Jing (Chinese: ; Chinese: ) is a concept in Chinese philosophy which is typically translated as "reverence". It is often used by Confucius in the term gōngjìng (恭敬), meaning "respectful reverence". For Confucians, jìng requires , or righteousness, and a proper observation of rituals (). To have jìng is vitally important in the maintenance of xiào, or filial piety.[1][2]

The Confucian notion of respect has been likened to the later, western Kantian notion[3]


  1. ^ Richey (2005).
  2. ^ Confucius (1997), pp. 30–31.
  3. ^
    • Chan, S. (2006). "The Confucian Notion of Jing (Respect)". Philosophy East and West. 56 (2): 229–252. doi:10.1353/pew.2006.0018. S2CID 144589889.
    • Wawrytko, S.A. (1982). "Confucius and Kant: The Ethics of Respect". Philosophy East and West. 32: 237–257. doi:10.2307/1398465. JSTOR 1398465.
    • cited in Dillon (2010)


  • Confucius (1997). The Analects of Confucius. Translated by Huang, Chichung. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Dillon, Robin S. (2010). "Respect". In Zalta, Edward N. (ed.). Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  • Richey, J. (2005). "Confucius". Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.