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KOIN logo 2014.png
CityPortland, Oregon
BrandingKOIN 6 (general)
KOIN 6 News (newscasts)
(Pronounced as "Coin 6")
Affiliations6.1: CBS
6.2: getTV
6.3: Rewind TV
First air date
October 15, 1953 (69 years ago) (1953-10-15)
Former call signs
KOIN-TV (1953–1992)
Former channel number(s)
  • Analog:
  • 6 (VHF, 1953–2009)
  • Digital:
  • 40 (UHF, 1998–2018)
Decades (2016–2019)
Bounce TV (2019–2021)
SportsGrid (2021–2022)
Call sign meaning
"Know Oregon's Independent Newspaper"
(from The Portland News. Later purchased by The Oregon Journal)
sounds like "coin"
Technical information
Licensing authority
Facility ID35380
ERP1,000 kW
500 kW (STA)
HAAT536 m (1,759 ft)
Transmitter coordinates45°30′57.8″N 122°44′3.1″W / 45.516056°N 122.734194°W / 45.516056; -122.734194
Translator(s)See below
Public license information

KOIN (channel 6) is a television station in Portland, Oregon, United States, affiliated with CBS. It is owned by Nexstar Media Group alongside Salem–licensed CW owned-and-operated station KRCW-TV (channel 32). Both stations share studios in the basement of the KOIN Center skyscraper on Southwest Columbia Street in downtown Portland, while KOIN's transmitter is located in the Sylvan-Highlands neighborhood of the city.


Radio origins

KOIN's history traces back to a radio station at 970 AM that launched on November 9, 1925, as KQP; the station changed its call sign to KOIN on April 12, 1926.[1] It became an affiliate of the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), now known as the CBS Radio Network, on September 1, 1929.[1] During the golden years of radio, KOIN was one of Portland's major radio stations, with an extensive array of local programming, including live music from its own studio orchestra.

As a CBS radio affiliate, KOIN was the local home for CBS radio programs such as the CBS World News Roundup, Lux Radio Theater and Suspense. An FM station, KOIN-FM (at 101.1 Mc.), was launched in 1948. Both stations were owned by Field Enterprises, Inc. from 1947 until sold in 1952 to the Mount Hood Radio and Television Broadcasting Corporation.[2]

Radio stations KOIN and KOIN-FM were sold on May 1, 1977 to the Gaylord Broadcasting Company, and effective May 12, 1977, their call signs changed to KYTE and KYTE-FM, respectively.[3] Its affiliation with CBS ended, and the CBS Radio Network's programming in the Portland market moved to KYXI at that time.[4] The stations using the former KOIN frequencies currently are KUFO (AM) and KXL-FM.

Television station

KOIN-TV began broadcasting on October 15, 1953, as Portland's first VHF television station.[1][5] It took on an affiliation with the CBS Television Network, to match the radio station (channel 6 has always been a primary CBS station, and as such, it is the only Portland TV station to never change its primary affiliation). At the time, it was jointly owned by Mount Hood Radio and Television Broadcasting Corporation; Newhouse Broadcasting Corporation (now Advance Publications), owner and publisher of The (Portland) Oregonian; local investors and Marshall Field's department stores.[citation needed] The station took its calls from KOIN radio (AM 970 and 101.1 FM), which was a joint venture of Mount Hood Broadcasting and Newhouse. Eventually, Marshall Field sold its stake to Newhouse. Lee Enterprises purchased KOIN-TV in April 1977 from the Mount Hood-Newhouse group.[6] KOIN's first color television broadcast was made on August 14, 1954,[7] only three days after then-NBC-affiliate KPTV (channel 12) had made Portland's first such broadcast.[8]

On February 27, 1971, both transmitter towers used by KOIN-FM and KOIN-TV—the 1,000-foot (300 m) main tower and the 700-foot (210 m) auxiliary tower—collapsed during an ice and wind storm.[9] The two KOIN (AM) towers, located on the same property, were not damaged. Nine days later, on March 9, 1971, KOIN-FM and KOIN-TV returned to the air when a temporary tower was erected on the site of the collapsed auxiliary tower. During those nine days off the air, CBS programming was provided to the Portland market (and, by extension, most of Oregon) by independent station KVDO-TV in Salem (Oregon Public Broadcasting later purchased KVDO and moved the station to Bend as KOAB-TV). In 1978, a production company, MIRA Mobile Television, was founded.

During the 1970s, KOIN still had a handful of locally produced programs on the air, including RFD 6, Hi! Neighbor, the cooking show KOIN Kitchen, and public affairs programs such as News Conference Six and Northwest Illustrated.[citation needed] In 1976, KOIN-TV became the second television station in the Portland market (after KPTV) to broadcast Portland Trail Blazers basketball games. Selected Blazers games aired on KOIN-TV until 1996, when the Blazers moved to KGW. KOIN was the first flagship station of the Trail Blazers' radio network, beginning in the inaugural 1970–71 season, and ending when the station was sold shortly before the Trail Blazers won the 1976–77 NBA championship, which was broadcast on KOIN-TV via CBS' coverage (KOIN also broadcast all Blazers games that were aired through CBS Sports from 1973 to 1990).

By the 1980s, one of KOIN's past general managers—Richard M. "Mick" Schafbuch—served one term in 1981 as President of the CBS Network Affiliates Group. In 1982, C. Stephen Currie, KOIN's program operations manager, was elected to serve as the president of the National Association of Television Program Executives.[10] During KOIN-TV's 30th anniversary week in 1983, the station aired classic CBS programming from the 1950s and 1960s. By this time, the station had moved into its new location at KOIN Center. In 1984, the station aired the Japanese program From Oregon With Love. The "-TV" suffix was dropped on August 31, 1992, fifteen years after KOIN radio was sold off.

In October 2000, the Lee Enterprises television group, including KOIN was purchased by Emmis Communications. On January 27, 2006, Emmis sold KOIN (along with KHON-TV in Honolulu, Hawaii, KSNT in Topeka, Kansas and KSNW in Wichita, Kansas) to Montecito Broadcast Group for $259 million.

The KOIN Center is the third-tallest skyscraper in Portland.
The KOIN Center is the third-tallest skyscraper in Portland.

Due to a dispute over fees, Comcast did not offer KOIN's high definition feed for over two years after it started offering other Portland area stations in HD.[citation needed] After Montecito took ownership, Comcast started carrying KOIN in high definition on February 28, 2006. KOIN was also in a dispute with DirecTV over transmission of its HD feed, as both sides claimed the other to be the problem.[citation needed] In August 2008, KOIN's HD feed began to be carried on DirecTV.

KOIN updated its website in September 2006[11] as part of a partnership with WorldNow.[12] KOIN expected the switch to lead to over $1 million in revenue during its first year; it was characterized by KOIN general sales manager Bob Singer as a "creative new way" to boost revenue for a station with a "somewhat average ratings position."[13]

On July 24, 2007, Montecito announced the sale of all of its stations (KOIN, plus KHON-TV and its satellites, KSNW and its satellites, and KSNT) to New Vision Television. The sale closed on November 1, 2007.[14]

In March 2008, KOIN relaunched its website through Newport Television subsidiary Inergize Digital, replacing the old WorldNow-powered site. The websites of several of its sister stations in other markets also switched to the Inergize platform in late December 2008 and early January 2009. In October 2008, KOIN converted its central Oregon translators into a locally focused semi-satellite, KBNZ, which was sold off in 2010. During the year 2008, KOIN rebranded as "KOIN Local 6", mostly inspired by the "Local Mandate" used for Post-Newsweek's Television Stations.

On December 30, 2008, one of the 15 guy wires on the main transmitter tower snapped, putting the tower in danger of collapsing (as with the 1971 tower collapse, this incident followed a prolonged snow and ice storm). The Portland Police Bureau evacuated about 500 local residents and closed several roads around the tower, including a portion of Skyline Boulevard, the main north-south road through the West Hills of Portland. At first, officials feared that the wire itself—which is over 1,000 feet (300 m) long and weighs several tons—had snapped, which would have taken several weeks to manufacture and install a replacement. Upon inspection, it was revealed that one of the high frequency insulators incorporated into the guy wire assembly had shattered. Repair crews replaced the insulator by 4:00 p.m. the next day and the surrounding neighborhood was reopened to residents and car traffic. KOIN had to pay $1,500 to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

On May 7, 2012, LIN Media announced that it would acquire KOIN and the other New Vision stations for $330.4 million and the assumption of $12 million in debt.[15] The FCC approved the sale on October 2,[16] and it was completed ten days later on October 12, 2012. The group deal reunited KOIN, KHON, KSNW and KSNT with several former Emmis-owned stations which had been purchased by LIN seven years earlier, such as KRQE in Albuquerque, New Mexico, WALA-TV in Mobile, Alabama and WLUK-TV in Green Bay, Wisconsin (KOIN, KRQE, KSNW, and KSNT had also been sister stations under Lee Enterprises).

On March 21, 2014, Media General announced that it would purchase LIN Media and its stations, including KOIN, in a $1.6 billion merger.[17] The merger was completed on December 19.[18] Less than a year later, on September 8, 2015, Media General announced that it would acquire the Meredith Corporation for $2.4 billion, with the combined group to be renamed Meredith Media General once the sale is finalized by June 2016. Because Meredith already owns Fox affiliate KPTV (channel 12), and the two stations rank among the four highest-rated stations in the Portland market in total day viewership, the companies would have been required to sell either KPTV or KOIN to comply with FCC ownership rules as well as recent changes to those rules regarding same-market television stations that restrict sharing agreements; KPTV's MyNetworkTV-affiliated sister station KPDX (channel 49) could have remained with either KPTV or KOIN or be spun off to the suitor as its total day viewership ranks below the top-four ratings threshold.[19][20]

However, the proposed deal with Meredith would later fall through, and on January 27, 2016, it was announced that Nexstar Broadcasting Group would buy Media General for $4.6 billion. KOIN became part of "Nexstar Media Group" and is the company's first station in Oregon.[21]

On December 3, 2018, Nexstar announced it would acquire the assets of Chicago-based Tribune Media—which has owned CW affiliate KRCW-TV (channel 32) since 2003—for $6.4 billion in cash and debt. Nexstar included the overlap between KOIN and KRCW-TV among the television stations in thirteen markets where the group may consider making divestitures to address national ownership cap issues related to the Tribune transaction and/or to comply with FCC local ownership rules preventing it from owning two or more stations in the same market. However, KRCW does not rank among the four highest-rated stations in the Portland market in total day viewership, and FCC regulations no longer preclude legal duopolies that would leave fewer than eight independently owned television stations in a single market (a KOIN/KRCW combination would leave only seven full-power commercial television stations with independent ownership remaining in the market, barring a second legal duopoly in the market under the previous "eight-voices test" rules repealed by the FCC in November 2017), hence there are no legal hurdles in place which would otherwise preclude a KOIN/KRCW duopoly.[22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31] The sale was approved by the FCC on September 16 and was completed on September 19, 2019.


Syndicated programming

KOIN's syndicated offerings include The 700 Club, Dr. Phil, Extra, and Entertainment Tonight.

News operation

KOIN presently broadcasts 43.5 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 5.5 hours each weekday and 2.5 hour each on Saturdays and Sundays). On February 1, 2007, KOIN became the first television station in the Portland market to being broadcasting its local newscasts in 16:9 widescreen standard definition.[32] According to Oregon Media Insiders, during Montecito's ownership of KOIN, its local news ratings declined in all time periods; among the four news-producing stations in the Portland market, KOIN had the greatest loss in audience share.[33]

For the first time in ten years, KOIN finished in first position in the 11 p.m. news in the May 2008 NSI sweeps.[citation needed] KOIN News 6 at 11—unlike a year earlier when it lost over 20 percent of its CBS lead-in share—held its prime time share throughout its 11 p.m. newscast in the May 2008 NSI sweeps.[citation needed] In January 2008, KOIN's then-owners, New Vision Television, fired news director Jeff Alan and replaced him with Lynn Heider. Afterwards, KOIN dropped its slogan "Bringing News Home" as Jeff Alan had trademarked it under his name in 2000 before he worked at KOIN.

Under new news director Heider and long-time creative services director Rodger O'Connor, KOIN's 11 p.m. newscast increased its household ratings from May 2007 to May 2008 by 12 percent and its household share by 19 percent. It increased its household ratings by 30% from February 2008 to May 2008 and its household share by 33%.[citation needed] According to general manager Christopher Sehring, "The defining moment for KOIN News came in the third week of the sweeps. Up until then, we were having a strong ratings run against some terrific competition. Unfortunately, we then lost two straight nights – and I was worried that these losses might shake our new-found confidence. Fortunately, our team roared back on Thursday night, delivering an 8 household rating by increasing Without A Trace's 19 share lead-in to a 21 share. This type of comeback is indeed the sign of a station that refuses to toss in the towel – and will go a long way to helping us continue New Vision's plan to reenergize this great operation."[citation needed] This was the first time in a decade that KOIN's newscasts has won any timeslots.

On September 9, 2009, KOIN launched a new local program airing weekdays at 4 p.m., called Keep It Local. The show explored local neighborhoods and highlighted events taking place in Portland. The program was hosted by Priya David, with Mike Donahue and Araksya Karapetyan serving as its reporters. In 2010, Keep It Local was reformatted into Studio 6, a product and lifestyles magazine, hosted by Jenny Hansson, Anne Jeager, Hayley Platt and Jake Byron.

On July 26, 2010, KOIN became the third television station in the Portland market to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition. It was also the first in the market to broadcast all aspects of its news programming, including field reporting, studio and weather segments completely in the format. KPTV was the only station remaining in the market that broadcast its local newscasts in 16:9 widescreen standard definition until it upgraded to HD on August 26, 2013.

Notable current on-air staff

Notable former on-air staff

Technical information


The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Subchannels of KOIN[34]
Channel Video Aspect Short name Programming
6.1 1080i 16:9 KOIN-HD Main KOIN programming / CBS
6.2 480i 4:3 getTV getTV
6.3 16:9 Rewind Rewind TV
32.2 480i 16:9 Antenna Antenna TV (KRCW-TV)
32.3 4:3 Grit Grit (KRCW-TV)
32.4 16:9 TBD TBD (KRCW-TV)
  Broadcast on behalf of another station

On January 11, 2016, KOIN activated digital subchannel 6.2, which carried a standard definition version of KOIN and CBS programming for the next twenty days. At 12:05 a.m. PST on February 1, 2016, subchannel 6.2 began carrying GetTV programming.

On March 10, 2016, KOIN activated digital subchannel 6.3 and began carrying Decades programming until it was replaced with Bounce TV in September 2019.[35] On September 1, 2021, KOIN's digital subchannel 6.3 replaced Bounce TV with SportsGrid,[36] only for it to be replaced by Rewind TV on October 20, 2022.

Analog-to-digital conversion

KOIN shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 6, on June 12, 2009, the official date on which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 40,[37][38][39] using PSIP to display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 6.

As part of the SAFER Act,[40] KOIN kept its analog signal (also heard at 87.7 FM like other channel 6 analog stations throughout the country) on the air from 7:28 a.m. on June 12 until June 27 to inform viewers of the digital television transition through a loop of public service announcements in English and Spanish from the National Association of Broadcasters. On June 27, 2009, at 7:06 a.m., KOIN broke from the nightlight PSA loop to air the station's 25th-anniversary special (originally broadcast in 1978) for the station's final 24 minutes of analog broadcasting; the analog signal permanently shut down at 7:30 that morning. As a result of the digital transition, those in the market lost access to KOIN's audio feed that was transmitted over the 87.7 FM frequency.


City of license Callsign Channel ERP HAAT Facility ID Transmitter coordinates Owner
Astoria K34DC-D 34 0.536 kW 365 m (1,198 ft) 35374 46°17′9.3″N 123°53′54.5″W / 46.285917°N 123.898472°W / 46.285917; -123.898472 (K34DC-D) Nexstar Media
Baker Valley K24MC-D 24 1 kW 579 m (1,900 ft) 5949 44°35′56.5″N 117°47′1.7″W / 44.599028°N 117.783806°W / 44.599028; -117.783806 (K24MC-D) Blue Mountain Translator District
Hood River K23OV-D 23 1.2 kW 370 m (1,214 ft) 12432 45°44′30.4″N 121°34′47.2″W / 45.741778°N 121.579778°W / 45.741778; -121.579778 (K23OV-D) Rural Oregon Wireless Television
La Grande K29EL-D 29 0.4 kW 768 m (2,520 ft) 5952 45°18′34.4″N 117°44′1.7″W / 45.309556°N 117.733806°W / 45.309556; -117.733806 (K29EL-D) Blue Mountain Translator District
K30OG-D 30 1.2 kW 554 m (1,818 ft) 5954 45°26′14.4″N 117°53′52.7″W / 45.437333°N 117.897972°W / 45.437333; -117.897972 (K30OG-D)
Lincoln City
K23OC-D 23 7.21 kW 319 m (1,047 ft) 35371 44°45′22.4″N 124°2′53.4″W / 44.756222°N 124.048167°W / 44.756222; -124.048167 (K23OC-D) Nexstar Media
Madras K24KG-D 24 0.54 kW 26 m (85 ft) 30812 44°34′44.4″N 121°9′13.1″W / 44.579000°N 121.153639°W / 44.579000; -121.153639 (K24KG-D) Rural Oregon Wireless Television
Milton-Freewater K34NS-D 34 1 kW 170 m (558 ft) 11497 45°49′54.4″N 118°15′40.8″W / 45.831778°N 118.261333°W / 45.831778; -118.261333 (K34NS-D) Citizens T.V., Inc.
Pendleton K32DE-D 32 2.1 kW 518 m (1,699 ft) 5938 45°12′46.4″N 119°17′45″W / 45.212889°N 119.29583°W / 45.212889; -119.29583 (K32DE-D) Rural Oregon Wireless Television
Prineville K47LM-D 47 0.45 kW 675 m (2,215 ft) 35381 44°26′16.4″N 120°57′17.1″W / 44.437889°N 120.954750°W / 44.437889; -120.954750 (K47LM-D) Nexstar Media
Rockaway Beach K15KV-D 15 0.975 kW 387 m (1,270 ft) 49333 45°44′37.3″N 123°56′27.4″W / 45.743694°N 123.940944°W / 45.743694; -123.940944 (K15KV-D)
The Dalles K07YV-D 7 0.128 kW 562 m (1,844 ft) 35376 45°42′42.4″N 121°7′2.2″W / 45.711778°N 121.117278°W / 45.711778; -121.117278 (K07YV-D) Nexstar Media
Grays River, etc., WA K29IB-D 29 0.45 kW 591 m (1,939 ft) 35382 46°27′39.3″N 123°33′2.5″W / 46.460917°N 123.550694°W / 46.460917; -123.550694 (K29IB-D)

Low-power translators in Cascadia, Florence, Heppner, Monument, Rainier, Seaside, Sisters, Wallowa, and Trout Lake, Washington have been discontinued.


  1. ^ a b c KOIN History from the station's website
  2. ^ "KOIN Radio Sold by Field". The Oregonian, July 5, 1952, p. 1.
  3. ^ Murphy, Francis (May 3, 1977). "Behind the mike: Concert Hall stays on air". The Oregonian, p. C7.
  4. ^ Murphy, Francis (April 29, 1977). "KYXI radio set to carry CBS network". The Oregonian, p. F11.
  5. ^ "KOIN-TV Goes on Air; Reception Found Good". The Oregonian, October 16, 1953, p. 1.
  6. ^ "Lee Enterprises buys rest of KOIN-TV stock". The Oregonian, April 29, 1977, p. 1.
  7. ^ Murphy, Francis (August 16, 1954). "Behind The Mike". The Oregonian. Section 3, p. 2. Sky was blue and apples were red on Portland's few color TV sets Saturday when KOIN-TV sent out [its] first color telecast ....
  8. ^ Murphy, Francis (August 12, 1954). "Behind The Mike". The Oregonian. Section 3, p. 2. Portland's first color telecast was sent out by KPTV from 7–7:35 a.m. Wednesday ....
  9. ^ Miller, Joel. "KOIN Transmission Towers Collapse – 1971". Retrieved 2011-10-26.
  10. ^
  11. ^ ...Here comes Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine, from the Oregon Media Insiders blog
  12. ^ Nine Station Groups Sign New Partnership Agreements from the WorldNow website
  13. ^ Broadcasters Learn the Secrets to Making Online Millions..., from the PR Newswire website
  14. ^ Michael Malone (July 24, 2007). "New Vision Buys Montecito Stations". Broadcasting & Cable. Archived from the original on August 4, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-30.
  15. ^ Malone, Michael (May 7, 2012). "LIN Acquiring New Vision Stations for $330 Million". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
  16. ^[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ Reid Blackwell, John (March 21, 2014). "MG will combine with LIN TV chain". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved March 22, 2014.
  18. ^ Media General Completes Merger With LIN Media Archived 2014-12-19 at the Wayback Machine, Press Release, Media General. Retrieved 19 December 2014
  19. ^ "Media General Acquiring Meredith For 2.4 Billion". TVNewsCheck. September 8, 2015.
  20. ^ Cynthia Littleton (September 8, 2015). "TV Station Mega Merger: Media General Sets $2.4 Billion Acquisition of Meredith Corp". Variety. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  21. ^ "Nexstar Broadcasting Group Enters into Definitive Agreement to Acquire Media General for $4.6 Billion in Accretive Cash and Stock Transaction". Archived from the original on 2016-01-30. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  22. ^ "Acquisition of Tribune Media Company" (PDF). Nexstar Media Group. December 3, 2018.
  23. ^ Mark K. Miller (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar Buying Tribune Media For $6.4 Billion". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media.
  24. ^ Peter White; Dade Hayes (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar Confirms $4.1B Tribune Media Acquisition To Become Leading Local TV Station Owner". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation.
  25. ^ Gerry Smith; Nabila Ahmed; Eric Newcomer (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar to buy WGN owner Tribune Media for $4.1 billion". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing. Bloomberg News.
  26. ^ Arjun Panchadar; Sonam Rai (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar to buy Tribune Media for $4.1 billion". Reuters.
  27. ^ Jon Lafayette (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar Announces Deal to Buy Tribune for $6.4B". Broadcasting & Cable. NewBay Media.
  28. ^ Adam Jacobson (December 3, 2018). "It's Official: Nexstar Takes Tribune In Billion-Dollar Stock Deal". Radio & Television Business Report. Streamline-RBR, Inc.
  29. ^ Harry A. Jessell; Mark K. Miller (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar To Spin Off $1B In Stations". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media.
  30. ^ "Nexstar Media Group Enters into Definitive Agreement to Acquire Tribune Media Company for $6.4 Billion in Accretive Transaction Creating the Nation's Largest Local Television Broadcaster and Local Media Company". Nexstar Media Group. December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  31. ^ "Nexstar Media Group Enters Into Definitive Agreement To Acquire Tribune Media Company". Tribune Media. December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  32. ^ KOIN goes widescreen Archived 2007-02-18 at the Wayback Machine from the Oregon Media Insiders blog
  33. ^ February 2007 Ratings Archived 11 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine from the Oregon Media Insiders blog
  34. ^ "RabbitEars TV Query for KOIN". Retrieved April 19, 2017.
  35. ^ "". Retrieved September 26, 2019.
  36. ^ Sportsgrid (2021-09-01). "SportsGrid Multicast Network Launches Today in Nine Major Markets Across the United States". Retrieved 2021-10-31.
  37. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 29, 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2012.
  38. ^ "Portland TV stations backtrack, delay digital transition". The Oregonian. February 6, 2009.
  39. ^ "CDBS Account Login". Retrieved April 19, 2017.
  40. ^ "UPDATED List of Participants in the Analog Nightlight Program" (PDF). Federal Communications Commission. June 12, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2012.