There are hot springs on all continents and in many countries around the world. Countries that are renowned for their hot springs include Turkey, Honduras, Canada, Chile, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Bulgaria, Japan, Taiwan, New Zealand, India, Romania, Fiji, and the United States, but there are interesting and unique hot springs in many other places as well.

Africa

Algeria

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Egypt

Eswatini

There are thirteen developed and undeveloped hot spring pools in Eswatini. All are sulphur springs with temperatures ranging from 26 °C to 52 °C.[2]

Ethiopia

Dallol Hot Spring
Dallol Volcano - lake with hot springs
hot springs pool at Sodere, Ethiopia

Morocco

Nigeria

Rwanda

South Africa

Tanzania

Kikuletwa (Chemka) Hot Springs

At least 15 geothermal areas exist in Tanzania.[4]

Tunisia

Uganda

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Americas

Brazil

Canada

Alberta

British Columbia

Northwest Territories

Yukon

Chile

Hot spring geyser vent surrounded by yellow rocks in the El Tatio geothermal field, Chile

There are more than 275 hot springs registered in Chile.

Colombia

Costa Rica

Dominican Republic

Ecuador

Hydrothermal baths in Baños de Agua Santa, Ecuador

El Salvador

Greenland

There are numerous hot springs in Greenland:

Guatemala

Mexico

Peru

Hot springs in the region of Ayacucho

United States

Main article: List of hot springs in the United States

Hot Spring in Lassen Volcanic National Park
USA geothermal springs

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Bridgeport, California Springs

Colorado

Main article: List of hot springs in Colorado

Pagosa Hot Spring, Colorado

Florida

Georgia

Idaho

Illinois

Massachusetts

Montana

Nevada

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

Oregon

Hot Lake Hotel built in 1906 in Hot Lake, Oregon. The resort became a worldwide attraction for its geothermal mineral waters.

South Dakota

Texas

Utah

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wyoming

A list of 1661 hot springs can be found on the NOAA Thermal Springs List for the United States.[12] The same list with added notes and links can be found on the USA Hotsprings Database.[13]

Uruguay

Venezuela

Antarctica

Asia

Bhutan

Main article: List of hot springs and mineral springs of Bhutan

China

India

A young Hindu priest performing religious rituals at Taptapani hot spring in India

Assam

Bihar

Gujarat

Geological Survey of India has found 17 hot springs in Gujarat:[19]

Haryana

Himachal Pradesh

Hot springs at Manikaran, Himachal Pradesh
Hot springs near Manali, 2020

Jammu & Kashmir

Jharkhand

Karnataka

Ladakh

Madhya Pradesh

Maharashtra

Odisha

Sikkim

All these hot springs have a high sulfur content and are located near the river banks. The average temperature of the water in these hot springs is 50 °C (122 °F).

West Bengal

Indonesia

Bali

Java

Lesser Sunda Islands

Maluku Islands

Sumatra

Iran

Israel

Hamat Gader

Japan

Main article: List of hot springs in Japan

Izu Province, The Hot Springs of the Shuzen Temple woodcut by Utagawa Hiroshige

Being located in the "Pacific Ring of Fire", Japan is in a volcanic region, and is home to many hot springs. The onsen (a Japanese word for "hot spring") plays a notable role in Japanese culture.

In March 2003 it was reported that there were 3,102 spa resorts in 2,292 municipalities in Japan. There were also 15,400 lodging facilities with 6,740 public hot spring baths. About 138 million people a year visit these facilities.[23]

Noted hot springs areas in Japan

Disputed territory between Japan and Russia:

South Korea

Kyrgyzstan

Malaysia

Gadek Hot Spring in Malacca

Various hot springs, all nonvolcanic. They include the following.

Johor

Kedah

Malacca

Negeri Sembilan

Pahang

Perak

Sabah

Sarawak

Selangor

Terengganu

Nepal

Oman

Athawarah Hot Spring

Pakistan

Philippines

Singapore

Sri Lanka

About 10 thermal springs have been identified in Sri Lanka.[24]

Taiwan

Main article: Hot springs in Taiwan

Yangmingshan hot springs in Taiwan

Thailand

Tibet Autonomous Region

Vietnam

There are over 280 hot springs in Vietnam.[25]

Europe

Albania

Azores

Hot springs, Azores

Belgium

Bulgaria

Czech Republic

Georgia

Germany

Greece

Spring Region Temperature °C
max. (min.)
Type of mineral spring[28] Alleged therapeutic properties[29]
Agiasmata spring Chios 57.5 Endocrine and musculoskeletal system, degenerative arthritis, rheumatisms, spondyloarthritis, lumbago, sciatica, ankylosis, gynecological ailments, vasculopathies, tendonitis etc.
Agios Fokas Kos 46 (45) Balneotherapy for ailments of the musculoskeletal and integumentary system
Agistro[30] Serres 39 (34) Hydrotherapy for rheumatism
Apollonas Thermon Saline Spring Ikaria 47.8 Radioactive
Asclepius Saline Spring Ikaria 40 Radioactive super warm spring
Edipsos Evia 80 (57) Saline water spring Chronic rheumatisms, degenerative arthritis, spondyloarthritis, neuritis, sciatica, lumbago, post trauma ankylosis and deformations, gynecological ailments
Eftalou Lesvos 46 (43) Hydrotherapy for chronic rheumatisms, arthritis, sciatica, lumbago, neuralgia, lymphatism, kidney grains, cholelithiasis, gynecological ailments, chest ailments, myositis, chronic degenerative arthritis, injuries, post surgery phase for hemorrhoids, paradontopathia, leucorrhea, skin ailments
Eleftheron thermal spa Kavala Alkaline saline water spring
Genisaia (Potamia) Xanthi 70 (55) Chronic rheumatisms, gynecological ailments, neuralgia, neuritis, allergic skin ailments
Kaiafas Ilia 33.5 (32) H2S saline water spring Rheumatisms, autoimmune ailments, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis of the hip and knee, fibromyalgia, skin ailments
The spa facility in Kaiafas
Kalymnos Kalymnos 38.1 Arthritis, rheumatisms, sciatica, lumbago
Kamena Vourla Fthiotida 42 (30) Radioactive saline water spring Balneotherapy for ailments of the musculoskeletal and integumentary system
Kimolos Kimolos 46
Kolpou Geras Lesvos 39.7 Rheumatisms, arthritis, neurological ailments, chronic injuries
Kyllini Ilia H2S saline water
Kythnos Kyklades 38–52 Chalybeate acid water spring Chronic and subacute rheumatisms, gynecological ailments, arthritis, neuralgia, skin ailments, cervical syndrome, lumbago- sciatica etc. syndromes, chronic gout
Agioi Anargyroi saline spring: 38 °C; Kakavos ferrous spring:52 °C
Lagadas[31] Thessaloniki 39 Akratothermi Balneotherapy for rheumatism, arthritis, gynecological disorders, skin diseases, kidney diseases
Lakkos Adamanta Kyklades (Milos) 38 Chronic rheumatisms, arthritis, gynecological ailments, neuralgia, neuritis
Lefkada's Thermo Saline Spring Ikaria 58
Loutraki Korinthia 30 Slightly warm – saline water, hypotonic Hydrotherapy for chronic rheumatisms, chronic rheumatoid arthritis, spondylarthrite, sciatica, infections of the skin, allergic skin ailments, psoriasis, eczema
Mandraki Nisyros 48 Rheumatisms, arthritis, gynecological ailments, ailments of the circulatory system
Methana Attiki Sulphurous brine water spring, warm
Nea Apollonia Thessaloniki 57 (38) Balneotherapy for rheumatism, arthritis, peripheral nerve disorders, gynecological disorders, fractures, sprains[29]
Nigrita's Thermes Serres 56 (25) Alkaline carbonated water spring Balneotherapy for arthritis, rheumatisms, skin ailments, gynecological ailments. Mineral water drinking therapy for ailments of the gastrointestinal system.
Palia Kameni hot springs Kyklades (Santorini)
Paranesti Thermia Drama 54
Platystomo Fthiotida 32 Alkaline sulphurous spring Hydrotherapy for rheumatisms, arthritis, skin ailments, gynecological ailments
Polichnitos Lesvos 92 (67) Rheumatisms, arthritis, sciatica, gynecological ailments, neuritis, skin ailments
Pozar Spa[32] Pella 37 Balneotherapy for rheumatism, arthritis, peripheral nerve disorders, gynecological and skin diseases, sprains, fractures
Psarotherma Samothraki 100 Rheumatoid arthritis, chronic rheumatisms, gynecological ailments, peripheral vasculopathies, secondary skin ailments, obesity
Sedes Thessaloniki 38 (32) Rheumatisms, arthritis, ailments of the peripheral nerves, skin ailments, post trauma conditions, gynecological ailments
Sidirokastro Serres 55 (43.7) Rheumatisms, spondylitis, spilled disc, neuralgia, myalgia, sciatica, joint ailments, gynecological ailments
Smokovo Karditsa 42 Alkaline sulphurous spring Chronic rheumatisms, arthritis, ailments of the respiratory system, ailments of the digestive system, skin ailments, endocrine failures, gynecological ailments
Spilaio Ikarias Ikaria 54
Therma Lemnou[33] Lemnos 43 (39) Hydrotherapy for rheumatisms, arthropathy, arthritis, osteoporosis, spondyloarthritis, kidney stones, cholelithiasis
Thermopylae spring Fthiotida 40 H2S saline water spring, warm Rheumatisms, gynecological ailments and ailments of the peripheral nerves
Traianoupoli Evros 52 (51) Balneotherapy for ailments of the integumentary system and the musculoskeletal system, as well as for rheumatisms and autoimmune diseases
Vouliagmeni Attiki Saline water spring, hypertonic
Ypati Baths Fthiotida 32 H2S saline water spring Ailments and syndromes of the vessels, arterial hypertension, ailments of the heart and the skin, chronic ailments of the nervous system

Hungary

Lake Hévíz

Iceland

Deildartunguhver, Iceland: the highest flow hot spring in Europe
Hot spring at volcano Leirhnjukur, Iceland

Italy

North Macedonia

Katlanovo hot springs

Norway

Portugal

Romania

Russia

Iturup Baransky volcano Hot Springs

Serbia

Slovakia

123 hot springs with temperature above 25 degrees C (77 degrees F)[38]

Thermal water park in Bešeňová, Slovakia

Spain

Turkey

United Kingdom

Main article: List of geothermal springs in the United Kingdom

There are many geothermal springs in the UK, but the hot springs found in the town of Bath, Somerset[47][48][49][50] are the only true hot springs (defined as those hotter than 37 degrees C):

Other thermal or warm springs in the UK include:[49]

Oceania

Australia

Hot springs can be found in all six states of Australia as well as the Northern Territory, but apparently not Australian Capital Territory.[57]

Fiji

Hot springs are in the town of Savusavu where local people use the hot springs to cook their food. Some of the springs are situated on the beach and steam can be seen rising from the water at low tide.

New Zealand

Main article: Hot springs in New Zealand

Excavations on Hot Water Beach, New Zealand
New Zealand Ngāwhā Hot Springs

There are numerous hot springs in New Zealand, predominantly in the Taupō Volcanic Zone, and in particular around Rotorua. Well known springs outside the Taupō Volcanic Zone include:

Hot springs parks

It is common to create parks around hot springs:

United States

See also

References

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