Yi, (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Jyutping: Ji6; Zhuyin Fuhao: ㄧˋ), literally "justice, moral, righteousness; meaning," is an important concept in Confucianism. It involves a moral disposition to do good, and also the intuition and sensibility to do so competently.[1][2]

Yi resonates with Confucian philosophy's orientation towards the cultivation of benevolence (ren) and good form (li).

Yi represents moral acumen which goes beyond simple rule following, and involves a balanced understanding of a situation, and the "creative insights" necessary to apply virtues "with no loss of sight of the total good. Yi represents this ideal of totality as well as a decision-generating ability to apply a virtue properly and appropriately in a situation."[3]

In application, yi is a "complex principle" which includes:

  1. skill in crafting actions which have moral fitness according to a given concrete situation
  2. the wise recognition of such fitness
  3. the intrinsic satisfaction that comes from that recognition.[2]

See also



  1. ^ "The Main Concepts of Confucianism". Philosophy.lander.edu. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
  2. ^ a b (Cheng)
  3. ^ (Cheng p. 271)