This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "WGTU" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (March 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
WGTU
Wgtu variation.png
CityTraverse City, Michigan
Channels
BrandingABC 29&8 (general)
UpNorthLive News on ABC 29&8 (newscasts)
TV 7&4 (DT2)
Programming
Affiliations29.1: ABC
29.2: NBC
29.3: Charge!
Ownership
Owner
OperatorSinclair Broadcast Group
Broadcast: WPBN-TV / WTOM-TV
Cable: Bally Sports Detroit[1]
History
First air date
August 18, 1971 (50 years ago) (1971-08-18)
Former channel number(s)
Analog:
29 (UHF, 1971–2009)
Digital:
31 (UHF, until 2009)
The CW+ (DT2, 2006−2009)
Call sign meaning
Grand Traverse UHF
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility ID59280
ClassDT
ERP68.4 kW
HAAT393 m (1,289 ft)
Transmitter coordinates44°44′53″N 85°4′8″W / 44.74806°N 85.06889°W / 44.74806; -85.06889
Translator(s)WPBN-DT 7.2 (35.2 UHF) Traverse City
WTOM-DT 4.2 (16.2 UHF) Cheboygan
Links
Public license information
Websiteupnorthlive.com
Satellite station
WGTQ
Channels
Brandingsee WGTU infobox
Programming
Affiliations8.1: ABC
8.2: NBC
8.3: Charge!
Ownership
Owner
  • Cunningham Broadcasting
  • (Traverse City (WGTU-TV) Licensee, Inc.)
OperatorSinclair Broadcast Group
see WGTU infobox
History
First air date
October 29, 1976 (45 years ago) (1976-10-29)
Former channel number(s)
Analog:
8 (VHF, 1976–2009)
Digital:
9 (VHF, until 2009)
Technical information
Facility ID59279
ClassDT
ERP15 kW
HAAT288 m (945 ft)
Transmitter coordinates46°3′8″N 84°6′38″W / 46.05222°N 84.11056°W / 46.05222; -84.11056 (WGTQ)
Links
Public license information

WGTU (channel 29) and WGTQ (channel 8) are television stations in Traverse City and Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, United States, serving as the ABC affiliate for the northern Lower and eastern Upper peninsulas of Michigan. WGTU and WGTQ are owned by Cunningham Broadcasting; Cunningham contracts with Sinclair Broadcast Group, owner of regional NBC affiliates WPBN-TV and WTOM-TV, to provide services and advertising sales functions. Both stations share studios on M-72 just west of Traverse City; WGTU's transmitter is located east of Kalkaska, Michigan, and WGTQ's is located near Goetzville in southeastern Chippewa County, in addition to simulcasts on WPBN-TV and WTOM-TV's transmitters. The two stations, known as "ABC 29&8" and together with WPBN/WTOM as "UpNorthLive", carry the same programming and together serve one of the largest television markets east of the Mississippi River.

WGTU went on the air in 1970 and provided full ABC network service to Traverse City for the first time; WGTQ followed in 1976. Prior to WPBN/WTOM taking over many operational functions for WGTU/WGTQ in 2007, the stations aired very little local programming, with two attempts at full local newscasts having failed to garner ratings. The UpNorthLive newsroom produces one dedicated local newscast for WGTU/WGTQ.

History

On February 25, 1970, Northern Entertainment, Inc., headed by Thomas Kiple, applied to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to construct a new television station on channel 29 in Traverse City.[2] A permit was issued on August 5, and construction began nearly immediately on the new station's facility.[3]

Work on the transmission facilities near Kalkaska took place that spring, and the station began broadcasting as an ABC affiliate on August 18, 1971.[4] It also aired Sesame Street at launch.[5] However, there were some concerns about picture quality. For two years, WGTU and the Great Lakes Cable system in Petoskey feuded over the latter refusing to invoke network non-duplication protection with the signal of competing ABC outlet WJRT in Flint, Michigan; the two parties settled the dispute, which primarily centered on picture quality, in 1973.[6]

To extend WGTU's service area, Northern Entertainment filed in 1973 to build channel 8 in Sault Ste. Marie as a satellite of WGTU; the FCC approved this application over a competing bid from Sault Ste. Marie Broadcasting in 1975.[7] WGTQ went into service on October 29, 1976, broadcasting to a binational region where ABC programming had only been available previously on cable.[8] In addition, a translator for WGTU was built in Alpena.[9]

While the Sault Ste. Marie application remained pending at the FCC, labor problems developed in Traverse City. On March 1, 1975, a NABET local went on strike at WGTU after multiple bargaining sessions failed to produce a resolution on issues including overtime, jurisdiction, travel compensation for engineers to the transmitter, and wages.[10] Management personnel kept the station in operation during this time,[11] while union members urged advertisers and viewers to boycott it.[12][13] One Detroit job-seeker responded to a classified ad placed by WGTU in a newspaper there only to learn that the station was on strike.[14] The strike lasted three months, and before year's end, the union and station agreed to a contract.[15]

In 1978, Michigan Television Network—the renamed Northern Entertainment—filed to sell WGTU and WGTQ to Panax Television for $925,000. The deal attracted attention because of other dealings involving the 40 percent owner of Panax: John McGoff, a newspaper publisher that was being investigated by the United States Department of Justice for links to the apartheid South African government. The FCC Broadcast Bureau approved the transaction, but citing the pending investigation into McGoff, the commission vacated the ruling on a 6–0 vote.[16] As a result, the parties abandoned the proposed sale.[2] Three years later, WGTU-WGTQ would be sold to Center Group Broadcasting for $1.8 million.[17]

WGTU was acquired in 1993 by Scanlan Communications; Max Media purchased it from Scanlan in 2003. In 1998, the station began to provide promotional and advertising services for cable-only The WB affiliate "WBVC", part of The WB 100+ Station Group. This service became a digital subchannel of WGTU in 2006 when The WB made way for The CW. In early November 2006, WGTU and WGTQ upgraded their digital signals to begin offering ABC in high definition.

On September 19, 2007, an application was filed to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) by Max Media to sell WGTU/WGTQ to Tucker Broadcasting for $10 million. After FCC approval, Tucker entered into joint sales and shared services agreements with Barrington Broadcasting for WPBN/WTOM to provide advertising According to the FCC filing, WPBN/WTOM would sell advertising time and provide other programming for WGTU. The sale was approved in April 2008, and that summer, WGTU moved into the WPBN-TV studios in Traverse City.

On June 12, 2009, WGTU and WGTQ reverted their digital signals back to the previous analog signal locations as part of the switch to digital-only broadcasting. On the same day, WGTU dropped WBVC from its second digital subchannel, replacing it with a simulcast of WPBN. This is because WTOM's digital signal no longer covers the Upper Peninsula side of the market. WGTU no longer operates WBVC.

On February 28, 2013, Barrington announced that it would sell its entire group, including WPBN/WTOM, to Sinclair Broadcast Group. At the same time, WGTU/WGTQ were acquired by Cunningham Broadcasting. Sinclair also acquired the LMA with WGTU/WGTQ; all but one of Cunningham's stations are operated by Sinclair under LMAs.[18] The sale was completed on November 25.[19] Nearly all of Cunningham's stock is held by trusts for the Smith family, founders and owners of Sinclair. Thus, for all intents and purposes, Sinclair owns both stations. Cunningham, previously known as Glencairn, has long been used as a shell corporation to allow Sinclair to operate duopolies where Sinclair cannot legally own them.[20][21] The Traverse City/Cadillac/Sault Sainte Marie market has only seven full-power stations, too few to legally permit a duopoly. Even if the market had enough full-power stations to allow a duopoly, Sinclair still would not be able to legally acquire WGTU outright, as both are among the top four stations in the market.

In March 2021, the digital subchannel 8.3 was switched from the science fiction network Comet to the action network Charge!, which is also owned by Sinclair.

Newscasts

WGTU presently broadcasts 5 hours, 25 minutes of locally produced newscasts on weekdays (at 6:30 p.m. and 11:00 p.m.). The station does not produce newscasts on Saturdays or Sundays, opting for syndicated programming.[citation needed]

News department history

WGTU initially had a full-fledged news department. However, it made little headway against WWTV and WPBN and was cut back severely to news "capsules" in 1975.[22] After another attempt at local news in 1982 under Michigan Center, the news department was dropped in 1984.[23] For more than a quarter-century, it aired almost no local, full newscasts. The only local news on the station were weekday morning news, weather, and sports cut-ins at :25 and :55 past the hour during Good Morning America as well as a ten-minute news and weather update seen weeknights at 11.

After WGTU consolidated its operations with WPBN, it became possible that a full-fledged local newscast would return to WGTU. On September 13, 2010, that station finally took advantage of this channel being housed in the same facility and launched a weeknight newscast at 6:30 on WGTU, known as UpNorthLive News. The news/weather update seen weeknights at 11 remains as well but it is taped in advance as was the case before this station merged with WPBN.

One notable former news anchor from WGTU is Marc Schollett who is now the weeknight anchor on WPBN, and in 2013 began to anchor UpNorthLive News at 6:30 on WGTU/WGTQ.

Technical information

The stations' digital signals are multiplexed:

Subchannels of WGTU/WGTQ[24]
Channel Video Aspect Short name Programming
WGTU WGTQ
29.1 / 8.1 720p 16:9 ABC WGTQ WGTU/WGTQ / ABC
29.2 / 8.2 1080i NBC WTOM WPBN-TV/WTOM-TV / NBC
29.3 / 8.3 480i Charge! Charge!

References

  1. ^ Miller, Mark K. (August 23, 2019). "Sinclair Closes $10.6B Disney RSN Purchase". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheckMedia. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  2. ^ a b FCC History Cards for WGTU
  3. ^ "New UHF TV Station for T.C. Area". Traverse City Record-Eagle. Traverse City, Michigan. August 7, 1970. p. 1. Retrieved April 22, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  4. ^ "Channel 29 Starts Today". Petoskey News-Review. Petoskey, Michigan. UPI. August 18, 1971. p. 15. Retrieved April 22, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  5. ^ "'Sesame' On New Station". Traverse City Record-Eagle. Traverse City, Michigan. May 12, 1971. p. 8. Retrieved April 22, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  6. ^ "Great Lakes Cable, WGTU Settle Case Out of Court". Petoskey News-Review. Petoskey, Michigan. August 31, 1973. p. 20. Retrieved April 22, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  7. ^ FCC History Cards for WGTQ
  8. ^ "New ABC-TV Channel 8 for Sault area viewers". The Sault Star. Sault St. Marie, Ontario, Canada. November 5, 1976. p. 3A. Retrieved April 22, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  9. ^ "WGTU gets translator OK". Traverse City Record-Eagle. Traverse City, Michigan. May 19, 1975. p. 3. Retrieved April 22, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  10. ^ "Negotiations to resume in WGTU strike". Traverse City Record-Eagle. Traverse City, Michigan. May 1, 1975. p. 5. Retrieved April 22, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  11. ^ "Channel 29 strike continues". Traverse City Record-Eagle. Traverse City, Michigan. March 3, 1975. p. 27. Retrieved April 22, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  12. ^ "Broadcast union using handbills". Traverse City Record-Eagle. Traverse City, Michigan. April 4, 1975. p. 6. Retrieved April 22, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  13. ^ "Strikers pressure advertisers to boycott Channel 29". Traverse City Record-Eagle. Traverse City, Michigan. March 21, 1975. p. 1. Retrieved April 22, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  14. ^ "'Not told about strike,' TV job applicant says". Traverse City Record-Eagle. Traverse City, Michigan. April 5, 1975. p. 5. Retrieved April 22, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  15. ^ "WGTU, union sign contract". Traverse City Record-Eagle. Traverse City, Michigan. August 13, 1975. p. 3. Retrieved April 22, 2022 – via NewspaperArchive.
  16. ^ Sanders, Donald (July 13, 1979). "FCC withdraws Panax TV license decision". Lansing State Journal. Lansing, Michigan. Associated Press. p. B-3. Retrieved April 22, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  17. ^ "Changing Hands" (PDF). Broadcasting. March 29, 1982. p. 146.
  18. ^ Malone, Michael (February 28, 2013). "Sinclair's Chesapeake TV Acquires Barrington Stations". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  19. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 3, 2013. Retrieved November 25, 2013.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ Glencairn's dicey LMAs, Broadcasting & Cable, March 29, 1999.
  21. ^ FCC fines Sinclair for Glencairn control, Broadcasting & Cable, December 10, 2001.
  22. ^ "WGTU changes news format, cuts coverage back to 'capsules'". Traverse City Record-Eagle. Traverse City, Michigan. January 3, 1975. p. 4. Retrieved April 22, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  23. ^ "Station WGTU-WGTQ Drops Local News Programming". Petoskey News-Review. Petoskey, Michigan. July 23, 1984. p. 5. Retrieved April 22, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  24. ^ * "RabbitEars query for WGTU". rabbitears.info. Retrieved April 22, 2022.