South American Games
AbbreviationJJSS
First event1978 in La Paz, Bolivia
Occur everyfour years
Last event2022 in Asunción, Paraguay
Next event2026 in Rosario, Argentina
PurposeMulti-sport event
for South America
Websiteodesur.org

The South American Games (also known as ODESUR Games; Spanish: Juegos Suramericanos; Portuguese: Jogos Sul-Americanos), formerly the Southern Cross Games (Spanish: Juegos Cruz del Sur) is a regional multi-sport event held between nations from South America, organized by the ODESUR (acronym for "Organización Deportiva Suramericana" – South American Sports Organization.[1]

The first Games were held in 1978 in La Paz, Bolivia. They have since been held every four years, with the most recent edition in 2018 in Cochabamba, Bolivia. The Games have had an equivalent to the Olympic Flame since their inception: the South American Flame, which is relayed from Tiahuanaco, Bolivia, to the host city.[2]

For the XI edition in 2018 there were two bids: Cochabamba, Bolivia, and Barquisimeto, Venezuela, with the final hosting decision in favour of Cochabamba in 2011. Starting with the 2014 edition, the South American Para Games are held for South American Paralympic athletes. Just like the Olympic Games, the host city for the South American Games is also the host for Para-South American Games.

The detailed history of the South American Games together with an extensive list of medal winners was published in a book written (in Spanish) by Argentinian journalist Ernesto Rodríguez III with support of the Argentine Olympic Committee under the auspices of the Ministry of Education in collaboration with the Sports Secretary of Argentina.[3]

Games

Year Games Host City Host Country Opened by Dates Athletes Nations Sports Top medalling
nation
1978 1 La Paz  Bolivia Juan Pereda 3 – 12 November 480 8 16  Argentina
1982 2 Rosario  Argentina Reynaldo Bignone 26 Nov – 5 Dec 961 10 19  Argentina
1986 3 Santiago  Chile Augusto Pinochet 28 Nov – 8 Dec 969 10 17  Argentina
1990 4 Lima  Peru Alberto Fujimori 1 – 10 December 1,070 10 16  Argentina
1994 5 Valencia  Venezuela Rafael Caldera 19 – 28 November 1,599 14 19  Argentina
1998 6 Cuenca  Ecuador Gustavo Noboa 21 – 31 October 1,525 14 24  Argentina
2002 7 Belém, Curitiba, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo  Brazil Almir Gabriel, Fernando Henrique Cardoso and others (each city had its own opening ceremonies) 1 – 11 August 2,069 13 24  Brazil
2006 8 Buenos Aires  Argentina Néstor Kirchner 9 – 19 November 2,938 15 28  Argentina
2010 9 Medellín  Colombia Álvaro Uribe 19 March – 30 March 3,751 15 31  Colombia
2014 10 Santiago  Chile Sebastián Piñera 7 March – 18 March 3,499 14 33  Brazil
2018 11 Cochabamba  Bolivia Evo Morales 26 May – 8 June 4,010 14 35  Colombia
2022 12 Asunción  Paraguay Diego Galeano Harrison 1 – 15 October 4,476 15 34  Brazil
2026 13 Santa Fe Province  Argentina

Para Games

Year Games Host City Host Country Opened by Dates Athletes Nations Sports Top medalling
nation
2014 1 Santiago[4]  Chile Michelle Bachelet 26 March – 30 March 600+ 8 7  Argentina
2018 Cochabamba[5]  Bolivia Cancelled

Youth Games

Main article: South American Youth Games

Year Games Host City Host Country Opened by Dates Athletes Nations Sports Top medalling
nation
2013 1 Lima  Peru 20 September – 29 September 1200 14 19  Brazil
2017 2 Santiago  Chile Michelle Bachelet 29 September – 8 October 1279 14 20  Brazil
2022 3 Rosario  Argentina April 28 - May 8 2500 15 26  Brazil

Beach Games

Main article: South American Beach Games

Year Games Host City Host Country Opened by Dates Athletes Nations Sports Top medalling
nation
2009 1 Punta del Este/Montevideo  Uruguay 3–13 December 12 9  Brazil
2011 2 Manta  Ecuador 2–12 December 675 13 10  Brazil
2014 3 Vargas  Venezuela 14–24 May 12 10  Venezuela
2017 Pimentel  Peru Cancelled
2019 4 Rosario  Argentina 14–23 March 14 13  Argentina
2023 5 Santa Marta  Colombia 14–21 July 800 15 14  Colombia

Masters Games

Year Games Host City Host Country Opened by Dates Athletes Nations Sports Top medalling
nation
2021 Santiago  Chile Cancelled[6]

All-time medal count

The total medal count for all the Games until 2022 is tabulated below. This table is sorted by the number of gold medals earned by each country. The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next, and then the number of bronze medals.

South American Games medal count
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Argentina 942 826 801 2569
2  Brazil 872 701 637 2210
3  Colombia 582 501 498 1581
4  Venezuela 566 512 557 1635
5  Chile 392 486 598 1476
6  Ecuador 213 265 403 881
7  Peru 209 289 399 897
8  Uruguay 75 129 165 369
9  Bolivia 35 86 162 283
10  Paraguay 27 70 75 172
11  Panama 16 19 37 72
12  Suriname 9 3 12 24
13  Netherlands Antilles 7 7 17 31
14  Aruba 3 7 14 24
15  Guyana 2 5 15 23
16  Curaçao 0 1 0 1
Total 3950 3907 4389 12246

Sports

Disciplines from the same sport are grouped under the same color:

  Aquatics –   Cycling –   Football  Gymnastics  Roller sports –   Volleyball

Sport (discipline) Body 78 82 86 90 94 98 02 06 10 14 18 22
World South America
 
Diving FINA ASUA X X X X X X
Open water swimming X X X X X
Swimming X X X X X X X X X X X
Synchronized swimming X X X X X X
Water polo X X X
 
Archery FITA AAF X X X X X X X
Athletics IAAF CONSUDATLE X X X X X X X X X X X X
Badminton BWF BPA X X X X
Baseball IBAF COPABE X X X X X
Basketball FIBA ABASU X X X X X X X
Basque pelota FIPV X
Bocce CMSB X X
Bodybuilding IFBB IFBBSud America X X
Bowling FIQ PABCON X X X X X X X X X X
Boxing AIBA AMBC X X X X X X X X X X X X
Canoeing ICF COPAC X X X X X X X X
 
BMX racing UCI COPACI X X X X X
Mountain biking X X X X X X X
Road cycling X X X X X X X X X X X X
Track cycling X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Equestrian FEI PAEC X X X X X X X
Fencing FIE CPE X X X X X X X X X X X X
Field hockey FIH PAHF X X X X
 
Football FIFA CONMEBOL X X X X X X X X
Futsal X X X X X X X
Beach soccer X
 
Golf IGF FSG X X X X
 
Artistic gymnastics FIG CONSUGI X X X X X X X X X X X X
Rhythmic gymnastics X X X X X X X X X
Trampoline X X
 
Handball IHF PATHF X X X X X X
Judo IJF PJC X X X X X X X X X X X X
Karate WKF PKF X X X X X X X X
Modern pentathlon UIPM X X
Racquetball IRF PARC X X
 
Artistic roller skating FIRS CPRS X X X X X X X X
Roller hockey X X
Roller speed skating X X X X X X X
 
Rowing FISA X X X X X X X X
Rugby sevens WR SAR X X X
Sailing ISAF SASC X X X X X X X X X X
Scuba diving X
Shooting ISSF CAT X X X X X X X X X X X X
Softball ISF CONPASA X X X
Squash WSF FPS X X X
Table tennis ITTF LATTU X X X X X X X X X X
Taekwondo WTF PATU X X X X X X X X X X
Tennis ITF COSAT X X X X X X X X X X X X
Triathlon ITU PATCO X X X X X X X
 
Beach volleyball FIVB CSV X X X X
Indoor volleyball X X X X X X
 
Water skiing IWWF IWWF Pan Am X X X X X
Weightlifting IWF PAWC X X X X X X X X X X X X
Wrestling UWW CPLA X X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Total events 171 249 193 260 296 357 380 463 486 317 373

See also

References

  1. ^ Ediciones de los Juegos (in Spanish), ODESUR, archived from the original on 16 June 2012, retrieved 5 June 2012
  2. ^ Llama Suramericana (in Spanish), ODESUR, archived from the original on 18 August 2012, retrieved 5 June 2012
  3. ^ Rodríguez III, Ernesto (2010), LIBROS DEL CICLO OLÍMPICO ARGENTINO - Libro I de los Juegos Odesur 1978-2010 (in Spanish) (1a. ed.), Buenos Aires: Alarco Ediciones, p. 192, ISBN 978-987-1367-18-4, archived from the original on 4 January 2012, retrieved 3 June 2012
  4. ^ "Para-South American Games to open in Santiago". paralympic.org. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  5. ^ "South American Paralympics Cancelled". Around the Rings. 16 April 2018. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  6. ^ ODESUR volvió a suspender los Juegos Sudamericanos Máster Santiago 2022