This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Italian. (March 2009) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Italian article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Italian Wikipedia article at [[:it:Porta San Paolo]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|it|Porta San Paolo)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Porta San Paolo
Porta San Paolo Gates.jpg
Porta San Paolo
Porta San Paolo is located in Rome
Roma Plan.jpg
Porta San Paolo
Porta San Paolo
Shown within Rome
Click on the map for a fullscreen view
Coordinates41°52′36.02″N 12°28′53.29″E / 41.8766722°N 12.4814694°E / 41.8766722; 12.4814694Coordinates: 41°52′36.02″N 12°28′53.29″E / 41.8766722°N 12.4814694°E / 41.8766722; 12.4814694

The Porta San Paolo (San Paolo Gate) is one of the southern gates in the 3rd-century Aurelian Walls of Rome, Italy. The Via Ostiense Museum (museo della Via Ostiense) is housed within the gatehouse.[1] It is in the Ostiense quarter; just to the west is the Roman Pyramid of Cestius, an Egyptian-style pyramid, and beyond that is the Protestant Cemetery.

History

The original name of the gate was Porta Ostiensis, because it was located at the beginning of via Ostiense, the road that connected Rome and Ostia. Via Ostiense was an important arterial road, as evidenced by the fact that upon entering the gate of the same name, the road split, with one direction leading to the famous Emporium, the great market of Rome.

The gatehouse is flanked by two cylindrical towers, and has two entrances, which had been covered by a second, single-opening gate, built in front of the first by the Byzantine general Belisarius (530s–540s).

The structure is due to Maxentius, in the 4th century, but the two towers were heightened by Honorius. Its original—Latin—name was Porta Ostiensis, since it opened on the way to Ostia. Later, it was renamed to the Italian Porta San Paolo, because it was the exit of Rome that led to the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls.

In 549, Rome was under siege; the Ostrogoths of Totila entered through this gate, because of the treason of the Isaurian garrison.

On 10 September 1943, two days after the armistice between the Allies and Italy had been agreed, Italian military and civil forces tried to block German seizure of the city, with 570 casualties.

Citations

  1. ^ "Porta San Paolo | Rome, Italy Attractions".

General sources