This article is a list of environmental disasters. In this context it is an annotated list of specific events caused by human activity that results in a negative effect on the environment.

Environmental disasters by category

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (August 2008)


Main article: Environmental impact of agriculture


Human health


See also: List of industrial disasters


Main article: Environmental impact of mining

See also: List of tailings dam failures

Oil industry

Main article: Environmental impact of the oil shale industry

See also: List of oil spills


Main article: Environmental impact of nuclear power

Mushroom-shaped cloud and water column from the underwater nuclear explosion of July 25, 1946, which was part of Operation Crossroads
November 1951 nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site, from Operation Buster, with a yield of 21 kilotons. It was the first U.S. nuclear field exercise conducted on land; troops shown are 6 mi (9.7 km) from the blast.

See also: Nuclear and radiation accidents, List of civilian nuclear accidents, List of military nuclear accidents, and List of civilian radiation accidents



See also: Air pollution




See also: List of oil spills

See also


  1. ^ Dunsmuir 10 years later. SF Chronicle. July 9, 2001.
  2. ^ a b Benjamin K. Sovacool. The costs of failure: A preliminary assessment of major energy accidents, 1907–2007, Energy Policy 36 (2008), p. 1806.
  3. ^ Weisenthal, Joe (11 March 2011). "Japan Declares Nuclear Emergency, As Cooling System Fails At Power Plant". Business Insider. Retrieved 11 March 2011.
  4. ^ "Blasts escalate Japan's nuclear crisis". World News Australia. March 16, 2011. Archived from the original on April 7, 2011.
  5. ^ Samuel Upton Newtan. Nuclear War I and Other Major Nuclear Disasters of the 20th Century 2007, pp. 237–240.
  6. ^ Benjamin K. Sovacool and Christopher Cooper. Nuclear Nonsense: Why Nuclear Power is no Answer to Climate Change and the World's Post-Kyoto Energy Challenges, William and Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review, Vol 33:1, 2008, p. 109.
  7. ^ The Worst Nuclear Disasters
  8. ^ Strengthening the Safety of Radiation Sources Archived 2009-03-26 at the Wayback Machine p. 14.
  9. ^ Rich, Nathaniel (2016-01-06). "The Lawyer Who Became DuPont's Worst Nightmare". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2023-04-07.