鄂爾多斯學研究會.
  3. ^ "Mongolian Chess". www.geocities.com. Archived from the original on 3 July 2008. Retrieved 12 January 2022.

References