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About cricket

A bowler delivers the ball to a batsman during a game of cricket.
A bowler delivers the ball to a batsman during a game of cricket.

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a field at the centre of which is a 22-yard (20-metre) pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps. The batting side scores runs by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat and then running between the wickets, while the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent this (by preventing the ball from leaving the field, and getting the ball to either wicket) and dismiss each batter (so they are "out"). Means of dismissal include being bowled, when the ball hits the stumps and dislodges the bails, and by the fielding side either catching the ball after it is hit by the bat, but before it hits the ground, or hitting a wicket with the ball before a batter can cross the crease in front of the wicket. When ten batters have been dismissed, the innings ends and the teams swap roles. The game is adjudicated by two umpires, aided by a third umpire and match referee in international matches. They communicate with two off-field scorers who record the match's statistical information.

Selected article

Don Tallon

Donald Tallon (17 February 1916 – 7 September 1984) was an Australian cricketer who played 21 Test matches as a wicket-keeper between 1946 and 1953. He was widely regarded by his contemporaries as Australia's finest ever wicket-keeper and one of the best in Test history, with an understated style, an ability to anticipate the flight, length and spin of the ball and an efficient stumping technique. Tallon toured England as part of Don Bradman's Invincibles of 1948 and was recognised as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year in 1949 for his performances during that season. During his Test career, Tallon made 58 dismissals comprising 50 catches and 8 stumpings.

His early cricket was played in Bundaberg where he was selected to represent Queensland Country against the England cricket team during the infamous Bodyline tour. Aged 17, he made his first-class cricket debut for Queensland against Victoria in December 1933. By the 1935–36 season, Tallon was an established player and he topped the Queensland batting averages for the season, however he was a surprise non-inclusion for the 1938 Australian team to tour England. Following the Second World War and the retirement or unavailability of other candidates, he was finally given an opportunity to play Test cricket, making his debut against New Zealand in 1946 aged 30. (Full article...)

Selected lists

  • Gavaskar has scored the third-highest number of centuries in Tests for India.
    Gavaskar has scored the third-highest number of centuries in Tests for India.
  • Steyn has taken 26 five-wicket hauls in Test cricket.
    Steyn has taken 26 five-wicket hauls in Test cricket.
  • Trent Bridge hosted Nottinghamshire's debut home match in first-class cricket and remains the club's primary ground.
    Trent Bridge hosted Nottinghamshire's debut home match in first-class cricket and remains the club's primary ground.
  • Chandrasekhar's six wickets for 38 runs at the Kennington Oval was influential in setting up India's first ever series victory in England.
    Chandrasekhar's six wickets for 38 runs at the Kennington Oval was influential in setting up India's first ever series victory in England.
  • Saeed Anwar made seven of his ODI centuries at the Sharjah Cricket Association Stadium.
    Saeed Anwar made seven of his ODI centuries at the Sharjah Cricket Association Stadium.
  • Members of the Indian cricket team before a Women's World Twenty20 game in Sydney, 2009.
    Members of the Indian cricket team before a Women's World Twenty20 game in Sydney, 2009.
  • Mahela Jayawardene has scored 54 centuries in international cricket.
    Mahela Jayawardene has scored 54 centuries in international cricket.
  • The County Ground, Hove, which was first used in 1872, and has hosted the majority of Sussex's matches.
    The County Ground, Hove, which was first used in 1872, and has hosted the majority of Sussex's matches.
  • South Africa women at Taunton, 2009 ICC Women's World Twenty20
    South Africa women at Taunton, 2009 ICC Women's World Twenty20
  • Brian Lara is one of two players to have scored 400 or more runs in first-class cricket on two occasions.
    Brian Lara is one of two players to have scored 400 or more runs in first-class cricket on two occasions.
  • Image 11The ICC Cricket Hall of Fame recognises "the achievements of the legends of the game from cricket's long and illustrious history". It was launched by the International Cricket Council (ICC) in Dubai on 2 January 2009, in association with the Federation of International Cricketers' Associations (FICA), as part of the ICC's centenary celebrations. The initial inductees were the 55 players included in the FICA Hall of Fame which ran from 1999 to 2003, but further members are added each year during the ICC Awards ceremony. The inaugural inductees ranged from W. G. Grace, who retired from Test cricket in 1899, to Graham Gooch, who played his last Test match in 1995. Living inductees receive a commemorative cap; Australian Rod Marsh was the first member of the initial inductees to receive his. Members of the Hall of Fame assist in the selection of future inductees.South African Barry Richards played the fewest Test matches during his career with four, before South Africa were excluded from participating in international cricket in 1970. Indian Sachin Tendulkar, inducted in July 2019, played the most Tests with 200 in an international career spanning 24 years. Out of 106 inductees in the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame, 80 are from England, Australia and the West Indies, while the other 26 inductees are from the remaining Test playing nations, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe. (Full article...)
    The ICC Cricket Hall of Fame recognises "the achievements of the legends of the game from cricket's long and illustrious history". It was launched by the International Cricket Council (ICC) in Dubai on 2 January 2009, in association with the Federation of International Cricketers' Associations (FICA), as part of the ICC's centenary celebrations. The initial inductees were the 55 players included in the FICA Hall of Fame which ran from 1999 to 2003, but further members are added each year during the ICC Awards ceremony. The inaugural inductees ranged from W. G. Grace, who retired from Test cricket in 1899, to Graham Gooch, who played his last Test match in 1995. Living inductees receive a commemorative cap; Australian Rod Marsh was the first member of the initial inductees to receive his. Members of the Hall of Fame assist in the selection of future inductees.

    South African Barry Richards played the fewest Test matches during his career with four, before South Africa were excluded from participating in international cricket in 1970. Indian Sachin Tendulkar, inducted in July 2019, played the most Tests with 200 in an international career spanning 24 years. Out of 106 inductees in the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame, 80 are from England, Australia and the West Indies, while the other 26 inductees are from the remaining Test playing nations, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe. (Full article...)
  • Image 12Sydney Barnes was a professional cricketer who played for England in 27 Test matches between 1901 and 1914. He claimed 24 five-wicket hauls (five or more wickets in an innings) during his Test career. A five-wicket haul is regarded as a notable achievement, and as of 2014 fewer than 50 bowlers have taken more than 15 five-wicket hauls at international level in their cricketing careers. Barnes had only played seven first-class matches when he was chosen by Archie MacLaren to tour Australia, and played only 47 County Championship matches throughout his entire career, opting to play Minor Counties and Lancashire League cricket instead. He based his decision upon two main criteria – playing club cricket was more financially rewarding, and he was worried about having to bowl too much in first-class county cricket, and suffering from burnout.Barnes is generally regarded as one of the best bowlers to have played international cricket, and finished his Test career with 189 wickets at an average of 16.43; his average places him among the top-ten bowlers in Test cricket. At the start of his career, he was a fast bowler who endeavoured to swing the ball, which was the common style of bowling at the time. However, Barnes experimented with bowling a little slower and cutting the ball, and developed both an off cutter and a leg cutter that he concluded were far more effective than swinging the ball. Despite his bowling talent, Barnes did not play any Test cricket between July 1902 and December 1907, as he was considered a "prima donna" who would only put in the effort when he was in the right mood, and being suitably paid. After his recall to the England side, he played regularly until the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, and was named by the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack as one of their Cricketers of the Year in 1910. (Full article...)
    Sydney Barnes was a professional cricketer who played for England in 27 Test matches between 1901 and 1914. He claimed 24 five-wicket hauls (five or more wickets in an innings) during his Test career. A five-wicket haul is regarded as a notable achievement, and as of 2014 fewer than 50 bowlers have taken more than 15 five-wicket hauls at international level in their cricketing careers. Barnes had only played seven first-class matches when he was chosen by Archie MacLaren to tour Australia, and played only 47 County Championship matches throughout his entire career, opting to play Minor Counties and Lancashire League cricket instead. He based his decision upon two main criteria – playing club cricket was more financially rewarding, and he was worried about having to bowl too much in first-class county cricket, and suffering from burnout.

    Barnes is generally regarded as one of the best bowlers to have played international cricket, and finished his Test career with 189 wickets at an average of 16.43; his average places him among the top-ten bowlers in Test cricket. At the start of his career, he was a fast bowler who endeavoured to swing the ball, which was the common style of bowling at the time. However, Barnes experimented with bowling a little slower and cutting the ball, and developed both an off cutter and a leg cutter that he concluded were far more effective than swinging the ball. Despite his bowling talent, Barnes did not play any Test cricket between July 1902 and December 1907, as he was considered a "prima donna" who would only put in the effort when he was in the right mood, and being suitably paid. After his recall to the England side, he played regularly until the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, and was named by the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack as one of their Cricketers of the Year in 1910. (Full article...)
  • Image 13Mohammad Azharuddin is a former international cricketer who represented and captained the India national cricket team. Considered to be one of the greatest batsman to emerge from Indian cricket, he was well known for his "wristy strokeplay". A right-handed middle order batsman, Azharuddin scored 29 international centuries before the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) accused him of match-fixing in 2000, which marked the end of his cricket career. In a career that spanned 15 years, he played 99 Tests and 334 One Day Internationals (ODI) accumulating 6,215 and 9,378 runs respectively. Azharuddin was the first cricketer to score 9,000 runs in ODI cricket and remained the leading run-scorer until October 2000. He was named the "Indian Cricket Cricketer of the Year" before being included by Wisden as one of their five Cricketers of the Year in 1991.Azharuddin made his Test and ODI debuts during England's 1984–85 tour of India. In Tests, he made centuries against all nations except West Indies and Zimbabwe. In his first Test appearance Azharuddin made 110, thus becoming the eighth Indian player to score a century on debut. With scores of 105 and 122 in the subsequent matches of the series, he became the first player to score a century in each of his first three Tests. Azharuddin equalled the record of Kapil Dev for the fastest century by an Indian in Test cricket, when he scored a century from 74 balls against South Africa in 1996. His highest score of 199 came against Sri Lanka at Kanpur in 1986. Azharuddin's 22 Test centuries were made at fifteen cricket grounds, nine of which were outside India. He scored a century in his last Test innings—against South Africa—in March 2000. As of September 2022, he is joint thirty-first among all-time century makers in Test cricket, and sixth in the equivalent list for India. (Full article...)
    Mohammad Azharuddin is a former international cricketer who represented and captained the India national cricket team. Considered to be one of the greatest batsman to emerge from Indian cricket, he was well known for his "wristy strokeplay". A right-handed middle order batsman, Azharuddin scored 29 international centuries before the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) accused him of match-fixing in 2000, which marked the end of his cricket career. In a career that spanned 15 years, he played 99 Tests and 334 One Day Internationals (ODI) accumulating 6,215 and 9,378 runs respectively. Azharuddin was the first cricketer to score 9,000 runs in ODI cricket and remained the leading run-scorer until October 2000. He was named the "Indian Cricket Cricketer of the Year" before being included by Wisden as one of their five Cricketers of the Year in 1991.

    Azharuddin made his Test and ODI debuts during England's 1984–85 tour of India. In Tests, he made centuries against all nations except West Indies and Zimbabwe. In his first Test appearance Azharuddin made 110, thus becoming the eighth Indian player to score a century on debut. With scores of 105 and 122 in the subsequent matches of the series, he became the first player to score a century in each of his first three Tests. Azharuddin equalled the record of Kapil Dev for the fastest century by an Indian in Test cricket, when he scored a century from 74 balls against South Africa in 1996. His highest score of 199 came against Sri Lanka at Kanpur in 1986. Azharuddin's 22 Test centuries were made at fifteen cricket grounds, nine of which were outside India. He scored a century in his last Test innings—against South Africa—in March 2000. As of September 2022, he is joint thirty-first among all-time century makers in Test cricket, and sixth in the equivalent list for India. (Full article...)
  • Gary Wilson, seen keeping wicket, was the sole batsman dismissed by wicketkeeper Jekon Edness in T20Is.
    Gary Wilson, seen keeping wicket, was the sole batsman dismissed by wicketkeeper Jekon Edness in T20Is.
  • Sobers held the record for the second highest number of centuries in Test cricket at the time of his retirement.
    Sobers held the record for the second highest number of centuries in Test cricket at the time of his retirement.

Anniversaries...

On this day in cricket

Yuvraj Singh
India
South Africa

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General images

The following are images from various cricket-related articles on Wikipedia.
  • Image 1Pioneers Cricket Club, South Africa, 1902 (from History of women's cricket)
    Pioneers Cricket Club, South Africa, 1902 (from History of women's cricket)
  • Image 2A Game of Cricket at The Royal Academy Club in Marylebone Fields, now Regent's Park, depiction by unknown artist, c. 1790–1799 (from History of cricket)
    A Game of Cricket at The Royal Academy Club in Marylebone Fields, now Regent's Park, depiction by unknown artist, c. 1790–1799 (from History of cricket)
  • Image 3New articles of the game of cricket, 25 February 1774 (from Laws of Cricket)
    New articles of the game of cricket, 25 February 1774 (from Laws of Cricket)
  • Image 4 First Grand Match of Cricket Played by Members of the Royal Amateur Society on Hampton Court Green, August 3rd, 1836 (from History of cricket)
    First Grand Match of Cricket Played by Members of the Royal Amateur Society on Hampton Court Green, August 3rd, 1836 (from History of cricket)
  • Image 5Photograph of Miss Lily Poulett-Harris, founding mother of women's cricket in Australia. (from History of women's cricket)
    Photograph of Miss Lily Poulett-Harris, founding mother of women's cricket in Australia. (from History of women's cricket)
  • Image 6A wicket consists of three stumps, upright wooden poles that are hammered into the ground, topped with two wooden crosspieces, known as the bails. (from Laws of Cricket)
    A wicket consists of three stumps, upright wooden poles that are hammered into the ground, topped with two wooden crosspieces, known as the bails. (from Laws of Cricket)
  • Image 7The Cricket pitch dimensions (from Laws of Cricket)
    The Cricket pitch dimensions (from Laws of Cricket)
  • Image 8Broadhalfpenny Down, the location of the first First Class match in 1772 is still played on today (from History of cricket)
    Broadhalfpenny Down, the location of the first First Class match in 1772 is still played on today (from History of cricket)
  • Image 9A 1779 cricket match played by the Countess of Derby and other ladies. (from History of women's cricket)
    A 1779 cricket match played by the Countess of Derby and other ladies. (from History of women's cricket)
  • Image 10In men's cricket the ball must weigh between 5.5 and 5.75 ounces (155.9 and 163 g) and measure between 8.81 and 9 in (22.4 and 22.9 cm) in circumference. (from Laws of Cricket)
    In men's cricket the ball must weigh between 5.5 and 5.75 ounces (155.9 and 163 g) and measure between 8.81 and 9 in (22.4 and 22.9 cm) in circumference. (from Laws of Cricket)

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ICC Rankings

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket, and produces team rankings for the various forms of cricket played internationally.

Test cricket is the longest form of cricket, played up to a maximum of five days with two innings per side.

One Day International cricket is played over 50 overs, with one inning per side.

Twenty20 International cricket is played over 20 overs, with one inning per side.

ICC Men's Test Team Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  Australia 19 2,439 128
2  India 29 3,318 114
3  South Africa 25 2,606 104
4  England 43 4,449 103
5  New Zealand 27 2,704 100
6  Pakistan 20 1,865 93
7  Sri Lanka 20 1,637 82
8  West Indies 25 1,988 80
9  Bangladesh 22 1,047 48
10  Zimbabwe 6 148 25
Reference: ICC Test Rankings, 12 September 2022
"Matches" is no. matches + no. series played in the 12–24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
ICC Men's ODI Team Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  England 27 3,226 119
2  New Zealand 22 2,508 114
3  India 31 3,447 111
4  Pakistan 22 2,354 107
5  Australia 29 3,071 106
6  South Africa 21 2,111 101
7  Bangladesh 30 2,753 92
8  Sri Lanka 29 2,658 92
9  West Indies 41 2,902 71
10  Afghanistan 18 1,238 69
11  Ireland 23 1,214 53
12  Scotland 27 1,254 46
13  Zimbabwe 26 1,098 42
14  Netherlands 21 673 32
15  United Arab Emirates 22 697 32
16  Oman 30 919 31
17  United States 24 733 31
18  Namibia 15 369 25
19    Nepal 22 331 15
20  Papua New Guinea 23 166 7
Reference: ICC ODI rankings, ESPN Cricinfo, Updated on 12 September 2022
Matches is the number of matches played in the 12–24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that. See points calculations for more details.
ICC Women's ODI Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  Australia 29 4,837 167
2  England 33 4,046 123
3  South Africa 35 4,157 119
4  India 32 3,219 101
5  New Zealand 31 3,019 97
6  West Indies 30 2,768 92
7  Bangladesh 12 930 78
8  Pakistan 30 1,962 65
9  Sri Lanka 11 495 45
10  Ireland 8 351 44
11  Zimbabwe 8 0 0
Reference: ICC Women's ODI rankings, Updated on 30 August 2022
ICC Men's T20I Team Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  India 49 13,136 268
2  England 34 8,907 262
3  South Africa 34 8,787 258
4  Pakistan 36 9,278 258
5  New Zealand 38 9,594 252
6  Australia 36 9,009 250
7  West Indies 46 11,093 241
8  Sri Lanka 42 9,964 237
9  Bangladesh 40 8,933 223
10  Afghanistan 27 5,919 219
11  Zimbabwe 39 7,555 194
12  Ireland 47 8,805 187
13  United Arab Emirates 24 4,428 185
14  Namibia 29 5,321 183
15  Scotland 21 3,820 182
16    Nepal 30 5,387 180
17  Oman 19 3,238 170
18  Netherlands 24 4,036 168
19  Papua New Guinea 24 3,495 146
20  Canada 17 2,176 128
21  Hong Kong 20 2,555 128
22  Jersey 23 2,924 127
23  Qatar 13 1,643 126
24  Kuwait 18 2,153 120
25  United States 16 1,908 119
26  Uganda 31 3,670 118
27  Singapore 21 2,416 115
28  Kenya 22 2,358 107
29  Malaysia 28 2,979 106
30  Italy 15 1,585 106
31  Bahrain 16 1,533 96
32  Saudi Arabia 6 562 94
33  Tanzania 10 895 90
34  Bermuda 12 1,053 88
35  Germany 30 2,527 84
36  Spain 17 1,335 79
37  Denmark 21 1,518 72
38  Guernsey 17 1,194 70
39  Isle of Man 10 678 68
40  Belgium 20 1,349 67
41  Cayman Islands 8 529 66
42  Austria 26 1,686 65
43  Nigeria 23 1,482 64
44  Botswana 8 502 63
45  Vanuatu 11 645 59
46  Portugal 11 644 59
47  Romania 24 1,359 57
48  Norway 17 897 53
49  Finland 17 891 52
50  France 9 470 52
51  Argentina 9 435 48
52  Malawi 9 408 45
53  Sweden 16 690 43
54  Ghana 13 541 42
55  Cook Islands 6 245 41
56  Czech Republic 28 1,137 41
57   Switzerland 11 396 41
58  Malta 33 1,179 36
59  Luxembourg 23 774 34
60  Sierra Leone 10 331 33
61  Bhutan 8 239 30
62  Fiji 6 177 30
63  Mozambique 13 338 26
64  Cyprus 11 283 26
65  Bahamas 11 260 24
66  Hungary 16 358 22
67  Belize 6 132 22
68  Panama 6 125 21
69  Rwanda 11 206 19
70  Serbia 17 184 11
71  Seychelles 6 54 9
72  Bulgaria 34 296 9
73  Maldives 15 81 5
74  Samoa 8 42 5
75  Gibraltar 21 68 3
76  Greece 9 27 3
77  Thailand 10 0 0
78  Eswatini 12 0 0
79  Turkey 6 0 0
80  Lesotho 6 0 0
81  Estonia 12 0 0
References: ICC T20I rankings, ESPNcricinfo, As of 14 September 2022
"Matches" is the number of matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
ICC Women's T20I Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  Australia 27 8,011 297
2  England 35 9,940 284
3  New Zealand 23 6,193 269
4  India 32 8,353 261
5  West Indies 19 4,691 247
6  South Africa 29 7,121 246
7  Pakistan 24 5,454 227
8  Sri Lanka 21 4,251 202
9  Bangladesh 15 2,850 190
10  Thailand 19 3,216 169
11  Ireland 28 4,630 165
12  Zimbabwe 26 4,156 160
13  Scotland 22 3,263 148
14  United Arab Emirates 26 3,490 134
15  Papua New Guinea 9 1,174 130
16  Samoa 6 749 125
17  Tanzania 20 2,383 119
18    Nepal 24 2,784 116
19  Uganda 32 31,25 98
20  Netherlands 20 1,929 96
21  Namibia 37 3,514 95
22  Indonesia 9 761 85
23  Kenya 24 1,996 83
24  Hong Kong 22 1,711 78
25  China 8 538 67
26  Sweden 6 387 65
27  Jersey 10 618 62
28  United States 12 726 61
29  Malaysia 25 1,425 57
30  Vanuatu 6 324 54
31  Rwanda 34 1,822 54
32  Japan 5 260 52
33  Germany 27 1,390 51
34  Brazil 17 801 47
35  Belize 3 135 45
36  Nigeria 30 1,302 43
37  Myanmar 5 212 42
38  Italy 10 401 40
39  Canada 8 277 35
40  France 16 431 27
41  Sierra Leone 11 263 24
42  Oman 13 290 22
43  Botswana 22 460 21
44  Bhutan 11 217 20
45  Mozambique 17 331 19
46  Kuwait 19 359 19
47  South Korea 4 73 18
48  Malawi 4 71 18
49  Bahrain 8 138 17
50  Qatar 14 218 16
51  Romania 7 105 15
52  Mexico 3 42 14
53  Austria 23 278 12
54  Costa Rica 4 34 9
55  Norway 8 47 6
56  Singapore 10 28 3
57  Eswatini 11 0 0
58  Argentina 9 0 0
59  Mali 3 0 0
60  Fiji 6 0 0
References: ICC Women's T20I Rankings, ESPNcricinfo, Updated on 13 September 2022

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