The Justice Courts Palace (Palacio de los Tribunales de Justicia) in Santiago. This is the seat of Supreme Court.
The Justice Courts Palace (Palacio de los Tribunales de Justicia) in Santiago. This is the seat of Supreme Court.

The Supreme Court of Chile is the highest court in Chile. It also administers the lower courts in the nation. It is located in the capital Santiago.

In the Chilean system, the court lacks the broader power of judicial review—it cannot set binding precedent or invalidate laws. Instead, it acts on a case-by-case basis. Trials are carried out in salas, chambers of at least five judges, presided over by the most senior member.

Membership

The members of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President from a list of five choices prepared by the sitting members of the court. Two of the choices must be senior judges from appellate courts; the other three may have no judicial experience. The president's choice must then be ratified by a two-thirds majority of the Senate.

Supreme Court justices must be at least 36 years old. Once appointed, a Chilean Supreme Court justice is entitled to remain on the Court until the compulsory retirement age of 75. The only exception is if a justice can be removed by "notorious abandonment of duty," as deemed by a majority of both chambers of Congress.

Main article: List of presidents of Supreme Court (Chile)

Current Supreme Court members

This article needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (March 2022)

The Supreme Court has twenty-one members, called ministers (ministros). One member is selected to serve a two-year term as President of the Supreme Court. The composition of the Supreme Court changes relatively quickly, as judges attain the retirement age of 75. This list was last updated on 22 January 2016.[1]

Justice End of mandate
Haroldo Osvaldo Brito Cruz (President) 2023
Hugo Enrique Dolmestch Urra 2019
Milton Iván Juica Arancibia 2018
Sergio Manuel Muñoz Gajardo 2032
Ángela Vivanco Martínez 2038
Héctor Guillermo Carreño Seaman 2019
Arturo Prado Puga 2030
Carlos Guillermo Künsemüller Loebenfelder 2021
Guillermo Enrique Silva Gundelach 2022
Rosa María Maggi Ducommun 2021
Rosa del Carmen Egnem Saldías 2022
María Eugenia Sandoval Gouët 2021
Juan Eduardo Fuentes Belmar 2024
Lamberto Antonio Cisternas Rocha 2020
Ricardo Luis Hernán Blanco Herrera 2029
Gloria Ana Chevesich Ruiz 2028
Carlos Ramón Aránguiz Zúñiga 2028
Andrea María Muñoz Sánchez 2032
Mauricio Silva Cancino 2028
Manuel Antonio Valderrama Rebolledo 2031
Jorge Gonzalo Dahm Oyarzún 2023

Notable decisions

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2008)

Augusto Pinochet

See also: Chile under Pinochet and Human rights in Chile

The Chilean Supreme Court has been involved in many important human rights cases regarding the former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet.

Gay rights

Main article: LGBT rights in Chile

The Chilean Supreme Court has made controversial decisions in the area of gay rights.

Women's health

Alberto Fujimori

On September 21, 2007, the court accepted Peru's request to extradite former president Alberto Fujimori, on human rights and corruption charges.

References

  1. ^ "Judiciary of the Republic of Chile (Poder Judicial de la República de Chile)" (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 January 2016.

Coordinates: 33°26′21″S 70°39′11″W / 33.43917°S 70.65306°W / -33.43917; -70.65306