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About cricket

A bowler delivers the ball to a batsman during a game of cricket.
A bowler delivers the ball to a batsman during a game of cricket.

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a field at the centre of which is a 22-yard (20-metre) pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team, called the bowler, "bowls" (propels) the ball from one end of the pitch towards the wicket at the other end, with an "over" being completed once they have legally done so six times. The batting side has one player at each end of the pitch, with the player at the opposite end of the pitch from the bowler aiming to strike the ball with a bat. The batting side scores runs either when the ball reaches the boundary of the field, or when the two batters swap ends of the pitch, which results in one run. The fielding side's aim is to prevent run-scoring and dismiss each batter (so they are "out", and are said to have "lost their wicket"). Means of dismissal include being bowled, when the bowled ball hits the stumps and dislodges the bails, and by the fielding side either catching a hit ball before it touches the ground, or hitting a wicket with the ball before a batter can cross the crease line in front of the wicket to complete a run. When ten batters have been dismissed, the innings ends and the teams swap roles. The game is adjudicated by two umpires, aided by a third umpire and match referee in international matches.

Selected article

William Joseph O'Reilly (20 December 1905 – 6 October 1992) was an Australian cricketer, rated as one of the greatest bowlers in the history of the game. Following his retirement from playing, he became a well-respected cricket writer and broadcaster.

O'Reilly was one of the best spin bowlers ever to play cricket. He delivered the ball from a two-fingered grip at close to medium pace with great accuracy, and could produce leg breaks, googlies, and top spinners, with no discernible change in his action. A tall man for a spinner (around 188 cm, 6 ft 2 in), he whirled his arms to an unusual extent and had a low point of delivery that meant it was very difficult for the batsman to read the flight of the ball out of his hand. When O'Reilly died, Sir Donald Bradman said that he was the greatest bowler he had ever faced or watched. In 1935, Wisden wrote of him: "O'Reilly was one of the best examples in modern cricket of what could be described as a 'hostile' bowler." In 1939, Wisden reflected on Bill O'Reilly's successful 1938 Ashes tour of England: "He is emphatically one of the greatest bowlers of all time." (Full article...)

Selected lists

Anniversaries...

On this day in cricket

In South Africa
In Australia

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General images

The following are images from various cricket-related articles on Wikipedia.
  • Image 1In men's cricket the ball must weigh between 5.5 and 5.75 ounces (155.9 and 163 g) and measure between 8.81 and 9 in (22.4 and 22.9 cm) in circumference. (from Laws of Cricket)
    In men's cricket the ball must weigh between 5.5 and 5.75 ounces (155.9 and 163 g) and measure between 8.81 and 9 in (22.4 and 22.9 cm) in circumference. (from Laws of Cricket)
  • Image 2Broadhalfpenny Down, the location of the first First Class match in 1772 is still played on today (from History of cricket)
    Broadhalfpenny Down, the location of the first First Class match in 1772 is still played on today (from History of cricket)
  • Image 3New articles of the game of cricket, 25 February 1774 (from Laws of Cricket)
    New articles of the game of cricket, 25 February 1774 (from Laws of Cricket)
  • Image 4Photograph of Miss Lily Poulett-Harris, founding mother of women's cricket in Australia. (from History of women's cricket)
    Photograph of Miss Lily Poulett-Harris, founding mother of women's cricket in Australia. (from History of women's cricket)
  • Image 5 First Grand Match of Cricket Played by Members of the Royal Amateur Society on Hampton Court Green, August 3rd, 1836 (from History of cricket)
    First Grand Match of Cricket Played by Members of the Royal Amateur Society on Hampton Court Green, August 3rd, 1836 (from History of cricket)
  • Image 6A Game of Cricket at The Royal Academy Club in Marylebone Fields, now Regent's Park, depiction by unknown artist, c. 1790–1799 (from History of cricket)
    A Game of Cricket at The Royal Academy Club in Marylebone Fields, now Regent's Park, depiction by unknown artist, c. 1790–1799 (from History of cricket)
  • Image 7A wicket consists of three stumps, upright wooden poles that are hammered into the ground, topped with two wooden crosspieces, known as the bails. (from Laws of Cricket)
    A wicket consists of three stumps, upright wooden poles that are hammered into the ground, topped with two wooden crosspieces, known as the bails. (from Laws of Cricket)
  • Image 8Pioneers Cricket Club, South Africa, 1902 (from History of women's cricket)
    Pioneers Cricket Club, South Africa, 1902 (from History of women's cricket)
  • Image 9A 1779 cricket match played by the Countess of Derby and other ladies. (from History of women's cricket)
    A 1779 cricket match played by the Countess of Derby and other ladies. (from History of women's cricket)
  • Image 10The Cricket pitch dimensions (from Laws of Cricket)
    The Cricket pitch dimensions (from Laws of Cricket)

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For cricket news, see International cricket in 2021
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ICC Rankings

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket, and produces team rankings for the various forms of cricket played internationally.

Test cricket is the longest form of cricket, played up to a maximum of five days with two innings per side.

One Day International cricket is played over 50 overs, with one inning per side.

Twenty20 International cricket is played over 20 overs, with one inning per side.

ICC Men's Test Team Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  Australia 23 2,736 119
2  India 32 3,717 116
3  New Zealand 31 3,561 115
4  England 41 4,151 101
5  South Africa 26 2,622 101
6  Pakistan 30 2,787 93
7  Sri Lanka 30 2,485 83
8  West Indies 33 2,480 75
9  Bangladesh 22 1,157 53
10  Zimbabwe 11 342 31
Reference: ICC Test Rankings, 2 March 2022
"Matches" is no. matches + no. series played in the 12–24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
ICC Men's ODI Team Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  New Zealand 17 2,054 121
2  England 32 3,793 119
3  Australia 28 3,244 116
4  India 38 4,162 110
5  South Africa 28 2,943 105
6  Pakistan 27 2,524 93
7  Bangladesh 30 2,740 91
8  Sri Lanka 35 2,835 81
9  West Indies 36 2,788 77
10  Afghanistan 20 1,336 67
11  Ireland 28 1,445 52
12  Scotland 10 452 45
13  Zimbabwe 23 951 41
14  Netherlands 10 378 38
15  United Arab Emirates 12 386 32
16    Nepal 11 330 30
17  Oman 19 547 29
18  Namibia 8 167 21
19  United States 14 232 17
20  Papua New Guinea 13 0 0
Reference: ICC ODI rankings, Updated on 14 February 2022
Matches is the number of matches played in the 12–24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that. See points calculations for more details.
ICC Women's ODI Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  Australia 21 3,379 161
2  England 25 2,983 119
3  South Africa 29 3,390 117
4  India 26 2,934 113
5  New Zealand 26 2,392 92
6  West Indies 22 1,872 85
7  Pakistan 20 1,496 75
8  Bangladesh 5 306 61
9  Sri Lanka 11 519 47
10  Ireland 2 25 13
Reference: ICC Women's ODI rankings, Updated on 27 September 2021
ICC Men's T20I Team Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  India 42 11,323 270
2  England 39 10,474 269
3  Pakistan 46 12,225 266
4  New Zealand 38 9,707 255
5  South Africa 35 8,858 253
6  Australia 45 11,227 249
7  West Indies 45 10,578 235
8  Afghanistan 17 3,951 232
9  Bangladesh 37 8,529 231
10  Sri Lanka 38 8,705 229
11  Zimbabwe 30 5,751 192
12  United Arab Emirates 23 4,344 189
13    Nepal 27 5,015 186
14  Scotland 24 4,447 185
15  Ireland 42 7,702 183
16  Namibia 25 4,435 177
17  Netherlands 23 3,992 171
18  Oman 21 3,534 168
19  Papua New Guinea 19 3,166 167
20  Singapore 12 1,678 140
21  Qatar 15 1,917 128
22  Canada 21 2,619 125
23  Jersey 19 2,333 123
24  Hong Kong 13 1,572 121
25  Uganda 28 2,948 105
26  Italy 12 1,245 104
27  Kuwait 12 1,241 103
28  United States 16 1,644 103
29  Saudi Arabia 8 801 100
30  Kenya 20 1,988 99
31  Bahrain 13 1,251 96
32  Bermuda 12 1,056 88
33  Malaysia 20 1,723 86
34  Germany 28 2,319 83
35  Tanzania 13 1,062 82
36  Denmark 15 1,160 77
37  Botswana 14 1,070 76
38  Guernsey 9 645 72
39  Spain 11 768 70
40  Romania 17 1,163 68
41  Norway 10 667 67
42  Nigeria 23 1,487 65
43  Austria 13 756 58
44  Belgium 17 955 56
45  Sweden 10 536 54
46  France 7 333 48
47  Mexico 7 313 45
48  Cayman Islands 3 132 44
49  Vanuatu 10 435 44
50  Portugal 9 387 43
51  Philippines 10 417 42
52  Ghana 13 541 42
53  Isle of Man 8 329 41
54  Luxembourg 16 613 38
55  Argentina 11 416 38
56  Bahamas 6 223 37
57  Malawi 15 556 37
58  Peru 5 179 36
59  Fiji 3 105 35
60  Finland 9 313 35
61  Sierra Leone 10 331 33
62  Hungary 5 165 33
63  Samoa 5 159 32
64  Japan 4 126 32
64  Costa Rica 4 126 32
66  Belize 11 341 31
67  Malta 25 766 31
68  Panama 11 287 26
69  Thailand 7 175 25
70  Cyprus 9 210 23
71  Czech Republic 19 396 21
72  South Korea 4 78 20
73  Greece 5 94 19
74  Mozambique 13 214 16
75  Rwanda 14 206 15
76  Bhutan 4 47 12
77  Bulgaria 20 221 11
78  Saint Helena 6 55 9
79  Seychelles 6 54 9
80  Brazil 5 39 8
81  Maldives 11 55 5
82  Gibraltar 14 55 4
83  Chile 5 19 4
84  Myanmar 3 1 0
85  Indonesia 3 0 0
86  Eswatini 9 0 0
87  Serbia 5 0 0
88  Lesotho 9 0 0
89  China 4 0 0
90  Estonia 6 0 0
91  Turkey 4 0 0
References: ESPNcricinfo, ICC T20I rankings, As of 01 March 2022
"Matches" is the number of matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
ICC Women's T20I Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  Australia 33 9,600 291
2  England 39 11,060 284
3  New Zealand 31 8,275 267
4  India 40 10,625 266
5  South Africa 32 8,048 252
6  West Indies 31 7,468 241
7  Pakistan 30 6,778 226
8  Sri Lanka 18 3,631 202
9  Bangladesh 26 5,001 192
10  Ireland 24 3,948 170
11  Thailand 29 4,667 161
12  Zimbabwe 21 3,287 157
13  Scotland 18 2,754 153
14    Nepal 11 1,457 132
15  Papua New Guinea 11 1,423 129
16  Samoa 6 749 125
17  United Arab Emirates 11 1,330 121
18  Uganda 19 2,127 112
19  Tanzania 18 1,956 109
20  Netherlands 17 1,527 90
21  Indonesia 13 1,129 87
22  Kenya 14 1,179 84
23  Namibia 28 2,270 81
24  Germany 20 1,410 71
25  Hong Kong 13 875 67
26  China 11 698 63
27  United States 10 610 61
28  Brazil 17 940 55
29  Vanuatu 6 324 54
30  Japan 5 260 52
31  Rwanda 21 1,025 49
32  Belize 6 269 45
33  Myanmar 5 212 42
34  Kuwait 8 337 42
35  Malaysia 17 687 40
36  Jersey 4 160 40
37  Canada 8 303 38
38  Nigeria 19 602 32
39  Sierra Leone 10 316 32
40  Botswana 20 594 30
41  France 12 315 26
42  Oman 9 233 26
43  Argentina 15 345 23
44  Bhutan 4 91 23
45  Austria 16 296 19
46  South Korea 4 73 18
47  Malawi 10 158 16
48  Chile 10 124 12
49  Singapore 6 61 10
50  Costa Rica 7 68 10
51  Mozambique 17 97 6
52  Mexico 7 33 5
53  Peru 8 0 0
54  Mali 3 0 0
55  Fiji 6 0 0
56  Lesotho 3 0 0
57  Norway 4 0 0
References: ICC Women's T20I Rankings, ESPNcricinfo, Updated on 10 November 2021

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