Santa Maria in Via Lata
Church of Saint Mary on the Broad Way
Chiesa di Santa Maria in Via Lata
Santa Maria in Via Lata01.jpg
Click on the map for a fullscreen view
41°53′53″N 12°28′53″E / 41.898154°N 12.481300°E / 41.898154; 12.481300Coordinates: 41°53′53″N 12°28′53″E / 41.898154°N 12.481300°E / 41.898154; 12.481300
LocationVia del Corso 306, Rome
CountryItaly
Language(s)Italian
DenominationCatholic
TraditionRoman Rite
Websitewww.cryptavialata.it/index.html
History
Statustitular church
Founded4th century AD?
DedicationMary, mother of Jesus
Architecture
Architect(s)Pietro da Cortona
Architectural typeBaroque, Early Christian
Completed1662
Administration
DioceseRome

Santa Maria in Via Lata is a church on the Via del Corso (the ancient Via Lata), in Rome, Italy. It stands diagonal from the church of San Marcello al Corso.

It is the Station days for Tuesday, the fifth week of lent.[1]

History

The first Christian place of worship here was a 5th-century oratory (chapel with welfare centre) in the Roman building beneath the present church. This was constructed within the remains of a large Roman warehouse, some 250 metres (820 ft) long, which has also been excavated. Murals were added to the lower level between the 7th and 9th centuries (these have been detached for conservation reasons). Due to the frequent flooding of the Tiber, in 1049 the church was rebuilt with an upper level added.[2]

Architecture

The Arcus Novus (an arch erected by emperor Diocletian in 303–304), which stood on this site were destroyed during reconstruction of the church in 1491.[3] Antonio Tebaldeo, poet and friend of Raphael, was buried at the end of the north aisle in 1537, though his tomb was designed in 1776. The bell tower is by Martino Longhi the Elder and was built in 1580. There are three bells, two of which bear dates: 1615 and 1465. The bells were reactivated in 2017, with automated programs.

In anticipation of the Holy Year of 1650, the church was renovated in 1639 by Cosimo Fanzago, but the façade, with its Corinthian columns imposing vertical emphasis, was completed (1658-1660) based on a design by Pietro da Cortona.[2] He appears to evoke a triumphal arch in the facade. The church is built of brick, with limestone details. The facade is done in travertine.

Interior

Beginning in 1636 and continuing over the next 15 years, the interior was renovated, beginning with the apse and sanctuary and continuing with the nave.[1] On the high altar is the church's 13th century icon of the Madonna Advocata, said to have performed many miracles.[2] The ciborium in the apse is made of alabaster and lapis-lazuli.

The church does not have side chapels, but niches. To the right of the entrance is the baptistery, with a font of black marble.[4] Along the right side of the nave, the first altarpiece is a Martydom of St Andrew (1685) by Giacinto Brandi, while the second altarpiece is a Saints Giuseppe, Nicola, and Biagio by Giuseppe Ghezzi. In the chapel to the left of the apse, is a Madonna with child and Saints Cyriac and Catherine by Giovanni Odazzi. The second altar on the left has a Saint Paul baptizes Sabine and children by Pier Leone Ghezzi while the first altarpiece is a Virgin and Saints Lawrence and Anthony by Pietro de Pietri. Six oval paintings on the right nave include canvases by P. de Pietri and Agostino Masucci. On the left nave are five ovals, painted by P. de Pietri, Masucci, and Giovanni Domenico Piastrini.[5] In the Chapel of the Sacrament at the bottom of the right aisle are the remains of a Cosmatesque-style polychrome marble floor floor.

St. Paul is said to have spent two years here, in what is now the crypt of the church, whilst under house arrest awaiting his trial.[1] This conflicts with the tradition regarding San Paolo alla Regola. The same was also claimed for St Peter, Paul's secretary Luke, and the martyr Martial.

An altar in the lower church has a marble bas relief by Cosimo Fancelli commemorating the first excavations of the site. Due to its proximity to the Roman residence of Napoleon’s mother, some members of the Bonaparte family were temporarily buried in the church.

List of cardinal deacons

References

  1. ^ a b c "Tuesday: Santa Maria in Via Lata", PNAC
  2. ^ a b c "Church of Santa Maria in via Lata", Turismo Roma, Major Events, Sport, Tourism and Fashion Department
  3. ^ Richardson, Lawrence A New Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome. (1992) Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 27 ISBN 9780801843006
  4. ^ Head, Sir George. Rome: A Tour of Many Days, Volume 1, Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1849, p. 116
  5. ^ Guida di Pistoia per gli amanti delle belle arti con notizie, by Francesco Tolomei, 1821, page 193.
  6. ^ "Santa Maria in Via Lata (Cardinal Titular Church) [Catholic-Hierarchy]". www.catholic-hierarchy.org.

Bibliography

Media related to Santa Maria in Via Lata at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Santa Maria in Via
Landmarks of Rome
Santa Maria in Via Lata
Succeeded by
Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome