.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Russian. (December 2020) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Russian article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 2,904 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Russian Wikipedia article at [[:ru:Лингвистика в СССР]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|ru|Лингвистика в СССР)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.

The Soviet Union actively tried to incorporate Marxist ideals into the study of linguistics.

Linguists had important positions in the early Soviet state, as they were needed to develop alphabets for languages that previously had never been written.[1]

In the 1920s, language began to be seen as a social phenomenon, and Russian and Soviet linguists tried to give a sociological explanation to features of language. At the same time, Soviet linguists sought to develop a "Marxist" linguistics, as opposed to the early theories that were viewed as bourgeois. Based on this, linguists focused more on the spoken forms of the language, and devoted more time to the study of non-standard dialects than previous linguists had done. This can be seen in the work of Boris Alexandrovich Larin and Lev Petrovich Iakubinskii.[1]

The leading linguist of the early Soviet era was Nicholas Marr, known for his Japhetic theory. The theory suggested that the Kartvelian languages had a common origin with the Semitic languages. He also applied the idea of class struggle to the development of language. After Marr died, a likely ghost-written article[citation needed] credited to Stalin blasted Marr's theory, stating "Soviet linguistics cannot be advanced on the basis of an incorrect formula which is contrary to the whole course of the history of peoples and languages." Politically, World War II caused a rise in nationalism, which Japhetic theory argued against. This theory was never accepted outside the Soviet Union.[2]

Historical linguistics

Main article: Moscow School of Comparative Linguistics

In stark contrast to the "splitters" of mainstream Western historical linguistics, the majority of prominent Soviet historical linguists were "lumpers" belonging to the Moscow School of Comparative Linguistics. These linguists, who were all staunch proponents of the Nostratic theory, included Vladislav Illich-Svitych, Aharon Dolgopolsky, and Sergei Starostin.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Craig Brandist; Katya Chown (eds.). Politics and the Theory of Language in the USSR 1917–1938. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  2. ^ THOMAS JOHN SAMUELIAN, "THE SEARCH FOR A MARXIST LINGUISTICS IN THE SOVIET UNION, 1917-1950" (January 1, 1981). Dissertations available from ProQuest. Paper AAI8117848.
  3. ^ Старостин Г. С. и др. К истокам языкового разнообразия. Десять бесед о сравнительно-историческом языкознании с Е. Я. Сатановским. — Москва: Издательский дом «Дело» РАНХиГС, 2015. — С. 244—252. — 584 с. — ISBN 978-5-7749-1054-0, УДК 81-115, ББК 81.