Brian Jeroloman spent a month with the 2011 Toronto Blue Jays without appearing in a game.
Brian Jeroloman spent a month with the 2011 Toronto Blue Jays without appearing in a game.

A phantom ballplayer is either a baseball player who is incorrectly listed in source materials as playing in a Major League Baseball (MLB) game, often the result of typographical or clerical errors, or a player who spent time on an MLB active roster without ever appearing in an MLB contest during his career. Most of the first form of phantom players date from the 19th or early 20th century, with at least one showing up as late as World War II.

A modern-day phantom ballplayer is generally caused by the player being removed from the active roster by a subsequent action (such as being optioned to a minor league team) or the team reaching the end of their season, and the player not having later opportunity to play in a major league game. Many of these phantom players were September call-ups in backup roles.

Phantoms who never were

Pete Compton of the St. Louis Browns, now credited with the plate appearance of "Lou Proctor"
Pete Compton of the St. Louis Browns, now credited with the plate appearance of "Lou Proctor"

Real players who never played

Research by the Society for American Baseball Research (SABR) has identified over 400 players who appeared on major league rosters, but did not appear in a major league game, since 1884.[3] A number of examples are presented here.

Pre-1950

1950s

Bill Sharman, who was briefly on the roster of the 1951 Brooklyn Dodgers
Bill Sharman, who was briefly on the roster of the 1951 Brooklyn Dodgers

1960s

1970s

1980s

1990s

2000s

2010s

Shawn Zarraga was briefly on the active roster of the Los Angeles Dodgers in 2016.
Shawn Zarraga was briefly on the active roster of the Los Angeles Dodgers in 2016.

2020s

Current season

denotes an active professional baseball player who could lose phantom status if he returns to the major leagues and appears in a game

Honorable mentions

Baseball-Reference.com maintains lists of players who have appeared in only a single major league game; as of July 2018, there are nearly 1,000 batters and over 500 pitchers listed.[137] This section includes some examples, along with several other notables.

Moonlight Graham was featured in the 1989 film Field of Dreams.
Moonlight Graham was featured in the 1989 film Field of Dreams.
Marcus Walden was first listed on an MLB active roster in April 2014, but did not make his MLB debut until April 2018.
Marcus Walden was first listed on an MLB active roster in April 2014, but did not make his MLB debut until April 2018.

See also

References

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Further reading