Numerous factors have caused the immensely crime rates in Latin America. Two significant factors that have been influencing violence are high poverty rates and consistently high amounts of drug trafficking. Note the relatively low porverty rate in Chile and the low amounts of drug seizure. Data: UNODC, 2012.
Numerous factors have caused the immensely crime rates in Latin America. Two significant factors that have been influencing violence are high poverty rates and consistently high amounts of drug trafficking. Note the relatively low porverty rate in Chile and the low amounts of drug seizure. Data: UNODC, 2012.

Crime in Chile is investigated by the Chilean police. However, unlike the majority of Latin America, criminal activity in Chile is low, making Chile one of the most stable and safest nations in the region. Various analysts and politicians concur that in the 2020s crime in Chile is on the rise to levels similar to the rest of Latin America.[1] Increased murder rates and illegal drug trade are attributed by some to illegal immigration, other attribute the rise of crime more generally as the result of increased globalization.[1]

Crime by type

Murder

Further information: List of countries by intentional homicide rate

In 2012, Chile had a murder rate of 3.1 per 100,000 population.[2] There were a total of 550 murders in Chile in 2012.[2] In 2017, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime informed a rate of 4.3 intentional homicide rate per 100,000 population [2][3]

Corruption

Further information: Corruption in Chile

As of 2006, there were isolated reports of government corruption in Chile. Transparency International's annual corruption index recorded that the Chilean public perceived the country as relatively free of corruption.[4]

Domestic violence

Further information: Domestic violence in Chile

Violence against women was prevalent across all classes of Chilean society until 1994.[5] As of the early 1990s, it was reported that domestic violence affects about fifty percent of the women in Chile.[5] The Intrafamily Violence Law passed in 1994 was the first political measure to address violence in the home, but because the law would not pass without being accepted by both sides, the law was weak in the way it addressed victim protection and punishment for abusers.[6] The law was later reformed in 2005.[7] In 2019, amid the ongoing Catholic sex abuse crisis in Chile, non-retroactive legislation was passed removing the statute of limitations for trying people for committing sex abuse against children in Chile.[8][9]

Historical crime

Banditry and piracy

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Further information: Banditry in Chile and Pedro Ñancúpel

During the 19th and early 20th century banditry was widespread in Araucanía and Central Chile.

References

  1. ^ a b Toro, Daniela (2022-05-04). "¿El fin de la "exclusividad" chilena?: Expertos destacan aumento de violencia y analizan estadísticas frente a Latinoamérica". Emol (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-05-04.
  2. ^ a b c "Global study on homicide". United Nations : Office on Drugs and Crime. Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  3. ^ "Intentional homicides (per 100,000 people) - Chile | Data". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  4. ^ Department Of State. The Office of Electronic Information, Bureau of Public Affairs (2007-03-06). "Chile". 2001-2009.state.gov. Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  5. ^ a b Culliton, K. M. (1994, January). Legal remedies for domestic violence in Chile & the US--Cultural relativism, myths & realities. Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law .
  6. ^ Haas, Liesl (2010). Feminist Policymaking in Chile. University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press.
  7. ^ "Observatorio de Igualdad de Género" (PDF).
  8. ^ "Chile removes statute of limitations on child sex abuse amid Church crisis". Reuters. 2019-07-11. Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  9. ^ Schlumpf, Heidi. "Speaker: Abuse survivors can't wait for bishops to learn from crisis | National Catholic Reporter". Ncronline.org. Retrieved 2021-11-22.