3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||53.9962 g/mol|
|Appearance||colorless gas, pale yellow liquid when condensed|
|Melting point||−223.8 °C (−370.8 °F; 49.3 K)|
|Boiling point||−144.75 °C (−228.55 °F; 128.40 K)|
|Vapor pressure||48.9 atm (at −58.0 °C or −72.4 °F or 215.2 K[a])|
Heat capacity (C)
|43.3 J/mol K|
|246.98 J/mol K|
Std enthalpy of
|24.5 kJ mol−1|
Gibbs free energy (ΔfG˚)
|NFPA 704 (fire diamond)|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LC50 (median concentration)
|NIOSH (US health exposure limits):|
|TWA 0.05 ppm (0.1 mg/m3)|
|C 0.05 ppm (0.1 mg/m3)|
IDLH (Immediate danger)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Oxygen difluoride is a chemical compound with the formula OF
2. As predicted by VSEPR theory, the molecule adopts a "bent" molecular geometry similar to that of water. However, it has very different properties, being a strong oxidizer.
Oxygen difluoride was first reported in 1929; it was obtained by the electrolysis of molten potassium fluoride and hydrofluoric acid containing small quantities of water. The modern preparation entails the reaction of fluorine with a dilute aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide, with sodium fluoride as a side-product:
Its powerful oxidizing properties are suggested by the oxidation number of +2 for the oxygen atom instead of its normal −2. Above 200 °C, OF
2 decomposes to oxygen and fluorine via a radical mechanism.
2 reacts with many metals to yield oxides and fluorides. Nonmetals also react: phosphorus reacts with OF
2 to form PF
5 and POF
3; sulfur gives SO
2 and SF
4; and unusually for a noble gas, xenon reacts (at elevated temperatures) yielding XeF
4 and xenon oxyfluorides.
Oxygen difluoride reacts very slowly with water to form hydrofluoric acid:
It can oxidize sulphur dioxide to sulfur trioxide and elemental fluorine:
However, in the presence of UV radiation the products are sulfuryl fluoride (SO
2) and pyrosulfuryl fluoride (S
Oxygen difluoride is considered an unsafe gas due to its oxidizing properties. Hydrofluoric acid produced by the hydrolysis of OF
2 with water is highly corrosive and toxic, capable of causing necrosis, leaching calcium from the bones and causing cardiovascular damage, among a host of other insidious effects.
In Robert L. Forward's science fiction novel Camelot 30K, oxygen difluoride was used as a biochemical solvent by fictional life forms living in the solar system's Kuiper belt. While OF
2 would be a solid at 30 K, the fictional alien lifeforms were described as endothermic, maintaining elevated body temperatures and liquid OF
2 blood by radiothermal heating.