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Canada Games
2017-7-28-DFrazee-Open Ceremonies-69 (35847556340).jpg
Opening ceremonies
2017 Canada Summer Games
StatusActive
GenreMulti-sport event
FrequencyBiannual
Location(s)Various
CountryCanada
Inaugurated1967; 55 years ago (1967) (winter)
1969; 53 years ago (1969) (summer)
Organised byCanada Games Council
Websitecanadagames.ca

The Canada Games (French: Jeux du Canada) is a multi-sport event held every two years, alternating between the Canada Winter Games and the Canada Summer Games. They represent the highest level of national competition for Canadian athletes. Two separate programs are organized in order to cover the seasons of summer and winter: the Canada Summer Games and the Canada Winter Games.

The next Canada Winter Games will be the PEI 2023 Canada Winter Games and will be held February 18 – March 5, 2023 in the province of Prince Edward Island.[1][2]

The next Canada Summer Games will be the 2022 Canada Summer Games and will be taking place August 6–21, 2022 in the Niagara Region.[3]

The host cities have not been chosen for the games after 2025 but the provinces through 2035 have. The 2025 Canada Summer Games will be hosted in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador. St. John's Newfoundland and Labrador was named the Host Society of the 2025 Canada Summer Games as of April 22, 2021.

History

The Games were first held in 1967 in Quebec City as part of Canada's Centennial celebrations. For the first time in Canada's history, 1,800 athletes from 10 provinces and two territories gathered to compete in 15 sports. Since 1967, over 75,000 athletes have participated in the Games. The Games have been hosted in every province at least once since their inception in Quebec City during Canada’s Centennial in 1967. Journalist Eddie MacCabe wrote a history book for the 25th anniversary of the Canada Games in 1992.[4][5]

Facility development

Facilities built for the Games include the Canada Games Pool (1973) in New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada Games Aquatic Centre (1985) in Saint John, New Brunswick, the Hillside Stadium and Aquatic Centre in Kamloops, British Columbia (1993), the Corner Brook Canada Games Centre and Annex (1999), and the TD Waterhouse Stadium in London, Ontario (2001).

Sports

Over the course of the history of the Canada Games, a variety of sports have been added and dropped at various points within the Summer Games and Winter Games programs.

Canada Summer Games

Over the course of the history of the Canada Summer Games, a variety of sports have been added and dropped at various points.

2013 Canada Summer Games

Main article: 2013 Canada Summer Games

2017 Canada Summer Games

Main article: 2017 Canada Summer Games

2022 Canada Summer Games

Main article: 2022 Canada Summer Games

The next Canada Summer Games, the 2022 Canada Summer Games will be held in the Niagara Region of Ontario and will include 21 sports in its program and are listed below. The event runs from August 6–21, 2022. Box lacrosse will be making a return to the Summer Games for the first time since 1985.[6]

2022 Canada Summer Games
Sports included in the 2022 Canada Summer Games program
Sport NGB Sport NGB
Athletics pictogram.svg
Athletics
(Track and Field⁣)
Athletics Canada[7]
Rowing pictogram.svg
Rowing
Rowing Canada Aviron[8] (RCA)
Baseball pictogram.svg
Baseball
Baseball Canada[9]
Rugby sevens pictogram.svg
Rugby sevens
Rugby Canada[10]
Basketball pictogram.svg
Basketball
Canada Basketball[11]
Sailing pictogram.svg
Sailing
Sail Canada[12]
Beach volleyball pictogram.svg
Beach volleyball
Volleyball Canada[13]
Football pictogram.svg
Soccer
Soccer Canada[14]
Lacrosse pictogram.svg
Box lacrosse
Lacrosse Canada[15]
Softball pictogram.svg
Softball
Softball Canada[16]
Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg
Canoeing
Canoe Kayak Canada[17]
Swimming pictogram.svg
Swimming
Swimming Canada[18]
Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg
Kayaking
Canoe Kayak Canada[19]
Tennis pictogram.svg
Tennis
Tennis Canada[20]
Cycling pictogram.svg
Cycling
Cycling Canada[21] (CC)
Triathlon pictogram.svg
Triathlon
Triathlon Canada[22]
Diving pictogram.svg
Diving
Diving Canada[23]
Volleyball pictogram.svg
Volleyball
Volleyball Canada[24]
Golf pictogram.svg
Golf
Golf Canada[25]
Wrestling pictogram.svg
Wrestling
(Wrestling in Canada)
Wrestling Canada Lutte[26]
Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg
Mountain biking
Cycling Canada[27] (CC)

Canada Winter Games

Over the course of the history of the Canada Winter Games, a variety of sports have been added and dropped at various points. The winter games include some sports not associated with winter. The next Canada Winter Games will include 20 sports in its program in the 2023 Canada Winter Games.

2011 Canada Winter Games

Main article: 2011 Canada Winter Games

2015 Canada Winter Games

Main article: 2015 Canada Winter Games

2019 Canada Winter Games

Main article: 2019 Canada Winter Games

2023 Canada Winter Games

Main article: 2023 Canada Winter Games

Sports for the 2023 Canada Winter Games in Prince Edward Island will include the following:[28]

2023 Canada Winter Games
Sports included in the 2023 Canada Winter Games program
Sport NGB Sport NGB
Alpine skiing pictogram.svg
Alpine skiing
Alpine Canada
Gymnastics pictogram.svg
Gymnastics
Gymnastics Canada
Archery pictogram.svg
Archery
Archery Canada
Ice hockey pictogram.svg
Ice hockey
Hockey Canada
Badminton pictogram.svg
Badminton
Badminton Canada
Judo pictogram.svg
Judo
Judo Canada
Biathlon pictogram.svg
Biathlon
Biathlon Canada
Karate pictogram.svg
Karate
Karate Canada
Boxing pictogram.svg
Boxing
Boxing Canada
Julie Blanchette 02.jpg
Ringette
Ringette Canada
Cross country skiing pictogram.svg
Cross-country skiing
Nordiq Canada
Snowboarding pictogram.svg
Snowboarding
Canadian Snowboard Federation
Curling pictogram.svg
Curling
Curling Canada
Speed skating pictogram.svg
Speed skating
Speed Skating Canada
Fencing pictogram.svg
Fencing
Canadian Fencing Federation
Squash pictogram.svg
Squash
Squash Canada
Figure skating pictogram.svg
Figure Skating
Skate Canada
Table tennis pictogram.svg
Table tennis
Table Tennis Canada
Freestyle skiing pictogram.svg
Freestyle skiing
Freestyle Canada
Wheelchair basketball pictogram (Paralympics).svg
Wheelchair basketball
Wheelchair Basketball Canada

2019 Canada Winter Games

Main article: 2019 Canada Winter Games

Sports for the 2019 Canada Winter Games in Red Deer, Alberta included the following:[29]

Former sports

Fencing was previously a Winter Games sport before it was moved to Summer program for the Sherbrooke 2013 games and then removed altogether following those games. BMX, field hockey, and water polo were formerly in the Summer program as well.

Returning sports

Fencing will make a return to the Games during the 2023 Canada Winter Games in Prince Edward Island.

Box lacrosse will be making a return to the Summer Games during the 2022 Canada Summer Games. It will be the first time the sport will be featured since 1985.[30]

Organization

The games are governed by the Canada Games Council, a private, non-profit organization. As the Games move from one host community to the next, the Council provides the continuity, leadership and support to Host Societies in key areas such as sport technical, organizational planning, ceremonies and protocol, marketing and sponsorship. In addition, the Canada Games Council ensures effective long-term partnerships with national sport organizations, governments and the corporate sector. The Canada Games Council is a well-established, national organization that fosters on-going partnerships with organizations at the municipal, provincial and national levels.

Host Society

The individual games are run by the local Host Society, a non-profit private organization that is established 2–4 years prior to the event. The Host Society functions in accordance with an agreement between the Canada Games Council, the government of Canada, the government of the province or territory and the government of the municipality. The Canada Games Council maintains and secures long-term partnership agreements with governments, corporations and national sport organizations.

Funding

Funding for the games comes from the several levels of government together with donations and corporate sponsorships. A considerable portion of the work during the games is performed by local volunteers.[31]

Hosts

Year Canada Winter Games Canada Summer Games
No. Host city No. Host city
1967 1 Quebec Quebec City, Quebec
1969 2 Nova Scotia Halifax and Dartmouth, Nova Scotia
1971 3 Saskatchewan Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
1973 4 British Columbia New Westminster and Burnaby, British Columbia
1975 5 Alberta Lethbridge, Alberta
1977 6 Newfoundland and Labrador St. John's, Newfoundland
1979 7 Manitoba Brandon, Manitoba
1981 8 Ontario Thunder Bay, Ontario
1983 9 Quebec Saguenay and Lac Saint-Jean, Quebec
1985 10 New Brunswick Saint John, New Brunswick
1987 11 Nova Scotia Sydney, Nova Scotia
1989 12 Saskatchewan Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
1991 13 Prince Edward Island Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island
1993 14 British Columbia Kamloops, British Columbia
1995 15 Alberta Grande Prairie, Alberta
1997 16 Manitoba Brandon, Manitoba
1999 17 Newfoundland and Labrador Corner Brook, Newfoundland
2001 18 Ontario London, Ontario
2003 19 New Brunswick Bathurst and Campbellton, New Brunswick
2005 20 Saskatchewan Regina, Saskatchewan
2007 21 Yukon Whitehorse, Yukon
2009 22 Prince Edward Island Summerside and Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island
2011 23 Nova Scotia Halifax, Nova Scotia
2013 24 Quebec Sherbrooke, Quebec
2015 25 British Columbia Prince George, British Columbia
2017 26 Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
2019 27 Alberta Red Deer, Alberta
2022 28 Ontario Niagara Region, Ontario[32][33]
2023 29  Prince Edward Island
2025 30 Newfoundland and Labrador St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador[34]
2027 31  Yukon*
2029 32  New Brunswick*
2031 33 Northwest Territories, Northwest Territories*
2033 34  Nunavut*
2035 35  Saskatchewan*

* The host cities have not been chosen for the games after 2025 but the provinces through 2035 have.[35]

List of Canada Games

Main article: List of Canada Games

For Games medal standings see List of Canada Games.

All-time medal tables

All-time Canada Games medal table
Rank Province/territory  Gold   Silver Bronze Total
1  Ontario 1227 1033 972 3232
2  Quebec 1070 939 899 2908
3  British Columbia 712 765 743 2220
4  Alberta 470 539 633 1642
5  Saskatchewan 195 255 335 785
6  Manitoba 163 215 294 672
7  Nova Scotia 187 199 216 602
8  New Brunswick 69 87 157 313
9  Newfoundland and Labrador 19 42 71 132
10  Prince Edward Island 11 21 26 58
11  Yukon 15 21 19 55
12  Northwest Territories 7 6 9 22
13  Nunavut 0 0 1 1
Summer Games
Rank Province/territory  Gold   Silver Bronze Total
1  Ontario 763 576 547 1886
2  Quebec 436 483 468 1387
3  British Columbia 474 465 394 1333
4  Alberta 232 274 310 816
5  Nova Scotia 153 145 135 433
6  Saskatchewan 100 147 181 428
7  Manitoba 60 103 139 302
8  New Brunswick 33 45 59 137
9  Newfoundland and Labrador 4 19 26 49
10  Prince Edward Island 5 5 2 12
11  Yukon 2 1 3 6
12  Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
13  Nunavut 0 0 0 0
Winter Games
Rank Province/territory  Gold   Silver Bronze Total
1  Quebec 634 456 431 1521
2  Ontario 464 457 425 1346
3  British Columbia 238 300 349 887
4  Alberta 238 265 323 826
5  Manitoba 103 112 155 370
6  Saskatchewan 95 108 154 357
7  New Brunswick 36 42 98 176
8  Nova Scotia 34 54 81 169
9  Newfoundland and Labrador 15 23 45 83
10  Prince Edward Island 6 16 24 46
11  Yukon 13 20 16 49
12  Northwest Territories 7 6 9 22
13  Nunavut 0 0 1 1

Medal leaders by year

Number of occurrences

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.2023canadagames.ca/
  2. ^ "Canada Games Council | 2023 Canada Games Launches Brand and Welcomes Atlantic Lottery as First Major Sponsor".
  3. ^ Myrer, George (17 September 2020). "2021 Niagara Canada Summer Games postponed to 2022". The Telegram. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  4. ^ Chwialkowska, Luiza (May 24, 1998). "Eddie MacCabe: A glimpse it the city's soul". Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa, Ontario. p. 7.icon of an open green padlock
  5. ^ MacCabe, Eddie (1992). Canada Games, 1967 to 1992: The Official Retrospective of the Canada Games. Ottawa, Ontario: Canada Games Council. OCLC 319697919.
  6. ^ "LACROSSE RETURNS TO CANADA GAMES IN 2021". Canada Games Council.
  7. ^ https://athletics.ca/
  8. ^ "Rowing Canada". Rowing Canada.
  9. ^ https://www.baseball.ca/
  10. ^ "Rugby Canada".
  11. ^ https://www.basketball.ca/
  12. ^ "Sail Canada". Sail Canada.
  13. ^ https://volleyball.ca/
  14. ^ https://canadasoccer.com/
  15. ^ https://www.lacrosse.ca/
  16. ^ https://softball.ca/
  17. ^ "About the Sport". Canoe and Kayak Canada.
  18. ^ "Swimming Canada". Swimming Canada.
  19. ^ "About the Sport". Canoe and Kayak Canada.
  20. ^ https://www.tenniscanada.com/
  21. ^ http://www.cyclingcanada.ca/
  22. ^ https://www.triathloncanada.com/
  23. ^ "Diving Canada". Diving Canada.
  24. ^ https://volleyball.ca/
  25. ^ https://www.golfcanada.ca/
  26. ^ https://wrestling.ca/
  27. ^ http://www.cyclingcanada.ca/
  28. ^ "SPORTS". Canada Games Council.
  29. ^ "SPORTS". Canada Games Council. Retrieved 2019-08-13.
  30. ^ "LACROSSE RETURNS TO CANADA GAMES IN 2021". Canada Games Council.
  31. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-08-14. Retrieved 2018-08-13.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  32. ^ "Ontario to Host the 2021 Canada Summer Games". news.ontario.ca. Retrieved 2015-12-16.
  33. ^ "Niagara Region Named Host of the 2021 Canada Summer Games". canadagames.ca. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
  34. ^ "St. John's, NL Named Host of the 2025 Canada Summer Games".
  35. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2009-08-28.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)