Silver hexafluorophosphate
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.043.101 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 247-428-6
  • InChI=1S/Ag.F6P/c;1-7(2,3,4,5)6/q+1;-1 checkY
  • InChI=1/Ag.F6P/c;1-7(2,3,4,5)6/q+1;-1
  • [Ag+].F[P-](F)(F)(F)(F)F
Molar mass 252.83 g/mol
Appearance Off-white powder
Melting point 102 °C (216 °F; 375 K)
Solubility soluble in organic solvents
GHS labelling:
GHS05: Corrosive
P260, P264, P280, P301+P330+P331, P303+P361+P353, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P310, P321, P363, P405, P501
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
NFPA 704 four-colored diamondHealth 3: Short exposure could cause serious temporary or residual injury. E.g. chlorine gasFlammability 0: Will not burn. E.g. waterInstability 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g. liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no code
Safety data sheet (SDS) External MSDS
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Silver hexafluorophosphate, sometimes referred to "silver PF-6," is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula AgPF6.

Uses and reactions

Silver hexafluorophosphate is a commonly encountered reagent in inorganic and organometallic chemistry. It is commonly used to replace halide ligands with the weakly coordinating hexafluorophosphate anion; the abstraction of the halide is driven by the precipitation of the appropriate silver halide.

Illustrative is the preparation of acetonitrile complexes from a metal bromide, a reaction that would typically be conducted in a solution of acetonitrile:

AgPF6 + Re(CO)5Br + CH3CN → AgBr + [Re(CO)5(CH3CN)]PF6

AgPF6 can act as an oxidant, forming silver metal as a by-product. For example, in solution in dichloromethane, ferrocene is oxidised to ferrocenium hexafluorophosphate:[1]

AgPF6 + Fe(C5H5)2 → Ag + [Fe(C5H5)2]PF6 (E = 0.65 V)

Related reagents

In terms of their properties and applications, silver tetrafluoroborate (AgBF4) and the hexafluoroantimonate (AgSbF6) are similar to AgPF6.

Comparison with silver nitrate

Silver nitrate is a traditional and less expensive halide abstraction reagent, as indicated by its widespread use in qualitative tests for halides.

Relative to AgPF6, however, silver nitrate is poorly soluble in weakly basic solvents: the nitrate anion is Lewis basic and presents an interfering ligand that precludes its use in stringent applications.


  1. ^ Connelly, N. G.; Geiger, W. E. (1996). "Chemical Redox Agents for Organometallic Chemistry". Chem. Rev. 96 (2): 877–922. doi:10.1021/cr940053x. PMID 11848774.