This is a list of subcultures.

A

B

C

D

E


F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

Y

Z

See also

Notes

  1. ^ BDSM sources:
    • Juliet Richters, Richard O. de Visser, Chris E. Rissel, Andrew E. Grulich, Anthony M.A. Smith (July 2008). "Demographic and Psychosocial Features of Participants in Bondage and Discipline, "Sadomasochism" or Dominance and Submission (BDSM): Data from a National Survey". Journal of Sexual Medicine. 5 (7): 1660–1668. doi:10.1111/j.1743-6109.2008.00795.x. PMID 18331257.((cite journal)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
    • Leiblum, Sandra R. (2006). Principles and practice of sex therapy. Guilford Press. pp. 380, 405. ISBN 978-1-59385-349-5.
  2. ^ Ken Gelder pages 295 Archived 2019-12-17 at the Wayback Machine. Chapter 27 "Posing... threats, striking... poses. Youth, surveillance and display (1983)" by Dick Hebdige
  3. ^ Kersten, Joachim (2003). "Street Youths, Bosozoku, and Yakuza: Subculture Formation and Societal Reactions in Japan". Crime & Delinquency. 39 (3): 277–295. doi:10.1177/0011128793039003002. S2CID 143674993.
  4. ^ Trefon, Theodore (2004). Reinventing order in the Congo: how people respond to state failure in Kinshasa (illustrated ed.). Zed Books. p. 138. ISBN 978-1-84277-491-5. Archived from the original on 2016-11-21. Retrieved 2016-09-24.
  5. ^ Xue, Katherine (2014). "Synthetic Biology's New Menagerie". Harvard Magazine. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  6. ^ Haywire, Rachel (20 March 2012). "Becoming Ourselves". Archived from the original on 25 May 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  7. ^ Sources for Boispedink: Klein, Alan M. (1993). Little Big Men: Bodybuilding Subculture and Gender Construction. SUNY Press. ISBN 978-0-7914-1559-7. Archived from the original on 2021-03-28. Retrieved 2020-11-30.
  8. ^ Sources:
  9. ^ a b Gagné, Isaac (June 2008). "Urban Princesses: Performance and "Women's Language" in Japan's Gothic/Lolita Subculture". Journal of Linguistic Anthropology. 18 (1). Blackwell Publishing: 130–176(21). doi:10.1111/j.1548-1395.2008.00006.x.
  10. ^ "Cyberpunk as a Subculture". Information Database.
  11. ^ bell 2001, pages 101-102, 154-184
  12. ^ Sources:
  13. ^ Sources:
  14. ^ Sources for emo subculture: Ware, Ianto (2008). "Andrew Keen Vs the Emos: Youth, Publishing, and Transliteracy". M/C Journal. 11 (4). doi:10.5204/mcj.41. Archived from the original on 2008-12-21. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
  15. ^ Pappas, Stephanie (5 February 2018). "Flat Earth: What Fuels the Internet's Strangest Conspiracy Theory?". Live Science. Retrieved 3 December 2022.
  16. ^ Lanuza, JM; Ong, Jonathan Corpus (28 August 2019). "Beyond Conspiracy: the ties that bind Filipino Flat Earthers and populist supporters". Media@LSE. Retrieved 3 December 2022.
  17. ^ Thompson, Clive (18 September 2020). "YouTube's Plot to Silence Conspiracy Theories". Wired. Retrieved 3 December 2022.
  18. ^ Davis, Fred; Munoz, Laura (2011). "8. Heads and freaks: patterns and meanings of drug use among hippies". In Rainwater, Lee (ed.). Deviance and Liberty: Social Problems and Public Policy. Aldine Transaction. pp. 88–95. ISBN 978-1-4128-1503-1. Archived from the original on 2019-12-17. Retrieved 2016-09-24.
  19. ^ Sources for glam:
  20. ^ "Hair metal", AllMusic. Retrieved November 2014.
  21. ^ Spooner, Catherine; McEvoy, Emma (2007). The Routledge Companion to Gothic. London: Routledge. pp. 195–196, 263–264. ISBN 978-0-415-39843-5.
  22. ^ Ken Gelder pages 91 Archived 2014-01-08 at the Wayback Machine, from chapter "Subcultural conflict" by Phil Cohen
  23. ^ Sources:
  24. ^ Sources:Arnett, Jeffrey (December 1993). "Three profiles of heavy metal fans: A taste for sensation and a subculture of alienation". Qualitative Sociology. 16 (4): 423–443. doi:10.1007/BF00989973. S2CID 143389132.Epstein, pages viii, 13, 265
  25. ^ "Fashioncore Definitions and Connotations". Archived from the original on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2011-09-14.
  26. ^ Grow, Kory (29 December 2015). "Metallica's Lars Ulrich on Lemmy: 'His Spirit Will Always Live in Us'". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  27. ^ Ken Gelder pages:
    • 23 chapter "Introduction to part one, by Ken Gelder
    • 91 from chapter "Subcultural conflict" by Phil Cohen
    • 106, 110-111 from chapter "Girls and subcultures (1977)" by Angela McRobbie and Jenny Garber;
    • 127 from chapter "The meaning of style" by Dick Hebdige
    • 136-137 from chapter "Second-hand dresses and the role of the ragmarket (1989)" by Angela McRobbie
    • 304 from chapter "Black hair/style politics" by Kobena Mercer
  28. ^ Goodlad, page 68-71 Archived 2019-12-17 at the Wayback Machine
  29. ^ Sources:
  30. ^ Baker, Billy (2007-03-05). "Up for the count, Jugglers may pop out on streets this spring, but the real action is in a thriving Hub subculture". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2008-08-04.
  31. ^ "ABC Television and Creation Entertainment bring the Official Lost Fan Club and Special Events to Cities Around the World" (Press release). ABC. May 12, 2005. Retrieved August 29, 2006.
  32. ^ Kaplan, Don (June 15, 2005). "Lost Fans Hold Convention for Show". Fox News Channel. Archived from the original on September 25, 2006. Retrieved August 29, 2006.
  33. ^ Mary Jane Kehily, Open University (2007). Understanding Youth: Perspectives, Identities and Practices (illustrated ed.). London: SAGE Publications. ISBN 978-1-4129-3064-2.
  34. ^ Ken Gelder
  35. ^ Stratton, Jon (1986). "Why doesn't anybody write anything about Glan Rock?". Australian Journal of Cultural Studies. 4 (1): 15–38. Archived from the original on 2015-04-04. Retrieved 2014-05-03.
  36. ^ Sources for nudism:Karl Eric Toepfer (1997). Empire of Ecstasy: Nudity and Movement in German Body Culture, 1910-1935. University of California Press. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-520-20663-2. Archived from the original on 2021-03-28. Retrieved 2020-11-30.
  37. ^ Ken Gelder pages: 516, 550
  38. ^ Buckley, Sandra (2002). Taylor & Francis (ed.). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Japanese Culture. Taylor & Francis. p. 380. ISBN 978-0-415-14344-8. Archived from the original on 2021-03-28. Retrieved 2020-11-30.
  39. ^ Pachuco sources:
  40. ^ DeLamater, John D. (2003). Handbook of social psychology (illustrated ed.). Springer. pp. 165–168. ISBN 978-0-306-47695-2. Archived from the original on 2021-03-28. Retrieved 2020-11-30.
  41. ^ "RhymeZone - Psychedelia". Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  42. ^ "memidex - Psychedelias". Archived from the original on 17 December 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  43. ^ "Adventures Through Inner Space: Meet the 'Psychonauts'". 28 November 2000. Archived from the original on 10 August 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  44. ^ "New Designer Drugs Are In Legal Gray Area". 4 June 2013. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  45. ^ Ken Gelder pages:
    • 84 from chapter "Introduction to part two" by Ken Gelder
    • 121-124, 127-128 Archived 2021-02-24 at the Wayback Machine from chapter 10 "The meaning of style" by Dick Hebdige
    • 138 from chapter "Second-hand dresses and the role of the ragmarket (1989)" by Angela McRobbie
  46. ^ Sources:
  47. ^ Sources:
  48. ^ a b Muggleton, pages 721,728 Archived 2019-12-17 at the Wayback Machine
  49. ^ Ken Gelder pages:
    • 94, 109-110 from chapter "Girls and subcultures (1977)" by Angela McRobbie and Jenny Garber
    • 295 from chapter 27 "Posing... threats, striking... poses. Youth, surveillance and display (1983)" by Dick Hebdige
  50. ^ Sources:
  51. ^ Sources:
    • Epstein, page 100
    • Ken Gelder pages 103 from chapter "Cultures, subcultures and class", by John Clarke et al. (rudies = rude boys)
  52. ^ Ken Gelder pages:
    • 90, from chapter "Subcultural conflict" by Phil Cohen
    • 131 Archived 2021-03-03 at the Wayback Machine from chapter 10 "The meaning of style" by Dick Hebdige
  53. ^ Sources for Scouting:
  54. ^ "Seapunk: scenester in-joke or underground art movement?". The Guardian. 15 December 2022. Retrieved 14 January 2022.
  55. ^ [Penguin Dictionary of Sociology 2006 p.384]
  56. ^ "Skateboarding – Subcultures and Sociology". Sk8spt. 16 February 2021. Retrieved 14 January 2022.
  57. ^ a b Ken Gelder pages:
    • 294, from chapter 27 "Posing... threats, striking... poses. Youth, surveillance and display (1983)" by Dick Hebdige
    • 339, from chapter "Tattoo enthusiasts. Subculture or figuration? (2003)" by Michael Atkinson
    • 370-381, from chapter "Real men, phallicism and fascism (1996)" by Murray Healy
    • 471, chapter "Communities and scenes in popular music (1991)" by Will Straw
  58. ^ "The Skinheads". Time. 1970-06-08. Archived from the original on 2013-05-21. Retrieved 2008-09-27.
  59. ^ "Institute of Contemporary Arts : DANCESCHOOL : Subjective Thoughts on a Neglected Scene". Archived from the original on 2010-10-30. Retrieved 2010-05-06.
  60. ^ Sources for steampunk:
  61. ^ source: https://it.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamarro Archived 2020-03-23 at the Wayback Machine
  62. ^ Sources:
  63. ^ Ken Gelder pages:
    • 98, 101, 102 from chapter "Cultures, subcultures and class", by John Clarke et al.
    • 105, 107 from chapter "Girls and subcultures (1977)" by Angela McRobbie and Jenny Garber
    • 126 from chapter 10 "The meaning of style" by Dick Hebdige
    • 161-162 from chapter "Symbols of trouble" by Stanley Cohen
    • 273 from chapter "Introduction to part five" by Ken Gelder
    • 284-287 from chapter "Fashion and revolt (1963)" by T.R. Fyvel
    • 309 from chapter "Black hair/style politics" by Kobena Mercer
    • 367 Archived 2021-02-25 at the Wayback Machine, 372 from chapter "Real men, phallicism and fascism (1996)" by Murray Healy
  64. ^ Trekkie sources:
  65. ^ Ordered Misbehavior – The Structuring of an Illegal Endeavor Archived 2016-08-08 at the Wayback Machine by Alf Rehn. A study of the illegal subculture known as the "warez scene".
  66. ^ Herman, Andrew; Swiss, Thomas (2014-04-08). The World Wide Web and Contemporary Cultural Theory: Magic, Metaphor, Power. p. 103. ISBN 9781135205126. Archived from the original on 2021-03-28. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  67. ^ Zazou sources:

References