Spartakiad of Peoples of the USSR
Stamp marking the 1956 Spartakiad in Moscow
First event1956
Occur every4 years
Last event1991
PurposeNational qualifiers
HeadquartersMoscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union

Spartakiad of Peoples of the USSR (Russian: Спартакиада народов СССР, Spartakiada narodov SSSR[1]) were mass multi-event competitions in the Soviet Union in 1956–1991, descendants of the 1928 All-Union Spartakiad that took place in Moscow. The competitions were conducted between constituent republics of the Soviet Union, with the summer editions always held in Moscow and winter editions held four times in Sverdlovsk, twice in Krasnoyarsk and once in Kiev. There were ten summer Spartakiads and seven winter Spartakiads.

Background

In 1952, the Soviet Union decided to join the Olympic movement, and international Spartakiads ceased. However, the term continued to exist for internal sports events in the Soviet Union of different levels, from local up to the Spartakiad of the Peoples of the USSR. The latter event was held twice in four years: Winter Spartakiad and Summer Spartakiad.

The first Soviet Spartakiad was held in 1956. Until 1975, all summer finals were held in Moscow, later in some other cities throughout the Soviet Union (though most events were still held in Moscow). The winter finals were often held in Sverdlovsk.

List of Spartakiades of Peoples of USSR

Summer

Edition Year City Nation Start Date End Date
I 1956 (details) Moscow Soviet Union August August
II 1959 (details) Moscow Soviet Union August August
III 1963 (details) Moscow Soviet Union August August
IV 1967 (details) Moscow Soviet Union July August
V 1971 (details) Moscow Soviet Union August August
VI 1975 (details) Moscow Soviet Union March August
VII 1979 (details) Moscow Soviet Union August August
VIII 1983 (details) Moscow Soviet Union May August
IX 1986 (details) Moscow Soviet Union June September
X 1991 (details) Moscow Soviet Union March September

Winter

1982 Winter Spartakiad (post stamp)
Edition Year City Nation Start Date End Date
I 1962 (details) Sverdlovsk Soviet Union March March
II 1966 (details) Sverdlovsk, Gorky, Terskol and Kiev Soviet Union March March
III 1974 (details) Sverdlovsk Soviet Union March March
IV 1978 (details) Sverdlovsk Soviet Union March March
V 1982 (details) Krasnoyarsk Soviet Union 4 March 16 March
VI 1986 (details) Krasnoyarsk Soviet Union 24 February 11 March
VII 1990 (details) Kiev Soviet Union March March

Sports

Summer

Sports 1956 1959 1963 1967 1971 1975 1979 1983 1986 1991 Total
Archery X X X X X X 6
Athletics (details) X X X X X X X X X X 10
Badminton X X 2
Basketball X X X X X X X X X 9
Boxing X X X X X X X X X X 10
Chess X X X X X X X X 8
Cycling (track) X X X X X X X X 8
Cycling (road) X X X X X X X X X X 10
Diving X X X X X X X X X X 10
Equestrian X X X X X X X X X X 10
Fencing X X X X X X X X X X 10
Field hockey X X X 3
Football (details) X X X X 4
Gorodki X X 2
Gymnastics (acrobatic) X X 2
Gymnastics (artistic) X X X X X X X X X X 10
Gymnastics (rhythmic) X X X X 4
Gymnastics (trampolining) X X 2
Handball X X X X X 5
Judo X X X X 4
Kayak and Canoe X X X X X X X X X X 10
Kettlebell lifting X 1
Modern pentathlon X X X X X X X X X 9
Motorcycle sport X 1
Rowing X X X X X X X X 8
Sailing X X X X X X 6
Sambo X X X X X X 6
Shooting X X X X X X X X X 9
Skeet shooting X X X X X X X X X 9
Swimming X X X X X X X X X X 10
Synchronized swimming X X X 3
Table tennis X X X X X 5
Tennis X X X X X X X X X 9
Underwater sports X 1
Volleyball (men) X X X X X X X X X X 10
Volleyball (women) X X X X X X X X X 9
Water polo X X X X X X X X X 9
Water skiing X 1
Weightlifting X X X X X X X X X X 10
Wrestling (freestyle) X X X X X X X X X X 10
Wrestling (Greco-Roman) X X X X X X X X X X 10

References

  1. ^ Ukrainian: Спартакіада народів СРСР; Lithuanian: TSRS tautų spartakiada; Latvian: PSRS tautu spartakiāda