Syncretism or the Mixed School (Chinese: 雜家; pinyin: zájiā) in Chinese philosophy is an eclectic school of thought that combined elements of Confucianism, Taoism, Mohism, and Legalism. The Syncretist texts include the Huainanzi, Lüshi Chunqiu, and the Shizi.[1] The (c. 330 BCE) Shizi is the earliest of the Syncretist texts.


  1. ^ Jiao Shi; Paul Fischer (1 June 2012). Shizi: China's First Syncretist. Columbia University Press. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-231-50417-1.