Brian Jeroloman spent a month with the 2011 Toronto Blue Jays without appearing in a game.

A phantom ballplayer is either a baseball player who is incorrectly listed in source materials as playing in a Major League Baseball (MLB) game, often the result of typographical or clerical errors, or a player who spent time on an MLB active roster without ever appearing in an MLB contest during his career. Most of the first form of phantom players date from the 19th or early 20th century, with at least one showing up as late as World War II.

A modern-day phantom ballplayer is generally caused by the player being removed from the active roster by a subsequent action (such as being optioned to a minor league team) or the team reaching the end of their season, and the player not having later opportunity to play in a major league game. Many of these phantom players were September call-ups in backup roles.

Phantoms who never were

Pete Compton of the St. Louis Browns, now credited with the plate appearance of "Lou Proctor"

Real players who never played

Research by the Society for American Baseball Research (SABR) has identified over 400 players who appeared on major league rosters, but did not appear in a major league game, since 1884.[3] A number of examples are presented here.

Pre-1950

1950s

Bill Sharman, who was briefly on the roster of the 1951 Brooklyn Dodgers

1960s

1970s

1980s

1990s

2000s

2010s

Shawn Zarraga was briefly on the active roster of the Los Angeles Dodgers in 2016.

2020s

denotes an active professional baseball player who could lose phantom status if he returns to the major leagues and appears in a game

Honorable mentions

Baseball-Reference.com maintains lists of players who have appeared in only a single major league game; as of April 2024, there are over 1,500 batters and over 700 pitchers listed.[151]

Main article: Cup of coffee

Other players who had notable experiences similar to phantom ballplayers include:

Not officially on a major-league roster

Further information: Detroit Tigers replacement players (May 18, 1912)

Passing phantoms

Some players have gone years between first being listed on an MLB active roster without playing (thus becoming phantoms), and eventually appearing in an MLB game (thus losing phantom status). Examples include:

Marcus Walden was first listed on an MLB active roster in April 2014, but did not make his MLB debut until April 2018.

Rookie cards

Makers of baseball cards have issued major league rookie cards featuring some players who never actually played in MLB. Two known examples are listed below. Starting in 2005, the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA) required card manufacturers to limit rookie cards to players already added to an MLB active roster, or players who appeared in an MLB game during the prior season.[168] Note that card makers also issue cards of "future stars", "top prospects", or similar wording, which are not rookie cards and are speculative in nature.

Special circumstances

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Turkin, Hy; Thompson, S. C. (1956). The Official Encyclopedia of Baseball. New York City: A. S. Barnes & Company. LCCN 56-5560.
  2. ^ Doris Townsend, ed. (1971). This Great Game. Prentice-Hall. p. 242. ISBN 0139190767.
  3. ^ Hickman, Bill (October 8, 2017). "Near Major Leaguers". SABR. Retrieved July 4, 2018 – via Google Docs.
  4. ^ "Kid Gleason Promises Chicago Fans the Pennant". Oakland Tribune. April 17, 1919. p. 12. Retrieved June 3, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  5. ^ "Bill Stewart to Join White Sox". Fitchburg Daily Sentinel. Fitchburg, Massachusetts. December 14, 1918. p. 6. Retrieved June 3, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  6. ^ Granillo, Larry (April 28, 2011). "Wezen-Ball: Bill Stewart, MLB Umpire & NHL Referee (and coach!)". baseballprospectus.com. Retrieved June 12, 2022.
  7. ^ "Umpire Card for Bill Stewart". The Sporting News. Retrieved June 3, 2018 – via Retrosheet.
  8. ^ "Harvard First Sacker Will Join Athletics". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. June 28, 1920. p. 15. Retrieved June 12, 2022 – via newspapers.com.
  9. ^ "Harvard Twirler Goes to Hanover in Trade". Harrisburg Telegraph. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. July 8, 1920. p. 13. Retrieved June 12, 2022 – via newspapers.com.
  10. ^ "Connie Mack Recalls Jones". The Evening Sun. Hanover, Pennsylvania. July 24, 1920. p. 3. Retrieved June 12, 2022 – via newspapers.com.
  11. ^ "(untitled)". The Evening News. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. August 2, 1920. p. 11. Retrieved June 12, 2022 – via newspapers.com.
  12. ^ "Lou Almada Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  13. ^ "Giants 'Farm' Almada". Newspapers.com. May 18, 1927. Retrieved January 2, 2022.
  14. ^ "Baseball career info". Arizona Daily Star. 24 April 1968. p. 22.
  15. ^ "Jake Levy Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  16. ^ "May Fill Bill". The Indianapolis Star. Central Press. September 13, 1927. p. 12. Retrieved June 1, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  17. ^ Horvitz, Peter S.; Horvitz, Joachim (2001). The Big Book of Jewish Baseball: An Illustrated Encyclopedia & Anecdotal History. S.P.I. Books. ISBN 1561719730.
  18. ^ "Al Olsen Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  19. ^ "Brown to Quit Baseball After Boston Failure". Harrisburg Telegraph. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. AP. April 23, 1943. p. 18. Retrieved May 31, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  20. ^ "Al Olsen Minor League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  21. ^ Berkow, Ira (1990-01-31). "Sports of the Times; The Ghost Who Batted For Boston". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
  22. ^ "Chicago White Sox 4, Boston Red Sox 2 (1)". Retrosheet. May 16, 1943. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  23. ^ "Boston Red Sox 4, Chicago White Sox 2 (2)". Retrosheet. May 16, 1943. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  24. ^ "Brooklyn Recalls Bill Sharman, Lembo". Elmira Advertiser. Elmira, New York. AP. September 19, 1951. p. 8. Retrieved June 1, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  25. ^ "This Caused Rhubarb". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. September 28, 1951. p. 18. Retrieved June 1, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  26. ^ Deford, Frank. "Best Damn Team in Baseball," Sports Illustrated, April 12, 1971. Retrieved May 13, 2023.
  27. ^ Wood, Phil. "Richards' influence on baseball philosophy still resonates today," Washington Examiner, Saturday, September 12, 2009. Retrieved May 13, 2023.
  28. ^ Bruce Swango – Baseball Reference. Retrieved May 13, 2023.
  29. ^ a b "Series Lineups". Arizona Daily Star. Tucson, Arizona. October 7, 1964. p. 37. Retrieved June 29, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  30. ^ "Frick Announces Series Eligibles". The Morning Call. Allentown, Pennsylvania. AP. September 25, 1964. p. 39. Retrieved July 6, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  31. ^ "Ike Futch Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  32. ^ "Sports (column)". El Paso Herald-Post. June 27, 1966. p. 17. Retrieved June 6, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  33. ^ "Maurice Ogier Minor & Winter Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  34. ^ "Twins Reactivate Kaat; Send Ogier To Farm System". Anderson Herald. Anderson, Indiana. UPI. May 2, 1968. p. 15. Retrieved June 1, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  35. ^ "Lee Robinson Minor & Mexican Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  36. ^ "Dukes, LA swap men". The Arizona Republic. UPI. May 12, 1974. p. D-2. Retrieved June 14, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  37. ^ "Rick Rhoden Answers Call". Albuquerque Journal. Albuquerque, New Mexico. July 4, 1974. p. E-8. Retrieved March 16, 2017 – via newspapers.com.
  38. ^ "Dukes Collect Some World Series Cash". Albuquerque Journal. Albuquerque, New Mexico. November 21, 1974. p. D-11. Retrieved June 14, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  39. ^ "Ed Kurpiel Minor & Mexican Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  40. ^ "Cards Recall Trio from Tulsa Team". The Southern Illinoisan. Carbondale, Illinois. September 12, 1974. p. 16. Retrieved June 6, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  41. ^ "Davis May Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  42. ^ "Transactions". The Town Talk. Alexandria, Louisiana. April 26, 1977. p. B-3. Retrieved June 14, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  43. ^ Gelfand, M. Howard (May 19, 1977). "Moves mean 'wasted year' for pitcher May". Minneapolis Tribune. p. 1D. Retrieved June 14, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  44. ^ "Tom McGough Minor & Mexican Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  45. ^ "Pat Cristelli Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  46. ^ "Ed Ricks Minor & Mexican Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  47. ^ "Harry Saferight Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  48. ^ "Pirates call up 8". The Morning Call. Allentown, Pennsylvania. September 1, 1979. p. 4. Retrieved June 6, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  49. ^ "Duane Dewey Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  50. ^ "Russ Stephans Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  51. ^ "Mark Leonette Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  52. ^ "Transactions". The Pantagraph. Bloomington, Illinois. July 3, 1987. p. B2. Retrieved June 14, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  53. ^ "Sanderson back". Journal Gazette. Mattoon, Illinois. July 7, 1987. p. B-1. Retrieved June 14, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  54. ^ "Bill Merrifield Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  55. ^ "Merrifield assigned to instructional camp". Rocky Mount Telegram. Rocky Mount, North Carolina. September 12, 1987. p. 9. Retrieved June 1, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  56. ^ Dodd, Rustin (4 June 2016). "Royals' Whit Merrifield is taking his family along on big-league journey". Kansas City Star. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  57. ^ Perrotto, John (1 September 2017). "Rumors and Rumblings – Merrifield fulfills father's dream". Fanrag. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  58. ^ "Joe Law Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  59. ^ "Frequent flier". The Philadelphia Inquirer. July 12, 1988. p. 2-D. Retrieved June 14, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  60. ^ "Transactions". Los Angeles Times. August 9, 1988. p. 34. Retrieved June 14, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  61. ^ "Transactions". Los Angeles Times. August 11, 1988. p. 58. Retrieved June 14, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  62. ^ Villa, Walter (August 16, 2016). "Law follows, eclipses father's baseball career". MLB.com. Retrieved August 7, 2022.
  63. ^ "Armando Moreno Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  64. ^ "Transactions". The Indianapolis Star. August 4, 1990. p. D-4. Retrieved July 4, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  65. ^ "Transactions". The Indianapolis Star. August 6, 1990. p. B-4. Retrieved July 4, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  66. ^ "Terrel Hansen Minor, Mexican & Independent Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  67. ^ "Flashes". New York Daily News. May 2, 1992. p. 36. Retrieved July 4, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  68. ^ "Bruce Dostal Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  69. ^ "Transactions". Chicago Tribune. June 11, 1994. pp. 3–7. Retrieved July 4, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  70. ^ "Notes". Chicago Tribune. June 15, 1994. pp. 4–7. Retrieved July 4, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  71. ^ "Dark Side of the Moonlight". The Church of Baseball. June 21, 2010. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  72. ^ Martinez, Michael (June 7, 1995). "Chimelis leaves Giants as a pariah". The Times. Shreveport, Louisiana. Knight Ridder. p. 3C. Retrieved July 4, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  73. ^ "Jesus Martinez Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  74. ^ "Transactions". Tampa Bay Times. September 3, 1996. p. 6C. Retrieved July 4, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  75. ^ Stephen, Eric (December 29, 2016). "Remembering the Dodgers who didn't play". SB Nation. Retrieved June 3, 2018.
  76. ^ "Luke Wilcox Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  77. ^ Kimmerly, Geoff (July 15, 2000). "St. Johns native gets call up to Yankees". Lansing State Journal. Lansing, Michigan. p. C1. Retrieved June 29, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  78. ^ "Yankees recall Bellinger, send Wilcox to Columbus". The Post-Star. Glens Falls, New York. July 17, 2000. p. C5. Retrieved June 29, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  79. ^ "Cesar King Minor & Independent Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  80. ^ "Game Notes". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. May 20, 2001. p. D9. Retrieved June 29, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  81. ^ "Transactions". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. May 24, 2001. p. D7. Retrieved June 29, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  82. ^ "Jeff Urban Minor & Independent Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  83. ^ "Dave Parrish Minor, Fall & Independent Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  84. ^ "Cory Morris Minor, Fall & Independent Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  85. ^ "Tim Gradoville Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  86. ^ "Luis Munoz Minor, Winter & Independent Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  87. ^ "Pirates promote Munoz; Cleveland claims Bulllington." www.post-gazette.com, 2008-07-10. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
  88. ^ "Tom Cochran Minor, Independent & Winter Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  89. ^ "Major League Spinners". MiLB.com. Lowell Spinners. Archived from the original on July 20, 2018 – via Wayback Machine.
  90. ^ "Jose Yepez Minor, Independent & Winter Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  91. ^ "Mariners Sox Roster & Staff – Transactions". MLB.com. June 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
  92. ^ "Mariners Sox Roster & Staff – Transactions". MLB.com. July 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
  93. ^ Bastian, Jordan (March 19, 2013). "Jeroloman out to shed 'phantom ballplayer' label". MLB.com.
  94. ^ "Jason Rice Minor, Winter & Fall Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  95. ^ "Athletics Sox Roster & Staff – Transactions". MLB.com. September 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
  96. ^ "Dodgers Sox Roster & Staff – Transactions". MLB.com. April 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
  97. ^ "Dodgers Sox Roster & Staff – Transactions". MLB.com. May 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
  98. ^ "Frank De Los Santos Minor, Winter & Independent Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  99. ^ "White Sox Roster & Staff – Transactions". MLB.com. May 2014. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
  100. ^ "Tim Berry Minor & Fall Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  101. ^ "Orioles Roster & Staff – Transactions". MLB.com. June 2014. Retrieved December 16, 2019.
  102. ^ "Yankees Roster & Staff – Transactions". MLB.com. July 2015. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
  103. ^ "Chris Jones Minor, Fall & Winter Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  104. ^ "Angels Roster & Staff – Transactions". MLB.com. May 2016. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  105. ^ "Angels Roster & Staff – Transactions". MLB.com. June 2016. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  106. ^ "Braves Roster & Staff – Transactions". MLB.com. July 2016. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  107. ^ Hummer, Steve (July 3, 2016). "Braves, Marlins get extra body for Sunday night game". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  108. ^ "Dodgers Roster & Staff – Transactions". MLB.com. August 2016. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
  109. ^ Hoch, Bryan (May 23, 2018). "Germany, Australia ... now Yanks for Bollinger: Wide-traveling left-hander joins club vs. Rangers at Globe Life Park". MLB.com. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  110. ^ Franko, Kyle (May 29, 2018). "Ryan Bollinger still relishing unexpected call to Yankees". The Trentonian. Retrieved June 3, 2018.
  111. ^ Mark Polishuk (July 18, 2019). "Minor MLB Transactions: 7/18/19". MLB Trade Rumors. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  112. ^ "Transactions". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved 12 October 2022.
  113. ^ "Transactions". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved 12 October 2022.
  114. ^ "Bo Takahashi Stats, Fantasy & News". MLB.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  115. ^ "Jeison Guzmán Stats, Fantasy & News". MLB.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  116. ^ "Jeison Guzmán Stats, Fantasy & News". MiLB.com. Retrieved August 7, 2022.
  117. ^ "Trey Supak Stats, Fantasy & News". MLB.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  118. ^ "Jasseel De La Cruz Stats, Fantasy & News". MLB.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  119. ^ "Steven Fuentes Stats, Fantasy & News". MLB.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  120. ^ "Nationals Outright Three Players". MLB Trade Rumors. 13 October 2021. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  121. ^ Treacy, Jim (31 July 2021). "Corey Bird "DFA'D" hours before playing Yankees". Wsaz.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  122. ^ "Dirty Birds sign former Marshall star Corey Bird". 22 June 2022.
  123. ^ "Gianpaul Gonzalez". MLB.com.
  124. ^ "Indians Activate Aaron Civale From Injured List". MLB Trade Rumors. 7 September 2021. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  125. ^ a b "Athletics' Miguel Romero: Recalled by Oakland". CBSSports.com. 8 September 2021. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  126. ^ Steve Adams (April 13, 2022). "Phillies Designate Phillies Select Jeff Singer". MLB Trade Rumors. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
  127. ^ Steve Adams (April 14, 2022). "Phillies Designate Jeff Singer For Assignment". MLB Trade Rumors. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
  128. ^ "Nationals' Donovan Casey: Officially recalled by Nationals". 15 April 2022.
  129. ^ "Nationals' Donovan Casey: Sent down Wednesday". 20 April 2022.
  130. ^ Cotillo, Chris (April 19, 2022). "Could Boston Red Sox's future at catcher be on display in next few days with Connor Wong, Ronaldo Hernández in majors?". masslive.com. Retrieved April 19, 2022 – via MSN.com.
  131. ^ Cotillo, Chris (April 20, 2022). "Christian Vázquez activated by Boston Red Sox after one day on COVID list; Ronaldo Hernández sent back to WooSox". masslive.com. Retrieved April 19, 2022 – via MSN.com.
  132. ^ "Red Sox Roster & Staff – Transactions". MLB.com. Boston Red Sox. August 2022. Retrieved August 2, 2022.
  133. ^ McCalvy, Adam (June 2, 2022). "For High-A catcher Alex Hall, a g'day". MLB.com. Retrieved June 3, 2022.
  134. ^ "Tweet". Twitter.com. June 3, 2022. Retrieved June 3, 2022.
  135. ^ "Phillies add 2 new players for final game in Toronto". 13 July 2022.
  136. ^ "Phillies Activate Brogdon, Romero; Toffey Outrighted". 15 July 2022.
  137. ^ "Yankees' Carlos Espinal: Outrighted to minors". cbssports.com. 8 August 2022. Retrieved 2023-05-13.
  138. ^ Hnatiuk, Aileen (14 August 2022). "Parker Bugg receives MLB call-up to the Miami Marlins". WGNO.com.
  139. ^ "Marlins' Parker Bugg: Dropped from 40-man roster". CBSSports.com. 16 August 2022.
  140. ^ "Mets designate Connor Grey for assignment". September 2022.
  141. ^ "Rays' Chris Muller: Sent back to Triple-A". cbssports.com. 15 May 2023. Retrieved 2023-05-17.
  142. ^ "Chris Muller: In search of new organization". cbssports.com. Retrieved 2023-05-29.
  143. ^ "Marlins' Sean Reynolds: Headed back to minors". cbssports.com. 10 July 2023. Retrieved July 12, 2023.
  144. ^ "Norwith Gudiño Stats, Fantasy & News". milb.com. Retrieved July 25, 2023.
  145. ^ "Red Sox Reinstate John Schreiber". mlbtraderumors.com. 25 July 2023. Retrieved July 25, 2023.
  146. ^ "Norwith Gudiño: Released by Boston". cbssports.com. August 2023. Retrieved August 1, 2023.
  147. ^ "Marlins' Josh Simpson: Back to minors". cbssports.com. Retrieved September 17, 2023.
  148. ^ "Yankees' Carlos Narvaez: Headed back to Triple-A". cbssports.com. Retrieved May 3, 2024.
  149. ^ "Rockies Call Up 21-Year-Old Right-Handed Reliever". lastwordonsports.com. Retrieved May 3, 2024.
  150. ^ "Rockies' Angel Chivilli: Sent back to minors". cbssports.com. May 8, 2024.
  151. ^ "Cup of Coffee Players". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved April 4, 2024.
  152. ^ "Jimmy Whalen Minor & Independent Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  153. ^ "CONTENTdm". Digital.la84.org. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  154. ^ "Jimmy Whalen Minor & Independent Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
  155. ^ Jerome Holtzman (January 24, 1995). "REPLACEMENT TEAM IN COBB'S DAY LACKED SOMETHING: QUALITY". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
  156. ^ Miller, Stephen (September 6, 2006). "Rain washes out Mazone's shot". The Morning Call. Allentown, Pennsylvania. p. C1. Retrieved May 31, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  157. ^ "Brian Mazone Minor, Independent & Winter League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  158. ^ http://losangeles.dodgers.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20090320&content_id=4040698&vkey=n [dead link]
  159. ^ "Jorge Comellas". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  160. ^ "Blue Jays recall Wagner, demote Walden". ESPN. April 9, 2014. Retrieved May 27, 2019.
  161. ^ Drellich, Evan (March 26, 2018). "Surprise! Poyner and Walden make Red Sox pitching staff". NBC Sports. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  162. ^ "Mariners promote righty Harper, option Whalen". MLB.com. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  163. ^ "Daniel Camarena Stats, Fantasy & News". MLB.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  164. ^ "Padres' Daniel Camarena: Unsteady in big-league debut". CBS Sports. 20 June 2021.
  165. ^ "Domingo Acevedo". Retrosheet. Retrieved June 12, 2022.
  166. ^ "Twins make roster moves". MLB.com. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  167. ^ Sullivan, Becky (2023-04-27). "After 1,154 games in the minor leagues, Drew Maggi makes his MLB debut". NPR. Retrieved 2023-04-27.
  168. ^ "Ten Baseball Card Blunders". Dacardworld.com. January 3, 2008. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
  169. ^ "1973 Topps: Rookie Catchers". Psacard.com. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
  170. ^ "George Pena Minor, Mexican & Winter Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
  171. ^ "1975 Topps: Rookie Pitchers". Psacard.com. Retrieved June 12, 2021.
  172. ^ "Juan Veintidos Minor & Mexican Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
  173. ^ "Cincinnati Reds 3, Chicago Cubs 2". Retrosheet. September 2, 1956. Retrieved April 4, 2024.
  174. ^ Box score for Oldham's MLB appearance
  175. ^ "Astros' Rookie in 'Brief' Stint". Odessa American. Odessa, Texas. AP. September 16, 1971. p. 1-B. Retrieved May 31, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  176. ^ "Atlanta Braves 4, Houston Astros 2". Retrosheet. September 15, 1971. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  177. ^ "Mark Kiger". Retrosheet. Retrieved July 6, 2018.

Further reading