Jing (Chinese: ; pinyin: Jìng) is a concept in Chinese philosophy which is typically translated as "reverence". It is often used by Confucius in the term gōngjìng (恭敬), meaning "respectful reverence". For Confucians, jìng requires , or righteousness, and a proper observation of rituals (). To have jìng is vitally important in the maintenance of xiào, or filial piety.[1][2]

The Confucian notion of respect has been likened to the later, western Kantian notion.[3]



  • Confucius (1997). The Analects of Confucius. Translated by Huang, Chichung. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Dillon, Robin S. (2010). "Respect". In Zalta, Edward N. (ed.). Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  • Richey, J. (2005). "Confucius". Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.