This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Spar" retailer – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (September 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this message)

SPAR International B.V.
Company typePrivate
Founded1932; 92 years ago (1932)
Number of locations
13,996 stores (worldwide, 2022)[1]
Area served
(48 countries as of 2022)[1]
ProductsGrocers' shops, convenience shops, discount shops, hypermarkets
RevenueIncrease 43.5 billion (2022)[1]
Number of employees
460,000 (2022)[1]
SubsidiariesBWG Foods

SPAR, originally DESPAR, styled as DE SPAR[2] (Dutch pronunciation: [də ˈspɑr]), is a Dutch multinational franchise that provides branding, supplies and support services for independently owned and operated food retail stores.[3] It was founded in the Netherlands in 1932,[4] by Adriaan van Well, and as of 2022 consists of 13,996[1] stores in 48 countries.[1]

Logo without the red box, used in Northern Ireland and other countries

Its headquarters are in Amsterdam. The company operates a partnership programme and has a presence in most European countries, as well as many others throughout Asia, Africa and Oceania.

In fiscal year 2022, SPAR earned €43.5 billion in global sales,[1] which represented a 5.6 percent increase over the previous year.[1]


The name was originally DESPAR, an acronym of the Dutch phrase Door Eendrachtig Samenwerken Profiteren Allen Regelmatig[note 1] (English: "Through united co-operation everyone profits equally "), which was used by Van Well to describe the brand.[5] The acronym was chosen to resonate with the verb sparen, which (related to English spare) means "save [money]" in Dutch and some other languages, among them German[6] and Scandinavian languages (with variants such as spara or spare). Spar is Dutch for "spruce tree", after which the logo was chosen. As the organisation expanded across Europe, the name was abbreviated by dropping the DE prefix.[5][7]

There are some international naming variants:


SPAR shop in Moerkapelle, Netherlands
Woman in SPAR shop in Vienna, Austria, 2016

Spar was founded in 1932 in the South Holland town of Zegwaart (now part of Zoetermeer). In 1953, an International Spar office opened in Amsterdam to control and further develop the organisation throughout Europe and other continents. Many Spar shops are in Europe, but they can also be found in a number of countries outside of Europe, such as Australia, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Nigeria, South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Mozambique, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Cameroon, China, and India.[20] Spar opened in Vanuatu on 1 December 2009, ending Au Bon Marché's grocery monopoly.[21]

A Spar shop may be owned independently, by a franchise, or be part of a chain, depending on the model applied in any given country. The owners of the parent company vary from country to country and may include the shop owners themselves. The name and the current logo was most recently revised in 1968 by Raymond Loewy and has since remained unchanged.[22]

In the United Kingdom, Spar was founded in 1959 and may be a supermarket or a convenience shop. In 1997, Spar was introduced to most United Kingdom military bases by the Navy, Army and Air Force Institutes (Naafi), where it sells a variety of civilian and military products.[23] In Ireland and Northern Ireland, the Spar brand is known for neighbourhood shops and also the subformat Eurospar acting as mini-supermarkets.[citation needed]

Since 1996, the company has been a major sponsor of the European Athletic Association and its events.[24]

Spar stores in the Netherlands are members of Superunie, an inventory purchasing organisation for a number of otherwise unaffiliated supermarket brands.[citation needed]

In 1988, SPAR South Africa became a wholly owned subsidiary of Tiger Brands, a holding company with a large diversified portfolio. However, it was unbundled and listed as a separate company in 2004.[25] In July 2014, SPAR South Africa opened its first supermarket in Angola but no expansion of the brand is planned for this market. Since 2021, the group has 100% of BWG Foods, which had outlets in Ireland and southern Britain.[26]

In 2015, Ahold acquired all 35 hypermarkets and 14 supermarkets from Spar Czechia for more than 5.2 billion Czech koruna.[27] and converted them into Albert super- and hypermarkets. However, it had to divest itself of some shops in order not to have a monopoly.[citation needed]

The first SPAR shop in Oman was inaugurated in January 2015, in Muscat.[citation needed] Spar Oman had plans to open more shops over time as part of its expansion plans in Oman.[citation needed] Spar opened its first store in Qatar in 2017, with the second store opening in 2018. A further two stores were planned to open in 2018, but it got cancelled.[28]

SPAR opened in Saudi Arabia in 2017, sublicensed to Al-Sadhan Group [29] opening its first stores in Riyadh.

In 2017, Ceylon Biscuits Limited in Sri Lanka acquired a license to operate the Spar brand in Sri Lanka as Spar Lanka. This is a joint venture of Ceylon Biscuits Limited and SPAR South Africa.[30] They opened the first store in Thalawathugoda, Colombo. The plan is to open 50 outlets in the country by 2023.[31]

In 2020, there were more than 13,500 SPAR stores in 48 countries.[32]

In 2022, SPAR International entered the Kazakhstan retail market. [33]

In 2022, Israeli supermarket chain Shufersal announced plans to open SPAR stores in Israel; with 10 stores to be opened in the first three years of operation.[34] Also in 2022, SPAR entered Latvia where by 2023 it opened 23 stores.[35][36]

Shop types

SPAR shop in Laiwu, China

In most, but not all countries, SPAR operates shops of different types and sub-brands: SPAR Express, SPAR Neighbourhood, EuroSPAR and InterSPAR.[37]

InterSPAR shop in Hungary

The EuroSPAR name is used in Europe and SuperSPAR in South Africa. These are mid-sized supermarkets. They are designed to fit in a niche between convenience shops and traditional supermarkets.[38]


These are hypermarkets and compete directly against major international chains such as Real, Carrefour, and Tesco.[39][40]


KwikSPAR (only found in South Africa) are a smaller quick stop shop for convenience. They are larger than the conventional SPAR Express but smaller than the normal SPAR. These stores tend to have extended trading hours, some even being 24-hour convenience stores.


HOT SPAR was a brand of convenience stores licensed to franchisees in Japan.[41]

SPAR Express
A filling station with a SPAR Express shop in Wattens, Austria

This is the smallest type of shop. They are designed for small sites and filling station forecourts, airports and train stations.[42]

SPAR Drive-Thru

There was a drive-through SPAR on the Cliftonville Road in Belfast, Northern Ireland. This has now been converted to a Centra shop, and retained the drive-through for a while afterwards, but now no longer has one.[43]

SPAR Gourmet

The Austrian Spar Group has around 50 supermarkets branded SPAR Gourmet, mainly in and around Vienna. They are smaller supermarkets that specialize in foods, with a reduced range of other household goods. They originate from the acquisition of retail units from the Julius Meinl coffee and tea chain in 2000.[44][45][46]

International statistics (2021)

Former Spar store photographed on the ground floor of Helsinki Central Station in 2005. Later changed to Alepa


Following the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine which began on February 24, many international, particularly Western, companies pulled out of Russia. Unlike most of its Western competitors, Spar has been slow to announce any disinvestments or scaling back of its operations in Russia, drawing criticism. Ukrainian government officials called for a global boycott of the company.[47][48]

See also



  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "SPAR Annual Review 2022". SPAR International. Retrieved 26 April 2024.
  2. ^ The first DESPAR store, opened in the Netherlands, 1932. Spar International. Archived 2017-06-06.
  3. ^ "About us". SPAR International. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Spar boss brings in Subway and Greggs to snatch grocery spend from retail giants". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  5. ^ a b "The History of SPAR". SPAR International. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
  6. ^ "Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch". LEO. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  7. ^ "SPAR – Some Untold stories - Reena D Souza".
  8. ^ "DESPAR" (in Hungarian). Lukoil Magyarország. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  9. ^ "SPAR Italy". SPAR International. Retrieved 31 October 2022.
  10. ^ "DESPAR" (in German). SPAR Österreich. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  11. ^ "". Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  12. ^ "SPAR i INTERSPAR Hrvatska: mi smo tu za Vas". Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  13. ^ "Further expansion for SPAR in Qatar". SPAR International.
  14. ^ عروض سبار قطر من 12 حتى 16/6/2021. العروض اون لاين. 13 June 2021.
  15. ^ نت, تسوق (28 April 2021). عروض اليوم بفروع سبار السعودية من 28 إبريل حتى 4 مايو 2021 رمضان كريم. العروض اون لاين.
  16. ^ "اسپار – برای رفع نیازهای شما" (in Persian).
  17. ^ رازهای موفقیت و محبوبیت «اسپار». (in Persian).
  18. ^ 斯巴超市 (Spar)是荷蘭的一家跨國零售企業,在全世界42個國家開設有約12.500個店鋪。斯巴超市創建於1932年。現在斯巴超市已經在大部分歐洲國家,部分非洲、亞洲、大洋洲. (in Chinese).
  20. ^ "SPAR Country Figures". SPAR International. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  21. ^ "SPAR Australia opens first Vanuatu shop: AUS". Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  22. ^ "SPAR". Raymond Loewy Foundation. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  23. ^ "Naafi allies with Spar". The Grocer. 22 March 1997. Naafi has chosen Spar as its retail partner to convert its 200 UK shops into a "world class operation for the next millennium". The contract, worth nearly £500 million over the next five years, was awarded after extensive trials with Costcutter and Londis. [dead link]
  24. ^ "Athletics, Sprints and Sports Days". SPAR. Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 9 October 2009. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  25. ^ Trade Intelligence – SPAR, accessed 2 October 2010
  26. ^ Mark Allix (12 August 2014). "Spar buys stake in Irish supermarkets". BusinessLIVE. Archived from the original on 26 October 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  27. ^ "SPAR odchází z českého trhu, z padesáti prodejen budou Alberty". 11 March 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2016.
  28. ^ Aguilar, Joey (2 April 2018). "Spar's flagship store opens at Tawar Mall". Gulf Times.
  29. ^ "Saudi Spar to open 40 branches by 2020". 2 February 2018.
  30. ^ "SPAR Sri Lanka". Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  31. ^ "* Spar continues expansion with entry into Sri Lanka". Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  32. ^ "SPAR CI Annual Review English". SPAR CI Annual Review English. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  33. ^ "SPAR continues expansion with entry into Kazakhstan" (Press release).
  34. ^ "Shufersal in talks to open SPAR stores in Israel". Globes. 28 December 2022. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  35. ^ "The international retail network "Spar" plans to start work in Latvia in the summer". (in Latvian). Retrieved 9 June 2022.
  36. ^ "'Elvi' franchise partner 'Banderi S.IDE' will join the 'Spar' network with dozens of stores". (in Latvian). Retrieved 6 February 2023.
  37. ^ Eric Pfanner (12 November 2004). "An international grocery giant is emerging from the shadows". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  38. ^ "Shop formats". Spar International. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  39. ^ Ians (28 January 2011). "SPAR to open 24 more hypermarkets in next two years". Sify. Archived from the original on 2 March 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  40. ^ Sedlák, Lubomír (3 February 2011). "CZECH: Spar looks to expand supermarket chain". just-food. Archived from the original on 11 July 2020. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  41. ^ Ryukyu Asahi Broadcasting (13 December 2007). ホットスパーが「COCO!」へ ["HOT SPAR" rebranded to "COCO!"] (in Japanese). Ryukyu Asahi Broadcasting. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2023.
    • rough translation of relevant parts: "From next February, the covenience store chain 'HOT SPAR' will be renamed to 'COCO!'".; "[...] because the licensing contract with the Dutch firm SPAR International will expire on November next year"
  42. ^ "Shop formats". Spar South Africa. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  43. ^ "Inquiry into Town Centre Regeneration". Northern Ireland Assembly Archive Site. 20 October 2009. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  44. ^ "Chronologie: Von Konsum bis Rewe". 24 February 2008. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  45. ^ "SPAR Gourmet". SPAR (in German). SPAR Österreichische Warenhandels-AG. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  46. ^ "Julius Meinl veräußert Lebensmittelhandel an die Spar – Institution". APA-OTS Originaltext-Service (in German). Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  47. ^ "Kuleba calls to boycott major companies refusing to leave Russian market". Ukrinform. Retrieved 21 March 2022.
  48. ^ "European chains Metro, SPAR still active in Ukraine, Russia". Reuters. 2 March 2022. Retrieved 21 March 2022.